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Kentucky State Historical 





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Subscriptions must be sent bp check or money order. JfU 
communications for the register should be addressed to MRS. 
JENNIE C. MORTON, Secretary and Treasurer, Kentucky 
State Historical Society, Frankfort, Ky. 


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1. Daniel Boone, his Genealogy and History 
aa a Colonial Officer. Soldier and Officer 
In the Revolutionary War, Legislator, 
Pioneer and Pathfinder, Commandant 
and Judge Advocate under the Spanish 
Government In Missouri, with Portrait 
and Boone Coat of Arms. 

By Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. 

2. The Second Railroad in thft United 

States. 1833, from Frankfort to I^exlng - 
ton, Ky., with illustrations of the coach 
and photograph of Dr. D. M. Foster, be- 
lieved to be the only survivor of the 
men who projected and hullt this road, 
and his letter concerning It. 

By Capt. Ed. Porter Thompson. 

3. Address by Hon. Jno. A. Steele, Vice- 
President, before the Kentucky State 
Hlatorical Society. February 11. 1899. 

4. Letter of Gen. Ben I^ogan to Gov. Isaac 
Shelby. 1793. in regard to safeguards 
against the Indians, published for the 
first time. 

5. Paragraphs. 

fi. Fort. H»l. 

7. Reunion of the historic Alvee family in 
Henderson, Ky., September, 1901. Three 
hundred descendants present. 

8. Department of Genealogy. 

9. Averill. by Dr. W. H. Averlll. 

10. Bibb, by C. P. Cooter and Miss Pattie 

11. Crockett, with letters of Col. Anthony 
Crockett, an officer In the Revolutionary 
War inclusive, by courtesy of Mrs. Fan- 
nie Crockett Frazier. 

12. Counties of Kentucky and Origin of th<3lr 

Names, by courtesy of Geographer of the 

13. Gov. J. C. W. Beckham and his cabinet 

14. Officers of the Kentucky State Histori - 
cal Society. 



Kentucky Sfcabe Historical Society. 






First Vice-President 

Second Vice-President 

Third Vice-President 

Secretary and Treasurer 



J. C. W. Beckham, Governor, Frankfort. 
Hon. Lillard Carter, Lieutenant Governor, Frankfort. 
Hon. Gus. Coulter, Auditor, Frankfort. 
Hon. S. W. Hager, Treasurer, Frankfort. 
C. B. Hill, Secretary of State, Frankfort. 


J. C. W. Beckham, Governor. 

C. B. Hill, Secretary of State. 

Hon. Gus. Coulter, Auditor. 

S. W. Hager, Treasurer. 

Clifton J. Pratt, Attorney-Genet al. 


General Fayette Hewitt, Chairman. 

Miss Sallie Jackson, Vice-President, Mrs. Loula B. Longmoor, 

Judge J. P. Hobson, 

Hon. Gus. Coulter, 

Mrs. Annie H. Miles, 
Mrs. Mary D. Aldridge, 
Walter Chapman, Alt., 
Dr. E. H. Hume, 

Mrs. Mollie J. Dudley, 
Miss Eliza Overton, 
Attorney-General Pratt, 
W. W. Longmoor, Alt. 

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Frank Kavanaugh Frankfort 

Miss Halue Hern don Frankfort 

Dr. W. H. Avbrill Frankfort 

Miss Eliza Overton Frankfort 

Mrs. Alex. Duvall Bowling Green 

Mrs. Susan Hart Shelby Lexington 

Judge H. C. Howard Paris 

Dr. H. C. Smith Cynthiana 

Mr. Ed. 0. Leigh Paducah 

Hon. Gaston M. Alves Henderson 

Miss Christine Bradley Lancaster 

M. W. Neal, Editor Farmers Home Journal Louisville 

Hunter Wood, Editor New Era Hopkinsville 

W. A. Holland, Editor The Constitutionalist Eminence 

Miss Addie Coulter Mayfield 

Urey Woodson Owensboro 

M. B. Swinford Cynthiana 

The Duty of Curators I* to collect historical relics 
and memorials of the men and women of Kentucky 
who hare made tho State famous, and send them 
to Kentucky State Historical Society. 


Or THf 


Governor J. C. W. Beckham Frankfort 

Hon. Gus. Coulter Mayfield 

Hon. S. W. Hager Ashland 

Attorney-General Pratt Madisonville 

Senator James B. McCreary Richmond 

Hon. Logan C. Murray Louisville 

Hon. Henry Watterson Louisville 

Col. R. T. Durrett Louisville 

Mrs. Thos. Rodman, Jr Mt. Sterling 

Miss Mary Bryan Lexington 

Miss Lillia Towles Henderson 

Miss Ora Leigh Paducah 

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DANIEL BOONE. (In his old age.i 

Prom an oil painting by OhtMttiV Harding, owned by Cot R. T. Dnrrett, of Louisville, Ky. 

Genealogy and his History as a Colonial Officer, a Revolutionary Soldier, Pioneer. Path- 
finder and Legislator in Kentucky, and later on a Commandant and Judge Advocate, under 
the Spanish Government in Missouri, 180O-1803. 


A JVeto Light on Daniel Boone's Ancestry. 

By Mrs. Jonnlo C. Morton. 

Daniel Boone, in whose honor the 
Kentucky State Historical Society 
was founded, with world-known name, 
made immortal by his brave and 
splendid heroism as warrior and pi- 
oneer, would seem to need no further 
history. By some regarded as an un- 
tutored, sclf-inade Ingomar of Ken- 
tucky's romantic discovery and settle- 
ment, a barbarian of matchless cour- 
age and natural intelligence — raised 
up in the forest to meet and combat 
and conquer the brutal Indians, it may 
seem ruthless in the writer to dis- 
illusion the American youth by the sub 
joined facts of the genealogy and his- 
tory of Daniel Boone's ancestry and 
career. Recent investigation into the 
origin of the name and its people dis- 
closes this record — they were from 
Normandy, and the Norman name was 
Bohun. The translation from the 
original nomenclature runs thus: Bo- 
hun, Bon, Boone. 

The distinguished surgeon of Dr. 
Koch's Sanitarium, New York City, 
Dr. B. N. Mayfleld, himself a descend- 
ant of George Boone III., as he is 
styled in history, in a letter of July 
11, 1902, writes: 

"It may interest you to know that 
the first family of Bohuns were Nor- 
mans. They settled in Lincolnshire, 
Eng. Later, one family settled in 
Devonshire — the one the American 
Boones descended from. The 'Coat of 
Arms' was used by the Bohuns in the 
fourteenth century. The name Bo- 
hun (Boone) does not appear in the 
same document until the middle of 

the sixteenth century. I do not know 
what motto the family adopted for 
the 'coat of arms,' if any," etc. 

We use this letter and the infor- 
mation in regard to the "coat of 
arms," a copy of which is in the wri- 
ter's possession, simply to emphasize 
the truth of a popular axiom in Ken- 
tucky, viz.: "Blood will tell." Daniel 
Boone does not need for his name the 
heraldic decoration of a coat of 
arms, nor ribbons, nor crests, nor 
insignias of rank, nor does any Amer- 
ican, but he did require, and did have, 
the brave blood and the intrepid spir- 
it of the knightly Norman, with 
which he awed savages and held spell- 
bound with admiration hiB titled 
British enemies in war. He was born 
to command, to discover, to protect, 
and, under Providence, to guide to 
victory "a handful, over a thousand 
men." He was gentle as he was fear- 
less, as noble as he was kind and 
honest, and as indifferent to worldly 
glory of titles and trappings as the 
eagle that bathes its face in the heart 
of the sun, or the lion that lies down 
to rest in the jungles of the tropics 
or stands unabashed and unafraid on 
some fearfully sublime peak of the 
Rockies. His unsurpassed courage 
had the birthmark of the conquering 
Norman and the eager, unfettered 
spirit of the on-moving Saxon. 

Reading the history of the Boones 
of Devonshire and of Exeter. England, 
we find them respectable Quakers — 
people of property and education. 
They were, in some of the old writ- 

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ings of the day, styled the "Boone 
Georges," the head of the house be- 
ing named George through many gen- 
erations^ A record, taken by Dr. J. 
D. Bryan from the books of the "So- 
ciety of Friends," near Philadelphia, 
Pa., runs thus: 

"George Boone 1st, Exeter, Eng- 

"George Boone 2d, died 60 years of 
age. Married to Sarah Uppey. She 
died aged 80 years. 

"George Boone 3d, born 1666 at Ex- 
eter, England; married to Mary 
Mangridge there. Emigrated to 
America 10th October, 1717, and set- 
tled at Exeter township, on the 
Schuylkill river, with his family." 

"Of this George Boone, great grand 
father of Daniel Boone, it is written 
in the Pennsylvania genealogy of the 
Boones, by James Boone, grandson of 
this said George Boone 3d and Mary 
his wife: 

" 'George Boone died on the 6th day 
of the week, near eight of the clock, 
in the morning, on the 27th of July, 
1744, aged 78 years. And Mary, his 
wife, died on the 2d day of the week, 
on the 2d of February, 1740, aged 72 
years, and they were decently interred 
in the Friends' Burrying Ground in 
the said township of Exeter, Pa. 
They left eight children, 52 grandehil 
dren and ten great grandchildren, in 
all 70 (descendants), being as many 
persons as the house of Jacob, which 
came from Egypt/ 

"George Boone 4th married to De- 
borah nowell, 1713. He was born in 
Bradwick, England, 1690. Of this 
George Boone 4th, the grandfather of 
Daniel Boone, it is written in the 
Gwyneld Friends' meeting house rec- 
ords: 'George Boone produced cer- 
tificate from Bradwick, in Devonshire, 
Great Britain, of his orderly and good 
conversation while he lived there,' 
which was read and accepted. 

Of this George it is written: "He 
taught school for several years near 
Philadelphia, was a good mathema- 
tician, and taught the several 
branches of English learning, and was 
a magistrate (justice of the peace) for 
several years. He died in Exeter 
township 20th of November, 1753. De- 
borah Howell, his wife, died January 
26th, 1759. Their children were: 
George Boone (never married), Sarah 
Boone, Squire Boone, Mary Boone, 
Joseph Boone, Benjamin Boone, Sam- 
uel Boone, the youngest son." 

The marriage of Squire Boone and 
Sarah Morgan, his wife, is thus re- 
corded: "Squire Boone, son of George 
Boone of Phila. Co., yeoman, married 
to Sarah, daughter of Edward Mor- 
gan, of same county, at Gwyneld Meet- 
ing House, 7-13-1720. Witnesses: 
George, Edward and Elizabeth Mor- 
gan; George and James Boone; Wil- 
liam, John and Daniel Morgan, and 
31 others." 

"The children of Squire Boone and 
Sarah Morgan, his wife were: Israel, 
Sarah, Samuel, Jonathan, Elizabeth, 
Daniel, Mary, George and Edward. It 
is said there were three other chil- 
dren — Nathan, Squire and Hannah 
Why they were omitted from this rec- 
ord I have not been able to learn." 
Letter of J. D. Bryan. 

It is with Daniel Boone as Revolu- 
tionary soldier, path-finder, pioneer, 
legislator in Kentucky and, later on, 
as Commandant and Judge Advocate 
under the Spanish Government in Mis- 
souri, the interest lies in this sketch, 
and, having given his genealogy, we 
pass on, leaving for another time a 
more complete record of the Boones. 

Daniel Boone was born in Berks 
county, Pa., and not in Maryland, as 
is stated in Marshall's History of Ken- 
tucky; and in 1734, and not in 1746 
as Marshall writes. Says Dr. Bryan 
again: "The want of a knowledge of 

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the territory involved, and dates of 
organizing these counties (Philadel- 
phia, Lancaster, Berks and Bucks), 
is, no doubt, the reason which has 
led to so much confusion as to his 
birthplace. Thus, while Daniel Boone 
was born in Exeter township, east 
side of the Schuylkill river, Philadel- 
phia county, he lived in Berks county, 
which was taken from Philadelphia 
county, though he did not move from 
said county. Squire Boone and his 
family left Exeter (now Berks coun- 
ty) on the first day of May, 1750, and 
moved to North Carolina. He set- 
tled on the Yadkin river, at Alleman's 
Ford, also called Boone's Ford. This 
was in the same community where 
Morgan Bryan then lived. Had been 
there about two years when Squire 
Boone came from Pennsylvania and 
settled near him, on the forks of the 
Yadkin river. Here Daniel Boone met 
Rebecca Bryan, the daughter of Mor- 
gan Bryan. They were married in 
the year 1755, as was also her brother- 
William Bryan, married to Mary 
Boone, the sister of Daniel Boone, th«i 
same year." 

The career of Daniel Boone from 
this time is familiar to the school 
children of America, who have the 
stories of the pioneers during the 
Revolution. It reads like a romance 
of some ideal of a pioneer and discov- 
erer, and yet is beyond this in facts. 
From boyhood he loved the forests. 
He delighted to chase the wild deer 
and the antelope, and to sit upon re- 
mote mountain heights, and in the 
sublime solitude of nature commune 
with her in her silent temples and 
leaf-covered shrines. He was not a 
student, nor was he ignorant of 
books. He used his bright, deep blue 
eyes and his ears to see and to hear 
what was most beautiful and sublime 
in Nature, and listen with attentive 
heart to music that enchants or noise 

that startles, or whisperings that in- 
terpreted themselves alone to him 
for pleasure or for warning. This 
much we learn from his remarkable 
autobiography, written by Filson at 
Daniel Boone's dictation. 

Says Marshall, in his History of 
Kentucky, vol. 1, pages 17 and 18: 
"Accustomed to be much alone, he ac- 
quired the habit of contemplation and 
of self-possession. His mind was not 
of the most ardent nature, nor does 
he ever seem to have sought knowl- 
edge through the medium of books. 
Naturally his sagacity was consider- 
able, and as a woodsman he was soon 
expert, and ultimately super-eminent. 
Far from ferocity, his temper was 
mild, humane and charitable; his man- 
ners gentle, his address conciliating, 
his heart open to friendship and hos- 
pitality; yet his most remarkable 
quality was an enduring and unshak- 
able fortitude." 

As Daniel Boone was living when 
this description was written, and as 
he was known to the historian per- 
sonally, we quote again from him the 
following: "Daniel Boone, yet living, 
is unknown to his full fame. From 
the country of his choice (and his dis- 
covery) and of his fondest predilec- 
tion he has been banished by difficul- 
ties he knew not how to surmounr, 
and is now a resident of the Missouri, 
a Spanish territory. Nor will the 
lapse of time, in which fancy often 
finds her store-house of materials for 
biography, much less the rigid rules 
of modern history, permit the aid of 
imagination to magnify his name with 
brilliant epithets, or otherwise adorn 
a narrative of simple facts." 

Presto! The historian was a 
prophet; Daniel Boone has transcend- 
ed in fame every American but Wash- 
ington. The pathos of his singular 
life of peril and adventure is beyond 
the flight of poet's fancy or novelist's 

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conception to describe or illustrate. 
Oratory has been taxed for a hundred 
years to pay tribute to his sublime 
courage and fortitude; history has 
adorned her pages with accounts of 
his adventures as a Revolutionary sol- 
dier and his discoveries in the wilder- 
ness of Kentucky; his wars with the 
Indians; his capture and imprison- 
ment; his gallantry and heroism; his 
Christian fortitude under the loss of 
his darling sons and brothers and the 
ingratitude and treachery of those ne 
had defended and protected with his 
life. At last the loss of the home he 
had purchased with his life-blood, and 
the lands he had settled in the State, 
his bravery and sagacity had held for 
the unpatriotic but educated states- 
men who followed his trail and advan- 
taged themselves by his want of 
knowledge of the Kentucky laws and 
deceptive technicalities. But honors 
were lavished upon him. By Lord 
Dunmore, the last Colonial Governor 
of Virginia, he was commissioned 
colonel, and many important trusts 
were confided to him as a surveyor 
and guide. He was a member of the 
first Legislature ever convened in the 
Territory of Kentucky. HiB judgment 
was appealed to in matters of common 
law and honesty, and he was supreme 
in command of woodcraft and path- 
finding in the wilderness. 

In a review in the Courier-Journal 
of the late Prof. Ranek's "History of 
Boonesborough," we find the follow- 
ing in regard to the Transylvania 
Company: "The two men who stand 
out most conspicuously in this great 
movement are Richard Henderson, 
who organized the Transylvania Com- 
pany, and Daniel Boone, who blazed 
the way for its planting upon Ken- 
tucky soil. Daniel Boone was sent 
forward to mark the route and to se- 
lect the seat of Government on the 
south bank of the Kentucky river, 

which he did, making the location at 
the mouth of Otter creek, in the pres- 
ent county of Madison, about twelve 
miles north of Richmond. The site 
was first known as Boone's Ford, and 
afterward as Boonesborough. Here 
a government was formed, with Hen- 
derson for Governor. In May, 1775, 
a Legislature assembled, and in the 
Journal before us, which reads thus: 

'Journal of the Proceedings 
of the 

House of Delegates or Representatives 
of the Colony of Transylvania. Be- 
gun on Tuesday, 23d of May, in the 
year of our Lord Christ 1775, and in 
the 15th year of the reign of His Maj- 
esty, King of Great Britain.' We 
find first among the names of those 
present, Daniel Boone and his brother, 
Squire Boone." 

Says the reviewer quoted above: 
"History records few such incidents 
as the assembling of this body in the 
primeval forests, 500 miles away from 
any similar organization. Although 
the grant (to the Henderson Company) 
was annulled by the Governments of 
Virginia and South Carolina, and the 
life of Transylvania was limited to 
little more than a year, the influence 
of such an organization under the 
forms of law, and of the educated men 
who directed it, can not be over- 
looked" in Revolutionary times. It 
was the key to the possession of the 
rich territory of Kentucky, and no 
history can record more thrilling ex- 
periences of danger and difficulty than 
those Daniel Boone and his little band 
of pioneers encountered in their brave 
determination to hold the fair land 
they had founded. It was then that 
the pioneers found in Daniel Boone 
'a safe guide and wise counsellor in 
every emergency, for his judgment 
and penetration were proverbially cor- 

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rect.' Though not a Joshua in might 
or mind, yet, like one inspired, was 
his utter fearlessness, his disregard 
of personal danger and his noble 
self-sacrifice, as evidenced in his ter- 
rible journey after his escape from 
the Indians, to save Boonesborough. 
He was 160 miles from the doomed 
fort, but when he saw four hundred 
and fifty Indian warriors in their 
fiendish paint and feathers, armed and 
ready to march upon the fort, so whol- 
ly unprepared for attack or battle, 
he resolved upon escape to warn and 
to save, if possible, his doomed com- 
rades and friends. With one meal of 
corn in his pocket, he stole away from 
his brutal captors, and for five days, 
without rest by day or night, he pur- 
sued his pathless way through the 
forests to Kentucky. He found the 
fort as he had feared — wholly unpre- 
pared for the savages. He began im- 
mediate preparations for defense. 
With the tragic events of this noted 
siege at Boonesborough, in the fall of 
1778, every reader of American his- 
tory during the Revolution is now ac- 
quainted. The pioneers' successful re- 
sistance, on the very verge of starva- 
tion, of the assaults of the infuriated 
Indians under Duquesne for nine 
days reads like a miracle. The result 
was a blood-bought victory that even- 
tually insured the safety of the fort, 
and not only that, but it sealed the 
fate of the British army in Kentucky. 
It is said, 'Had Boonesborough sur- 
rendered, the Indians and British 
would have rushed through the for- 
ests of Kentucky unobstructed, to the 
rear of the army of the Colonists in 
Virginia and the East, and it is easy 
to conjecture the result at that time. 
The poor, discouraged, half-beaten and 
half-starved Army of the Revolution 
could not have contended with a vic- 
torious foe, flushed with success and 
booty.' So we may regard Boones- 

boro, with Daniel Boone for its inspir- 
ing captain in defense, as the salva 
tion of the Revolutionary army in that 
year, and a factor in its conquest over 
the army of Great Britain shortly 
after. He was, after the siege of 
Boonesboro, commissioned "Captain 
Boone", and later on received a com- 
mission as "Major Boone" in the ser- 
vice of the Colonists, or the Revolu- 
tionary War, as we now call it." Page 
114, Life of Boone, by Ellis. 

He was notably careless of ever ac- 
cumulating fortune in lands or lease. 
After he left Kentucky, his fame at- 
tracted Spain to his side, and he went 
to Missouri. Don Carlos D. Delassus, 
Lieutenant-governor for Spain, situ- 
ated at St. Louis, visited him and pre- 
sented him with a commission in 1800 
as Commandant of the Femme Osage 
District, an office which included both 
civil and military duties and honors. 
Boone discharged the duties of the 
office, as Commandant and Judge Ad- 
vocate, with great credit, up to the 
time when the Territory of Missouri 
was purchased from Spain by the 
United States, in 1803, when his of- 
fice expired. He then retired to his 
comfortable stone house, built upon a 
handsome farm in the Femme Osage 
region, and lived a quiet life of inde- 
pendent ease, enjoying the society of 
the most learned and distinguished 
men of that time, who sought to know 
this nimrod of their century. It was 
thought he had fought his last battle, 
but in the War of 1812-15 the old fire 
of patriotism in his veins impelled him 
to accept command of the Femme 
Osage fort. With quenchless courage 
of other days, he defeated the Indians 
again, and drove them beyond the 
Mississippi river. This last feat 
closed his public career. His wife, 
Rebecca Bryan Boone, had died in the 
fall of 1812, and he no longer lived in 
his own home. She was born in North 

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Carolina in 1736, and since their mar- 
riage in June, 1755, she had been a 
devoted wife and helpmate to the 
great hunter. Had reared a large fam- 
ily of children, and not only her own, 
but the children of her widowed bro- 
ther, James Bryan. She had borne 
with brave heart the dangers and 
strange vicissitudes of her husband's 
life, for which his tardy honors 
seemed a poor compensation. In 
sweet and unbroken faith of a better 
life in the Better Land, she fell asleep. 
She was buried with unusual cere- 
monies of love and honor in the neigh- 
borhood of her home in the Fein me 
Osage District. Daniel Boone went 
to live with his son, Nathan Boone, 
but later on made his home with his 
daughter and son-in-law, Flanders Cal- 
loway. While here, Chester Harding, 
the celebrated New England artist of 
that day, visited him for the purpose 
of painting a portrait of him. Al- 
though he was now very feeble, be- 
ing more than eighty years of age, 
Daniel Boone consented to a sitting, 
much to the delight of the artist. A 
copy of this portrait hangs in the 
rooms of the Kentucky State Histor- 
ical Society, and is of the same that 
adorns the first page of this maga- 

In his declining years, we are told 
by a great grand-nephew (who had 
heard the story from his grandfather, 
Elijah Bryan), Daniel Boone spent 
his idle hours carving, with his knife, 
little souvenirs for his family and 
friends. On all he would cut his ini- 
tials or his full name. He gave to his 
rifles names, it is said, and one of these 
is in the Historical Society of Mis- 
soure, another in the family of a sou- 
in-law in that State, and still another, 
carved by his own hand, is in the Ken- 
tucky State Historical Society. 

In September, of 1820, the famous 
pioneer was taken ill. and died on the 

26th, aged eighty-six years. When his 
death was announced, the Legislature 
of Missouri was in session, and ad 
journed in his honor. His funeral 
was the largest that had ever been 
known in the West. He was lament- 
ed by his family, as a beloved and 
honored citizen, a kind father and 
friend, and by the State as the most 
famous pioneer in the world. He was 
buried beside his wife in the wild- 
wood gravevard of the vallev of their 
home in Missouri. There they slept 
in perfect peace until 1845, when, on 
the 13th of September, their remains 
were re-interred in the cemetery at 
Frankfort, Ky., with the grandest pro- 
cession and most honoring ceremonies 
that ever attested the admiration of 
the world for a renowned hero and 
his wife. We have in our Historical 
Society a program of that occasion. 
It reads thus: 

Frocession Order. 

"It is requested that all business 
be suspended, and that all persons 
unite and strictly observe the follow- 
ing order of procession for the re 
interment of the remains of the great 
pioneers of the West, Daniel Boone 
and his wife, in the Frankfort ceme- 
tery grounds, on Saturday, the 13th 
instant." (13th of September, 1845.) 

In I860, the Legislature of Ken- 
tucky directed a monument to b.i 
erected over Daniel and Rebecca 
Boone, and in 1862 this monument w«Ts 
completed and erected over their 
graves by the State of Kentucky 
In 1868, the attention of tr 
lature was called to this mo. 
In Collins' History of Kentucky, i 
187, vol. 1, we read the Legislatu. 
ordered "the monument over Danie* 
Boone (which had been defaced by 

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::eqister of Kentucky state historical society. 


Federal soldiers during the war) to 
be repaired." If this order was ever 
obeyed, there is no record of it, and 
certainly no evidence of the repair is 
there. The chapter of the D. A. R., 
of Newport, Ky., has undertaken the 
praiseworthy work of restoring the 
monument, through subscriptions of 
the public schools of Kentucky, and 
their own patriotic endeavors have 
supplemented the fund for this pur- 

Since every part of the civilized 
globe has heard the name of Daniel 
Boone, and bibliographies have com- 
piled the names of the histories writ- 
ten of him, and marbled urns and mon- 
uments raised to his memory, we see 
how our great bard, O'Hara, could say 
of him— 

"An empire is his sepulchre; 
His epitaph, his fame." 


lb- chap. 1st, Boone Ancestry, of the Register page 12, should 
V O—rge Boone III grandfather of Daniel Boone, and father of 
•>e, and Geo. Boone IV. 

Boone Wills, in Pennsylrania Records. 
Hiuren of Geo. Boone III. 

tfeorg* (IV) Sarah. Squire. Mary, John, Joseph, Benjamin, 
•mea and Samuel. 

Note.— Not reoelTed by the author In time for the first issue of 
the Registers— hence added here. 

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Kentucky's First Railroad, Which Was the First One 
West of the Alleghany Mountains. 

The first official step in tin* great 
movement to build and operate rail- 
roads, having cars drawn by engines, 
was an Act of the British Parliament 
in 1821 for the construction of th • 
Stockton & Darlington railway, 
though steam power had previously 
been used on some short colliery 
lines, private, in England. Vehicles 
on the Stockton & Darlington road 
were first drawn by horses, but soon 
afterward the great engineer, George 
Stephenson, was authorized by an- 
other Act of Parliament to operate 
the railroad with locomotive engines. 
The line, with three branches, was 
about thirty-eight miles in length, and 
was thus opened in 1825. a train of 
thirty-four cars, having a gross load 
of ninety tons, being drawn by a single 

It was not until 1829, however, that 
the English people became impressed 
with the fact that a revolution in 
the modes of freighting and traveling 
had taken place. In that year the 
London & Manchester road, thirty and 
one-half miles long, was opened, and 
from that time, the construction of 
such roads increased steadily, and the 
improvement in the method of build- 
ing and operating was rapid. 

In the United States, the construc- 
tion of railroads was almost contem- 
poraneous with that in England. In 
1826-27, a horse railroad was built 
from the marble quarries of Quincy. 
Mass., to Neponset river, three miles. 
It was made by putting down granite 
sleepers, each seven and a half feer 
long, eight feet apart, covered by an 

oak plate. In several States charters 
were obtained, and in 1828-29 :10 other 
roads, and of somewhat different con- 
struction, were begun east of the Al- 
leghanies. An engine built in Eng 
land was put on the railway of the 
Delaware and Hudson ('anal Com 
pany in the summer of 1829 — the first 
steam railroad locomotive to be used 
in this country. The first built in the 
United States, for actual railroad ser- 
vice, made its trial trip January 15. 
183 J. 

In 1830 there were but twenty-three 
miles of railroad in operation in the 
United States, and in that year Ken- 
tucky took the initial step in the work 
west of the Alleghanies. An Act to 
incorporate the Lexington tS: Ohio 
Railway Company was approved by 
Gov. Metcalf, January 27, 1830. Ir 
provided for the construction and re 
pair of a road from l^cxington to some 
suitable point or points on the Ohio 
river, not to exceed sixty-six feet 
in width, with as manv tracks as the 


president and directors of the com- 
pany might deem necessary. The cap- 
ital stock was limited to $1,000,000, 
in shares of $100 each, the payments 
to be made by easy installments. Th<» 
incorporators named in the original 
act and an amendment thereto, made 
shortly afterward, were as follows: 
John W. Hunt, John Brand. Richard 
Higgins, Benjamin Gratz. Luther 
Stephens, Robert Wickliffe. Leslie 
Combs. Elisha Warfleld, Robert Fra 
zer. James Weir, Michael Fishel. 
Thomas F. Boswell, Benjamin Taylor, 
Elisha I. Winter. Joseph Boswell, 

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DR. DANIEL M. FOSTER. (Aged 83.) 

Formerly of Lexington, Ky., now of Bloomington, 111. Believed to be the only sur- 
vivor of the men who projected and built the fii>t railroad west of the Allegbanie* — one 
from Lexington to Frankfort. 

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•• • •■ ■ • 



David Megowau, John Norton, Mad 
ison Johnson. Henry C. Payne, Hen- 
ry Clay, Richard H. Chinu and Benja 
min W. Dudley. 

The work of organizing, soliciting 
subscriptions and seeking informa- 
tion, even at the expense of sending 
a man to England to examine the 
roads there, was soon begun, and the 
road was completed from I^exingtou 
to Frankfort in a reasonable length 
of time, considering the great mag- 
nitude of the undertaking according 
to the plan adopted; but a brief bi- 
ographical sketch of one who is re- 
garded as the sole survivor of the 
band of men who planned and con- 
structed this first railroad in the 
West, is appropriate, and is best given 
in his own words, with his account of 
the work itself. Dr. Foster, whose 
portrait accompanies this sketch, 
writes as follows: 

"I was born in Lexington, Ky., Feb- 
ruary 12, 1817. Of course my early 
education was obtained at private 
schools. Almost invariably these 
schools were taught by men who used 
the rod pretty freely, their motto be- 
ing. 'Spare the rod and spoil the boy.' 
The tuition was so much a quarter, 
say generally three dollars. 

"At the age of eight years T sa>v 
Gen. LaFayette. who visited Lexing- 
ton in 1825. I fear that few of those 
who had that pleasure are now living. 

"In 1828 my parents moved from 
the city to a farm eight miles toward 
Frankfort, on the line of what is 
now the Louisville & Nashville Rail- 
road. About this time — perhaps a 
year later — a number of the wealthy 
business men of Lexington and a few 
farmers met and talked of the prac- 
ticability and the advantages of a rail- 
road from Lexington to Louisville, 
and not long subsequently they ob- 
tained a charter and opened books for 
the subscription of stock in the road. 

When sufficient had been subscribed 
to warrant it, they ordered a prelim 
inary survey. After the route was 
determined, contracts were let for 
building the road, and work was be- 
gun in October, 1832. The first six 
with a passenger car, the motive 
with a passenger car, the motive 
power being horses, driven tandem. 
This car was constructed like our 
present omnibus, with seats running 
lengthwise on the top, facing both 
sides, with a low canopy over them. 
The wheels ran under the body lik» 
they do now on our street cars. There 
was a step-ladder on which to climb 
to the upper seats, and the car was 
really neat and comfortable." 

The subjoined cut will serve to in- 
dicate the construction and appear- 
ance of this pioneer railway coach. 

-The first engiue used on the road, 
with which an attempt was made to 
di.sjMMise with horses, was designed 
and built in Lexington by a Mr. Bruen, 
who owned and operated the only ma- 
chine shop in the city, and who was 
a very ingenious man and quite suc- 
cessful in business. My recollection 
is that he was located on what was 
then called Market street, or Lower 
Water street, along the town branch 
of Elkhorn creek. These market 
houses. I may remark incidentallv, 
were built on pillars, and covered this 
stream. There were two of them, 
their length being a full block, and 
they were denominated "upper" and 
"lower" market house. This engine 
had a seat around its outer edge ou 
both sides; the entrance was at the 
end: the space between the seats on 
the sides contained the boiler and en- 
gine, a wood-box, and blacksmith 
tools and a bellows in order to make 
repairs, which were frequently need- 
ed. It was not capable of hauling 
much weight, either of freight or pas- 
sengers, and those in charge were not 

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encouraged with its work, so they 
abandoned it and again resorted to 
horses for their motive power/' 

The subjoined cut will give an idea 
of the appearance of this primitive 

"The road ran alongside the market 
houses to which I have alluded— the 
Lexington terminus (or rather the 
starting i>oiut) — being at the street 
which ran from the upper end of the 
Phoenix, or what was then Pot let h 
wait's, Hotel. It was the end of Mar- 
ket street at that time. I do not recall 
distinctly, but I think there was no 
regular depot for some time after the 
tar, or coach, began its trips six miles 
out to a spriug and place of amuse- 
ment, where there were a bowling al- 
ley, billiards, refreshment standB, etc. 

"The incorporators decided to build 
the line in what they conceived to be 
the most substantial manner, so that 
they would not need to repair much 
or often. The construction may be 
briefly described as follows: They had 
stone quarried and split into different 
dimensions, from two feet to six or 
eight, or more, in length, one foot 
six or eight inches in width, and a bom 
one foot thick. The ends and about 
six inches of the upper side wer> 
faced, the ends being thus dressed that 
there might be close joints when the 
stones were laid down. In the upper 
face was cut a groove three and a 
half inches wide for the flange of the 
wheels, and along one side of this 
groove was laid a flat iron rail, on 
which the main periphery of the 
wheels was to run. Every sixteen or 
eighteen inches holes were drilled in 
the rock, that the rails might be 
pinned down by driving spikes through 
corresponding holes in them. Into 
the holes in the stones were first driv- 
en black locust pins, counter-sunk, 
and then spikes through the rails 
were driven into this wooden filling. 

It was supposed that this would make 
a very durable road, but it was soon 
found that the stone would crush un- 
der the weight of the loaded cars, par- 
ticularly after the introduction of the 
heavy steam engine. (The first one 
of these efficient locomotives was 
named the 'Daniel Boone.') The 
stones were soon so badly crushed and 
broken that it was necessary to re- 
move them and put down woodeu 
streamers. Cedar sills were substi- 
tuted, and, if my memory serves m-.» 
correctly, the rebuilding was done by 
first laying down a streamer, then 
cross-ties, then another streamer, and 
on this spiking down an iron rail. It 
soon became evident that this flat 
rail would not answer, as it would 
come loose at the ends and curl up, 
forming what was termed 'snake 
heads,' which would curl over the 
wheels and run up into the cars, en- 
dangering the lives of passengers. 
This, therefore, had to be changed; 
and the matter was a serious one, as 
the experiments thus far had been 
quite expensive. About this time the 
stockholders heard of the *T' rail, 
which had been introduced on th»? 
Eastern roads, and another change of 
construction took place. The top 
streamer, with its flat rail, w T as re- 
moved, and the 'T' rail was spiked 
down on the crose-ties. 

'The first steam engine used after 
n uen's invention was found unsuit- 
able, was somewhat similar t«. those 
of modern times, but very small in 
comparison with them. The passen- 
ger cars that succeeded the omnibus- 
like device were somewhat on the or- 
der of our street cars of thirty years 

"After the road to the six-mile sta- 
tion was put in running order, the 
work on it beyond, as far as Mid- 
way, was let out to contractors by 
sections, and it was upon this part. 

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of the line that 1 was employed as 
assistant to a sub-engineer, Mr. Car 
son Hewett (who subsequently studied 
medicine and practiced in Louisville), 
and thus I claim to have helped build 
the first railroad west of the Alle- 
ghany mountains. 

"While this work was progressing, 
in 1833. a large number of Irish and 
some German laborers were employed. 
They were supplied by the bosses with 
shanties, food, etc., each camp having 
a hundred or more men. The Asiatic 
cholera, which was prevalent in Amer 
ica that year, visited these camps and 
many persons died. Others abandon- 
ed the camps and tied, so that the 
work was suspended till healthful con- 
ditions were restored. In the mean 
time my father sold his farm and 
moved to Indiana, whence, after a 
time, I made my way to Illinois." 

[Here he gives the names of such 
of the stockholders as he could re- 
call, but, as the full list is given above, 
his names are omitted here.] 

"After the road was completed to 
Frankfort, the train descended the 
long slope by having strong brakes 
on all the wheels and a sliding appar- 
atus in front of them. With a sta- 
tionary engine at the top of the hill, 
and pulleys at short intervals for the 
rabies to run on, the train was hauled 
up on its return to Lexington. 

"The speed of the engine was quite 
leisurely, and there was no hurry, and 
but little punctuality in arriving and 

From these small beginnings, rail- 
road travel and traffic have grown in 
the Fnited States, within less than 

three-quarters of a century, to enor- 
mous proportions. As shown by tho 
twelfth census, our total railroad mile- 
age in 1899 was 250,362, and there 
were 37,245 locomotives, almost every 
one a monster in size as compared 
with the modest one that first plied 
between Lexington and Frankfort; 
passenger cars, 26,184; baggage and 
mail cars, 8,121, and freight cars, 
1,328,084. In that one year the nuin 
ber of passengers carried was 537,977,- 
301; tons of freight moved, 975,789,- 
941, and the total traffic earnings were 
♦1,336,096,379. The capital invested 
in railroads (not including the street 
railways and the thousands of cars 
stocking them) at the close of the nine- 
teenth century was not less than |12, 

In 1889, when the undersigned was 
State Librarian and in charge of pub- 
lic grounds and buildings, he ascer- 
tained that some of the stone rails, 
or sills, used in building the road 
described by Dr. Foster, were still to 
be seen along the track of the L. & 
N. railroad, near Lexington. Deeming 
them not only interesting, but impor- 
tant relics of Kentucky's initial ef- 
fort in railroad building, he had two 
of them brought to Frankfort, and 
they now have a place in one of the 
rooms of the Historical Society, mut.» 
evidences of what an enormous' work 
was the laying of two courses of track 
twenty-eight miles long, and striking 
contrasts to the shapely and durable 
steel rails now in use the world over. 

Frankfort. October 3, 1902. 

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Fort Hill. 

This is one of the noble group of 
mountainous hills around the city ol* 
Frankfort, which, added to its pie- 
turcsqueness, is also historic. 

In early Indian warfare times it 
was selected as the highest point for 
a fort. It is said a log barricade was 
made on the brow of this stern cliff 
by the brave pioneer riflemen, from 
which they could command a view of 
the vallev below, and the river run- 
ning through it, also the buffalo trace 
and the pathways through the cliffs 
in every direction. Hence, by their 
vigilance, they prevented the terrible 
massacres by the stealthy Indian foe-«, 
so frequent in other parts of the State 
from 1770 to 1794. 

Only ope surprise with fatal ter- 
mination is recorded — that of Captahi 
William Bryan and his little company, 
who were on their way to Mann's Salt 
Licks (in 1780) from Fayette county, 
to what is now in Jefferson coun r y. 
for the purpose of procuring salt for 
Bryan's Station, of which William 
Bryan was the founder. While en- 
camping on the bank of the Kentucky 
river, where Frankfort now stands, 
Bryan and his men were surprised by 
an attack from Indians. Stephen 
Frank was instantly killed, Bryan and 
Tomlin both wounded and the rest of 
the company escaped unhurt." Col- 
lins' History of Kentucky, vol. ii, 
pages 243-4. 

We find that at one time Fort Hill 
was the property of one Harrison 

Blantou, who lived in Frankfort in 
1807, and was one of the contractors 
for the stone work on the present cap 
itol. Perhaps from this northern bul- 
wark of the city he procured much 
of the stone. From the ground to the 
topmost point of Fort Hill it is one 
vast Gibraltar of rock, over which ce- 
dars, grown from its crevices, bend 
their green forms, kindly decorating 
the gray wall with its sharp and for- 
bidding projections. For many years 
it remained secure in its altitude and 
dangerous steppes from the hunter 
and the tourist. The remains of the 
fort were visible, but unvisited, until 
the breaking out of the Civil War, 
ISfil-Go. Then its commanding height 
and its traditions of Indian warfare 
commended it to the Federal author- 
ities as the most available and im- 
pregnable site for a fortress. They 
immediately erected a stone breast- 
work and equipped it as a fort, and 
used it as such during the Civil War. 

Fort Hill forms the northern boun- 
dary of the capital, and from its brow 
is offered a scene of unrivaled beauty 
and variety, extending over the cul 
tured city at its feet, far up and down 
the Kentucky river, and over the green 
hills on every side. It deserves to 
be marked by a brass plate, on one of 
its matchless bowlders, as one of the 
landmarks of border warfare in the 
Revolution that remains changeless 
in its majestic barbarity. 


Address of Hon. John A. Steele, Vice-President, before 
Kentucky Historical Society, Feb. 11, 1899. 

Ladies and Gentlemen of the Ken- 
tucky Historical Society: 

Article XIII of the constitution of 
our society provides that a general 
meeting to elect officers, receive re- 
port 8 and to transact other appropri 
ate business shall be held annually 
on the 11th day of February, the 
birthday of Daniel Hoone, and in com- 
pliance with that provision we are 
now assembled in this hall. 

This is the second regular meeting 
of the Society since its reorganization 
under the auspices of the Colonial 
Daughters of Frankfort. I was pres- 
ent on the former occasion, and when 
I recall the almost nude walls and 
empty cabinets of this chamber at 
that time, and behold them now, filled 
with so many articles of interest and 
value illustrating the early history of 
our State and people, arranged with 
that exquisite taste that belongs only 
to woman, my breast swells with ex- 
ultant pride, and my heart is filled 
with hope and encouragement for the 
future of this Society, and I must say 
that whatever of success may attend 
its future will be attributable to the 
energy and patriotism of these noble 
women, such worthy descendents of 
their pioneer ancestors. 

On this day, one hundred and sixtv- 
eight years ago, Daniel Boone, the 
"great backwoodsman" and first ser- 
tler of Kentucky, was born. 1 shall 
not, on this occasion, attempt to give 
a detailed history of the life and char 

acter of this remarkable man. His 
name is a household word in every 
home in this Commonwealth, and his 
deeds, recalling the adventures of tin* 
Homeric Age. have been made the 
theme of story and of song in other 
lands than ours. Without the hem- 
fits of a finished education, without 
the aid of wealth or influential 
friends, impelled with a lofty courage 
and love of adventure, and undeterred 
by difficulties and undaunted by dan 
gers, with no other safeguard or 
means of support than his hunting 
knife and trusty rifle, this child of 
Nature left his humble home on the 
banks of the Yadkin and penetrated 
the forests of Central Kentucky, the 
Canaan of his hopes, the goal of his 
ambition, and unconsciously "blazed 
the way" to what was soon to be a 
great empire west of the Alleghanies. 
If he was not a great man. he was. 
at least, a wonderful man, and in his 
peculiar sphere of action he stands 
without a peer in the history of our 

It is. therefore, eminently proper 
that we have selected this day in hon- 
or of his memory, upon which to hold 
our annual meetings. Hut. while we 
thus honor his memory, let us not 
forget that others are justly entitled 
to share his fame. It was John Find- 
lay who first fired his adventurous 
nature, and, piloting the way across 
river*? and mountains, pointed out to 
him the ''promised land," and who. 
doubtless, would have attained equal 

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celebrity had he not shortly after 
fallen by the hand of a savage foe. 
Boone enjoyed the distinction of be- 
ing the first settler of Kentucky, but 
soon after him came the Bullitts, the 
Bryans, the Harrods, the Logans, the 
McAfees, the Marshalls, the Estills, 
Simon Kenton, Bland Ballard and 
other daring spirits. Nearly all of 
them were of that sturdy Scotch-Irish 
stock, strongly endowed by Nature 
with those sterling qualities of true 
manhood which has always character- 
ized the race, and which has left its 
impress on their posterity of to-day. 
All were men of dauntless courage, 
indifferent to danger, inured to hard- 
ship and exposure, and realizing 

''How sublime a thing it is 
To suffer and be strong," 

They resolved to hold this fair land 
or perish in the attempt. How well 
they kept their resolution, we have 
only to look around us to find out. 
Verily "the wilderness and the waste 
places are made glad, and the desert 
blossoms as the rose." 

No other State in the Union pos- 
sesses more features of archaeologio 
and historic interest than ours. We 
have abundant evidences that long be- 
fore the advent of the Anglo-Saxon, 
or even the Indian, this land was in- 
habited by a prehistoric race com- 
monly known as the "Mound Build- 
ers." As to their origin, who they 
were, whence they came or whither 
they went, neither history nor tradi- 
tion affords us any satisfactory in- 
formation, and all else is legend and 
speculation. But archaeologists claim 
that they are gradually working out 
the mystery, and in this age of 
science, of reason and invention, with 
that innate craving of the human mind 
to unravel the mysteries of the past 
and to foresee the events of the fu- 

ture, such a result is neither impossi 
ble nor improbable. 

This much, however, we do know, 
from the remains of ancient fortifi- 
cations and from other articles of 
their handiwork, such as pottery ware, 
jars and vases, some of them elab 
orately carved, pipes and war imple- 
ments of stone and other material, 
that they possessed a knowledge of 
geometry, architecture, art and agri- 
culture, and that they attained a de 
gree of civilization commensurate 
with the age in which they lived. The 
vague but still visible remains of this 
strange people form an interesting 
study, and the collection of such ar 
tides as I have mentioned, now scat- 
tered and in the hands of many dif- 
ferent persons, and which could be 
obtained by the mere asking, when it 
is made known the purpose for which 
they are to be donated, would form 
a valuable acquisition to the museum 
of this Society. But it is a positive 
and authentic matter pertaining to 
our State and people that should prin- 
cipally engage our time and attention. 
It should be our purpose, therefore, 
to compile and collate such correct 
information of past events as we may 
be able to obtain, either from publle 
records or private sources, and which, 
through the course of time, would be- 
come more doubtful and obscure, and 
publish and also preserve them in the 
archives of the Society for the benefit 
of future generations, so that "his 
tory itself may not fade into a fable, 
and fact become clouded with doubt 
and mystery." 

It may not be out of place for just 
here to give a synopsis of the pur 
poses of the Society, as set forth at 
its organization: 

"1. To collect and preserve what 
soever relates to the history of Ken- 

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"2. A complete library of Western 

"3. Special memoirs, biographies 
and family genealogies. 

"4. Manuscript, journals and letters. 

4 *5. Magazines, pamphlets and other 
printed records of our early history. 

"6. Maps, plans, plates and notes 
of early surveys. 

"7. Anything printed or in manu- 
script relating to our industries— ag- 
ricultural, mechanical and commercial. 

"8. Special history of the origin of 
our towns, cities and counties, and so- 
cieties and institutions of learning. 

"9. Relics of Indians and pioneers, 
with accounts of their customs, of lo- 
cal traditions concerning them. 

"10. Information concerning In- 
dians, mounds and relics obtained 
from them. 

"11. Mineralogical and fossil speci- 

"12. Co i ii8, medals and autographs, 
paintings, engravings, curiosities, fam- 
ily relics of every description. 

"13. Relics of the first and second 
wars with England, of the Mexican 
War, and the late war between the 
North and South;" and, I may add, the 
recent war with Spain. 

Thus it appears that we have be 
fore us a broad and diversified field 
of labor, but the work will be enter- 
taining and at the same time bene- 
ficial and profitable. If the Society is 
to have a permanent and continuous 
existence, as is contemplated by its 
charter, we must not depend upon the 
labor and efforts of a few zealous 
members. This would not only be un- 
just to such members, but would result 
in its early dissolution. I know this to 
be true from the light of past exper 

ience. The removal of a few active 
members, either by death or from 
other causes, would also deprive the 
Society of its vitality, and it would 
soon perish from sheer inanition. It 
should, therefore, be our purpose to 
solicit and obtain as large a member- 
ship as possible throughout this State, 
and endeavor to impress upon each 
one the importance of his or her ac- 
tive co-operation and assistance in our 
laudable undertaking. In order that 
our work may be carried on success- 
fully, there should be a strong, united 
and individual effort. 

While it may be a pleasant and 
agreeable pastime for some to occupy 
their leisure moments by contribu- 
ting in various ways, as their taste 
and opportunity may incline them, 
yet there is much to be done that is 
of a strictly business nature. 

The compilation and publication of 
matter contributed, and extensive cor- 
respondence, the collection and re- 
cording of articles donated, the care 
and arrangement of these rooms and 
other duties are necessary to the prog- 
ress and maintenance of the Society. 
This labor devolves principally upon 
the Curator and Secretary, and neces- 
sarily requires much time and atten 
tion, and at the same time involves 
an expenditure of money. We should 
endeavor at all times to have suffi- 
cient funds in the hnnds of the Trean- 
urer to meet actual and contingent 
expenses, and not to impose an addi 
tional burden upon these officials. 

I would respectfully submit this 
subject to the consideration of the 
Executive Committee, with the sug- 
gestion, if membership fees and an- 
nual dues do not afford a sufficient 
amount, that some other ways and 
means be devised to meet these re- 

I have thus, briefly and concisely is 
possible, set forth the object and pur- 

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pose of this Society. The cause Id 
which we are enlisted should appeal 
to the patriotism of every Kentuckian 
who possesses any pride of State or 
family, whether this be the land of 
his nativity or the home of his adop- 

Let us, therefore, extend a cordial 
greeting to whoever is ready to lend 
us a helping hand, and press forward 
in a united effort to make The Ken- 
tucky Historical Society one of the 
noblest institutions of our grand old 

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The Seal of Kentucky. 


through politeness of Mr. W. Smith, of Court of Appeal*. 


Commonwealtb of Iftentuck^ 



an Hct to provtoe a Seal for this Commonwealth, Decem- 
ber 20, 1792. 

3Se it e**octeb t>\^ the (yenetat flUaewtfify: 

%hat the ^ovetnot 6e cmpow«wb cmb is hezeb^ zecpiizeb to 
prouibe at the, puMic chatae, a Seal foz this (Eommonweaitrv; aub 
ptocu-ie the- »amt to 6c enot-aveb vui-tfr the fottovoi+ta be vice, -uvr: 
Hmjo |tie*vb> emuracma, vuitfi- tfve ttawe the State over- t&eit 
heab> t a*%b touwb afcout tfic foffovuivKj *notto; u< ^nitcb vue staub, 
biuvbeb we fatt." 


Seal approved December 20, 1792. Governor Isaac Shelby directing the design. 

(Thlo paper bolongo to Mra. Jeanio C. Morton.) 

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'Before Unpublished Copy of a Letter from Gen. 'Ben 
Logan to Governor Isaac Shelby. 

To His Excellency, Isaac Shelby, the 

Governor of Kentucky. 

April 8th, 1793. 

Dear Sir: On yesterday I left the 
lower settlement of Mercer, which is 
on the road from Frankfort to the 
falls of the Ohio. Although the heard 
application was made to you from the 
officer of that county, they have urged 
me to give you information of their 
situation, which is, there are but two 
settlements on the road from Frank- 
fort to the settlements on the waters 
of Brashear's creek, which distance 
is fifteen miles. A man the name of 
Hamilton is one; lives about three 
miles from Frankfort. A Thomas Lo- 

gan lives five miles from Frankfort, or 
ten miles from the other settlement, 
which is and would be a proper stand 
for travelers, and particularly salt 
packers. A guard on that road would 
be actually necessary for the inhab- 
itants of Mercer and travelers. I need 
not mention particular places, from 
the falls of the Ohio to Frankfort, 
for on the frontier the Indians have 
been every place; but the place I have 
mentioned to you they can do the pub- 
lic most damage. 

I am Your Excellency's most obedt. 
and humble servt, 


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Counties in Kentucky and Origin of their Names. 

Published by Courtesy of the Geographer of the Smithsonian Institute. 

Adair; counties in Iowa, Kentucky 
and Missouri. Named for Gen. John 
Adair, governor of Kentucky. 

Allen; counties in Kentucky and Ohio, 
named for Col. John Allen, who fell 
at the battle of Raisin river, in the 
War of 1812. Also a county in In- 

Anderson; county in Kentucky, named 
for Richard C. Anderson, a former 
member of Congress. 

Ballard; county in Kentucky, named 
for Capt. Bland Ballard, an officer 
in the War of 1812. 

Barren; county in the carboniferous 
limestone region. The name is sup- 
posed to have been given in refer- 
ence to this formation, though the 
soil is in reality fertile. 

Bath; county named because of the 
medicinal springs present. 

Bell; county named for Josh Bell; 
originally named Josh Bell County; 
Josh taken off by subsequent act of 
General Assembly. 

Boone; county named for Daniel 

Bourbon; named for the royal family 
of France. 

Bovd; countv named for Linn Bovd, 
statesman of Tennessee, one time 
lieutenant-governor of Kentucky. 

Boyle; named for John Boyle, chief 
justice of the State. 

Bracken; named for two creeks. Big 
and Little Bracken, which were 

named for William Bracken, a pio- 
neer hunter. 

Breathitt; named for John Breathitt, 
former governor of the State. 

Breckinridge; named for John Breck- 
inridge, a Kentucky statesman. 

Bullitt; named for Alexander Scott 

Butler; named for Gen. Richard But- 
ler, who fell at St. Clair's defeat. 

Caldwell; named for Gen. John Cald- 
well, formerly lieutenant-governor 
of Kentucky. 

Calloway; named for Col. Richard 

Campbell; named for John Campbell 

of the State Senate. 
Carlisle; named for John G. Carlisle, 

Secretary of the Treasury under 

President Cleveland. 
Carroll; named for Charles Carroll, of 

Carrollton, Maryland. 
Carter; named for William G. Carter, 

a member of the State Senate. 
Casey; named for Col. William Casey, 

a pioneer of the State. 
Christian; named for Col. William 

Christian, an officer of the revolu- 

Clark; named for Gen. George Rogers 
Clark, who captured Vincennes. 

Clay; named for Gen. Green Clay. 

Clinton; named for DeWitt Clinton 
governor of New York and projec- 
tor of the Erie canal. 

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Crittenden; named for John J. Crit- 
tenden, U. 8. senator from that 

Cumberland. Dr. Thomas Walker, of 
Virginia, in 1758, named the river, 
bnt whether for the Duke of Cum- 
berland or named for the English 
county it is not satisfactorily de- 

Daviess; named for Col. Joseph Da- 
viess, who fell at the battle of Tip 

Edmonson; named for Capt. Jack Ed- 
monson, who fell at the battle of 
Raisin river. 

Elliott; named for Judge John M. El- 

Estill; named for Capt. James Estill, 
an Indian fighter. 

Fayette; named for the Marquis de 
La Fayette. 

Fleming; named for Col. John Flem- 
ing, an early settler in the State. 

Floyd; named for William Floyd, on«* 
of the signers of the Declaration of 

Franklin; named for Benjamin Frank- 

Fulton; named for Robert Fulton. 

Gallatin; named for Albert Gallatin, 
Secretary of the Treasury under 
Thomas Jefferson. 

Garrard; named for Col. James Gar- 
rard, governor of the State in 1796. 

Grant;' according to John McGee it 
was named for Col. John Grant, an 
early settler, but according to J. 
Worthing McCann, the county was 
named for Samuel Grant. 

Graves; named for Capt. Benjamin 
Graves, who fell at the battle of 
Raisin river. 

Grayson; named for Col. William 
Grayson, U. S. senator from Vir- 

Green; named for Gen. Nathaniel 

Greenup; named for Christopher 
Greenup, governor of the State in 

Hancock; named for John Hancock, 
one of the signers of the Declara- 
tion of Independence. 

Hardin; named for Col. John Hardin. 

Harlan; named for Maj. Silas Harlan. 

Harrison; named for Col. Benjamin 
Harrison, father of William Henry 

Hart; named for Nathaniel Hart, an 
officer of the War of 1812. 

Henderson; named for Col. Richard 
Henderson, of Kentucky. 

Henry; named for Patrick Henry. 

Hickman; named for Capt. Paschal 

Hopkins; named for a Revolutionary 

Jackson; named for Gen. Andrew 

Jefferson; named for Thomas Jeffer- 

Jessamine; named for Jessamine 
Douglass, the daughter of an early 

Johnson; named for Richard Johnson, 
Vice-President of the United States. 

Kenton; named for Simon Kenton, a 
distinguished pioneer of Kentucky. 

Knott; named for Proctor Knott. 

Knox; named for Gen. Henry Knox, 
Secretary of War during the admin- 
istration of Washington. 

Larue; named for John LaRue, an 
early settler. 

Laurel; named on account of the dense 
laurel thickets growing within th»* 

Lawrence; named for James Law- 
rence, captain in the memorable 

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battle with the British on Lake 

tee; named for Robert E. Lee, Com- 
mander of the armies of the Con- 

Leslie; named for Governor Preston 
H. Leslie. 

Letcher; named for Robert P. Letcher, 
former governor of the State. 

Lewis; named for Meriwether Lewis. 

Lincoln; named for Oen. Benjamin 
Lincoln, an officer of the Revolu- 

Livingston; named for Robert R. Liv- 
ingston, a prominent politician. 

Logan; named for Gen. Benjamin 
Logan, a pioneer of the State. 

Lyon; named for Col. Crittenden Ly- 

McCracken; named for Capt. Virgil 

McLean; named for Judge Alney Mc- 

Madison; named for James Madison, 
fourth President of the United 

Magoffin; named for Beriah Magoffin, 
a former governor. 

Marion; named for Gen. Francis Ma- 

Marshall; named for Chief Justice 
John Marshall. 

Martin; named for Col. John P. Mar- 

Mason; named for Stevens T. Mason, 
the last Territorial governor and 
first State governor of Michigan. 

Meade; named for Capt. James 

Menifee; named for Richard H. Men- 

Mercer; named for General Hugh Mer- 

Metcalfe; named for Thomas Metcalfe, 
an early governor of the State. 

Monroe; named for James Monroe, 
fifth President. 

Montgomery; named for Gen. Richard 
Montgomery, who was killed in the 
assault on Quebec. 

Morgan; named for Gen. Daniel Mor- 
gan, of the Colonial Volunteers. 

Muhlenberg; named for Gen. J. P. G. 
Muhlenberg, an officer of the Rev- 

Nelson; named for Thomas Nelson, 
governor of Virginia in 1781. 

Nicholas; named for Col. George Nich- 
olas, a Revolutionary officer. 

Ohio; an Indian word, meaning "the 
beautiful river." 

Oldham; named for Col. William Old- 
ham, a Revolutionary officer of dis- 
tinction, killed by the Indians in the 
battle St. Clair's defeat, Nov. 5, 

Owen; named for Col. Abraham 
Owen, of Kentucky, killed at Tippe- 

Owsley; named for Judge William 
Owsley, a former governor. 

Pendleton; named for Edmund Pen- 
dleton, a prominent politician of 

Perry; named for Commodore Oliver 
Hazard Perry. 

Pike; named for Gen. Zebnlon M. 
Pike, the explorer. 

Powell; named for Lazarus W.Powell, 
a former governor. 

Pulaski; named for a Polish patriot, 
Count Casimir Pulaski. 

Robertson; named for ex-Chief Jus- 
tice Robertson, a leading pioneer. . 


Rowan; named for John Rowan, a dis- 
tinguished lawyer of the State. 

Russell; named for Gen. William Rus- 

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Scott; named for Gov. Charles Scott, 
of the latter State. 

Shelby; named for Gen. Isaac Shelby, 
first governor of Kentucky. 

Simpson ; named for Capt. John Simp- 
son, member of Congress. 

Spencer; named for Capt. Spier Spen- 
cer, killed at Tippecanoe. 

Taylor; named for Gen. Zachary Tay- 

Todd; named for Col. John Todd. 
Trigg; named for Col. Stephen Trig}?, 

slain by the Indians at the battle 

of Blue Licks. 
Trimble; named for the Hon. Robert 


Union; believed to be so named be- 
cause of the unanimity of the peo- 

ple when the division of the coun- 
ty from which this was taken was 

Warren; named for Joseph Warren, 
who fell at the battle of Bunker 

Washington; named for Gen. George 

Wayne; named for Gen. Anthony 
Wayne, a hero of the Revolution. 

Webster; named for Daniel Webster. 

Whitley; named for Col. William 

Wolfe; named for Nathaniel Wolfe, 
member of the State Legislature. 

Woodford; named for Gen. William 

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It was the late wise editor of the 
New England Historical and Genea- 
logical Register, Boston, Mass., who 
wrote this admirable paragraph when 
he took charge of that magazine: "I 
determined that, while I had control 
of its pages, they should be devoted 
to urbanity as well as to truth and 
justice; that while I would not allow 
any historical fact to be suppressed 
because it was distasteful to my read- 
ers, I would at the same time insist 
that this fact should not be presented 
in an unnecessarily harsh and irri- 
tating form." Again, "To bring to 
the surface and magnify the calum- 
nies and unjust surmises, which time 
has allowed to subside, as a means of 
obtaining the truth in history or bi- 
ography, is no more rational than to 
stir up the mud at the bottom of a 
stream as a means of obtaining clear 
water. The danger is that this sed- 
iment will be accumulated until it 
colors the well-authenticated facts in 

In 'The Interior" (Chicago), of Ju- 
ly, there is a copy of the splendid 
painting, "Washington receiving the 
Sacrament." The painting belongs to 
Rev. Henry C. McCook, D. D., presi- 
dent of the Presbyterian Historical 
Society, of Philadelphia, Pa, This 
picture settles the dispute as to 
Washington's being a member of the 
Episcopal church, if, indeed, there was 
ever any ground for such dispute. 
Washington's well-known devotion to 
religious duties would be, with any 
right-thinking people, sufficient evi- 
dence that he was not only a commun- 
icant of the church, but a zealous and 
devout Christian. 

In a pamphlet in our possession, en- 
titled "Franklin Baptist Associa- 
tion," 1898, pages 21-2, we find the fol 
lowing in a sketch of Rev. John Gano, 
the greatest Baptist preacher of his 
time, by Rev. Rufus W. Weaver: 

"A month or more ago I visited the 
noble grandson of this great hero, Dr. 
Stephen Gano (since dead), of George- 
town, now in his ninety-second year. 
His mind is clear, and his memory un- 
impaired. From him I learned the 
facts regarding the current tradition, 
which asserts that John Gano im- 
mersed General Washington. 

"Col. Daniel Gano, a graduate of 
Princeton, a civil engineer and an offi- 
cer in the American army, related to 
Doctor Gano the event of which he 
was an eye-witness. The army was 
encamped near the James river. Col. 
Gano's father, John Gano, had just 
concluded his Sunday morning service 
and was conversing with a number of 
Baptist soldiers who had remained. 
General Washington drew near and 
entered into conversation. This turn- 
ed upon the proper mode of baptism. 
General Washington expressed the 
belief that immersion was the apos- 
tolic mode. 

" 'General Washington, if you be- 
lieve that you have been improperly 
baptized, why don't you secure proper 
baptism?' asked Mr. Gano (a chap- 
lain at the time under General Wash- 

" 'Do you think that I am a fit sub- 
ject for baptism?' responded the Gen- 

"The examination was entered into 
at once, and at the end Mr. Gano an- 
nounced his readiness to baptize Gen- 
eral Washington. They repaired to 
the river, and the solemn ordinance 

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was administered by Mr. Gano. Both 
returned, dripping, to their tents. 

"We have no documentary evidence 
of its verity, yet one can not hear th'* 
account from the white-haired, saintly 
I>i\ Gano without being convinced 
that General Washington was im- 
mersed by John Gano. The skeptic 
may doubt, but the fair, unprejudiced 
man will accept this as one of the un- 
numbered historical facts preserved 
only in tradition." 

Kev. John Gano came to Kentucky 
in 1788, and settled in Frankfort. 
Here he lived and preached his great 
sermons, exerting, by his rich elo- 
quence and his piety, a wonderful re- 
ligious influence, and, it is said, check- 
ed the dangerous heresy beginning its 
baneful spread over the pioneers. He 
was the most prominent Baptist 
preacher of his time, and his labors 
covered the most extensive territory, 
embracing the colonies, and later the 
States from Connecticut to Georgia, 
reaching as far west as the Kentucky 
river. He died August 4, 1804, and 
was buried in the graveyard of the 
Forks of Elkhorn church, near Frank- 
fort. His son, Col. Daniel Gano, by 
request of General James Wilkinson, 
laid off the city of Frankfort in 1787. 
He lived in this city for several years, 
then removed to Scott county, where 
he died April 18, 1849, aged ninety. 
He was also a distinguished Colonial 
and Revolutionary officer, and a man 
of commanding talent and learning. — 
(Editor The Register.) 

There are few, if any, of the States 
in the Union that have been so writ- 
ten of as Kentucky, and it has been 
said, "it would be better for the State 
if so much of her history had not 
been written." The demand of the 
barbarous appetite of sensationalists 

has caused a great deal to be written 
of Kentucky in the newspapers that 
is false and groundless, in fact, and 
can not with intelligent, right-think- 
ing people be received as history. 

As the State is well known to be 
an enviable tract of country, a very 
paradise of beauty in landscape, and 
a mine of yet undeveloped wealth, it 
has been subjected to the many dis- 
advantages of contentions for its pots 
session by aliens to good government 
in parts of the State not desirable to 
live in. Now, that this region is be- 
ing opened up by railways and tele 
phones, and good citizens are settling 
up the land and building towns where 
thev have have schools to educate and 
churches to Christianize the people, 
it is reasonable to believe it will be- 
come like other regions of the State, 
a goodly land, desirable for health and 
home and peaceful prosperity. 

Our future history will be more de- 
voted to accounts of good citizenship, 
that will improve and elevate and en- 
lighten the reading public. We want 
the history of good men and women, 
and no State in the Union has more 
of them in proportion to population 
than Kentucky. We want the history 
of our splendid resources, and the 
result of co-operative activity in ev- 
ery good work among our citizens. 

If the past history of Kentucky has 
been one of border warfares, and 
wars, broken laws and murderous dif- 
ficulties, with here and there splendid 
heroes of departed worth and great- 
ness, let the present and future his- 
tory reflect the actions of many he- 
roes in the battle of life, abreast with 
the progress of the age, in all excell- 
ence and Christian culture. So let us 
rise upon our dead past to better, 
nobler things. 

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The Kentucky RiVer and and Its Islands. 

By a Resident of Frankfort, Ky. 

Re»d beluio the Historical Society, February 1 

As the years go on, bringing silver 
locks and weary limbs to the earlier 
settlers of the "dark and bloody 
ground," it affords a gracious relief 
in strengthening their memories touch- 
ing the events of the early days, 
when the woods were dense in shad- 
ows, the course of the streams and 
the outburst of bubbling springs had 
not changed, and wild game still gave 
sport and food for the hunter. It is 
this beautiful coloring, tinting the 
skies of the later life, which has ad- 
ded many interesting recitals of the 
changing features of the original en- 
virons of Frankfort. Among these is 
the description of an island that lay 
opposite the mouth of Benson formed 
by the debris of dirt, stones, gravel 
and sand that in high tides poured 
from the mouth of that stream. 

This island existed before lock No. 
4 was erected, began about one bun- 
dle yards below the mouth of the 
creek, and extended about one-third 
of a mile down the river to a point 
opposite Harrison Blanton's old saw 
mill. It contained from ten to twenty 
acres of ground varying according to 
the rise and fall of the river. The 
deeper channel was on the Frankfort 
side, the channel near the western 
bank, lying along the land of Francis 
P. Blair was shallow. Francis P. 
Blair was, in the year 1821), called to 
Washington City by President Jack- 
son, when he became editor and pub- 

, 183W. 

lisher of the Congressional Globe, Uil« 
Democratic paper of the nation. His 
old homestead, at the foot of the slope 
of the hill, adjacent, has been loug a 
historic relic, and will likely remain 
as such until the Bard of the West 
Side has it manufactured into walk- 
ing canes for mementoes for his 

On the island were a number of 
immense sycamore trees that afford- 
ed a grateful shade to the fishermen 
who made the place a famous resort. 
The stories of big catches, that hung 
about the lucky spots of the island, 
were not unlike, though more frequent 
in occurrence, than the heroic success- 
es of the present day. 

After the building of lock No. 4, 
the river assumed a central channel, 
the banks of the island rapidly melt 
ed away under the greater tides, until 
the last vestige finally disappeared. 

The old ford across the river was 
at the lower end of this island, by 
means of which nearly all the inhabi- 
tants of the south and west sides of 
Franklin county came to the city, 
much to the loss of the bridge and 
ferries. Great gullies along the banks 
on either side that were the approach 
es to this ford are still plainly to be 

In 1829 an amusing incident oc- 
curred at this ford. The steamer 
"Sylph," that then navigated these in 
land waters when the tide gave depth 

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od the bars, was using all tUe steam to 
force a passage through the channel 
next the city when she encountered 
a yoke of oxen drawing a heavily load- 
ed wagon across the ford. The ob- 
struction blocked the way absolutely, 
and, as the captain of the "Sylph" 
did not relish the idea of having the 
blood of the oxen on his conscience, 
and a lawsuit on his hands, he sul- 
lenly yielded the right of way and re- 
tired down the stream till the way 
was cleared. It is highly probable 
that a collision would have obstruct- 
ed the channel, and, as there were no 
dredge boats handy, the wisdom of 
the captain's decision is much to be 

Another island, lower down, and 
opposite the site of Hawkins" old mill, 
which was situated at the mouth of 
Cove Spring branch, divided the river 
at Big Eddy. No one knows when 
this mill was erected, but there are 

a very few persons now living who 
have seen it. 

At the mouth of the branch is a 
mound, overlaying a pile of stones, 
that marks the site of the bridge that 
crossed the stream. After the build 
ing of the dam at lock No. 4. the 
island- disappeared. 

The first tobacco manufactory ever 
carried on in Franklin county was at 
Leestown, and conducted by a gentle 
man named Maruce. It is said that 
his "cavendish" brand was superb, and 
he did a lucrative business. 

It was at Leestown where the John 
son Brothers had their headquarters 
for shipment of all the supplies for 
the northwestern army, daring the 
War of 1812, for which furnishing they 
held the contract. The supplies were 
taken by water to the Indiana shore, 
and thence transported in wagons to 
the army. 

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The progenitor of the family of 
Averill in America was William (1) 
Averill, who, with Abigail, his wife, 
emigrated from England to Massachu- 
setts Bay, and settled at Ipswich in 
1638. William (2), their son, married 
Hannah Jackson, of Ipswich, July, 
1661, and to them eleven children were 
born. Paul (3), their son, married 
Sarah Andrews, of Roxbury, March, 
1701, and removed to Connecticut. 
Joseph (4), their son, married in Feb- 
ruary, 1744, Sarah Mansfield, and to 
them were born eight sons and four 
daughters. Jesse (5), their son, who 
was born in April, 1757, was a sol- 
dier of the Revolution, including the 
campaign against Burgoyne, ending 
at Saratoga. In 1785 he married Eliz- 
abeth Stoddard and removed to 
Washington county, New York. To 
them were born five sons and five 
daughters. Marvin (6), their son, born 
September, 1791, removed to Ken- 
tucky in 1820, residing in the city of 

Louisville until his death in 1839. In 
1822 he married Rebecca Gordon Pax- 
ton, of Franklin county, a daughter 
of Thomas Paxton, who emigrated to 
Kentucky from Virginia after the 
Revolutionary war, in which he served 
with distinction, participating in the 
campaign against Cornwallis, ending 
at Yortown. To Marvin and Rebecca 
Averill were born six sons and three 
daughters. William Henry (7), was 
born in Louisville, September, 1834; 
graduated from The Kentucky Mili- 
tary Institute in 1853. Member of 
the first State Board of Pharmacy, 
twice president of the Kentucky Phar- 
maceutical Association, and vice-pres- 
ident of the American Pharmaceuti- 
cal Association in 1892. In 1860 he 
was married to Jane Julian Page, and 
to them were born five children, three 
of whom survive — Rebecca Gordon 
Averill (8), Thomas Page Averill (8). 
and Marvin D. Averill (8). 

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The progenitor of the Bibb family 
in America was Benjamin Bibb. He 
was a French Protestant, and after 
the revocation of the edict of Nantes, 
1685, he left France and went to the 
British Isles. He finally settled for 
a term of years in Wales. He came 
from Wales to Hanover county, Vir- 
ginia, with his wife, and had three 
sons, viz. : William. James and Thomas 

Part of the descendants of this fam- 
ily left Virginia and settled in Geor- 
gia and Alabama. William M. Bibb, 
of Georgia, was a member of Congress 
during President Jefferson's adminis- 
tration, and was U. S. senator from 
Georgia from 1813 to 1816. He moved 
to Alabama, and was governor of that 
State until 1821, when he was suc- 
ceeded as governor by his brother, 
Thomas Bibb. The younger brother, 
John Pandridge Bibb, was a member 
of the first convention in the State of 
Alabama and a judge of the Supremo 
Court of Alabama. 

Data furnished by P. C. Cooter, 
Cape Girardeau, Mo. 

Bibb Genealogy Confirmed, 

The first of the Bibb family in 
America was Benjamin Bibb, who 
came to Virginia about the close of 
the seventeenth century. He was a 
Welshman, and the name was origin- 
ally spelled "Be be," and so appears 
in English books of heraldry. 

Benjamin Bibb had three sons- 
William, James and Thomas. The 

first Bible record of births is John, of 
Hanover county, Virginia, son of Wil- 
liam Bibb, and was born in 1703. 
John Bibb married Susana Bigger, 
commonly called "pretty Suky" Big 
ger, in Virginia. They had several 
daughters and three sons — William, 
Thomas and Richard. William moved 
to Georgia from Virginia, and Thomas 
to Alabama. They each became gov. 
ernor of the States of their adoption, 
and also U. S. senators, and each 
State has a countv called for them 
"Bibb County." 

Richard Bibb, my great grand- 
father, was intended for the ministry 
of the church, but the Revolution 
coming on, he entered the army and 
attained the rank of major. After 
the Revolution, he represented his 
county in the Virginia Legislature. 
Came to Kentucky in 1779. Settled' 
in Logan county, but previously lived 
for awhile in Bullitt county, and rep- 
resented this county in the Kentucky 
Legislature, 1803. (Collins' History 
of Kentucky, page 772, volume ii.) 
He was noted for his piety and his 
hospitality, and was a man of educa- 
tion and large means. He had large 
bodies of land in different parts of 
the State, and also owned many ne- 
groes. He at one time liberated fifty 
of them and sent them to Liberia. At 
his death, he set the other slaves free, 
and gave each of them a piece of 
ground to cultivate. It is needless to 
add that not one of them now are 
landed proprietors. 

Richard Bibb was twice married. 

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His first wife was Liny Hooker, b.v 
whom he had three sons and three 
daughters. His daughter Mary mar- 
ried Gabriel Lewis, son of Lawrence 
Lewis and Nellie Custis, his wife, — 
Mrs. Washington's granddaughter. 
John Bibb, his youngest son, was an 
officer in the War of 1812. He rep- 
resented the county of Logan in the 
Kentucky Legislature, and married 
Mrs. Sarah P. Horsley, daughter of 
Gen. Samuel Hopkins. Mr. Bibb was 
a resident of Frankfort, Ky., for many 
years, and died here, aged ninety-five. 

Mr. Richard Bibb married a second 
time, Mrs. Alice Young Jackson, the 
widow of John Jackson, of Woodford 
county, Ky. She had no children by 
this marriage. 

George M. Bibb, the eldest son of 
Richard Bibb, was born in Virginia 
in 177G. He was reared and educated 
at Hampden Sydney college and Wil- 
liam and Mary, where he graduated 
in 1700, and came with his father to 
Kentucky. In the same year he mar« 
ried Martha Tabb Scott, daughter of 
Gov. Charles Scott. In 1809 he was 
appointed Chief Justice of Kentucky, 
and resigned in 1815 to go to the Sen- 
ate of the United States; and when 
he came to Frankfort to live, he was 
again elected to the Senate in 1829. 
He was chancellor of the first chan- 
cery court in Louisville, which posi- 
tion he held until he was appointed 
Secretary of the Treasury under Pres- 
ident Tyler. After his term of office 
expired, he resumed the practice of 

his profession in Washington City, 
where he lived. In deference to his 
great age he was allowed to make his 
arguments before the Supreme Court 
seated. Judge Bibb was one of the 
most honored lawyers of his day. He 
was appointed, last, Assistant Attor- 
ney General in Mr. Filmore's cabinet. 

Judge Bibb was a man of dis- 
tinguished appearance, and to the end 
of his life continued to wear the col- 
onial style of dress — knee breeches 
and black silk stockings— and we 
have now in the family a pair of 
diamond knee buckles given him by 
the French minister, Mr. Gerenier, 
sent to this country by the first Na- 
poleon. He died at Washington, 
April, 1850. His funeral was attended 
by the President and his cabinet, the 
Supreme Court and both Houses of 
Congress. He had ten children, many 
of whom died in early years, and two 
daughters by his first marriage, only 
one of whom is now living (1896). His 
eldest daughter, Frances (my mother), 
was married on the 28th of March, 
1827, to Albert F. Burnley, of Hanover 
county, Virginia. She had three 
daughters — Pattie, Harriet (Mrs. Rob- 
ert Crittenden), Lucy — and George, a 
son, who was killed at Murfreesboro, 
Tenn., during the Civil War. Judge 
Bibb married, after the death of his 
first wife, Mrs. Dyer, of Washington 
City. Had three daughters and a son. 
Only one daughter survives, Mrs. 
Brum, of Baltimore. Md. — (Miss Pat- 
tie Burnley, paper read before the 
Society of Colonial Daughters, 1896.) 

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It gives us great pleasure to pub 
lish for the first time tbis valuable 
genealogy of the Crockett family, and 
the interesting letters of Colonel An- 
thony Crockett, who was once a dis- 
tinguished citizen of Franklin county, 
Kentucky, and his descendants are 
among our best citizens to-day. These 
papers are contributed to the Regis- 
ter by Mrs. Fannie Crockett Frazier, 
herself a great granddaughter of Col. 
Anthony Crockett. — I Ed. The Register.) 

Nicholasville, Ky., April 6, 189S. 
Mr. Crockett M. Riddell, 

Tacoma, Wash. 

Dear Sir: I have yours of March 
30th, and will answer your questions 
to the best of my ability; or, in other 
words, I will give yon the facts as I 
received them more than forty years 
ago from persons who knew Col. An- 
thony Crockett most intimately for 
fifty years before he died in Franklin 
county in 1838. 

He was born in Prince Edward coun- 
ty. Va.. January 19, 1756, and married 
Margaret Robertson, daughter of 
Alexander Robertson, who was from 
Augusta county, Virginia, and who 
was the son of James Robertson, who 
was a native of Scotland, and a first 
cousin of Robertson, the historian. 

The late George Robertson was a 
nephew of Col. Anthony Crockett. He 
was one of the greatest lawyers ever 
born in Kentucky. Was Chief Justice 
of Kentucky for many years, and was 
born in Mercer county, Ky., in 1790, 
and died in Lexington, Ky.. in 1869. 

In 1859 I was in Lexington, Ky., at- 
tending the general assembly of the 
Presbyterian church. At that day I 
met there a gentleman named David 
T. Maurey, whose forefathers were 
descendants of the French Huguenots, 
being driven from France by the or- 
ders of Louis XIV in the year 1719. Mr. 
Maurey informed me that his mother 
was a Crockett before her marriage. 
In his letters to me in 1858, he sent 
me the following interesting record: 

"Anthony Dessasune Crockett was 
the son of Gabriel Gustave Crockett; 
was born near Montauban, in the 
south part of France, July 10, 1648. 
In France the name was 'Crockeshaw- 
ney,' and was pronounced Crocketaw- 
ney. After the family fled to the 
north of Ireland, in 1672, the name 
was changed to the architectural term 
of Crockett. In 1664 the father of 
Anthony Dessasune obtained for him 
a position in the household troops of 
Ix)uis XIV. His fine personal appear- 
ance, splendid horsemanship and his 
devotion to duty drew at once the at- 
tention of the King, who was anxious 
to retain him in his service and to 
place him as second in command of 
the Household Guards. His wife, 
Louise DeSaix, whom he married in 
1669, bore him the following children: 
Gabriel Gustavus was born at Bor- 
deaux, October 12, 1672, which was 
the year the family was exiled to 
France for becoming Protestants. In 
1672, after the family became Protes- 
tants, they were employed by the La 
Fontaines and Maureys as commercial 
agents and envoys, and took up their 

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residence in the north of Ireland. In 
Ireland six children were born. James 
Crockett was born November 20, 1674; 
Joseph Louis, January 9, 1676; Rob- 
ert Watkins, July 18, 1678; Louise 
DeSaix, March 15, 1680; Mary Fran- 
ces, February 20, 1682; Sarah Eliza- 
beth, April 13, 1685. 

"James Crockett married an Irish 
lady, Miss Martha Montgomery, 
daughter of Thomas Montgomery, a 
sailor in the English naval service. 
Joseph married Sarah Stuart, of Don- 
egal, and was the father of ten chil- 
dren, six sons and four daughters. 
His first child was Joseph Crockett, 
Jr., born at Donegal, May 6, 1702; 
Thomas Stuart, same city, March 8. 
1704; John Crockett, father of Col. 
Joseph Crockett, whom you have so 
often mentioned in your letters, was 
born near Bantryboy, June 10, 1707. 
His father, after the death of LouiB 
XIV in 1715, revisited France, and 
such was the hatred against all Prot- 
estants and persons who had changed 
their religion that he gathered up all 
his friends and settled in the French 
colony of New Rochelle, in the colony 
of New York. At New Rochelle was 
born William Crockett, the first child 
of American birth. He was born Au- 
gust 10, 1709. The whole family of 
Crocketts afterwards left Ireland and 
settled in the colony of Virginia about 
the year 1716, 1718 and 1719. John 
Crockett removed from New Rochelle 
and settled in Virginia on the Rapi- 
dan river, among the Fontaines, Mau- 
rey» and Guerants, in 1718. James 
Edwin Crockett was born November 
10, 1711 : Jason Rpottswood, Decem- 
ber 2, 1713: Elizabeth Lee, June 30, 
1715; Martha Ellen, twin, September 
10, 1719; Mary Dandridge, August 8. 
1720; Sarah Jane, May 9, 1722. 

Robert Watkins Crockett, the third 
son, married before the family left 

Ireland. He married Rachel Watkins, 
third cousin, in 1702. Three sons and 
two daughters, Rachel Elizabeth, May 
1, 1703, Hannah Watkins, June 20, 

John Crockett married Eliza Bou 
lay, 1732, taught a school at White 
Post Academy in Culpeper county, 
Va., and afterwards removed to Al- 
bemarle, and was principal of High 
School up to the time of his death, 
which took place June 9, 1770, five 
years before the Revolutionary War. 

His first child was a daughter, Eli 
za, who was born in Culpeper, and 
married James Pryon, of Augusta 
county, Va. Sarah was also born in 
Culpeper, and married James Cum- 
mings, of Rockbridge county. Marv 
married Thomas Nicholson, of Albe- 
marle. Mr. Nicholson died soon after 
his marriage. His widow married 
again and settled somewhere on the 
Ohio river in Northern Kentucky, but 
at what time she settled and the name 
of her second husband is now lost, 
and the facts can not be found out. 
His fourth daughter married Charles 
Watkins. and died in Mecklenburg 
county, Va., after the close of the 
Revolutionary War. Colonel Joseph 
Crockett was the eldest son. He was 
born in Fairfax county, Va., May 7, 
1747, and died in the year 1829. aged 
eighty-two years. He was nine years 
older than his brother, Anthony 
Crockett, who was the youngest son. 
He and his brother. Joseph, command- 
ed a regiment in the Indian wars un- 
der Gen. George Rogers Clark. Jo- 
seph Crockett was colonel, and your 
grandfather was lien tenant-colonel in 
the regiment, and he was elected door- 
keeper of the Legislature forty-one 
years. Hamilton Crockett died in 
Tennessee in 1826. Alexander Crock- 
ett died in 1816. William Crockett 
died in Tennessee in 1812. They were 

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all soldiers in the Revolutionary Wav. 
Jason Spottswood Crockett, who was 
an uncle of Col. Anthony and Joseph 
Crockett, married Margaret Lacey, of 
Lancaster county, Pa. He married in 
1740, and resided in Pennsylvania 
nearly a year and removed to Gran- 
ville county, N. C, where he reared 
a family of four sons and two daugh- 
ters. It is believed he was the grand- 
father of the celebrated Davy Crock- 
ett, who fell at the siege of the Alamo, 

John Crockett was the son of Jason 
Spottswood Crockett. He married 
Rebecca Hawkins, who was the moth 
er of David Crockett, who was born 
in East Tennessee August 17, 1786. 
You will learn that the first ancestor 
of the Crockett family in the United 
States was a Frenchman, and a mem- 
ber of the Household Troops of Louis 
XIV. He, after serving his term out 
in the Household Guards of Louis, re- 
trned to Montauban, in the south of 
France, and fell in with such Protes- 
tants in the south of France as the 
La Fontaines, Maureys and the Le- 
gres, and was converted by the com- 
pany of such worthy men as the Mau- 
reys, who had entire control of the 
wine and salt trade in the South of 

As I am growing very old and fee- 
ble, I send you a letter written to 
Judge Robertson by your great grand- 
father, Anthony Crockett. It was this 
letter that gave me the facts in the 
sketch I wrote of him ten years ago. 
As I have several printed copies of 
his letters, I send you this which he 
wrote over seventy years ago. When 
Judge Robertson died I got hold of 
several very interesting old letters he 
wrote about the War of 1812. I also 
send you the true sketch of Fitzhugh 
Lee. When I have to trust to news- 
papers I am often deceived, so I wrot* 

to Gen. Lee and he stated the facts. 
I charge you five dollars for the in- 
formation, and as a grandson I hope 
you will keep the old letter as long 
as you live. Excuse my writing with 
a pencil, as I am not in a place where 
there is ink. I mail this letter at Am- 


P. S. — Ix»t me hear soon. 

Letter of Col. Anthony Crockett — 

Franklin County, June 19, 1816. 
Dear Major: Your interesting let- 
ter, dated June the 2d, reached me at 
my home in the country several days 
ago. I would have answered your let 
ter much earlier, but I was thrown 
from my horse on Thursday in return- 
ing home from Frankfort, and I have 
been confined to my bed nearly two 

In your interesting letter you re- 
quest me to furnish you some facts 
and recollections of the battle of Sar- 
atoga, which culminated in the sur- 
render of General Burgoyne and his 
army, October 17, which has been for- 
ty years ago. I am now sixty-one 
years old and have forgotten many in- 
cidents that occurred in the many bat- 
tles and skirmishes previous to the 
surrender of that proud army of red- 
coated wretches, commanded by as 
mean and as cruel a tyrant as ever 
was born in proud old England. I 
can only give you the facts about the 
battles and the skirmishes that I saw 
and the part I acted. 

General Burgoyne, after crossing 
the Hudson river, advanced along its 
side and encamped on the heights 
about two miles from our camp, which 
was three miles about Stillwater. 

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This movement General Gates at once 
discovered was only a bold stroke of 
Burgoyne to mislead and deceive the 
American army. The rapid advance 
of the British General, and especial- 
ly his passage of the North river add- 
ed much to the impractibility of re- 
treat, and this movement of Burgoyne 
did not deceive General Gates. Early 
on the morning of September 19th, 
the skirmish began, and for two hours 
both sides were hotly engaged. The 
conflict was bloody and severe. After 
a pause of ten minutes, it became gen 
eral and continued for three hour* 
without intermission. Benedict Ar ; 
nold, who afterwards turned traitor, 
rode up to me and said ''Where is 
your Colonel?" I told him that Coi- 
onel Morgan will be present in a few 
moments; that I was obeying his ol- 
der in standing where I was exposed 
to the sharp-shooters of the enemy 
over two hours. As soon as Arnold 
saw Colonel Morgan, he ordered Col 
onel Morgan to select two or three 
of his best marksmen, and as Arnold 
ordered the men to the front line, he 
said: "Soldiers, do you see that man 
with that red sash and fine three- 
cornered hat? That is General Fra 
zer. I respect and honor him. but 
he is an enemy to American liberty. 
Shoot him; it is right to kill all who 
are enemies to American liberty." I 
saw the brave Briton fall; he was 
soon taken from the field and died two 
hours after receiving the wound. Jo 
seph Campbell, of Fredericksburg, 
who belonged to my company, killed 
General Frazer. Gen. Frank Clark 
was also killed by another member of 
my company. Luke Allen shot Clark 
by order of General Arnold, who, dur- 
mg the battle, showed that he was 
one of the bravest men, as well as he 
was cruel and overbearing in his bad 
disposition. I have often thought of 

the reckless bravery of General Ar- 
nold in the battle of Saratoga on that 
day forty years ago, and to know and 
to witness his bravery in defense of 
his country and to see that in less than 
two years he was to turn traitor and 
take a commission in the British ar 
my, and go and plunder and rob the 
people of his native town in Connec- 
ticut. He did the same in Virginia 
under Lord Cornwall is and General 
Philips, who died in Petersburg (1780), 
and was buried there. 

On the 7th of October, General Bur- 
goyne determined to make one mor^ 
trial of strength with General Gates. 
The advance parties of the two armies 
came in contact on Tuesday after- 
noon, which was cold and very windy. 
Our force soon approached the Brit- 
ish army, and each party in defiance 
awaited the deadly blow. The regi- 
ment of Colonel Morgan that I was in 
and Major Dearborn, leading a detach- 
ment of infantry, commenced another 
severe battle. We rushed on the 
British, commanded by Colonel Ack- 
land, and our furious attack was firm- 
ly resisted. In all places in the field 
the fight became extremely hard and 
obstinate. An unconquerable spirit 
on both sides disdained to give up. 
At length our men began to press for 
ward with renewed strength and ar- 
dour, and compelled the whole British 
line, commanded by Burgoyne himself, 
to yield to our deadly fire. We ran 
them in great disorder. The German 
Mercenary stood very firm until one 
of our sharp-shooters sent a bullet to 
his heart. We ran the Mercenaries 
to their camp, taking all their baggage 
and several pieces of cannon. I wit- 
nessed the surrender of Burgoyne; 
more than four thousand red-coated 
rascals surrendered on the 17th of 
October, 1777, forty years ago. Gen. 
Burgoyne was over six feet, dark 

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brown hair, large black eyes, and a 
mean-looking tyrant. 

Come and spend a week with mo 

Your old soldier-friend, 


Major Benjamin Netherland, 
Nicholasville, Ky. 

J*eeond letter — 

Near Frankfort, Franklin 
County, Ky., April 28, 1826. 

My Dear Friend: Your interesting 
letter of last week was carefully read 
and filed away in my secretary draw- 
er. You call my attention in your let- 
ter to the reception of General La Fay- 
ette in Lexington last April. I re- 
member all the incidents of his recep- 
tion in Lexington. I was in New 
York city when he landed there year 
before last (1824). There are few, if 
any, examples in history of a young 
man who has. assisted, by bis services, 
his fortune and his blood, to secure 
the independence, liberty and peace of 
a foreign and distant people. 

Re-visiting the same people after 
forty years in the enjoyment of their 
freedom, at the invitation of Mr. Mon- 
roe, La Fayette reached the city of 
New York on August the 15th. He 
was accompanied by his son, George 
Washington La Fayette, and his 
friend, Mr. Le Vassieur. I presume 
he is private secretary to General La 
Fayette. When the ship arrived in 
the harbor of New York, having on 
board General La Fayette, there were 
more than fifty thousand people all 
around the harbor, who received the 
General with shouting and cheering 
that surpassed anything I ever wit- 
nessed. I never expect to see such 
a reception again. It was a glorious 

night to see such a man as General 
La Fayette escorted to his lodging* 
by fifty thousand American citizens. 
There were over four thousand car- 
riages in the procession. After forty 
years, he re-visits the country whose 
liberties he assisted in winning, and 
to witness the fruits of hi® labors, 
the blessings of peace and freedom, 
and receive the gratitude and homage 
of a free people. 

It is almost impossible for me to 
give you a description of the recep- 
tion of General La Fayette in New 
York city, and in every other town 
which he has visited or through which 
he has passed, has been such as be- 
came the free citizens of the freest 
people on earth, to offer to the first 
and the most incorruptible patriot of 
the age, and the early and undeviat- 
ing friend of our people in their strug 
gle for liberty, who had spent his for- 
tune and his blood in winning our in- 
dependence and liberty. No man ever 
received such high honors as La Fay- 
ette has in his travels over our coun- 
try. It was the homage and grati- 
tude of an entire nation, flowing spon- 
taneously, the free-will offering of the 
heart, a universal impulse which vi- 
brated as the pulse of the nation. To 
this universal feeling, manifested in a 
thousand ways and by the strongest 
demonstrations, there is not a soli- 
tary discordant voice. 

I went, after leaving New York, 
where I had sold a hundred head of 
cattle, to the city of Washington. I 
had the honor of witnessing the recep 
tion of General La Fayette by the 
members of the United States Senate. 
On Friday, December 9th, General La 
Fayette entered the Senate Chamber 
by the side of John Barbour, chairman 
of the Committee of Reception; he was 
conducted to a seat on the right of 
Mr. Gaillard in the presence of the 
senators, all of whom were standing. 

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As he entered, Mr. Barbour introduced 
him by saying "I present General La 
Fayette to the Senate of the United 
States^" as he walked to the 

President's chair, the President ad 
dressed him: "On the part of the Sen- 
ate, I invite General La Fayette to be 
seated." Then a motion was made 
for the Senate to adjourn for the pur- 
pose of allowing all the members to 
pay their respects to General La Fay- 
ette, which was adopted, and every 
member rushed up and was intro- 
duced to La Fayette and his son. 1 
enjoyed sueh a scene with great pleas- 
ure, and can say that Caesar never 
received a greater honor from the 
Senate of Rome. 
In the evening I called to pay my 

respects to General La Fayette at the 
house of Joseph Gales. In forty years 
he bad forgotten me, but as soon as 
I told him my name and my helping 
him when wounded at Brandywine, he 
shed tears and shook my hands with 
great emotion. I invited him to visit 
Lexington, which was the first invita- 
tion he received, and which I made 
public through you and the newspa- 

Present my compliments to Mrs. 
Desha, also to Col. Garrard. 

Your obt. servant, 


Joseph Desha, 

Frankfort, Kentucky. 

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By Mra. M»ry Dudley Aldrldge. 

Dudley — Garrard— Talbot. 

I shall write of some of the inci 
dents of the early settlement of this 
State (Kentucky), as well as of my 
progenitors, who emigrated to this 
country from England at an early day 
and settled in Spottsylvania county, 
Virginia. After taking part in the 
Revolutionary War, they came to this, 
then wild Western country, a vast 
wilderness inhabited by wild beasts 
and savage Indians, to begin a life of 
toil, hardship and constant danger. 

Many parties of men had come in 
those early days, establishing stations 
or forts in which to protect their fam- 
ilies while they were engaged in build- 
ing rude log cabins, felling the forest 
and opening the farms that have 
since been made to blossom as the 

In 1780, a small party of men, pass- 
ing from Bryan's Station, one of the 
early settlements, on their way to 
Mann's Lick to procure a supply of 
salt, camped on the bank of Kentucky 
river where Frankfort now stands. 
They were attacked by a party of In- 
dians, some were wounded, and one 
man, named Frank, was killed, and 
to that circumstance, it is said, our 
town is indebted for its name. 

About this time (1780), ten Dudley 
brothers came from Virginia, locating 
near Bryan's Station. Several of 
these Dudleys took an active part in 
the War of 1812, during which time 

they suffered every hardship and dan- 
ger incident to Indian warfare, to 
which must be added the severity of 
northern winters, with little food, 
few clothes and forced marches 
through a wild and inhospitable coun- 
try, surrounded on all sides by a 
treacherous and relentless savage foe. 

Col. Wm. Dudley was killed at the 
battle of river Raisin, Capt. Peter 
Dudley wounded, and his brother. 
Thomas P. Dudley, captured by the 
Indians, but soon afterwards ex- 
changed through the influence of a 
British officer. He carried a bullet 
in his body until near the time of his 
death, at the age of ninety-three 
years. He and his father, Ambrose 
Dudley, Sr., had charge of the Bap- 
tist church at Bryan's Station for one 
hundred consecutive years. These 
Dudleys, as well as many other good 
and brave men, left Virginia on ac- 
count of religious persecution. My 
great grandfather, Ambrose Dudley, 
is said to have been converted to the 
Baptist faith from hearing prisoners 
singing hymns from the windows of 
the prison where they were incarcer- 
ated on account of their religious be- 

My father, Ambrose W. Dudley, 
came to Frankfort from Lexington 
when it was a much smaller town than 
now. Having married Eliza Garrard 
Talbot, he spent the greater part of 
his life here, helping in many ways to 
improve the town, and at the time of 

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his death had been president of the 
Branch Bank of Kentucky for thirty 
years. His early home here was on 
a hill called "Belleview," where there 
was a quaint old house surrounded by 
a beautiful garden, grand old trees 
and grander scenery, where seven 
children were born and whiled away 
the happy hours of childhood from 
day to day. This place is now our 
beautiful cemetery, sold for that pur- 
pose by my father, it having been in- 
herited from my grandfather, Isham 
Talbot. This sacred spot is now hal- 
lowed ground, so loved by all, where 
sleep our dearest friends and loved 
ones, our statesmen, soldiers and that 
grand old pioneer, Daniel Boone. 

Going back to the Dudley family, 
we trace them to Dudo Castle, Staf- 
fordshire, England, A. D. 700, many 
of them prominent in war and states- 
manship. Among them, Ambrose 
Dudley, Karl of Warwick, and John 
Dudley, Duke of Northumberland. 

Daniel Boone looked upon the Ohio 
river for the first time in May, 1776; 
continuing his wanderings from that 
point, he finally settled at a station 
and erected a fort on the west bank 
of Kentucky river, called then Squire 
Boone's Station, now known as Boons- 

Though Kentucky was separated 
from Virginia, the mother State, by 
500 miles of unbroken wilderness, a 
stream of immigrants continued to 
pour into the various settlements. 

Several conventions were held, 
courts of justice for the preservation 
of law and order were established, 
and measures taken looking to the ul- 
timate admission of Kentucky into the 
Union, which was accomplished by an 
act of Congress, passed June 1, 1792. 

Our first Governor was Gen. Isaac- 
Shelby, who took the oath of office 
June 4, 1792. The second Governor 
of Kentucky was James Garrard, who 
was first elected in 1796, and served 
two terms. He being my great grand- 
father, I will add some particulars of 
his life. As there was no State-house 
then built, the large frame house 
owned by Maj. James Love was used 
for several years, in which the Legis- 
lature met. That house was the first 
hotel (or tavern) ever built in Frank- 
fort, and was made more noted for 
being the place where Aaron Burr is 
said to have formed his conspiracy, 
and where, when he was acquitted, a 
ball was given in his honor. 

The Governor first occupied a house 
which stood opposite the Capital Ho- 
tel, long since pulled down, the ex- 
ecutive mansion of to-day h-iving been 
built during the term of the second 
Governor. His wife's name was Eliza- 
beth Montjoy. Since Frankfort was 
first made the capital of the State, no 
less than eight different houses have 
been used as State-houses, and we all 
know another is much needed now. 

Governor Garrard was of a Hugue- 
not family. Leaving France, they lo- 
cated in England then coming to this 
country, they settled in Virginia. He, 
after taking part as captain in the 
Revolutionary War, afterward re- 
moved to this wild, unsettled 
country, locating on a 3,000-acre 
tract of land near where Paris 
now stands. His house is still 
in existence, and occupied by his des- 
cendants to-day, was built of stone 
by Thomas Metcalfe, who was after- 
wards the tenth Governor of Ken- 
tucky. There the first court of Bour- 
bon county was held, and during its 
session the prices of various commod- 
ities were fixed as follows: Whisky, 

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per gallon, ten shillings; rum and 
wine, per gallon, twenty-four shill- 
ings; warm dinner, 1 shilling six 
pence; cold dinner, one shilling; 
breakfast with coffee, tea or choco- 
late, three pence; lodging, with clean 
sheets, six pence. 

Among the early statesmen of Ken- 
tucky was my grandfather, Isham 
Talbot. Mathew Talbot, his grand- 
father came to America from England 
and settled in Bedford county, Vir- 
ginia. Several of his sons, after serv- 
ing in the Revolutionary War, came 
to Kentucky. From 1812 to 1815 Is- 
ham Talbot served in the State Sen- 
ate, then was appointed a United 
States senater, and after filling out 
this term, was elected to a second 
term. Many of his ancestors served 
in the wars of England, among them 
Sir John Talbot, who, while fighting 
against the French, headed by Joan 
of Arc, was taken prisoner at the 
Battle of Orleans, and was after- 
wards, in recognition of his brave and 
gallant services, created Earl of 
Shrewsbury, during the reign of Hen- 
ry VI. 

We are all proud of our forefathers, 
especially so of those brave and noble 
pioneers, who, literally taking their 
lives in their hands, endured all the 
hardships and braved all the dangers 
of a life in the wilderness that they 
might leave so fair an inheritage to 
their posterity, and in loving remem- 
brance of them we fondly cling 
through life to our beloved little city 
among the hills, thinking, as Gen. La- 
Fayette once said of it, 'Tis the 
loveliest spot on earth." 

Note. — Colonel Ambrose Dudley 
and his wife, Eliza Garrard Talbot, 
had a number of children who were 
born and reared at their elegant coun- 
try seat, which is now almost within 
the city limits, and is owned by Mrs. 
William Dudley, widow of the second 
son, William Dudley. Mrs. Mary Dud 
ley Aldridge, City; Mrs. Annie Smith, 
of Arkansas, and Mrs. Maria Win 
ston, both deceased, were the daugh- 
ters. These ladies were among the 
most conspicuously lovely and intelli- 
gent Christian women of the society 
of Frankfort, and Mrs. Aldridge con- 
tinues to hold her position as such, 
and is greatly beloved by her kindred 
and friends— (Ed. Register.) 

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Reunion of the JilVes Tribe. 

In September of 1901, in the historic 
city of Henderson, the rare event in 
genealogical and historical annals 
given below took place. The follow- 
ing description from a Henderson 
newspaper will be read with interest 
everywhere. And perhaps it may sug- 
gest the listing of other families in 
Kentucky in like manner. — (Ed. The 

A most delightful reunion of one 
of Henderson county's ancestral fam 
iliea, the Alves family, was held at the 
suburban home of Mr. William L. 
Alves. The Alves family were among 
the pioneers of this county, and have 
occupied important positions and 
prominent parts in her history and her 
business affairs. The descendants of 
the Alves family and their connec- 
tions by marriage met Thursday in 
joyful reunion at the hospitable homo 
above mentioned. The affair was 
mainly projected by Mr. William L. 
Alves, and assisted by others was su- 
perbly carried out. 

The grounds or site where this fes- 
tive event was given was on a high 
bluff shaded by large forest trees 
overlooking the Ohio river, making 
quite a beautiful view. Under these 
spreading awnings of nature the 
groaning tables of good things were 
spread, and the pavilion for dancing 
was constructed. This pavilion was 
about one hundred by fifty feet, and 
was most artistically adorned by the 
younger members of the Alves family, 

with evergreens and golden rod, to- 
gether with other autumn vegetation 
of beauteous colors. At evening the 
pavilion was lighted with Japanese 
lantern* and the "jack o' lanterns" 
made from the pumpkin. 

The tables were decorated with 
roses, golden rod and evergreens. 
There was an upright piece in the cen- 
ter which was the feature of the table 
decorations, it being a large '*A M 
(which stands for Alves) composed of 
golden rod and evergreens. 

The scene was. one of reminiscent 
jollity. The older members lingered 
under the shades and talked over the 
"Days of Old Lang Syne," while the 
younger and more active ones assist- 
ed in the preparation of the elegaiu 
meal soon to be served, or indulged 
in dancing and social conversation. 
This happy meet was made complete 
with the interspersed selection from 
Huhlein's orchestra, and the singing 
of a number of much complimented 
selections by Messrs. Melton, Andrea, 
Davis and others who compose the Y. 
M. 0. A. quartette. 

The oldest member of the Alves 
family at this reunion was Mr. Walter 
A. Towles, aged seventy-six years, and 
the youngest was little Annie Barnard 
Redman, the daughter of Dr. W. F. 
and Mrs. Mary Alves Redman. An 
interesting picture was made by the 
photographer of Mr. Towles holding 
Annie Barnard in his arms. A photo 
was also taken of the entire family 
group at dinner. 

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The lengthy tables were twice full 
of guests for dinner. It was a most 
splendidly barbeeued dinner, compos- 
ed of mutton, shoat, beef and chicken, 
together with pickles, slaw, tomatoes, 
potato salad, coffee and other elegant 
and toothsome edibles. This repast 
was terminated with the serving of 
Pargny's most delicious and refresh- 
ing ice cream. 

In the afternoon the gentlemen pres- 
ent indulged in the interesting sport 

of cfliooting at clay pigeons thrown 
from a trap. 

Last evening the younger members 
of the A ivrs family, with their in- 
vited guests^ spent a most pleasant 
evening in dancing in the pavilion de- 
signed especially for that purpose. 

All in all it was an event to be re- 
membered by the members of this in- 
fluential family, and by those who 
partook of the unstinted hospitality 
of the occasion. 

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The New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register for January, 
1903, comes to us full of genealogies 
and interesting matter concerning da- 
ta of church and court. Especially 
interesting are the articles, "Our 
Engli h Parent Towns" and the sketch 
of Russell Smith Taft, LL. D. This 
magazine is one of the oldest and best 
magazines of its order in America. 

We tender thanks to "Editor and 
Publisher" for its handsome notice of 
the Register of Kentucky Historical 
Society. The Christmas number of 
this New York monthly is very beau- 
tiful, and abounds in pithy articles 
on all literary subjects. 

The "West Virginia Historical Mag 
azine" is always welcome, and is al- 
ways full of interesting articles to 
Kentucky readers. It represents a 
large and intelligent historical soci- 

"The Washingtonian" magazine of 
the historical society of our newest 
State — Washington — is one of the 
handsomest magazines of the many 
handsome ones of the Western States. 
It has the freshness and odor of the 
wood and plain, and is full of the in- 
spiration of hope and the ambitions 
of the young. Evidently they will 
make a history, happily free from the 
bloody records of the older States. 
We congratulate the editors and writ- 
ers of "The Washingtonian." 

The "Chaperone Magazine," St. Lou 
is, Mo., is a very pretty monthly, de- 
voted to the many topics that inter- 
est society at large. It is beautifully 

"The Magazine of Mysteries" is a 
monthly devoted to religion and the 
sciences — new in style, it is attract- 
ive and interesting. 

Among the daintiest and prettiest 
calendars for 1903 is the D. A. R. cal- 
endar, of the Bryan Station Chapter 
of the D. A. R., at Lexington, Ky. It 
is a souvenir, well worth preserving, 
of this most famous chapter of this 
society in Kentucky. 

"Concerning the Forefathers — Col. 
John Johnston, Col. Robert Patter- 
son," by Charlotte Reeve Conover, 
Dayton, Ohio. W T e have received the 
prospectus for this book, and can as- 
sure the public it is a book well worth 
reading. Col. Robert Patterson is so 
identified with the early history of 
Kentucky that a biography of him 
would interest every Kentuckian. 
He came with the Steeles and Lind- 
says to Kentucky from Pennsylvania, 
and with them endured the hardships 
and dangers of border warfare here. 
Collins, in his "History of Kentucky." 
places Robert Patterson among the 
noblest of our pioneers. Says the 
prospectus: "Col. Robert Patterson 
founded Lexington, Kentucky, and. 
with two others, laid out the original 

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plan of Cincinnati, one third of which 
belonged to him. He was prominent 
in securing statehood for Kentucky, 
and assisted largely in the best life 
and growth of that part of the State 
in and about Lexington. He fought 
at the Battle of Blue Licks and had 
his life saved by Aaron Reynolds. He 
fought in the Illinois campaign under 

George Rogers Clark, and in the In- 
diana campaigns under Clark, Bow- 
man and Logan." This book will be 
of special interest to families bearing 
the names of Patterson, Venable, 
Caldwell, Steele, Lindsay and Ander- 
son in Kentucky. Address, Charlotte 
Reeve Conover, Dayton, Ohio. 

Fine Showing of State Finances. 

Auditor Coulter yesterday, upon 
balancing the State's books at the 
beginning of the new year, gave out a 
statement which shows an exceeding- 
ly healthy condition of the State's 
financial condition. 

There is now on deposit in the va- 
rious depositories, to the credit of the 
State, a balance of $1,114,596. This 

balance is on hand in spite of the fact 
that the money paid out in the year 
just closed exceeded the previous year 
by |118,000. The cost of the legisla- 
tive session was f 92,000, and a like 
sum was refunded to Stale and Na- 
tional banks as excess of taxes paid 
in by them and held by the courts to 
have been illegally collected. 

The demand for the "Reports from 
the Kentucky State Historical Soci- 
ety" has exhausted the first edition, 
and we therefore subjoin the pamphlet 

to the Register, that in this initial 
number of the magazine its readers 
may have the history of the Society 
and its work. 

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The Kentucky State Historical Society, 

From Its Reorganisation, October 6, 1896, 
To October 4, 1902, 

Frankfort. Ky. 

The history of Kentucky, properly 
speaking, begins with the advent of 
Daniel Boone in its wilderness in 
1769; hence, upon the face of the first 
booklet of the Kentucky State His- 
torical Society we find 

June 7th, 1769-1881. 

This pretty pamphlet gave the "Pro- 
ceedings at the dedication of the 
rooms, set apart by the State, in the 
executive building of the Capitol, on 
June 7, 1881." This society was 
founded in 1839-40 (see House Jour- 
nal, 1839-40). Its existence was pre- 
carious through all the decades until 
it was reorganized in 1878 by a num- 
ber of the most prominent men in the 
State at that time. They met in a 
regularly organized body in 1879 and 
elected their officers to look to the 
permanent founding of a society in 
Daniel Boone's honor, which should 
embody the history of Kentucky in 
all its varied departments and inter* 
ests. This society was to meet on 
the 7th of June annually "to com 
memorate the discovery by Daniel 
Boone of the beautiful level of Ken- 
tucky." This done, it started out 
equipped with historical literature 

and officered by cultured and compe- 
tent men and women. Being a depart- 
ment of the State under its charter, 
secured and held sacred, it was hoped 
all the dangers and difficulties of its 
predecessor were avoided, and inter- 
est in the history of the State of which 
all Kentuckians felt a pride, would 
insure its success. But the changes 
in the times and removals by death 
and distance of its members, from year 
to year, brought about a suspension 
of its stated meetings in Governor 
Buckner's administration. 

By its charter it could not be le- 
gally abolished. Hence the society of 
Colonial Daughters, a patriotic organ- 
ization of the Capital, determined to 
revive it and restore its historical 
treasures to the rooms. Accordingly, 
they consulted with the Governor, 
Wm. O. Bradley who heartily ap 
proved the patriotic measure and or- 
dered the rooms to be given up to 
them. With the aid of prominent 
members of the Kentucky Historical 
Society in the city and State, they 
met in the historical rooms on the 6th 
of October, 1896, and re-established 
the State Historical Society. The fol- 
lowing gives the proceedings: 

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The secretary has kept in inind the 
time when these publications might 
be called for in pamphlet form, so 
they have been preserved in the order 
iu which they came as reports in Feb- 
ruary, June and October from the 
Kentucky State Historical Society, 
from October 6, 1806, to October 4, 
1902. The suggestions and remarks 
upon the progress of the work of re- 
storing to the State this valuable so- 
ciety have only in a few places been 
included here, but there is enough to 
show the patriotism and fidelity of the 
members who planned the undertak- 
ing and won the merited success at- 
tending it. 

The petition, signed by the Frank- 
fort Colonial Daughters, Mrs. Jennie 
C. Morton, registrar, was gracefully 
presented in the House on Thursday 
last by Hon. John A. Steele, of Wood- 
ford county. 

Mr. Steele was one of the charter 
members of the now suspended Ken- 
tucky Historical Society, and is in 
sympathy with the Colonial Daugh- 
ters in their effort to have that society 
restored to the State, and its treas- 
ures gathered and preserved in the 
spacious Historical rooms, set apart 
for this purpose, by a former Legisla- 
ture of Kentucky. The petition was 
appropriately referred. — Legislature, 


This once famous society has been 
reorganized under the auspices of the 
Frankfort Colonial Daughters, and 
will have an opening on October 6th 
in their old quarters in the third 
story of the executive building. The 
following circular has been issued: 

"The opening of the Kentucky His- 

torical Society will be appropriately 
celebrated at the Capitol, in its for- 
mer elegant rooms, on the 6th of Oc- 
tober. A committee of the Society of 
Colonial Daughters will assist Miss 
Guy and Mr. C. B. Willis, the State 
Librarian, in the arrangement of the 
rooms and hanging of pictures, 
placing of exhibits, etc. A suitable 
program will be prepared lor the 6th 
of October to make this occasion (the 
hundred and tenth birthday of Frank- 
fort) a pleasing and notable one on 
the State House Square. For any in- 
formation address Mrs. Jennie C. 
Morton, Registrar of Frankfort So- 
ciety of Colonial Daughters. News- 
papers throughout the State will 
please republish this notice for the 
benefit of members of the Kentucky 
Historical Society, whose names and 
addresses have been mislaid, and who 
may wish to attend the re-opening.'' 


The re-opening of the historical 
rooms at the Capitol to-day was one of 
the most interesting events in the 
history of the city. The program was 
as follows: 

Prayer by the Rev. Mr. Taylor, of 
the Baptist church, the Colonial 
Daughters uniting with him in con- 
clusion by repeating the Lord's 

Address by the Hon. Ira Julian, 
mayor of the city. 

"America," by the audience, led by 
Mr. S. A. Bull. A letter from the his- 
torian, George W. Ranck, to the Col- 
onial Daughters, read by Mrs. Jennie 
C. Morton, the registrar. Addressed 
by Col. John L. Scott upon the re- 
opening of the great Historical Reg- 
ister used at the Centennial in 1886. 
Signing of the names while the bells 

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of the city rang the 110th anniver- 
sary of Frankfort. 

Mrs. Morton, as Registrar of the 
Society of Colonial Daughters, pre- 
sided over the meeting. 

The address of Mr. Julian was an 
admirable extemporaneous effort, in 
which he used paragraphs from the 
history of Lexington, by George W. 
Ranck. It was a happy incident, that 
of his letter just received by the Col- 
onial Daughters, in which he says: 
"Hoping that Frankfort's 110th birth- 
day will become notable as the date 
of a strong effort in this line and that 
the Kentucky Historical Society will 
be crowned with success in all its la 
bors to remove this long-standing 
cause of mortification." 

The signing of the names was a 
novelty all participated in. The rooms 
were handsomely decorated and pre- 
sented a magnificent appearance — 
dressed in autumn foliage and splendid 
flowers. The portraits are hung again 
on the walls and the many valuable 
paintings and souvenirs were exhibit- 
ed with taste. The Colonial Daugh- 
ters are everywhere congratulated up- 
on their splendid success, and the re- 
vival of the Historical Society under 
their efficient and powerful influence 
is an assured thing in the near future. 


There will be a final re-organization 
of the Kentucky Historical Society on 
the 11th of February, 1897, when, ac- 
cording to its constitution, on Daniel 
Boone's birthday the Governor shall 
call a business meeting. Then its of- 
ficers will be elected, and the society, 
it is hoped, will be placed upon a firm 
basis, with the persistent purpose of 
its members to preserve and maintain 
it. The re-opening of the rooms is 

due to the beautiful courtesy of Mr. 
Lester, who withdrew from them, and 
took rooms below, more convenient 
for him. Also to the kindness of Hon. 
Ed. Porter Thompson, ex-Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, to 
whom the keys of the handsome case 
of souvenirs were intrusted some 
years ago. Under the superintend- 
ence of the Colonial Daughters every- 
thing has undergone a thorough clean- 
ing, and the property thus rescued 
from dust and neglect, presents an 
elegant and interesting appearance 
under the glass cases. Though many 
things have been recalled by the own- 
ers, there is enough left to fill the 



The Kentucky Historical Society, 
under the auspices of the Society of 
Colonial Daughters, of this city, met 
at their rooms in the State House on 
Tuesday last, at 10 o'clock. 

Hon. Ira Julian and Col. John L. 
Scott delivered appropriate addresses, 
which were heartily enjoyed. Mrs. 
Jennie C. Morton, registrar of the so- 
ciety, read a letter of regret from 
Hon. Geo. W. Ranck, the Kentucky 
historian. At 12 o'clock m., the bells 
of the city were rung to announce 
the 110th anniversary of Frankfort 
and the fact the society was re-organ- 
ized and the rooms re-opened. Alto- 
gether the whole affair was a delight- 
ful success and the ladies deserve 
gieat credit for their persistent work 
to that end. 

Prayer by Rev. Mr. Taylor, of the 
Baptist church, the Colonial Daugh- 
ters uniting with him in conclusion by 
repeating the Lord's Prayer. 

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Address by the Hon. Ira Julian, 
mayor of the city. 

"America," by the aadience, led by 
Mr. S. C. Bull. A letter from the his- 
torian, Geo. W. Ranck, to the Colon- 
ial Daughters, read by Mrs. Jennie 
C. Morton, the registrar. Address 
by Col. John L. Scott upon the re- 
opening of the great Historical Reg- 
ister used at the Centennial in 1886. 
Signing of the names while the bells 
of the city rang the 110th anniversary 
of Frankfort. 

Mrs. Morton, as Registrar of the 
Society of Colonial Daughters, presid- 
ed over the meeting. 

The address of Mr. Julian was an 
admirable extemporaneous effort, in 
which he used paragraphs from the 
history of Lexington, by George W. 
Ranck. It was a happy incident, that 
of his letter just received by the Col- 
onial ltaughters, in which he says: 
• Hoping that Frankfort's 110th birth- 
day will become notable as the date 
of a strong effort in this line, and 
that the Kentucky Historical Society 
will be crowned with success in all 
its labors to remove this long-stand- 
ing cause of mortification." 

The signing of the names was a 
novelty all participated in. The rooms 
were handsomely decorated and pre- 
sented a magnificent appearance — 
dressed in autumn foliage and splen- 
did flowers. The portraits are hung 
again on the walls, and the many val- 
uable and beautiful souvenirs were 

The Colonial Daughters are every- 
where congratulated upon their splen- 
did success, and the revival of the 
Historical Society under their effi- 
cient and powerful influence is an as- 
sured thing in the near future. 


The following paper was read be- 
fore a meeting of the Colonial Daugh- 
ters, held on Thursday, February 11, 
1897, by Mrs. Jennie C. Morton: 

"Upon consultation witli resident 
members of the Kentucky society it 
was thought best to postpone the 
February meeting at the rooms of the 
Historical Society until June, when 
a larger attendance will be secured, 
and thereafter the society will meet 
in June every year. Until a fund suf- 
ficient can be secured by subscription 
and membership fees, the society can 
not be conducted successfully. The 
Colonial Daughters, however patriot- 
ic and generous, can not undertake 
to run the Kentucky Historical So- 
ciety. They have attained one object 
of their organization. They have re- 
stored to the protection of the State 
the 'Kentucky Historical Society,' and 
placed its treasures in art and liter- 
ature, souvenirs and relics where they 
may be seen, and secured for its 
rooms the oversight of the librarian. 
Interest in the society has been awak 
ened throughout the State and 
throughout the United States, as 
evinced in the newspapers sent, and 
letters from strangers and citizens 
relative to membership, received from 
time to time. Let us hope that Ken- 

tuckians will everywhere willingly 
contribute their influence and their 
money to promote the success of the 
Kentucky Historical Society. It re- 
mains with them to make it in inter- 
est and wealth the equal of any his- 
torical society in America." 

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June 7, 1897. 

The annual meeting of the Ken- 
tucky Historical Society took place in 
its rooms at the Capitol June 7th, at 
11 o'clock a. m. 

The Governor of Kentucky, by the 
constitution of the society, is always 
president ex-offlcio. 

A majority of the members being 
present, the election of officers re- 
sulted as follows: 

Vice-Presidents — Hon. John A. 
Steele, Hon. Grant Green, Sr., Miss 
Sallie Jackson. 

Recording Secretary and Treasurer 
— Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. 

Curator — Mrs. John E. Miles. 

Librarian Ex Officio— Mrs. William 

Honorary Vice-President — Mrs. 
Cornelia Bush, first librarian of the 

Executive Committee — Dr. U. V. 
Williams, Gen. Fayette Hewitt, Mrs. 
Eliza Brown Bailey, Miss Eliza Over 
ton. Walter Chapman, chairman of 
the committee. 

After the election of the officers, 
Mr. P. Fall Taylor, secretary of the 
meeting, prepared the minutes. Hon. 
John Andrew Steele, with other offi- 
cers and members of the society, en- 
tered the audience room, where he 
delivered a brief address of thanks 
and congratulation upon the work of 
the Colonial Daughters of Frankfort 
in restoring the rooms and augment- 
ing the interest felt in the Historical 
Society of Kentucky. 

Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, registrar and 
founder of the society of Colonial 

Daughters, then presented the Colon- 
ial and Revolutionary History in man- 
uscripts of the founders and promo- 
ters of the city of Frankfort, to the 
Kentucky Historical Society, written 
by the Colonial Daughters. 

She also read, by request, her trib- 
ute to Mrs. Thomas L. Jones, late of 
Newport, Ky., who for many years 
was President of the Ladies' Branch 
of this society. 

That distinguished lady until death, 
was one of its most faithful and gen- 
erous contributors. 

Miss Eliza Overton presented, in 
the name of Mrs. Brent Arnold, of 
Cincinnati, a handsome picture of her 
mother, Mrs. T. L. Jones, to the so- 

There was also the letter of Gover- 
nor Luke P. Blackburn found on file, 
donating his picture of Theodore 
O'Hara to the society, which, during 
his term, Governor Blackburn had 
hung in his parlor, until it became a 
familiar face to all visitors at the 

There are many valuable portraits 
and historic pictures decorating the 
walls, and pretty pieces of old-fash- 
ioned china in the cases. 

There are valuable scrap-books with 
the early history of the State in 
them, and many volumes of valuable 
literature. Such is the fascination 
of the room that one could linger in 
it all day and still leave much unseen 
that is worthy of examination and 
patriotic pride in the rare collection. 

The rooms were beautifully decor- 
ated with flowers and plants. 

Mr. W. T. Gorham presented a pow- 
der horn used in the Revolutionary 
War by his grandfather, John Gor- 
ham. It was properly labeled and 
placed in the case of historic souve- 
nirs, and Mr. W. T. Gorham was made 
an honorary member of the society. 

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Mr. Taylor then read the minutes of 
the business meeting of the society. 

Hon. John A. Steele adjourned the 
Society to convene on the 11th of 
February, 1898, at its regular semi- 
annual session. 

The Executive Committee will meet 
quarterly at the Capitol. 

Names of the new members of the 
Kentucky Historical Society: 

Hon. M. C. Swinford, Cynthian&» 
Ky.; Hon. P. J. Poree, Shelby ville, 
Ky.; Hon. Richard H. Stoll, Lexing- 
ton, Ky.; Dr. U. V. Williams, Prank- 
fort, Ky.; Mrs. Emily Walker Herr, 
I^exington, Ky.; Mrs. Ellen A. Con- 
way, Elliott City, Md., formerly of 
Lexington, Ky.; Frank Kavanaugh, 
Frankfort, Ky.; Assistant Librarian 
Willis, Frankfort, Ky.; Hubble Chinn, 
Bourbon county, Ky.; Harry C. Chinn, 
Bourbon county, Ky.; Birket Chinn, 
Bourbon county, Ky.; H. H. Chinn, 
Bourbon county, Ky.; Dr. Higgins 
Chinn Smith, Cyntbiana, Ky.; Agnes 
Ball Smith, Cynthiana, Ky.; Philip 
Fall Taylor, Frankfort, Ky.; Clement 
B. Chinn, M. D., Frankfort, Ky.; 
Frank Chinn, Esq., Frankfort, Ky.; 
John T. Green, Frankfort, Ky.; A. O. 
Reynolds, Frankfort, Ky. 

The following paper, entitled "The 
Late Hon. Mrs. T. L. Jones," was then 
read by Mrs. Jennie C. Morton: 

It is now nearly twenty years since 
this society was organized and for- 
mally met, in these then new and ele- 
gant rooms at the Capitol. From its 
founding to that day on the 7th of 
June, 1881, when the society as a 
whole held its meeting here, Mrs. 
Thomas L. Jones, the President of the 
Woman's Branch of the Society, was 
one of the most enthusiastic and effi- 
cient members of the Historical So- 
ciety. She had its success and per- 
manency at heart, and she proved her 
love and her faith by her works. 

Coming as she did from an ancestry 
distinguished for its patriotism, and 

its illustrious services in the Revolu- 
tion and in the war with Great Brit- 
ain in 1812, and with Mexico in 1845, 
she was well fitted for her position as 
a leader in this movemeut to com- 
memorate the history of the brave 
men and women of Kentucky. 

In her modest and intelligent re 
sponse that day, after making her re- 
port before the society and pointing 
out the articles of value and souve- 
nirs she had contributed, she said: 

"To men it properly appertains to 
judge the thoughts and deeds of their 
fellow-men; theirs be the task to com- 
pile the histories of statesmen, but to 
treat of woman it needs the tender 
hand of her own sex; ours, therefore, 
the task to celebrate the women of 

In her honor we, the ladies of the 
Historical Society, would perpetuate 
her memory by cherishing this object 
of her bounty and affectionate regard, 
now that her gifted and generous 
bands are folded forever and she can 
never more move around us in her 
queenly grace, encouraging every ef- 
fort made for success in storing the 
rooms with valuable historic memen- 
toes and assisting with her taste and 
suggestions and her wealth. Like 
Tabitha, her works are her tributes of 
praise. Everywhere may be seen her 
generosity, and almost, if not alto- 
gether, "present her alive." The cases 
and the walls are filled with rare 
and beantifnl things that she deprived 
her own library of, that the Histori- 
cal Rooms should lie appropriately 
furnished and decorated with histor- 
ical souvenirs, books and 1 portraits. 

These gifts are held in sacred trust 
by the State, and thus her patriotic 
benevolence will kepp her beautiful 
memory in all our hearts green and 
fragrant forever as the redars on the 
seven hills around the Capital. 


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All the Colonial Daughters were 
made honorary members of the His- 
torical Society. Following is a com- 
plete list of the chapters contributed 
together with the names of the differ- 
ent writers: 

Aldridge — By Mrs. Mary D. Ald- 

Ball, Bradford, Brady, Boone, Bry- 
an — By Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. 

Bacon— By Mrs. Jouett James. 

Bibb (Judge)— By Miss Lucy Burn- 

Brows — By Mrs. Margaretta Brown 

Bell and Steele— By Mrs. Jennie C. 

Ohinn — By Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. 
Dudleys — By Mrs. Mary D. Ald- 

Edmonson and James — By Mrs. 
Sarah Ellen James Chesney. 

Fall— By Mrs. Bettie Fall Taylor. 

Green and Overtons — By Mrs. Kate 
O. Green. 

Humphrey** — By Mrs. Margaretta 
Brown Barrett. 

Haggin — By Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. 

Innis — By Mrs. Mary Willis Wood- 

Jackson — By Miss Bailie Jackson. 
Julians — By Miss Hallie Herndon. 
Keiths — By Mrs. Annie Hawkins 

Lee Family— By Mrs. Mary Willis 

Mason — By Mrs. Margaretta Brown 

McAfees and Marshal Is — By Mrs. 
Mary Willis Woodson. 

Overtons — By Miss Eliza Overton. 

Renicks — By Mrs. Mary Willis 

Taylors — By Mrs. Jouett James. 

Stray Books— By Mrs. Jas. M. Todd. 

Steeles — By Mrs. Mary Willis 

Strothers — By Mrs. Anni.? H. Miles. 

Sketch of Henry Clay— By Mrs. El- 
len A. Chinn Conway. 

Scott (Gov. Chas. S.)— By Miss Pat- 
tie Burnley. 

Upshaw and Lafon — By Miss Sal lie 

Young — By Miss Sal lie Jackson. 

Souvenirs — By Mrs. Sallie Z. Meek. 


February 7, 1898. 

The secretary and treasurer made 
the report given below. Approved. 

The proposition to have a portrait 
of General James Wilkinson placed in 
the Historical Room was discussed 
and approved. 

Also the proposition to publish, in 
June, the proceedings of the Histori- 
cal Society in pamphlet since its re- 
organization, 7th of June, 1897, was 

Arrangements and preparations for 
it referred to the Secretary. 

An old letter of General Wilkin- 
son's to General James Taylor, of 
Newport, Ky., dated Philadelphia, Oct. 
1815, was read. After the reading, 
the Committee adjourned. 


Secretary and Treasurer Kentucky 
Historical Society. 


Received— Newspapers :— The New 
Era, The Farmer's Home Journal, The 
Kentucky Journal, The Western Ar- 
gus, The Roundabout, The Constitu- 
tionalist, The Frankfort Ledger. 

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The Kentucky Law Reporter, from 
McMillan & Co., Pamphlet. Dress and 
Ornaments of Certain American In 
dians, by Lucien Carr; Circular of the 
Denver, Colorado, Historical Society; 
Biennial Report of the Illinois His- 
torical Library; Smithsonian Report, 
Washington, D. C; The Hesperian. 
St. Louis; Thirteenth Annual Report 
of the Maine Genealogical Society. 
Portland; Smithsonian Collections, 
Washington, D. C; Prospectus Bal 
lads and Poems, Charles Wells Moul 
ton, Buffalo, New York; Proceedings 
of the United States National Muse- 
um, Vol. 19, Washington, D. C; Pros- 
pectus, The Dolmans of Ireland, Cov 
ent Garden, London; The Waste Bas- 
ket, Detroit, Michigan; In Meraoriam 
of Baron Sir Ferdiuand Von Mueller, 
Victoria, Canada; Prospectus, The 
Book of the Sacred Magic of A. B. 
Ra., Melin the Magi, London Charing 


One pitcher, by . 

Brussels rug, by F. Heeney, Broad- 
way street. Frankfort, Ky. 

A quilt of patchwork and Kensing- 
ton embroidery, more than a century 
old, made by Mrs. Nicholas Lafon, 
grandmother of Mrs. J. A. Crittenden 
and Miss Sallie Jackson, and great- 
grandmother of Mrs. Mary C. Hay- 
craft, by whom it is loaned to the 
Kentucky Historical Society. 


Mrs. Judith L. Marshall, Chicago, 
111.; Edward C. Marshall, New York 
City, formerly of Louisville, Ky.; Mrs. 
W. W. Longmoor, Mr. W. W. Long- 
moor, John E. Miles. Frankfort, Ky. 



The Kentucky Historical Society 
will meet Tuesday, June 7th, at the 
Capitol, where the following program 
will be carried out: 

Meeting called to order by the Pres- 

Prayer by Rev. Dr. Means, M. E. 
Choirch South. 

Address by Col. Fred H. Roberts, 
History, etc. 

Remarks by Rev. Dr. Means. 

"America" — Leader of the choir, 
Mr. 8. C. Bull, the audience uniting 
in the singing of the patriotic hymn. 

All the members of the society are 
requested to be present. The public, 
press and State officials are invited 
to be present. 

After the close of the meeting, at 
12 o'clock, the members of the Ken- 
tucky Historical Society, are invited 
to take the electric cars at the corner 
of Main and St. Clair streets, oppo- 
site the Capitol, to visit the histor- 
ical places along its route: 

"Glen Willis," surveyed by Han- 
cock Lee, for the Capital of Ken- 
tucky, in 1774 as Lecstown. He gave 
this land (1793) to his nephew, Wil- 
lis Atwell Lee. He writes in the 
deed of that one acre, "For the love 
and affection I bear my nephew, Wil- 
lis Atwell Lee, and in consideration 
of one shilling. I give him this land 
on which to build him a home." 
Hence it was called "Glen Willis." 
It is now the property of Col. Jas. A. 
Murray, and he and his family reside 

Buffalo Trace, another curious land 
mark, may be seen along the river 

Riverside Park, below Leestown. 
Returning to the city, the Society 
will visit the new and beautiful Cove 

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Spring Park, just opened to the pub- 
lie. Cove Spring afforded Frankfort 
the first water-works in Kentucky, or 
the West, in 1804. And the park is 
furnished with water from this his- 
toric spring now. The park is de- 
lightfully situated, in a woodland of 
beautiful trees, at the foot of one 
of the mountainous cliffs on the west 
of the city, and is an enchanting spot. 


At the regular meeting of the Ken- 
tucky Historical Society, held at 
their rooms on February 11, 1898, 
Vice-President John A. Steele called 
the meeting to order and presided. 

The officers elected at the reorgan- 
ization of the Society on the 7th day 
of June, 1897, were re-elected for one 

The report of the Executive Com- 
mittee was received and adopted. 

The Society then adjourned to meet 
June 7, 1898. 


Secretary Kentucky Historical So- 


The one hundred and sixty-eighth 
anniversary of the birth of Daniel 
Boone was celebrated in a fitting man- 
ner to-day by the Kentucky Histori- 
cal Society in its rooms in the State 
Capitol building. The occasion was 
also the second anniversary of the 
society since its reorganization. The 
orator of the day was Hon. John An- 
drew Steele, of Woodford county. 
Among the papers read was one writ- 
ten by Dr. J. N. Bryan, of Ottawa, 
Kan., a lineal descendant of the Ken- 
tucky pioneer. 

The annual election of officers was 
also held during the meeting. All of 
the old officers were re-elected, viz.: 
Gov. W. O. Bradley, President ex of- 
ficio; John Andrew Steele, of Wood- 
ford county, First Vice-President, and 
Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, Secretary and 
Registrar. The second vice-presidents 
were re-elected with the exception of 
the late Col. Grant Green whose son 
was named to fill the vacancy caused 
by his death. 


June 7, 1898. 

By the Secretary of the Kentucky 
Historical Society, Mrs. Jennie C. 

Received — Newspapers, Books, etc.: 

The Farmer's Home Journal. 

The Kentucky Journal. 

The Western Argus, Frankfort. 

The Kentucky New Era. 

The Frankfort Ledger. 

The Constitutionalist. 

The Frankfort Roundabout. 

Books and Circulars — Magazine of 
the Sons of the American Revolution, 
from the Smithsonian Institute. 3 
volumes, 25 to 27, Michigan pioneer 
and historical collections. New Eng- 
land Deeds, Miles Standish, etc. The 
History of Barrington. R. I. Thomas, 
by Williams Bicknell. Vol. 36, pro- 
ceedings of the American Philosoph- 
ical Society. The Seventieth Birth 
dy of the Atheneum. London, Chan- 
cery Lone. E. C. Smithsonian Report 
for 1895. Filson Club Publications 
No. 13. First Explorations of Ken- 
tucky, by J. Stoddard Johnston. The 
Cliff Dwellers, of Mera Verde; print- 
ed at Stockholm, Germany. Leipzic, 
1S93, by Karl W. Hiersemaun. Two 

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volumes of Smithsonian Report of the 
American Historical Association. The 
New England Historical and Genea- 
logical Register, April, 1898. A Relic 
of the Huguenot Settlers in Virginia, 
A. S. Clark, publisher, New York 

Circulars — Francis Edwards, Book- 
teller, 83 High street, Marylebone, 
London, W. Pairbain's Book of 
Crests, etc., Foy, Davis, London, Hen- 
ry Gray, Leicester Square, W. O. 
County Borough of Cardiff, library 
edition; full of all matter pertaining 
to life in Wales. Topographical Sec- 
tion of the Gentlemen's Magazine, 
Leicester Square, London. Lancaster 
Parish Register Society, London, Eng 
land. The Reliquary and Illustrated 
Archaeologist, London, 23 Old Bailey. 
Reform Club Sound Currency Commit- 
tee; numbers from December 1, 1896, 
to March 15, 1898; New York City. 

For the Kentucky Historical So- 
ciety : 

The request of the Secretary of the 
Kentucky Historical Society for ob- 
jects, whether of wood or iron or 
stone, the tools of the Virginia and 
Kentucky pioneers, in felling the for- 
est, in the building of the log houses, 
and for cooking before the great open 
fireplaces, in oven, skillet or on broil- 
ing irons, is being favorably consid- 
ered. It will be seen that some have 
already sent in specimens of these 
cast-away arts and crafts of pioneer 
home-making in Kentucky. We have 
a large spinning wheel and a small 
one, a carpenter's hatchet, an axe and 
•cythe. As these things are being col- 
lected by historical societies that 
know their historical value, as illus- 
trative of our beginning, we hope we 
may soon have an intelligent collec- 
tion of these curiosities for the Ken- 
tucky Historical Society, as well as 
bookcases filled with rare volumes and 


A copy of the ninth edition of the 
"Universal Spelling Book,'' issued in 
1707 in London, England. The pre- 
face openB thus: "To every impartial 
reader, but more particularly such as 
have the care of Protestant schools 
in Great Britain and Ireland, and His 
Majesty's Plantations Abroad." 

This valuable souvenir is loaned to 
the Kentucky Historical Society by 
Mrs. Reid, subject to the recall of the 
present Secretary. 

An old hatchet found on the Elk- 
horn hills, with a history, presented 
by Mr. Gorham to Mrs. Morton, a do- 
nation. An iron spit, a donation, in 
use in Colonial times fo^ roasting 
fowls. It was hung on the crane, in 
front of the old-fashioned wood fires, 
the meat or fowl was caught tightly 
and turned slowly as it roasted, the 
cook basting it as it turned, from the 
pan of seasoned butter set on the 
coals beneath it. 

A tin foot stove. This quaint little 
article, indispensable to comfort in 
the old-fashioned carriage when start- 
ing for a long ride on a winter's day. 


A rare colonial tea-cup, the proper 
ty of Mrs. Martha Reid, of Frankfort. 
This quaint bit of Liverpool china be- 
longed to a tea set brought from Vir- 
ginia to Kentucky by James McBride, 
when he emigrated here in 1775, and 
settled at Harrodsburg Btation with 
his family (see Collins, vol. 2, page 
120). His name is on the State mon- 
ument in the cemetery as among the 
slain at Blue Licks, though killed 
some days afterwards. Mrs. Mc- 
Bride, his widow, entertained the 
first Presbyterian minister in Ken- 
tucky. Father Rice, as he was known 
among the earliest pioneers, Daniel 

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Boone and other distinguished pio- 
neer explorers were served at her ta- 
ble from the tea-cups she had brought 
to her forest home on pack mules 
from Virginia. This tea-cup is the 
sole remaining one of that tea set. 
It was handed down as a legacy to 
Mrs. Martha Reid, from her great 
grandmother, Mrs. McBride. 

Old-fashioned milk piggin, used at 
Spring Garden, Woodford county, Ky., 
fifty years ago. 

Governor Bradley's request in Feb- 
ruary for the loan for a while of the 
portraits of Governors Leteher, Met- 
calfe, Scott, Powell and Blackburn, to 
hang in the Governor's office, was 
granted by the society. They were 
accordingly taken from the Histori- 
cal room and hung there, subject to 
the recall of the Society. 


The annual meeting of the Ken- 
tucky Historical Society will be held 
in their rooms at the Capitol, Wednes- 
day, June 7th, at 11 o'clock a, m. A 
fine program is being prepared for 
this event that will be published later 
on. There will be literary and his- 
torical papers by Isaac T. Woodson, 
Louisville, Ky., and Green R. Keller, 
editor of the Carlisle Mercury. Both 
these gentlemen are charter members 
of the Society. Oapt. Ed. Porter 
Thompson will have a historical paper 
also. Louis Harris, our famous vio- 
linist, has promised music for this oc- 
casion; Mr. S. C. Bull, choir leader in 
the First Presbyterian church, will 
lead the singing of patriotic songs. 

After the close of the program, the 
"Colonial Daughters" will entertain 
with refreshments served from china, 
cut glass and silver more than a 
hundred years old. The table will be 

spread with a fine linen table-cloth, 
the flax for which was grown, spun, 
and woven on a farm in Scott county, 
in 1828. It was contributed to the 
Kentucky Historical Society by Mrs. 
A. G. Fleming, of Midway, Ky., the 
mother of Judge W. B. Fleming, of 
Louisville, Ky. 


February 11, 1890. 

Newspapers — Farmer's Home Jour- 
nal, Frankfort Roundabout, Western 
Argus, Kentucky New Era, Eminence 
Constitutionalist, The Columbian, 
Boston, Mass.; The Kentucky Jour- 

Letters— Librarian of Concord, N. 
H.; Librarian, Amesbury, Mass.; H. 
Welter, Paris, France; H. Welter, 
Leipsic; J. M. Potter, Salem, Mass.; 
Dr. J. D. Bryan, Ottawa, Kansas; 
Joseph Burnett & Co., Boston, Mass.; 
Alexander Brown, Historian, Nor- 
wood,, Va.; Wise & Wise, Richmond, 
Va.; The Newport Mercury, R. I.; 
Circular, The True History of the 
Missouri Compromise and Its Repeal, 
by Mrs. Archibald Dixon; A. C. Mc- 
Clurg & Co., Chicago, 111. 

List No. 4 of valuable books— Mc- 
Clurg & Co., Chicago, 111.; New Eng- 
land Genealogical and Historical Mag- 
azine, Boston, Mass.; Antiquities and 
Oddities, Davis Brothers, Diamond, 
Ohio; Sound Currency Magazine, New 
York City; Letter from the Publish- 
er's Weekly, 59 Duane street. New 
York City; The Attacks on the Span 
ish Gunboats at Cardenas, by com- 
manding officer of the Wilmington, 
Chapman C. Todd. 

Donations— "The American Repub- 
lic," a newspaper published in Frank 
fort. Ky.. isn. H. Marshall, editor, 

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by N. B. Risk, Midway, Ky.; Steel 
Engraving of Col. R, T. Durrett, Lou- 
isville, Ky.; Putnam's Historical Mag- 
azine, Salem, Mass.; Book Catalogues, 
Bath, England; list of books from Mo 
Clurg, Chicago, 111.; Bargains in Books, 
Milwaukee, Wis.; History of Brule's 
Discoveries and Explorations, from 
1610-1626, Cleveland, Ohio; Marguer 
ite Bouvet's Books, with picture of 
the author, A. C. McClurg & Co., Chi 
cago, 111.; Forty Years a Fur Trader 
on the Upper Missouri, A. C. McClurg 
& Co., Chicago, 111., The Menu Card 
of the Kentucky Society's Banquet 
at St. Louis, Mo., with best wiBhes of 
W. C. Jones, St. Louis, Mo. 

A very beautiful arranged panel, 
withj flag decorations, entitled: 
"Frankfort's sons in the U. S. Navy, 
and her sons-in-law." The names and 
location of officers and sailors are 
handsomely written on both sides of 
the panel, with compliments of and 
contributed by Dr. Win. H. Ave rill, 
Frankfort, Ky. 

One of the oldest clocks in Ken- 
tucky, works all wooden, and very 
handsome, contributed by Messrs. 
Selbert and Keller. 


The Kentucky Historical Society 
met in annual convocation on Wed- 
nesday last. The following program 
was carried out: 

Meeting called to order by the Presi- 
dent, Gov. W. O. Bradley. 

Prayer — Rev. Dr. J. McClusky Blay- 

Address of Gov. Bradley. 

"America"— Mr. S. C. Bull and the 

Report of the Secretary. 

"Kentucky" — Isaac T. Woodson, 

Music — "Annie Laurie." 

Address of Prof. Rhoads. 
Music — "Dixie" — By the band. 
"Nameless" — By Henry T. Stanton 
— Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. 

Music — "Auld Lang Syne." 

Criticism by Thos. B. Ford — Writ- 
ten during the exercises. 

By permission, we give elsewhere 
the poem of Hon. Isaac T. Woodson. 

The report of the Secretary is as 

Frankfort, Ky., June 7, 1899. 
To the Kentucky Historical Society, 
at its second annual meeting since 
its re-organization in 1896, I submit 
the following report of newspapers, 
books, magazines, circulars and dona- 
tions since February 11, 1899. 


Secretary Kentucky Historical So- 

Newspapers and Magazines — Frank- 
fort Roundabout, Western Argus, 
Western Kentucky New Era, Farm- 
er's Home Journal, Kentucky Journal, 
The Constitutionalist, The Winches- 
ter Sun, Bowling Green News. 

Donations — Portrait of Robert 
Montfort Lucky, Kentucky poet, pre- 
sented by J. F. Barbour, Williams- 
town, Ky. 

An old match safe, Selbert & Kel- 
ler, Frankfort, Ky. 

A needle case of mahogany, more 
than 100 years old, used by Mrs. John 
Clay Brooke, of Virginia {nee Sallie 
Overton, sister of Waller Overton, one 
of the early settlers of Kentucky), 
nnd an Indian arrow-head. A rock 
from the Natural Bridge, Va., con- 
tributed by Miss Eliza Overton, 
Frankfort, Ky. 

A small hair trunk, for jewels. 

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brought to Virginia before the Rev 
olution, loaned by Miss Sally Jackson. 

A number of curious specimens, 
Bhells, ossified walnuts, quartz from 
lead, silver and gold mines in Ken- 
tucky, contributed by Mrs. Jennie C. 

History of the Battle Monument at 
West Point, N. Y. Annual report of 
the Smithsonian Institution, 189G. 
Second annual report of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, 1896. IT. 8. Na- 
tional Museum, Washington City. Re- 
port of the Philosophical Society, 
Philadelphia. Catalogue of rare por- 
traits, autographs, letters, etc., Paris, 
France. Natural Science, a monthly 
review of scientific progress, Edin- 
burgh and London. American Histor- 
ical Association, Book, New York. 
The Reliquary and Illustrated Archae- 
ologist, Bomrose & Sons, Old Bailey, 
London, E. C. Bow, Chelsea and Der- 
by porcelain, William Bemrose, Lon- 
don Derby. Comfort, Augusta, Me. 
Book list, Honolulu, Hawaii. Old 
Churches, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1897. 
Annual report of the Board of Regents 
of the Smithsonian Institution, 1898. 
Steel engraving, Lucius B. Marsh; 
President Marsh Family Association, 
Salem, Mass. 

At the conclusion of the exercises, 
which marked one of the most suc- 
cessful meetings of the Society, and 
which was more largely attended than 
any heretofore held, the ladies of the 
"Colonial Society" entertained a large 
number of invited guests with suit 
able refreshments, which were thor 
oughly enjoyed by every one present. 


October 6, 1899. 


Forty dollars. Confederate money — 
Mrs. Ed. L. Samuels. 

Two dolls, 150 years old each — Mrs. 
Winston, of Winston College. 

Wool Rolls for big wheel — W. T. 
Reading, Merchant. 

Contributions of Mrs. Laura Pugh 
Torrence, Montreal, Canada— A Ro- 
man Lamp, such as is used in lighting 
tourists through the Catacombs of 

A box of rare wood — from old Vi- 

Bronze medallion of Henry Clay. 

Bronze medallion, medal presented 
to General Zachary Taylor by the 
State of Louisiana after the close of 
the Mexican War. 

A Sevres tea plate, from Chateau 
de F. Bleau, Paris. 

A Spoad tea plate, of earliest de- 
sign in decoration. 

A land grant from George III to 
James Taylor, in Upper Canada, in 
the year 1802, with the wax seal of 
Great Britain appended to it. 

A button from the military coat of 
George Rogers Clark taken from the 
casket when he was re-iuterred at 
Cave Hill, Ky., 1869. 

A belt, worn by Wilkinson Hens- 
ley during the Mexican War. 

Pieces of the wall of the Forum, 

Confederate relics. 

Spur of a distinguished Confederate 

An old portfolio, captured in Flor- 

A manacle, worn by one of the 

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prisoners shot by the brutal Bur- 
bridge's order, at the intersection of 
Shelby and Todd streets, in 1864. 

A lead pencil sent from one of the 
four prisoners, shot at the same time 
and place. 

A drinking cup, made of a cocoanut 
shell, with seal carved upon it, by a 
Confederate prisoner of South Car- 

Elegant brass buckle, embossed C. 
S. upon the center. 

Circular of Prehistoric remains of 
Kentucky and Inquiries — Warren K. 
Moorehead, New York. 

Annual report of American Histor- 
ical Association, Washington, D. C. 

Catalogue— Alfred Wilson, London, 
E. C, England. 

Ribbon for little wheel— Mrs. Kate 
Welch, Frankfort. 

Catalogue of valuable books — 
Brough & Sons, Birmingham, Eng- 

A singular ear of corn, from the 
farm of Mrs. Gen. Joseph H. Lewis, 
in Scott county, Ky. 

Again we request the people of Ken 
tucky, who have relics, manuscripts, 
papers, or whatever pertains to the 
history of the State, to send them to 
the Historical rooms. Homes were 
not intended for museums. Whatever 
people have that can be turned to the 
advantage of their State Historical 
Society and rooms should be contrib- 
uted generously to these. 

Mrs. Arabella Spalding, the quaint 
little weaver, sets the richest and the 
wisest Kentuckians an example by 
her generosity. 

As she sat at her loom (that is now 
one hundred and sixty-five years old), 
weaving away in her little booth, dur- 
ing the recent street fair, a member of 
the Historical Society watched her 
dexterity for some time, and then ask- 

ed her "what was her price for that 
loom. She would like to secure it for 
the Historical Society.'' *' You may 
have it," she replied quickly and kind- 
ly. "If you would care for such an old 
thing in such a fine place, I will give 
it to you. I have another." 

Then and there the lady member 
accepted the antique loom, with its 
quaint history, and as soou as room 
can be made for it, it will take its 
place among the famous relics of the 
Historical rooms. It is said Mrs. 
Spalding has woven ten thousand 
yards of rag carpeting on it. It was 
brought to Kentucky from Virginia 
in 1795. 


The Historical Society met at their 
rooms in the executive building on 
June 7. A great many members of 
the society were present from all parts 
of the State. The following is the re- 
port of the secretary, February 7, 

Newspapers, magazines, etc, — 

The Hesperian, St. Louis, Magazine. 

The Frankfort Roundabout. 

The Western Argus, Frankfort. 

The Western New Era, Hopkins- 
ville, Ky. 

The Kentucky Journal, Newport, 

The Bowling Green News. 
The Constitutionalist, Eminence, 

The Fanner's Home Journal, Louis- 

The Havana Herald, Cuba. 

The Essex Antiquarian. Salem, 

Catalogue, Francis Edwards. Book 

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sellers, 83 High Street, Marylebone, 

Smithsonian Institutions Report, 
Washington City. 

Catalogue of Yale University, 1899- 
1900, New Haven, Conn. 

The Hesperian, St. Louis, Mo. 

Sound Currency, New York City. 

The Bird Stone Ceremonial, by War- 
ren King Moorehead, Saranac Lake, 
New York. 

New England Genealogical and 
Historical Magazine, Boston, Mass. 

The Hague Periodicals, Holland. 

Farming and Gardening, Indianap- 
olis, Ind. 

Donations — 

Deer Hunter's Shot Gourd, 100 
years old, W. F. Rankin, Owenton, 

Picture of Gov. Madison, St. Louis, 

Picture of Gov. John J. Crittenden, 
Morton Joyes, Louisville, Ky. 

REPORT JUNE 7, 1900. 

Newspapers — 

Western Argus. 
Frankfort Roundabout. 
Farmer's Home Journal. 
Kentucky New Era. 
Kentucky Journal. 
The Constitutionalist. 

Books — 

Sound Currency, pictures in crude 
oil, contributed by Roe Weisinger, 
Franklin, Pa. 

New England Genealogical and 
Historical Magazine, Boston, Mass. 
Historical Magazine, West Virginia. 

Bureau of Roll and Library, Wash- 
ington City. 

Bulletin, Lucien Carr, Boston, Mass. 

The California Register, San Fran- 

Sound Currency, New York City. 

Catalogue of works on voyages and 
travels, London, England. 

Catalogue of second-hand books, A. 
S. Clark, New York City. 

Catalogue of Yale College, Prince- 
ton, N. J. 

Note. — The portraits loaned to the 
executive office during ex-Governor 
Bradley's administration of Gover- 
nors Letcher, Metcalfe, Powell, Black- 
burn, and engraving of Gov. 
Charles S. Scott have been returned 
to the Historical rooms. Also has 
been received the photo-engravings 
of Governors Madison and Crittenden. 

The Kentucky Historical Society 
met in its rooms at the Capitol, June 
7th at 11 o'clock. The report of the 
secretary and treasurer was read and 
approved. As the rooms are being 
re-painted and re-carpeted, with 
other repairs needed in them, and it 
was not known until the night before 
that they could be made ready for 
the meeting, the invitation was not 
given for a large assemblage of the 
members who usually hold their an- 
nual meeting on this day— 7th of June. 
There were a number of visitors pres- 
ent from various parts of the State. 
The secretary, Mrs. Jennie C. Mor- 
ton, will be at the rooms hereafter 
every Wednesday, as before, and vis 
itors are invited to come on that day. 

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October 10, 1901. 

The executive committee of this so- 
ciety met in their rooms at the Exec 
utive Building of the Capital on Mon- 
day morning at 11 o'clock. The 6th 
coming this year on Sunday, the meet- 
ing was held on Monday. There was 
a full attendance at this business 
meeting of the society. It was called 
to order by the chairman, and the fol- 
lowing report of the secretary and 
treasurer was read and approved: 

Report of the Kentucky Historical 
Society by the secretary, Mrs. Jennie 
C. Morton: 

Newspapers, magazines, etc.— 

The Western Argus. 

The Kentucky New Era. 

The Farmer's Home Journal. 

The Western World. 

The Constitutionalist. 

The New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register. 

Glenn Springs, booklet, Ky. 

Drennon Springs, booklet, Ky. 

Report from the Smithsonian Insti 
tution, Washington City. 

Report of the president of Yale 
University, New Haven, Conn. 

The West Virginia Historical Mag 
azine, Charleston, W. Va. 

The Spanish Archives. San Francis 


Contributions — 

American Genealogist, Miss S. Wal 
lace Smith. 

Weekly Union, 1849. 

Campaign Yeoman, 1849. 

The Western Argus, October 6, 

Woodford Weekly, 1870. 

The Athens (Ala.) Post, 1870. 

Kentucky Military Institute, mag- 
azine, near Frankfort, Ky., 1859. 

By Mrs. John E. Miles: The Frank- 
fort Directory, Berry & Payne, 1886. 

Early Schools of Kentucky, by Ida 
Roberts, Grade C, of the Frankfort 
public school, illustrated by Alice 
Graves, Grade C. This illustrated ar 
tide in composition is so good that it 
now hangs in the large glass case of 
the Historical room, where it may be 
seen and read with ease by any one. 
It is a very creditable piece of work 
in writing, historical accuracy and il 
lustration for two little girls. 

Pike, captured from John Brown at 
the insurrection of Harper's Ferry, 
October 16, 1859. 

Flag from the battlefield of Buena 
Vista, used in the Mexican War, 1845 
47, framed. 

Flag of the War of 1812-1815, 

Courier-Journal, Louisville Times, 
Post and Louisville Commercial of the 
week of the Knights Templar Con- 
clave in the city of Louisville, August 
26, 27, 28, 29, 30. 

A bill, |25, Bank of Kentucky, De- 
cember 20, 1837, contributed by John 
Taylor Green. 

Courier-Journals, containing the 
epitomized history of the assassination 
of President McKinley, his death on 
the morning of the 14th of September, 
the arrangements for his funeral and 
burial, also the ceremony of the in- 
duction into office of his distinguished 
successor, Vice-President Roosevelt, 
his oath and proclamation to the peo- 
ple as their president, the illustra- 
tions of various scenes at Buffalo at 
the time of the assassination and dur- 
ing the week of the lamented Presi 
dent's illness and death. 

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In this third report yearly of the 
work being done by the Kentucky 
Historical Society, we call attention 
again to the great and growing neces- 
sity for a magazine in which can be 
shown the practical uses of our soci- 
ety to the State. In a magazine we 
can better take up subjects of histor- 
ical interest to Kentuckians and illus- 
trate by picture and maps those peo- 
ple and things of special regard to us. 
The educational features of the His- 
torical rooms are many, and we have 
as a society striven to enlist the in- 
terest and patronage of teachers and 
scholars in our work. It is here they 
will see the portraits of our honored 
governors, famous statesmen, poets 
and historians, and pictures of land 
marks and scenery dear to Ken- 
tuckians. These things that have been 
secured by the most vigilant atten- 
tion to the wants of such an Histori- 
cal Society should not go without re- 
ward in public sentiment and appre- 
ciation. With more encouragement of 
this kind, we are sure Kentucky, 
through her next Legislature, will 
recognize her own Historical Society 
and place it, by a generous appropria- 
tion, upon a wider basis of intelligent 

The meeting of the Historical So 
ciety on Friday last was the largest 
that has ever been held. There was 
scarcely standing room left in the 
large rooms. The address of Judge 
Hobson on "Pioneer Days in Ken- 
tucky" was heartily enjoyed, and Hon. 
Gus Coulter's remarks on "legisla- 
tion" were unusually interesting, and 
the singing of the children was highly 
complimented by those in attendance. 
Below will be found the report of the 


June 7, 1901. 

To the President and Members of the 
Kentucky Historical Society: 

Your secretary begs leave to sub- 
mit the following suggestions and re- 

Report from the Kentucky Histori- 
cal 'Society, by Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, 
June 7th, 1901: 

Newspapers, magazines, catalogues, 

Newspapers— The Western Argus ; 
The Constitutionalist, Kentucky New 
Era, Kentucky (Newport) Journal, 
The Essex Antiquarian, Salem, Mass.; 
Climat, Torbino, Russia. 

Books, new and old — Woodward & 
Lothrop, Washington, D. C; Hard- 
ing's Catalogue of old and modern 
books, London, England; Nord Ameri- 
ka, Carl W. Hiersemann, Leipzig, Ger- 
many; Franklin Head, stock of books, 
etc., Philadelphia; books for school li- 
brary, Syracuse, N. Y.; a dictionary 
of educational biography, by C. H. 
Bardeen, publisher; book catalogue, 
Bloomsbury, London; Dernieres Ac- 
quisitions, Whelstart, 18, The Hague, 
Holland; New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register, Boston, Mass.; 
Monthly list, Gibbings & Company, 18 
Burg street, London, W. C; Constitu- 
tion and By-laws of the New York 
State Historical Association, with 
proceedings of the second annual 
meeting, Broadway, New York City; 
the Washington Historian Magazine 
of the State Historical Society, Ta- 
coma, Washington; American His- 
torical Association, two volumes, 
Washington, D. C; a memorial of 
George Brown Goode, etc., Smithson- 
ian, Washington, D. C. 

This magnificent volume contains 
engravings of the most distinguished 

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scientists of America and Europe, 
with brilliant sketches of the works 
of these great men. 

Allied families of Delaware, Stretch 
er, Fenwick, Davis, Draper, Kipsha 
ven, Stidham, by Sellers, Philadel, 
phia, Pa. 

Report for 1899, Smithsonian Insti 
tution, Washington, D. C. 

Synopsis — Atems' History of the 
85th Illinois Infantry, Hiawatha, Kan- 

The West Virginia Historical Mag 
azine, Charlotte, W. Va. 

Pictures— Some beautiful pictures 
in water colors. 
Scenes in Kentucky. 

Water bottle of the desert. 
Florida cocoanut, presented by Mrs. 
John E. Miles. 


February 11, 1901. 

Report from the Kentucky Histori- 
cal Society by the secretary and treas- 
urer, Mrs. Jennie C. Morton: 

Newspapers — The Western Argus, 
The Hopkinsville New Era, the Ken- 
tucky Journal, The Constitutionalist, 
The Fanner's Home Journal. 

An address at the dedication of the 
building of the State Historical So- 
ciety, at Madison, Wisconsin, Octo- 
l)er 19, 1900, by Chas. Francis Adams. 

This address is instructive and es- 
IKM'.ially interesting to writers of cur- 
rent history. Wisconsin has done her- 
self the honor of erecting a splendid 
building at a cost of two million dol- 
lars to preserve her historical records 
in and her precious relics, among 
them many valuable histories that 
could have belonged to Kentucky. 

Map of the United States, Jas Rog- 
ers and his descendants circular, Bos 
ton, Mass. 

Brief history of the city of New 
York, by Charles B. Todd, New York 


Sir Thomas Brown, circular for 
memorial statue, F. R. Eaton, Upper 
King street, Norwich, England. 

Sound Currency, New York City. 

Ancient Libraries, Paris, France. 

New England Genealogical and His- 
toric Magazine, Boston, Mass. 

The Temptation of Friar Gonsol, a 
satire by Eugene Field, Washington, 
D. C. 

Catalogue of rare books of Augustin 
Daly, Esq., Woodward and Lathrop. 
Washington, D. C. 

New Ideas, Philadelphia, Pa. 

The Washington Historian, Seattle, 

Smithsonian Publication, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Catalogue of the histooy of, and 
notes on, Culpeper county, Va., em- 
bracing a revised and enlarged edi- 
tion of Dr. Philip Slaughter's History 
of St. Mark's Parish, compiled and 
published by Raleigh Travers Green. 

Sound Currency for 1901, Gage's 
Fine Address, etc., Reform Club, New 
York City. 

Catalogue of old books, Congdon & 
Britnell, Toronto, Canada. 

Donations — 

A large photograph of the members 
and officers of the House of Represen- 
tatives of the Legislature of 1900, 
contributed by Hon. Robert Swann. 

The Report of the Geological Soci- 
ety of Missouri, by J. M. S. Logan, 
St. Joseph, Mo. 

"Dear Old Kentucky," by Geo. Mc- 
Calla Spears. 

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Book Catalogue, London, England. 

About Sleepy Hollow Church at 
Tarrytown, N. Y. 

The Yonkers Historical Associa- 

New England Genealogical and His- 
torical Register, Boston, Mass. 

Commercial Advertiser, Honolulu, 
Hawaii. This newspaper contains the 
history of the "Flags Changed" in 
Honolulu, with illustrations of the 
pathetic event to the Hawaiians, and 
pictures of the president, Dole, and 
the deposed king, etc., contributed by 
Mrs. Alex. Duvall, Bowling Green, Ky. 

Bulletin of H. Williams, New York 


Contributions from Mr. L. C. Lane. 
Sombrero, from Mexico. 

Machete, from Spain. 

Indian bow and thirty arrows. 

Elegant sword of a major in the 
Civil War. 

Sabre used in the Civil War. 

Roman battle axe. 

Soldier's belt made of buckskin. 

New members — Judge and Mrs. J. 
P. Hobson, Hon. South Trimble, Hon. 
Gus Coulter, Auditor; Capt. Ed. Por 
ter Thompson, Mrs. Alex. Duvall, Bow- 
ling Green, Ky. 

The thanks of the society are ten- 
dered the editor of the Western Ar- 
gus for his generous services to it, and 
his uniform kindness in giving its re- 
ports and notices in the Argus. 

There is in the souvenir case of the 
State Historical Society a pewter 
spoon with the following item attach- 
ed to it: 

"This spoon was found in the center 
of a birch tree in Bath county, Ky., 
at the Black and Red Sulphur Springs 
on Salt Lick, in January. 1883, and 
there was 113 granulations from 
where the spoon was found to the 
bark. Presented by V. D. Young, Ow 
ingsville, Ky. 

SOCIETY, 1902. 

The executive committee met on 
February 11th. On account of the 
bitter cold weather, the general meet- 
ing was postponed. The business of 
the society was discussed by the 
members, the reports were read and 
approved, and the officers of the so- 
ciety were re-elected. The resigna- 
tion of Hon. John A. Steele, as vice 
president, on account of his late ac 
cident, was accepted with deep regret 
and* symjathy by the members. He 
has been a faithful and efficient mem- 
ber, and will be greatly missed from 
the circle. Mr. W. W. Longmoor was 
elected as second vice-president, Gen- 
eral Hewitt as first vice-president to 
succeed Capt. Steele. 

No further business being before 
them, the society adjourned. 

As the secretary and treasurer of 
the Kentucky (State) Historical So 
ciety, I have the honor to submit to 
you the following reports: 

Newspapers — The Western Argus, 
The Farmer's Home Journal, The 
Hopkinsville New Era, The Constitu- 

Magazines — No. Americano, part 
II., Bristol, Old England. 

Pamphlet, Bliss & Co., New York 

Book list, Paris, France. Life and 
Services of Henry Clay. Address of 
Careton Hunt, January 12, 1901, on 
the occasion of the laying of the cor- 
ner stone of the monument of Henry 
Clay, Lafayette Square, Now Orleans. 
I/a. Magazine, West Virginia Histor- 
ical Society, Charleston, W. Va. 

The Washington Historian, Taco. 
ma, Wash. This beautiful magazine 
teems with interesting data concern- 

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ing the early settlement of this pVrt 
of the northwest coast of America. 

Catalogue of books, Bristol, Eng- 
land. Valuable scrap books; clippings 
from newspapers during the Civil 
War, 1861-65, showing the Southern 
view of the "irrepressible conflict," 
the end of which was not reached, we 
fear, at the surrender of General Rob- 
ert E. Lee at Appomattox, April, 1865. 
Contributed by Mrs. Dr. Willis Green. 

Annual report of the Smithsonian 
Institution for 1900. With elegant 
card of announcement by the secre 
tary. S. 1\ Langley, Lilrairie Arnaud 
Colin, exposition catalogue, Paris, 

Letters from nearly all the States 


in the Union. giving the amount of ap- 
propriations by Legislature annually, 
if any, to their historical societies. 
Four-fifths of the States have appro 
priations by the legislature, where 
not rich in endowment funds. 

The New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register for January, 
1902. Addresses: Sons of the Revo- 
lution, Kansas City Chapter, October 
19, 1901, Kansas City, Mo. 

Address, Mississippi Historical So- 
ciety to the Governor, Jackson, Miss. 

Dawson & Sons, List of English and 
Foreign Newspapers, etc., London, 
Cardiff, Exeter, Leicester and Ply- 
mouth, England. 

Genealogy of Queen Victoria, Lon 
don, Eng. West Virginia Historical 
Magazine. January, 1902, Charleston, 
W. Va. Postal card from the presi 
dent, Augustawa College, offering to 
exchange with the Kentucky Histori- 
cal Society for "An Old Indian Vil- 
lage," Rock Island, 111. 

Specimen page and picture of the 
National Historical Library of Ire- 
land, Dublin, Ireland; catalogue, en 
cyclopedia, London, England. 

Photograph of curios found on Salt 
river, on Indian battle ground. Con- 
tributed by E. V. Carrico. Stithton, 



The meeting Saturday of the Ken- 
tucky State Historical Society will be 
an event of more than ordinary im 
portance. Gov. Beckham will preside 
and the program will be as follows: 

I'll (Wilt AM. 

Prayer by Rev. J. McClusky Blay 

Reports read by the secretary, Mrs. 
Jennie C. Morton. 

Address by Hon. G. Allison Holland 
—"The Debt We Owe to Our Ances 

Talk on Historical Magazines by 
Vice-President W. W. Longmoor — 
Their Scope and Usefulness. 

Reading by Miss Eliza Overton. 

Unveiling of a new copy of Chester 
Harding's celebrated portrait of Dan- 
iel Boone, in whose honor the Ken 
tucky Historical Society was founded 
in 1839-40. 


Rev. Dr. Van Slyke, of Kingston. 
New York, who is here visiting his 
daughter, Mrs. Dr. C. C. Owens, is 
not only an eminent Presbyterian di 
vine, but is pastor of a church which 

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occupies an important place in his- 
tory. The church of which he is pas 
tor at Kingston is one in which George 
Washington often worshiped during 
the Revolution. The chair which was 
occupied by the Father of His Coun- 
try is still kept with reverent pride, 
and his autograph letter is framed and 
hangs in the vestibule of the church. 

Dr. Van Slyke, in the course of his 
add re sb before the Kentucky Histori 
cal -Society, mentioned these interest- 
ing historical facts, and supplemented 
his remarks by an eulogy of Daniel 


Interesting Program of Exercises and 
Addresses at Meeting Yesterday. 

The Kentucky Historical Society 
yesterday held its semi-annual meet 
ing, which proved to be one of the 
most notable in the life of that organ 
ization. Gov. Beckham presided over 
the meeting of the society and in the 
audience assembled was represented 
the literary talent, culture and beauty 
of the State Capital. 

Hon. G. Allison Holland, of Emi- 
nence, who was down for an address, 
was not present, but telegraphed that 
he was detained at New Castle in the 
trial of an important case. Dr. Van 
Slyke, of Kingston, New York, who is 
mentioned elsewhere, however, was 
present and delivered a most enter- 
taining and instructive address, in 
which he interwove a lot of valuable 
historical matter. 

Mr. W. W. Longmoor, vice-president 
of the society, then followed with an 
address in which he pointed out in 
a striking manner the need of a his- 

torical magazine. His address was 
bright, snappy and instructive and 
was heartily applauded, as was the ad- 
dress of Gov. Beckham, who spoke 
in his usual well-trained and grace- 
ful manner. 


Newspapers — The Western Argus, 
The Western Kentucky New Era, The 
Constitutionalist, The Seattle Post 
Intelligencer, The Farmer's Home 

Mr. Murray's list of fcrthcoming 
works. Leipzig, Germany, 1752-1829. 
A history of the town of liarrington, 
Rhode Island. A prospectus, Snow 
and Farnham, Providence, R. I. 

Photograph of Ex Gov. T. L. Crit- 
tenden, of Missouri, who was born and 
reared in Kentucky. 

First report of the Public Archives 
Commission of the American Histori- 
cal Association, Washington, D. C. 
West Virginia Magazine, Charleston, 
W. Va. Two volumes American His 
toric«.l Association, Washington, D. 
C. Catalogue No. 5, Julius Kuhlman, 
Philadelphia, Pa. Catalogue, rare 
books, Americus, Ga. Family Histor- 
ies, London, England. Americana and 
Coloniana, Henry Clay, Genealogist 
and Publisher, London, England. Pre- 
sentation of records, Emery Process, 
Taunton, Mass. Amenianst Geogra 
pher and Ethnographer, Karl W. Hier- 
semann, Leipzig, Germany. A beauti 
ful circular, Drennon Springs Hotel, 
W. L. Crabb, proprietor. Proceedings 
of the American Philosophical Soci- 
ety, Philadelphia, April 2, 1902. 

Donations — Old-fashioned lantern, 
drumstick used in the Civil War, con- 
tributed by Howard Ummerthom; a 

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loan collection of splendid specimens 
of gem stones from Colorado and Mex- 
ico, and sea-weed and beautiful shells 
from Florida, from Mrs. Loula B. 



Sunday, June 8, 1902. 

Miss Eliza Overton read a chapter 
on the "Life of Daniel Boone" and 
the literary exercises were closed by 
the unveiling with appropriate cere- 
monies of Chester Harding's celebrat- 
ed portrait of Boone. Refreshments 
were served after the exercises closed. 
Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, secretary and 
treasurer of the society, then read the 
semi-annual report, which gives an ac- 
count of the progress made by the 
society and of the valuable historical 
matter on hand. 
The report closes as follows: 
"We have now the good hope of 
better things for our society. We had 
hoped we could map out the good 
work resultant from a new aid that 
may be ours in the near future; yet 
the design will not spoil by keeping it 
to ourselves a little longer. But we 
must be worthy of the trust it will im- 
pose, and work on for success. 'All 
things come to those who wait.' it is 
said, yet we know nothing comes to 
us unless we pray and work, sb well 
as wait for the crown of our hopes. 
A little while and we will begin to 
tell the world of our people, who made 
Kentucky famous, as well as show 
them who will keep her precious lega 
cy bright and glorious as of ancient 
renown. Our gallery of pictures' has 
come to be 'in the public eye,' and 
descendants of our great Kentuckians 
and historians and writers are seeking 
copies of their portraits here and da 

ta from their records from every part 
of America and England. Hence the 
State will adopt our views of expan 
sion, and lend its rich right hand to 
help us make and maintain for its 
benefit and renown a Kentucky State 
Historical Magazine. 

We must not lose sight of the dig- 
nity of our work. The State has need 
of it, and while we may have deplored 
her silent unconcern, we make no apol- 
ogy for her, because to do so exposes 
her weakness and her want of that 
fostering care of her history in the 
past, whichennobles and exalts a State 
and the manhood of a State. We are 
not here to tell the world what Ken- 
tucky is, but to show the world what 
she has been in the early days of 
hero-making and State-forming. We 
have a glorious birthright to guard, 
and the unlimited riches of history to 
prize. "A history," writes one his- 
torian, "that surpasses that of any 
other of the North America confed- 
eration, for none present so graphic 
a picture of the courage, energy, ca- 
pacity of endurance and indomitable 
tenacity of purposes as its peoph' 
have. The sternest truths in relation 
to the difficulties encountered by the 
bold hunters and hardy pioneers of 
Kentucky assume the wild charm and 
vivid coloring of the most startling 


Frankfort, Ky., January 16, 1902. 

The request of a State official of 
Pennsylvania for this article, who is 
writing upon "Steamboat Navigation,*' 
induces its re-publication now. It was 
read in October, 1897, before the So- 

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ciety of Colonial Daughters by the 
registrar, also secretary and treasurer 
of the Kentucky Historical Society, 
Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. Bo frequent 
has been the demand for this data by 
different writers and steamboatmen 
that the papers have been exhausted 
that contained it at that time.— (Ed.) 

We find in an old Virginia news- 
paper, March, 1830, a list of the steam- 
boats on the Western waters at that 
time. There were 324 from the build- 
ing of the first boat, and 213 were 
then navigating the Ohio, Mississippi, 
Missouri, Kentucky and other rivers. 
Of this number of boats, eighty-six 
were built at Cincinnati. 

The first steamboat that crossed the 
Falls of the Ohio, September, 181C, 
was a two-decker, her boilers on deck, 
built at Wheeling Va., owned by Cap- 
tain Henry M. Shreve, of Louisville, 
and called "Washington." 

The first steamboat built in Ken- 
tucky was the "Pike," built at Hender- 
son, Ky., and the second was the "Ken- 
tucky," built at Frankfort. The first 
steamboat to navigate the Kentucky 
river was the "Sylph No. 1," Arm- 
strong, master. She was owned by 
Samuels & Jamison. There were two 
brothers in the company, one of whom 
was the father of Mr. E. T. Samuels, 
Bank of Kentucky. This company 
afterward built the "Rambler." 

In an early day the "Charleston" 
also plied the Kentucky river, and a 
few very old persons here are said to 
remember that she was aground a lit- 
tle below the mouth of Mero street, 
where she lay all one summer. This 
was years before the locks on the river 
were built. 

A steamer was built at what is now 
called "Steamboat Hollow," a little 
below the old Steele farm on the Ken- 
tucky river. It was built entirely of 
locust timber, and was called "Locust 
Lexington." She was sold down 

South, and was seen at the wharf in 
New Orleans in 1830. This is the 
identical steamboat of which Mr. Fall 
writes in donating the chisel used in 
fastening its remarkable timbers to- 

Also the old "Argo" was running 
the Kentucky river in 1830, about the 
same time the General Armstrong was 
an alternate. We find that Sylph No. 
2 was on the Kentucky river about 
this year, with the Planet for an al- 

In the year 1822, a side-wheel steam- 
er was built at the mouth of "Steam- 
boat Hollow" on this river nearly op- 
posite the farm of the late Capt. 
Steele, and was called the "Plow Boy." 

After the locks were built, the 
"New Argo," Capt. John A. Holton, 
was the first boat to navigate to Ken- 
tucky river, and she was sunk in the 
lock pit about 1837. The "Ocean" took 
her place in the trade between Louis- 
ville and Frankfort. She came to the 
lock and her freight was delivered on 
flat-boats at various landings about 
the city. 

Collins (historian) says the steam- 
boat trade began to decline on the 
Kentucky river about 1840, or there- 
abouts, and we find from the entries 
of steamboats on the Kentucky river, 
from that time to the present, the fol- 
lowing named: 

"The Planet." 
"The Sea Gull." 
"Little Ben Franklin." 
"Oliver Anderson," Harry I. Todd,, 

"Tom Metcalf," John A. Holton, 

"Bob Letcher," Harry I. Todd, mas, 

"Little Mail," Samuel Steele, ma* 

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"Grey Eagle," Samuel Steele, mas 

"Bine Wing No. 1," Harry I. Todd, 
master, resigned and Captain Sanders, 

"Blue Wing No. 3," Captain San- 
ders, master. 

• Dove No. 1," Captain Sanders, mas- 

"Dove No. 2," Captain Sanders, mas 

"The Wren," Captain Sanders, mas- 

"City of Frankfort." 



"Hibernia," Captain Pence. 
"Fanny Freeze," Captain Pence. 
"City of Clarksville," Captain 

"Falls City," which carried the 
barge "Annie," who can forget it— 

"Oh! summer nights, 
On the crests of starry waves"— 

When she floated like a xairy swan 
on the waters of the Kentucky, her 
spacious salons thronged with the 
pleasure-loving youth of the city, 
dancing to the music of bands and 
picnicking by moonlight around her 
white guards. 


Frankfort, Ky., October 5, 1902. 

Your secretary has the honor to 
submit the following report of the 
Kentucky State Historical Society 
since June 7, 1902: 

The Farmer's Home Journal. 
The Constitutionalist. 

The Western Kentucky New Era. 
The New Capitol. 

New England Genealogical and His- 
toric Register, Boston, Mass. 

Philosophical Manual, Philadelphia, 

Magazine of the West Virginia His- 
torical Society, Charleston, W. Va. 

Clarke's Catalogue, West End, Lon- 
don, England. 

The Natchez Pictorial, Natchez, 

Annual report of the Smithsonian 
Institution, Washington, D. C. Among 
the many interesting Things in this 
volume is the "Antiquity of the Cera- 
mic Art in China." It will give pleas- 
ure to members of the Historical So- 
ciety to know we have several sped 
mens of china in our cases of the 
rarest chinas in the world. One of 
Sevres china, one of the "red as wine" 
variety and one of the most prized 
now among Chinese, a plate of the 
"deep blue, clear as the sky after 
rain." This history of pottery is one 
of deep interest to lovers of the his- 
torical value and data of china, as it 
has come to be known exclusively in 
the progress of the art which ante- 
dates correct historical data. How- 
ever, from this report we learn China 
exported porcelain of a rare and most 
beautiful description into Europe in 
the tenth century, and its remote an- 
tiquity has been traced back by some 
authorities as early as 2698 B. C. 
(Page 364, Smithsonian Report, 1900.) 

Legal catalogue of commercial and 
other works, Effingham Wilson, 11 
Royal Exchange, London, England. 

A large and interesting collection 
of captured weapons of Filipino and 
Moro warfare, sent as a loan to the 
Kentucky State Historical Society, by 
H. L. Fullen, formerly a volunteer 

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soldier of tin* United States, serving 
in the Philippine Islands. 

Our space for contribution is now 
so limited that we have only room for 
gifts to the society. The committee 
has decided nntil we have more cases 
in which such valuable curios may be 
stored and kept safely, they will in 
the future only solicit such gifts as 
pertain to Kentucky history and be- 
come the property of the society. 

An Indian arrow from the Elkhorn 
Hills, contributed by W. L. Gorham. 

Wedding dress, colonial style, of 
Mrs. Martha Major, married to 8. I. 
M. Major in 1821. She was a Miss Bo- 
hanan, of Virginia. This colonial 

wedding dress is Canton crept', and 
now hangs in the Historical rooms. 
Loaned by her daughter, Mrs. Kate 

New England Genealogical and His- 
torical Register, Boston, Mass. 

History of the First rresrmeri*n 
Church, W. H. Averill, author, Frank- 
fort, Ky. 

Report read before the executive 
committee of the Kentucky State His 
torical Society and approved, as was 
also the report of the treasurer, Oc- 
tober 4, 1902. 

Secretary and Treasurer Kentucky 
State Historical Society. 

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JfranKfort, ftentucR? 

/// ^ 

Subscription, per pear, 

Single Copies, 25c. 



Kentucky State Historical 





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Subscriptions must be sent by check or money order. Jill 
communications for the Register should be addressed to MRS. 
JENNIE C. MORTON, Secretary and Treasurer, Kentucky 
State Historical Society, Frankfort. Ky. 



If this copy of the Register is received, please 


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Kentucky State Historical Society. 



W. W. LONG MOOR Second Vice-President 

MISS SAL/LIE JACKSON Third Vice-President 

MRS. JENNIE C. MORTON Secretary and Treasurer 

Officers at the Head of the State Government of 


HON. J. C. W. BECKHAM, Governor. 
HON. LILLARD CARTER, Lieutenant Governor. 
HON. GUS. G. COULTER, Auditor. 
HON. C. B. HILL, Secretary of State. 
HON. S. W. HAGER, Treasurer 

Official State Board. 

HON. J. C. W. BECKHAM, Governor. 
HON. C. B. HILL, Secretary of State. 
HON. GUS. G. COULTER, Auditor. 
HON. S. W. HAGER, Treasurer. 
HON. CLIFTON J. PRATT, Attorney-General. 

Executive Committee of the Kentucky State 
Historical Society. 







DR. E. H. HUME, 





HON. CLIFTON J. PRATT, Attorney-Genl., 

W. W. LONGMOOR, 2d Alt Chm. 

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Board of Curators of Kentucky State Historical 


f AANK KAVANAUGH .Frankfort, Ky. 


DR. W. H. AVERILL Frankfort, Ky. 

MJS8 ELIZA OVERTON , Frankfort, Ky. 

MRS. ALEX. DUVALL Bowling, Green, Ky. 

MRS. SUSAN HART SHELBY , Lexington, Ky. 

JUDGE H. C. HOWARD Paris, Ky. 

DR. H. C. SMITH Cynthiana, Ky. 

MR. ED. a LEIGH Paducah, Ky. 

HON. GASTON M. ALVBS Henderson, Ky. 



M. B. SWINFORD Cynthiana, Ky. 

UREY WOODSON Owensboro, Ky. 

M. W. NEAL Editor Farmers Home Journal Louisville, Ky, 

HUNTER WOOD, Editor New Era Hopkinsville, Ky. 

W. A. HOLLAND, Editor Constitutionalist Eminence, Ky. 

GEORGE WELLIS, Editor The Shelby Record Shelby ville, Ky. 

The duty of Curators, is to collect historical 
relics and memorials of the men and women of 
Kentucky, who have made the State famous, and 
send them to the Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Advisory Board. 

GOVERNOR J. C. W. BECKHAM ....Frankfort 


HON. S. W. HAGER Ashland 



HON. LOGAN C. MURRAY Louisville 


COL. R. T. DURRETT Louisville 

MRS. THOS. RODMAN, JR Mt. Sterling 









General meeting of the Kentucky State Historical Society, June 7th, annual date of 
Daniel Boone's first view of the "beautiful level of Kentucky." 
After the close of the program, refreshments served. 

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The Register, Map, 1903. 

Governor Isaac Shelby, his hietory and portrait with chapter of General Evan Shelby's 

credentials in the Colonial Wars. 
The Last Message, poem. 
Attack on Cardenas, by Com. Chapman Todd. 

Treasurers of tbe State of Kentucky ; first list ever published of these State Officers. 
"Migration of Trade Centers," by President Roberts. 
Picture of Audubon's Home in 1811. 

History of the Presbyterian Church in Franklin County, Ky., by W. H. Averlll. 
A Compliment to a Frankfort Boy in Omaha. 

Jefferson Davis' Portrait, by Miss Katharine Helm, for New Orleans. 
Flags used In the Cuban War. 
Paragraphs and Clippings 

Department of Genealogy and History— Edmonson, Fall. 
Governor James Garrard, with Portrait and Picture of his Home. 
Governor Christopher Greenup, with Picture of His Home. 
Necrology — Capt Ed. Porter Thompson. 
Catalogue— Reports from the State Historical Society. 

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First Governor of Kentucky, 1792; Elected a Second Term in 1812; Colonel In the 
Revolutionary War; General in the War of 1612-1S. 


Governor Isaac Shelby. 

The services of Governor Isaac 
Shelby as a soldier in the Colonial 
Government and in the Revolutionary 
War and the War of 1812-15, and as 
an officer in all, a statesman and the 
first Governor of Kentucky, may be 
found at length in Collins' History of 
Kentucky, vol. 11, page 713. 

For our brief sketch we will write 
only of his career in Kentucky. 

Isaac Shelby was born near Hagers- 
town, Maryland, on the 11th of De- 
cember, in the year 1750. He was 
the eldest son of General Evan Shel- 
by and his first wife, Miss Letitia 
Scott, of Frediericktown, Md. Gen- 
eral Evan Shelby was a highly-es- 
teemed officer in the colonial wars, as 
may be seen from the correspondence 
in the Maryland Calendar Papers be- 
tween Governor Sharpe and General 
Forbes, vol. 2, 1757-1761. 

The father of General Evan Shelby, 
and grandfather of Governor Isaac 
Shelby, came from Wales to America 
and settled in Maryland, near Hagers- 
town, then in Frederick county. From 
this sturdy ancestry Isaac Shelby is 
said to have inherited, along with his 
fine intellect and magnanimity of 
character, a sound constitution and 
splendid physique. He was thus well 
equipped for the fatigue and priva- 
tions of his early life. We read he 
was trained to the use of arms, for 
he was in the midst of constant alarm 
and preparation for defense against 
the Indians. He had only a plain 
English education, such as was ac- 
quired now and then in the common 
schools of his district, yet this en- 
abled him to discharge with notable 
credit the duties of sheriff before he 

was twenty-one years of age. After 
reaching his majority, he went beyond 
the Alleghenies and settled for a 
while in the region of Virginia, in 
what is now known as West Virginia. 
In the Dunmore War he was an offi- 
cer of General Evan Shelby's staff. 
We have official proof of the services 
of both father and' son, in the land 
office at Frankfort. In July, 1775, he 
came to Kentucky and was employed 
as a surveyor by the Henderson Com- 
pany. In 1776 he was appointed cap- 
tain of a minute company by the Com- 
mittee of Safety of Virginia. In 1777 
he was appointed by Governor Henry 
a commissary of supplies for an ex- 
tensive body of militia posted at dif- 
ferent garrisons to guard the frontier 
settlements, and for a treaty to be 
held at the Long Island of Holston 
river with the Cherokee tribe of In- 
dians. In 1779 he was elected to the 
Virginia Legislature from Washing- 
ton county, and in the same year was 
commissioned a major by Governor 
Jefferson, in the escort of guards to 
the commissioners for extending the 
boundary line between that State and 
North Carolina. By the extension of 
this line his residence was found to 
be in North Carolina, and here he was 
appointed by Governor Caswell col- 
onel. In 1780 he returned to Ken- 
tucky, then a portion of Virginia, and 
regularly entered the service as a 
Revolutionary officer under General 
Washington, and remained in it until 
the end of the war. 

The subsequent career of Isaao 
Shelby is one of promotion and bril- 
liant achievements in the Revolution. 
The states of Maryland, the two Vir- 

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ginias, North Carolina and Kentucky 
have preserved in their archives the 
details of his official positions in each 
State, both civil and military. 

In 1782-3 he returned 1 to Kentucky, 
and in every way and at all times 
was ready with sword and pen and 
individual aid to help Kentucky to 
win her coveted statehood. In every 
undertaking he stands pre-eminent as 
a soldier, statesman and hero of his 
time. A complete biography should 
include an account of him in every po- 
sition, but «uch biography would 
transcend the limits of our space. 

In 1792 he was unanimously elected 
first Governor of Kentucky, and we 
will insert here, from Marshall's His- 
tory of Kentucky (vol. 2, pp. 2-3), the 
description of an eye-witness of Gov- 
ernor Shelby's appearance before the 
Legislature, solemnly convened De- 
cember, 1792, to receive his first mes- 

The Legislature of 1792. 

"Accordingly, on the day appointed, 
the Speaker and members of the 
House of Representatives repaired to 
the chamber of the Senate a little be- 
fore the time for expeoting the Gov- 
ernor, and took their seats prepared 
for them on the right front of the 
Speaker's chair, the Senators being 
on the other. At the appointed hour 
the Governor, attended by the Sec- 
retary, made his appearance at the 
portal of the hall, when the Speaker, 
leaving his seat, met the Governor and 
conducted him to one placed on the 
right of the Speaker's chair. After 
the repose of a minute, the Governor 
rose, with a manuscript in his 1 hand, 
and respectfully addressing, first, the 
Senate and then the House of Repre- 
sentatives, read the communications 
which he had prepared, and, delivering 
to each Speaker a copy of the manu- 
script, he retired. . . . (Page 3) 

To the House of Representatives he 
recommended the raising of an ade- 
quate revenue for public exigencies, 
and the appointment of commissioners 
to fix on a place for the permanent 
seat of government." And Frankfort 
was selected by these commissioners, 
viz.: Robert Todd, John Edwards, 
John Allen, Henry Lee and Thomas 
Kennedy. Governor Shelby concurred 
cordially in the choice, as Frankfort's 
advantages in every way, as to a cen- 
tral location and environment of hills, 
making it an exceptionally healthy 
place, while the river, then navigable, 
made it an enviable point for trans- 
portation of all kinds, so that as soon 
as a suitable residence could be pro- 
cured for the Governor and his fam- 
ily, he came to live in the pretty cap- 
ital during his administration. 

Says Collins in his History of Ken- 
tucky (page 718): 'The history of his 
administration of an infant republic 
in the remote wilderness would fill a 
volume with deeply interesting inci- 
dents, exhibiting him advantageously 
in the character of a soldier, of a law- 
giver and a diplomatist." 

At the commencement of another 
war with Great Britain, in 1812, he 
was a second time elected Governor 
of Kentucky. The peril and exigen- 
cies of the national affairs demanded 
the aid of every patriot in some capac- 
ity. The military fitness of Governor 
Shelby, together with his fame as a 
Revolutionary officer, seemed to thrill 
with enthusiasm and confidence the 
young men of the State. He assumed 
"the personal direction of the troops 
and inspired) them with patriotism and 
courage. His immortal reply to halt- 
ing men as to who would lead them, 
"I will lead them," captivated the 
country. He did lead them, and vic- 
tory was the result. He was accorded 
the rank of Major-General in the 

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Beloved and honored by all classes 
of people, when his term of office ex- 
pired in 1816 he retired to his lovely 
estate, "Traveler's Rest," near Dan- 
ville, Ky. 

He was a member of the Presbyteri- 
an church, and gave the lot and assist- 
ed to build a chapel on his farm for 
the worship of this denomination. 
He died 12th July, 1826. 

In "The Interior" (Chicago), in an 
article by Rev. F. L. Bullard— "The 
Contribution of the Presbyterian 
Church to American Independence" — 
we find the following allusion to Gov. 
Isaac Shelby (July 3, 1902): 

"Presbyterian clergymen were ac- 
counted the ringleaders of the rebel- 
lion. The troops who won at King's 
Mountain were nearly all Presbyteri- 
ans, and they were commanded by six 
colonels every one of whom was a 
Presbyterian elder. They were, first, 
Isaac Shelby, the first Governor of 
Kentucky," etc. "The heroism of the 
Presbyterians won the battles of Cow- 
pens and of King's Mountain, and 
these splendid victories in the South 
are celebrated as the turning point of 
the struggle." 

In the spring of 1783 Isaac Shelby 
returned to Kentucky, then struggling 
for statehood. He settled at Boones- 
boro and there married Miss Susana 
Hart, daughter of the noted pioneer 
and soldier, Col. Nathaniel Hart. It 
has come to be an historical fact that 
this pioneer bride "raised the flax 
which she wove and spun into' her 
wedding gown, with an art so clever," 
it is said, "that she could draw the 
widths thro' her wedding ring." 

As evidences of the regard in which 
the historical and patriotic societies 
of this State hold these eminent ex- 
amples of the manhood and woman- 
hood of early times. Three chap- 
ters of the society of the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution 

are called for the Shelbys in Ken- 
tucky—at Owen»bore is the "Isaac 
Shelby Chapter," at Paducah the "Ev- 
an Shelby Chapter," and at Versailles 
was the "Susana Hart Chapter," called 
for the noble wife of Gov. Shelby. 
This society is now suspended. 

The descendants of Governor Shelby 
and his wife are scattered throughout 
the Union. By the will of Governor 
Shelby, of record in the LincolnCounty 
Court, we learn through the politeness 
of the County Court Clerk, this wor- 
thy couple had eight children whose 
names are as follows: James, Thom- 
as, Evan, Isaac, Alfred, Sallie Mc- 
Dowall, Susanah Shannon and Leti- 
tia Todd. 

Throughout his life, it is said, the 
blessing of God followed Isaac Shel- 
by, "even down to old age." Now 
when the leaves of his biography are 
opened, the fragrant memory of this 
rare man's life-work is as "precious 
ointment poured forth." 

We give the following notice of his 
death, which appeared at the time, in 
the Western Luminary, published at 
Lexington, Ky., July 16, 1826: 

"Death of Isaac Shelby. 

"This good and great man is also 
numbered with the distinguished 
dead. He died tranquil and happy at 
his farm in Lincoln, in the afternoon 
of Thursday last, the 12th inst., in 
the seventy-sixth year of his age. 

"A short time before his death, and 
after he had dined with his family, 
he walked as usual a hundred yards 
or more for exercise, and returned to 
the house, seated himself in a chair, 
and in a few minutes expired without 
a struggle. For some years past his 
physical powers had been impaired 
by paralysis, but his general health 
of late had been such as to authorise 
the hope that his excellent constitu- 

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tion would sustain him many years 

In this year (1826), on July 4th were 
recorded the deaths of Thomas Jeffer- 
son and John Adams, Isaac Shelby 
surviving them eight days, hence "he 
was numbered also with the dis- 
tinguished dead." 

The following chapter will be of in- 
terest and service to the descendants: 

"Credentials of General Evan Shel- 
by, while acting as Captain in the 
French and Indian Wars, in the Col- 
onial Government in the Province of 

"Maryland Calendar State Papers, 
page 237. Correspondence of Govern- 
or Sharpe: 

"Sharpe to Forbes. 

" '1st of Aug., 1758. 
" To General Forbes: 

" 'Sir — This serves to introduce to 
you Capt. Shelby, who waits on Your 
Excellency with his company of vol- 
unteers to receive your commands. 
He has served as a Lieut, more than 
two years in the Maryland troops & 
has always behaved well, which en- 
courages me to hope that he and his 
company will be found useful on the 
present occasion. The expense I have 
been at in furnishing of his men with 
blankets, leggings, moccasins & camp 
kettles is S. 82. 3. 10. pens, currency, 
& as Capt. Shelby & his Lieut., who 
was likewise an Officer in our Troops 
untill the end of May last, found them- 
selves under some Difficulties by not 
being paid the Arrears that were due 
them. I have let each of them have 
S. 15. out of the S. 510. currency, 
which, with Your Excellency's Ap- 
probation, Mr. Kilby is to advance 
towards paying the Maryland Forces. 
I most sincerely wish Your Excellency 
the perfect Recovery of Your Health 
& a successful Campaign, & I am, &<•.' 

"Letter, Bk. Ill, page 212. (Mary- 
land Calendar State Papers.) Copy 

of Capt. Shelby's report from Fred- 
erick, the 25th of June, 1758. 
''(Signed) 'Evan Shelby.' 

"Maryland Calendar State Papers. 
Letter, Bk. Ill, page 206. 

(Sharpe to Capt. Evan Shelby.) 

" '15th of June, 1758. 
" 'As it will be of the greatest Ben- 
efit to His Majesty's Service to keep 
open the communication between 
Fort Frederick & Fort Cumberland, 
you are hereby directed to reconnoitre 
& mark out as strait a Road as the 
Country will admit from this Place 
to Fort Cumberland, taking particu- 
lar notice of the several waters that 
are to be passed, the soil on each side 
of the Ford's and where Bridges may 
be necessary. If any Rocks or marshy 
Land, you are to report the same with 
the time that 500 men will take to cut 
the Road.' 

"Letter Bk. 1, pages 358-359. 
"Sharpe to Calvert (Extract). 

" 'On the 25th, Capt. Shelby return- 
ed & reported that he bad recon* 
noitred the Country between this 
Place & Fort Cumberland, agreeable 
to the Instructions which I bad given 
him the 15th in compliance with Colo. 
Bouquet's Request, & that he was sat- 
isfied 350 men might open such a road 
as he proposed in three weeks, that 
he was certain it would not be 60 
miles in length, and that altho' two 
or three hills did intervene, yet that 
they were not so steep nor difficult 
to ascend as those which lay between 
Fort Lyttleton and Rays Town had 
been represented 1 . Upon the whole, 
the Report was such as gave St. John, 
to whom I immediately sent it, so good 
an opinion of the Proposal, that by 
a Letter which my express returned 
with the 27th, he desired' me to give 
Orders for its being carried into ex- 
ecution & promised to send three or 
four hundred men hither for that pur- 
pose.' " 

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The Last Message. 

(Founded upon the last message sent out at Johnstown, Pa., by a lady telegrapher.) 
Taken from Spears— "Dear Old Kentucky." 

By Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. 

While the waters rolled around her, 

While the blinding storm swept down, 
There the hour of danger found her 

In that death devoted town. 
Standing like a Christian martyr 

At her post of duty, brave. 
Sending out the thrilling message 

Held above the white-capped wave, 

'^Fly for your lives to hills above you, 

"Stay— you perish in the dale, 
"Fly, with all around who love you; 

"See! the flood pours down the vale. 
Till the waters tore asunder 

.Throbbing wires in its path, 
Till the flood, like crashing thunder, 

Shattered all beneath its wrath. 

Till the valley like an ocean, 

White with ruin in its hand, 
Reeled and groaned in mad commotion, 

Tossing homes like grains of sand; 
Till the air was full of walling, 

And the valley full of drowned, 
Till the floor beneath her failing 

Crushed the walls in all around. 

Till no hope of succor reached her 

(From despairing hearts and brave, 
She sent out the thrilling message 

Other lives than hers to save; 
In the storm blown deathly billows 

She was crushed and borne away, 
On its wild and foam- wreathed pillow 

Whirled and whipped to death, she lay. 

Her last message— life-bought warning, 

Oh! how noble were her words, 
And no more heroic action 

History ever here records; 
Thus she gave her life for others, 

Thus she perished at her post, 
Read this, women, sisters, mothers, 

And keep her deed for our boast 

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John J. yiudubon. 

The following communication from 
Mr. Alves, of Henderson, concerning 
the great painter and ornithologist, 
John J. Audubon, will interest those 
so little acquainted with his life in 
Henderson, Kentucky. He is known 
to the world as ia naturalist and un- 
rivalled painter of birds, and squirrels 
and other children of the forests. 
When Rafinesque visited America, he 
visited Audubon at Henderson, and 
we read "spent several days with this 
then greatest ornithologist in the 
world." Audubon showed him his 
splendid collection of colored draw- 
ings, afterwards published in England 
in many volumes. Of 170 subscribers 
at $1,000 each (f 170,000) to his "Birds 
of America," nearly one-half was con- 
tributed by England and France. 
These paintings of birds and quadru- 
peds are very rare now, and bring fab- 
ulous prices in Europe. Audubon was 1 
born in Louisiana, May 4, 1780, and 
died in New York City January 27, 
1851, aged seventy-one. He was edu- 
cated in art by the celebrated David, 
in France, and enjoyed the distinction 
of having outrivaled his teacher in 
painting the children of the woods. — 
(Ed. The Register.) 

December, 1897. 

Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, 

Editor The Register: 

Complying with your request, I am 
herewith pleased to contribute of 
what information I am possessed of 
history associated with the life of the 
world-renowned John J. Audubon dur- 
ing his residence in Henderson, as 

learned from old-time citizens long 
numbered among the saints. 

I take it that Mr. Audubon was a 
man of scrupulous honesty. He placed 
the highest value possible upon his 
word, holding it in all things the equal 
of his bond. He was, while a plain 
man in his heart, somewhat of a con- 
noisseur in his tastes. He was lack- 
ing in business tact, and, as all men 
like him, was easily imposed upon. 
His confidence in his fellow-man: was 
co-equal with his own self-respect. He 
was a man who would go his whole 
length for a friend, while neglecting 
his own affairs. In short, he pre- 
ferred doing for others while his own 
was left undone from day to day, or 
neglected altogether. His confidence 
led him to extend credit to any man 
he knew, and from this goodness of 
his heart he became a heavy loser. 
Men took advantage of him, and an 
easier prey for the sharper was not 
to be found. His disposition was of 
a roving nature — his whole life being 
wrapped up in studying Nature and 
Nature's ways. He was devoted to 
the woods and wilds, and would stay 
for weeks and months in the forests 
gaining the choicest information of 
things most interesting to him. In 
brief, he was a child of Nature, and 
was satisfied with no other life than 
that enjoyed in the wilds of Ken- 
tucky watching the habits of birds 
and breathing the pure air from the 

It is agreed that Mr. Audubon ar- 
rived at the "Yellow Banks," now 
Henderson, in the year 1812. Soon 
after landing here he, in co-partner- 

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ship with Thomas W. Bakewell, ap- 
plied to the town trustees for a lease 
on a portion of the city front. The 
trustees gave them 200 feet square, 
beginning at the corner opposite lot 
No. 4, corner of Water and Second 
streets, for a term of ninety-four 
years, they, A. and B., agreeing to 
pay for the same at the rate of $20 
per annum. During that year, to-wit, 
1812, Audubon and Bakewell erected 
a grist mill on the leased ground, and 
for several years did all the grinding 
for the farmers living around and 
many miles from the mill. 

The old mill, or the shell left, is 
still standing where it wag built 85 
years or more ago. It was a remark- 
ably constructed building, the foun- 
dation being of rock and strong enough 
to withstand the weight of the Chi- 
cago postoffiee. The joists are of trees 
cut down near by, none of them being 
less than one foot in diameter; they 
are unhewn and* in their natural 
growth as they stood in woods. The 
bark is not removed. These heavy 
trees are laid from wall to wall, closer 
together than the ordinary sawed 
joists of to-day are placedi No weight 
that could ever have been placed on 
the floor of this mill could have made 
an impression. When it is known that 
there is no rock near Henderson, it 
becomes a matter of mere conjecture 
where Mr*. Audubon brought the foun 
dation and first-story rock from. He 
must have cordeled it from below or 
floated it in boats from away above 

In those days the mode of naviga- 
tion was in canoes and by cordeling, 
certainly a most tedious and patience- 
worrying process. The Ohio river 
bank at that time extended some one 
hundred yards out beyond the mill 
and contained a beautiful grove of 
trees in which the farmers fed when 
waiting at the mill for their grinding. 

As before stated, this old structure 
is still standing, and is well worth 
viewing in comparison with modern 
structures used for the same purpose. 
It was the first mill in all this section 
of Kentucky, and was a great conven- 

Two years after the building of this 
mill, Mr. Audubon, on the lot adjoin- 
ing, and just below, caused to be built 
a saw-mill, the ttrst known hereabouts. 
The mode then employed was known 
as "whip sawing, " and on completing 
the mill, the mode existing was com- 
pletely revolutionized, Mr. Audubon 
employing steam was enabled 1 to sup- 
ply all of the demand and with a much 
better lumber for building. Several 
years after the completion of the saw- 
mill, and just when such an institu- 
tion was most needed, the mill was 
burned, drawing a total loss, as no 
such thing as insurance was then 
known. Nothing daunted by this 
heavy loss, Mr. Audubon kept on at 
his favorite pastime of hunting and 
roving in the woods. During the year 
1816 Mr. Audubon and his friend, 
Samuel Bowen, built a small boat with 
steam attachments. For what pur- 
pose this boat was intended is not 
known. It is known, however, that 
the commander employed to run her 
proved a great scoundrel. He ran the 
boat out of the Ohio, down the Mis- 
sissippi to New Orleans without au- 
thority. Mr. Audubon, hearing of 
this, procured a skiff and started in 
pursuit. With all the fiery energy 
for which he was so noted, he con- 
tinued the long journey which ap- 
peared, the further he went, to be the 
more of love's labor lost. However, 
on his arrival at New Orleans, he 
found his little craft and instituted 
suit to recover her. Being surrounded 
by a complication of troubles, and 
rather than be further annoyed, he 
sold the boat for a mere song and re- 

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turned to Henderson overland. A 
walk of a hundred miles, or even five 
hundred miles, was never a drawback 
when his mind was bent on the ac- 
complishment of a purpose. It will 
be observed that he was a man of ex- 
traordinary energy. During his life 
here he operated a grist mill, a saw- 
mill, a general merchandise store, con- 
tracted for buildings and built boats. 
During all these eventful years he 
paid far more attention to the woods 
and forests than he did to his business 
enterprises. In fact, it may be said 
his enterprises, in a very great meas- 
ure, were left to take care of them- 
selves while he was off on a hunt. 

As a natural consequence his losses 
were very heavy and finally reduced 
him to penury. 

Mr. Audubon was a man of undaunt 
ed courage, as was proved in a number 
of encounters had by him with men 
known as desperadoes in those days. 
One man lost his life at his hands on 
the streets of Henderson, and several 
others were made to regret having 
come in contact with him. At one 
time he observed a cowardly officer 
of the law trying to arrest a river 
pirate who was preparing to escape, 
and was greatly disgusted with him. 
The officer had summoned a boy to go 
with him to arrest the criminal, and 
this was more than the fiery Audubon 
could consent to witness. Stepping 
up, he said to the officer, "You cow- 
ard, you, if you are afraid to do your 
duty, don't force a boy into trouble; 
summon me." Glad of the opportuni- 
ty, the summons was immediately is- 
sued and off they went in search of 
the offender, Mr. Audubon in the lead. 
They traced the man to the river and 
found him about to shove his canoe 
out into the stream. He was halted 
in time, and staightening himself he 
said to the officer, "What do you 
want?" Upon his reply, the despera- 

do looked at him and said, with an 
oath, "You are a coward, but that 
man with you looks like he would 
fight, so I will take him first;" so say 
ing, the fellow, with a long, danger- 
ous, murderous-looking knife, advanc- 
ed upon Mr. Audubon, who, in turn, 
picked up an old oar lying near by 
and prepared to defend himself. The 
weapon in the hands of Mr. Audubon 
interposed no obstacle, for he still ad- 
vanced. He was warned by Mr. Au- 
dubon to surrender and not resist ar- 
rest, but, heedless of the summons, 
he continued to advance. When with- 
in striking distance and he was about 
to plunge his knife into the assistant 
officer, Mr. Audubon let drive with 
the oar in his hands and felled the 
fellow apparently dead to the ground. 
Thinking the man dead, Dr. Rankin 
the leading practitioner then here, 
was hurriedly sought for, and on his 
arrival at the place and on examina- 
tion found that a piece of the skull 
about the size of a silver dollar had 
been driven in and was pressing down 
on the brain. With the only appli- 
ances known to pioneer surgery, the 
doctor went down into his pocket and 
drew therefrom a gimlet. With this 
he bored a hole through the broken 
particle of skull bone and pulled it 
back to its place. The fellow was 
then marched up the hill and away to 
the old log lock-up to await the pleas- 
ure of the squire. 

In addition to the large amount of 
business Mr. Audubon had accumu- 
lated upon his hands, he was some- 
what of a speculator in town lots. 
Henderson had been laid off into lots, 
and many of the best-situated were 
purchased and re-sold by Mr. Audu- 
bon. He recorded in the county clerk's 
office there a large number of convey- 
ances to him and by him to others. 
He seemed to have a preference for 
lots above Second street. Mr. Audu- 

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bon was a man of wonderful enter- 
prise and endless and untiring energy. 
With his progressive spirit, coupled 
with his splendid mind, had he had 
associated with him an honest partner 
of system and business tact, he would 
unquestionably have accumulated an 
immense estate. He was always hard 
run, but no man ever accepted his 
trouble with more grace and compos- 

For two years or more his family, 
while he was away from home, resided 
with the family of Dr. Adam Rankin, 
at what is now known as the Banks 
farm, a mile and 1 a half out on the 
Gario gravel road. At the home of 
Dr. Rankin Mr. Audubon's two sons 

were born. By way of remuneration 
for their board, Mrs. Audubon, who 
was a brilliant woman intellectually, 
taught Dr. Rankin's children; in short, 
she presided as governess and was a 
very great helpmate in the family. 
Mr. Audubon and Dr. Rankin were 
firm, fast friends, devotedly attached 
to each other. Mr. William Rankin, 
eldest son of Dr. Rankin, frequently 
accompanied Mr. Audubon on his trips 
to the forests, and would remain for 
days with him. The old house in 
which the Audubon boy« were born 
is still standing and in comparatively 
good condition. 

Very respectfully, 


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The jfttac% on the Spanish Gunboats at Cardenas. 

Hy a Kentuckian. Cemr. Chap. Todd. 

On May 9, 1898, the commanding 
officer of the Wilmington, while at 
Key West, Florida, received orders 
from the commodore commanding the 
blockading force to convey and land 
near Cayo Frances, north coast of 
Cuba, Senor Juan Jova, aid to Gener- 
al Maximo Gomez, commanding the 
Cuban army. Upon the completion 
of this duty, the Wilmington was to 
return to Cardenas and relieve the 
Machias, Commander J. F. Merry, 

Senor Jova and his pilot having 
been successfully landed at the desig- 
nated place, the Wilmington steered 
for the blockading station off Carde- 
nas, and arrived five miles off Piedras 
Key lighthouse at daylight on the 11th 
instant, when the Machias was sight- 
ed. The sea being smooth, Command- 
er Todd went on board the Machias 
to report to his senior, Commander 
Merry, and show his orders for re- 
lieving the latter in charge of the Car- 
denas blockade. The Machias then 
proceeded to her daylight anchorage 
inside the lighthouse, or in the outer 
anchorage to Cardenas Bay, where 
deep draft vessels trading with that 
port were obliged to lighter their car- 
goes. The Wilmington, in obedience 
to signal, followed the Machias to the 
anchorage, Commander Todd remain- 
ing on board the latter vessel. As 
the Piedras Key lighthouse was 
rounded, three Spanish gunboats, the 
two larger ones each having a schoon- 
er in tow, were observed lying near 
the signal station on Diana Key, ap- 

parently observing our movements, 
but soon after disappearing, mov- 
ing in the direction of the city of 

It was the presence of these gun- 
boats that made the outer anchorage 
unsafe at night for the blockading 
vessels, for the former being of light 
draft could move through almost ev- 
ery channel between the many keys, 
and in the darkness make a dash and 
possibly sink a vessel at anchor. The 
two principal channels were believed 
to be mined with torpedoes to keep 
the American vessels from entering 
and damaging the city of Cardenas 
by bombardment. The general depth 
of water in the inner bay, or Cardenas 
bay proper, was about twelve feet, 
and as the Machias drew thirteen and 
one-half, she could do nothing to des- 
troy these gunboats which remained 
in the inner bay. The advisability of 
their destruction was discussed be- 
tween Commanders Merry and Todd, 
and the former expressed bis regrets 
that he had been unable to move into 
the bay in pursuit. As the Wilming- 
ton was a light draft gunboat and 
drew only ten feet, Commander Todd 
at once expressed his willingness to 
make the attempt if a channel not 
mined could be found. 

The revenue cutter, Hudson, one of 
the blockading vessels, had anchored 
inside somewhat sooner than the Ma- 
chias and Wilmington, and soon after 
the torpedo boat Winslow came in 
and anchored. Commander Todd sug- 
gested that these two vessels accom- 

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pany the Wilmington in order to pre- 
vent the Spanish gunboats from es- 
caping over the shoals where the Wil- 
mington could not go. To this Com- 
mander Merry assented, but cau- 
tioned the commanding officer of the 
Wilmington against the impudence of 
the commanding officer of the Winslow! 
Lieutenant Bernadou, stating that a 
few days previously the Winslow had, 
without authority, entered the inner 
bay and came very near being cap- 
tured by the Spanish gunboats, which 
were lying in wait for her, secreted 
behind the keys, and only the quick 
work of the Machias with her 4-inch 
guns had saved her. 

The anchorage at Piedras Key was 
the only one along the entire line of 
blockade from Bahia Honda to Car- 
denas where our ships could lie and 
coal with safety or make temporary 
repairs, hence its importance to the 
blockading fleet; and to make it of 
much greater value, so the blockading 
vessels could lie in security dVuring 
the night, it was essential that this 
menacing force of gunboats should be 

Returning on board the Wilming- 
ton, Commander Todd consulted the 
chart and the Cuban pilot, a native of 
Cardenas. A close inspection disclos- 
ed a possible channel between Romero 
Key and Cayo-Blanoo. The pilot was 
dubious, in fact admitted he had never 
been through. The commanding offi- 
cers of the WinslQw and Hudson were 
signaled to repair on board the Wil- 
mington about 10 a. m. On their ar- 
rival the plan of entering the inner 
bay in quest of the Spanish gunboats 
was explained and both expressed a 
desire to accompany the Wilmington 
with their vessels. They were then 
told to sound through the proposed 
channel and report the depth of water 
found. At about 11 a. m. the Winslow 
reported the channel possible, and the 

Wilmington got under way and pro- 
ceeded carefully in that direction. By 
noon the doubtful channel had been 
successfully passed through and the 
three vessels headed across Cardenas 
bay in the general direction of the 

The bay of Cardenas is, in a general 
way, about circular, and the diameter 
about ten miles. The distance to be 
traveled by the vessels, avoiding 
shoal spots, was about twelve miles. 
To prevent the Spanish gunboats es- 
caping over shoal water in this large 
expanse, the Winslow and Hudson 
were thrown out as flankers on each 
side of the Wilmington, the Winslow 
to the left, the Hudson to the right. 
The former kept her proper distance, 
but the Hudson spread out more than 
was intended, quite two and one-half 

This general disposition of the ves- 
sels was maintained until the town 
was two miles distant, when signal 
was made to close in on the Wilming- 
ton. The weather was hazy, but not 
thick, with a light breeze from the 
eastward. As the city was approached 
the crews of two Spanish vessels an- 
chored in the bay were seen to desert 
them and pull ashore. These vessels 
could, of course, have been destroyed, 
but that was not the object of the ex- 
pedition (the unnecessary destruction 
of private property), but the destruc- 
tion of Spanish government vessels 
was. At this time nothing could be 
seen of the gunboats, but the smallest 
of the three was observed to run up 
a shallow channel and disappear be- 
hind a wooded key. A forest of masts 
of small sailing vessels could now be 
seen along and among the wharves 
fronting the city, and it was believed 
that the two larger gunboats would 
be found among them. 

The shoal water in Cardenas bay 
compelled the Wilmington to proceed 

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at alow speed, and two hours were 
. required to reach the city after pass- 
ing through Romero channel; and as 
the distance was nearly twelve miles, 
the vessels closed in on the shipping 
in front of Cardenas at about 2 p. m. 
At this time the Winslow was close 
to the Wilmington, the Hudson about 
one mile distant, but closing in rap- 
idly. When abreast the wharves, the 
Wilmington was turned to bring her 
broadside to bear, in eleven feet of 
water, she then being up against a 
bank formed off the city front ex- 
tending about one mile (2,000 yards) 
from the shore. Her engines were 
turning ahead as slow as possible and 
every spy-glass in the ship and on 
board the Winslow turned to discover 
the whereabouts of the gunboats in 
hiding. As they could not be made 
out, the Winslow, which drew six feet 
of water, was ordered by the com- 
manding officer of the Wilmington to 
close in and see if she could locate 
them. The Winslow turned at once 
and steered toward the wharves. She 
had not proceeded more than three or 
four hundred yards when she was 
fired at by a gunboat moored bows 
out to the wharf; but the shot fell 
two hundred yards short. Immedi- 
ately the Wilmington and Winslow 
returned the fire and the engagement 
became general, the smoke from the 
enemy's guns fixing their location; 
the object of the Winslow's closing 
was attained and her commanding of- 
ficer should have at once returned to 
the Wilmington. 

The Hudson soon came up and 
joined in the fray with her six-pound- 
ers. When the first gun was fired the 
Winslow's engines were stopped, but 
her headway carried her two hundred 
yards further towards the batteries 
on shore. Her commanding officer 
was not ordered to engage the gun- 
boats, but to locate them, the same 

as a scout is sent to locate an enemy 
by a land force. But in his anxiety 
to get into the engagement Lieuten- 
ant Be ran do u allowed his vessel to 
run into the range-buoys of the Span- 
iards (as stated by himself later, on 
board the Wilmington). A hot fire was 
kept up by all three of the vessels 
for about fifteen minutes, when the 
Winslow backed out of range and sig- 
naled "her steering igear had been 
cut." The Wilmington and Hudson 
were kept moving slowly to prevent 
the Spaniards getting their range, 
while the Wilmington and HudBon 
continued to keep up a rapid fire on 
the gunboats. 

With the light wind blowing, dense 
clouds of smoke hung around the ves- 
sels greatly impeding rapidity of fire. 
After lying clear of the guns on shore 
for some time, the Winslow was ob- 
served to be steaming again in the 
direction of the wharves, and finally 
stopped, not in the same spot as at 
first, but in about the same general 
locality. It was also observed the 
enemy's projectiles were falling 
around her. Once the batteries and 
gunboats stopped firing, but that 
from the Wilmington and Hudson 
continued. The enemy resumed fir- 
ing soon after the Winslow steamed 
in a second time. About 3 p. m., the 
Winslow signaled to the Hudson to 
tow her out of action as she was com- 
pletely disabled. She had, by work- 
ing one engine, managed to work back 
a considerable distance from where 
she was last struck, but Lieutenant 
Bernadou felt he could do no more. 
The last shot fired at the Winslow 
killed Ensign Bagley and four men 
near him, the shell having struck a 
hose reel standard and exploded in 
their midst. 

The Hudson managed to get a line 
to the Winslow and worked her out 
toward the Wilmington, but there 

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was no firing from shore after the 
line was attached; the Wilmington, 
however, kept her guns going until 
all firing from ashore had ceased for 
fifteen minutes. 

While a large number of projectiles 
were fired at both the Wilmington and 
Hudson, their being kept moving and 
clear of the enemy's range buoys pre- 
vented their being struck, or having 
any casualties. The commanding of- 
ficer of the Winslow erred in his judg- 
ment in not keeping his vessel clear 
of the range buoys, and greatly so in 
again steaming into practically the 
same spot, after once getting out, 
and with his steering gear disabled. 
The casualties on board the Winslow 
occurred after she had steamed in 
the second time. This error of judg- 
ment undoubtedly arose from Lieuten- 
ant Bernadou's intense anxiety to be 
in the fight, but the small caliber of 
his guns, the vulnerability of his ves 
sel, the impossibility of using his tor- 
pedoes, as evidence by his removing 
his primers from the war-heads, 
should have led him to take extra oare 
in exposing the Winslow to the gun- 
fire he knew the Spanish gunboats to 
}K>Hses8. He was not ordered to at- 
tack, but to locate the gunboats. To 
rely upon his feeble gunfire to damage 
a superior enemy can not be called 
good professional judgment, no mat- 
ter how gallantly attempted. 

The surgeon of the Wilmington was 
sent on board the Winslow to attend 
the wounded, which were, as soon as 
possible, removed to the Wilmington; 
the Hudson took the W T inslow in tow, 
her steering gear and engines being 
disabled, and the three vessels pro- 
ceeded to the outer anchorage near 
the Machias. On our arrival, just be- 
fore sunset, we were heartily greeted 
by the crew of the Machias, who 
manned rigging and cheered. 

The killed and wounded were trans- 
ferred to the Hudson for transporta- 

tion to Key West, and work begun on 
the temporary repairs needed to send 
the Winslow to the same place under 
her own steam. This work was com- 
pleted and, in charge of one of the 
Wilmington's officers (Ensign Bailey), 
the Winslow steamed at a ten-knot 
speed to Key West the morning of the 
12th of Mav. 

The amount of damage from the 
guns of the three vessels engaged 
could not be determined at the time, 
apart from the burning of two or 
three buildings near the location of 
the gunboats; but a few days later, 
there came on board a Cuban pari- 
flco who was in Cardenas at the time 
of the engagement, and who visited 
the locality where the gunboats were 
lying the day following. He brought 
the information that both the large 
gunboats were riddled and practical- 
ly destroyed. They could not sink, as 
they were lying in only six feet of 
water. This information was un- 
doubtedly correct, for nothing in the 
shape of a gunboat was seen for six 
weeks later, and they had been 
brought up from Sagua La Granie, af- 
ter our vessels failed to again enter 
the inner bay, which was in obedience 
to orders from the officer in command 
of the blockading force. 

The net result of this attack on 
Cardenas may be stated:— 

(1.) The destruction of two Spanish 

(2.) It was the first severe blow 
struck which had great effect upon the 
swarms of Spanish gunboats sur- 
rounding the Island of Cuba, render- 
ing their attacks by night less prob- 
able, as shown by experience. 

(3.) It made feasible the anchorage 
at Piedras Light House for coal. 

(4.) It made the Spanish feel they 
were not free from attack, even 
though the channels were mined and 
forever destroyed their sense of se- 
curity, no matter how well defended 

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{hey might be, and that American 
ships of war would take and hold the 
offensive during the war. 

(5.) Here was made evident the 
great advantage of smokeless powder 
over the ordinary brown powder used 
by the American ships. The only gun 
used by the Spaniards burning brown 
powder was the one that fired from 
the bow of the gunboat moored bows 
out at the wharf. The others, includ- 
ing field guns observed on the shore 
and the machine guns on both gun. 
boats, used only smokeless powder, 
thus making a very poor target from 
a vessel surrounded, as were the 
American ships, by clouds of over- 
hanging smoke. 

A few lines of explanation may en- 
able the reader to understand the 
following personal letter written by 
Secretary Long to Commander C. 0. 
Todd, at his request, with permission 
of the publioation of the letter above 
mentioned. • 

During and after our conflict with 
Spain, many false statements and 
newspaper articles were spread over 
the country by the friends of Lieuten. 
ant Bernadou, in order to arouse pub- 
lic sympathy for their friend, and to 
.get him promoted; at this they suc- 
ceeded, regardless of law or the in- 
justice they were doing a senior of- 
ficer while he (Commander Todd) was 
on active duty, not knowing that he 
was continually being misrepresented 
to the public and to his friends. 

On his return, Commander Todd 
-called on the Secretary to find if any- 


thing official had been filed against 
his ship's officers for the part taken by 
4 hem in the battle of Cardenas. Af- 
ter being assured that the Secretary 
knew of none, a few days later, at the 
request of Commander Todd, the fol- 
lowing letter was received:— 

Navy Department, 
Washington, D. C, Dec, 10, 1898. 
My Dear Sib: — 

Referring to conversation with you 
this morning, I am happy to repeat 
that no blame or adverse criticism 
has ever been expressed in this De- 
partment with relation to the part 
taken by the Wilmington in the naval 
engagement at Cardenas on the 11th 
of May last. 

Upon inquiry of the Board of Pro* 
motions, I am informed that it has had 
nothing under consideration criticis. 
ing the Wilmington or its officers. All 
reports relating to the matter have 
been before this Board, and it fur* 
ther informs me that, so far from any 
inclination on its part to criticise the 
Wilmington or its officers, it is of 
opinion that their action was in the 
line of duty, gallantly performed, and 
that the casualties and loss of life oc- 
curring in the engagement were an 
incident of the service and that no 
fault attaches to the Wilmington or 
its officers in that respect. 

Very truly yours, 

Commander C. C. Todd, U. 8. A T ., Command- 
ing V. 8. 8. Wilmington, HwmpUm Roads, 

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Historical Sketches of 'Banners Used by Kentucky 
Troops During the Spanish War, 1899. 

"Bp Capt. Ed. Porter Thompson, Compiter of Confederate Records. 

Under the call for volunteers to 
serve dining the Spanish war, (1898}, 
Kentucky furnished four regiments of 
infantry and two troops of cavalry. 

The First Regiment, (the old Louis- 
ville Legion), commanded by Col. John 
B. Castleman, carried, for regimental 
and headquarters use, the United 
States flag and a Kentucky flag — the 
latter being a silk flag, on which is 
embroidered the Kentucky coat of 
arms and other devices — presented to 
the regiment by patriotic ladies. Both 
these banners became tattered during 
the Porto Rican campaign. They 
now constitute, properly inscribed, 
part of the collection in the rooms of 
our Historical Society. 

The Second Regiment carried the 
regulation flag furnished by the War 
Department and a blue silk flag, regu- 
lation size, on which is embroidered 
the Kentucky coat of arms, with the 
motto, "United We Stand, Divided We 
Fall," and the inscription, "Second 
Kentucky United States Volunteer 
Infantry." This special flag waspr»'« 
sented to the regiment by the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution, of 
Lexington, and is now in the posses* 
sion of the commander, Col. Ed. H. 
Oaither, Harrodsburg. The national 
standard is carried by the Second Reg. 
iment of the State Guard. 

The Third Regiment bad the nation- 
al colors and a silk flag, regulation 
size, presented by patriotic ladies. 
The ratter had embroidered on one side 
the Kentucky coat of arms, on the 
other, the American eagle in the at* 
titude of swooping down upon an en- 

emy. Both of these banners are now 
in the care of Col. Thomas J. Smith, 
at Bowling Green, who commanded 
the volunteer regiment in 1898 and is 
now in command of the Third Reg:* 
ment State Guard. 

The Fourth Regiment had both the 
national flag and a special Kentucky 
flag, presented by patriotic ladies. 
The latter was a silk flag, regulation 
size, on one side of which is embroid- 
ued the Kentucky coat of arms, on the 
other an American eagle in the atti- 
tude of swooping down on an enemy. 
Both of these banners were for a time 
in the possession of the commander. 
Col. David G. Colson, of Middlesboro. 
Subsequently, they were turned over 
to Gen. David R. Murray, Adjutant- 
General of Kentucky, who was the 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Fourth Reg- 
iment. With Col. Colson's consent, 
they were given for preservation, as 
relics of the Spanish war, to the "Ken. 
tucky Society of Colonial Daughters," 
to be kept in the rooms of the Stare 
Historical Society, where they are now 
deposited, with appropriate labels. 

Troop A, Kentucky Volunteer Cav. 
airy, commanded by Capt. U. 8. G. 
Perkins, now of Middlesboro, carried 
only a small guidon, 4x6-/ 2 ft., regu. 
lation colors, presented by Gov. Brad* 
ley. This is now held by Union Col- 
lege, Barboursville, Ky. 

Troop B, Kentucky Volunteer Cav- 
alry, commanded by Oapt. Jefferson 
Prater, of Salyersville, had a guidon 
similar to that of Troop A. The 
whereabouts of B's guidon is un- 

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A 'Beautiful Compliment. 

The Society of "Colonial Daugh- 
ters," now embraced in the State Hie- 
torical Society, proudly received the 
beautiful flag, donated to them on 
Wednesday, the reception day, at the 
Historical rooms. This, implied rec- 
ognition of their services to the State 
by General David L. Murray and Co). 
Colston is deeply appreciated by 
them. It is to them, more than to 
any other society or order, that Ken. 
tucky is indebted for the perpetuation 
of her Historical Society, and the 
preservation of her paintings, relics, 
souvenirs and historic flags in that 
department of the State set apart 
many years ago as the Historical 

They have written and compiled 
valuable histories of the pioneers who 
founded the State and the settlers 

who founded and made the capital. 
Their patriotism and interest for the 
welfare of the State has, indeed, made 
it possible "that one generation shall 
praise its works to another, and shall 
declare its mighty acts," according to 
David's Psalm of praise for his king- 

When the flag came in, it was wel- 
corned right royally by the society and 
the visitors present. It is very beau- 
tiful and stands unfurled in the north- 
east corner of the large front room of 
the Historical Society. There it will 
be kept for awhile, that those persons 
who enjoyed examining the artist to 
beauty of our State flags may have 
this pleasure. In the January num- 
ber of the "Register" will be found the 
history of the seal, designed by Gov. 
ernor Isaac Shelby 

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The Migration of Trade Centers. 

By Dr. Robert E. J ones. President of Hobart College. 

[We regard the following paper as one 
of the moat instructive reviews of 
historical information, on this par- 
ticular subject, that has been read 
before any historical society during 
this century.] 

The migration of trade centers has 
been in progress from the dawn of 
time. We can not trace history back 
far enough to observe the cities of 
.the river-basins of India, China, Mes- 
opotamia, and Egypt begin to throw 
out lines of trade and communication 
beyond the deltas where wealth and 
civilization first found favoring con- 
ditions. We know that there was a 
constantly increasing volume of trade 
borne on the Nile, Euphrates, Ganges 
and Yellow Rivers, and that the areas 
affected constantly increased. Bitter 
divides the history of civilization into 
three stages, the potamic, the thalas- 
sic and the oceanic, according aB the 
means of inter-communication have 
been rivers, inland seas, or the broad 
oceans. The potamic stage is dim 
with the mists of antiquity; we can 
surmise its characteristics only from 
the present uses of the great rivers 
of Africa and Siberia. In the pota. 
mic stage there was no world-unity. 
Each river-basin was a center of so- 
cial organization with little relation 
to any other. Each was self-sufficing 
and complete, but when the Phoeni- 
cians joined the deltas of the Nile, 
the Indus, and Euphrates by commer- 
cial routes, pervaded the East with 
caravans, and covered the Mediterran- 
ean with their ships, the world-unity, 

whose still increasing power we feel 
to-day, had been effected. With the 
supremacy of Tyre the thalassic stage 
of history began. For centuries to 
come the Mediterranean was to be the 
center of the world and the discovery 
of the mariner's compass, of a sea- 
route to India, and of a new world to 
the West, would be needed to end 
the thalassic and 1 usher in the oceanic 
era of history. One period of the 
oceanic stage, the Atlantic, is well ad- 
vanced, the second, the Pacific, has 
barely begun. The future student will 
divide history into four eras: The per- 
iod of the rivers, of the Mediterran- 
ean, of the Atlantic and of the Pas 
ciflc. There has always been a process 
of expansion westward. Bishop 
Berkeley's famous line, "Westward 
the course of Empire takes its way," 
is history as well as poetry. New 
areas of civilization are opened up, 
new peoples take their places in the 
world economy, commercial and po- 
litical supremacy center in new places 
in successive centuries, but the trend 
is always westward. Tyre, Corinth 
and Alexandria, Rome, Constanti- 
nople, Venice and Genoa, Antwerp, 
Amsterdam and London successively 
gather to themselves power, prestige 
and prosperity. Each epoch sees new 
cities take the primacy, while their 
older rivals languish and decay. Af- 
ter two centuries of supremacy, Lon- 
don fears a change in the commercial 
equilibrium, and does its best to arrest 
a movement begun long before the 
Christian era. Bishop Berkeley was 
right when he said, "Westward the 

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course of Empire takes its way." H» 
was a little premature, however, when 
he saw Empire ''stand on tiptoe on the 
European shore ready to pass to the 
American strand," but his country* 
men now fear that he was wrong only 
iu his chronology. 

Any constant phenomenon like this 
is capable of explanation. To furnish 
such explanation is the true province 
of history. History is not a mere cat* 
alogue of events, but a study of 
causes. The shifting of the world-cen- 
ter is not capricious. What are the 
causes of its movement? 

The explanation most often given Is 
that political and military supremacy 
confer commercial dominance. Borne 
and England are called in proof, but 
Rome flourished on military plunder 
not on trade;. she was not an original 
producer, her mercantile life was sec- 
ondary, and, finally, Constantinople 
robbed her of what trade she had and 
compelled the removal of emperors to 
the Golden Horn. The main trade 
routes east and west crossed at Con- 
stantinople and the legions could not 
keep Rome imperial. To make Eng- 
land's power the cause of her trade 
is to put the cart before the horse. 
The discovery of the new world and 
her mastery of the Atlantic built up 
England's prosperity and made ber 
political dominance possible. The 
England of Elizabeth was poor, and po. 
litically third-rate Holland was never 
paramount in arms. Political causes 
are not primary. 

Richness and diversity of natural 
products are fundamental elements of 
national prosperity. Nature is a pos- 
itive source of wealth. The fertile 
field, the quarry and the mine produce 
value which industrial skill manipu- 
lates, but does not create. That a 
country should be prolific of food and 
raw materials gives it a vast advan 
tage in the economic strife. It is evi- 
dent, also, that industrial skill, the 

power to make of raw material what 
the world desires to buy, is an added 
earnest of success. When a gift for 
manufacturing is a natural endow- 
ment, the profits of the manipulator 
are added to those of the original pro- 

These things are evident, but thsy 
do not explain the westward trend of 
trade-centers. Material resources are 
fairly stable, the valley of the Nile 
is as fertile now as it was in Moses' 
time. The inherent aptitude of nations 
remains much the same from age to 
age. We can not trace an improve 
ment in agriculture and manufacture 
preceding and producing the transfer- 
ence of trade supremacy. The Phoe- 
nicians held but a strip of land along 
the eastern shore of the Mediterran- 
ean, their own manufactures were but 
a tithe of what they marketed. Rome 
was unable to grow its own food and 
its craftsmen were seldom native 
born. Venice was a group of muddy 
islands in a barren lagoon. Amster- 
dam was at the mercy of its dykes, 
and London would collapse in a month 
if its foreign supplies of food and raw 
material were cut off. How little man. 
ufacturing skill alone avails was 
shown during our Civil War when the 
blockade shut up every cotton mill in 

A study of the map of the Mediter- 
ranean and of the position of its suc- 
cessive trade-centers 1 , would suggest 
that convenience of position, centrality 
and ease of intercourse are primary 
factors of trade supremacy. The Med- 
iterranean was the focus of the 
known world. The city on its shores 
which, for the time being, was at the 
center of the ever-enlarging area of 
trade, where the main commercial 
routes converged and crossed each oth* 
er, gave the law to all the others. 
The point where exchanges could be 
made at least cost of transportation 
to both parties, the commercial half- 

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way house, became economically su. 
preme. Tyre was mid-way between 
the Persian Teheran and Tartessus in 
new-found Spain. Constantinople wan 
a half way house between Qaul and the 
Indus. Venice became the meeting 
place of lengthening routes joining the 
Baltic with far Cathay. The discovery 
of the new world and of a sea route to 
India made Holland and England cen 
tral and turned "Mediterranean" into 
an entire misnomer. Impairment of 
commercial convenience has always 
been followed by a decline of prosper- 
ity. The shifting of trade routes 
brings about far-reaching economic 
changes, the tunneling of the Alps has 
heightened Italy's commercial rank, 
the consequences of the cutting of 
the Suez Canal are not yet fully devel- 
oped, and the opening of the Nicar- 
agua Canal will open also new chap- 
ters in history. 

But the centrality of which we speak 
is not merely geographical. The dis> 
covery of new continents to the west 
was accompanied by readier inter- 
course with the older peoples of the 
East. China and India became access- 
ible about the time of the discovery of 
America. Lisbon was a better half' 
way house to India and America than 

* The centrality under discussion is 
a commercial centrality, which is not 
measured in statute miles, but in terms 
of combined ease of communication 
with settled peoples and developed 
civilization on one hand, and on the 
other, with countries which furnish 
opening markets «nd new sources of 
raw materials. The point of greatest 
profit is always somewhere on the 
outer edge of the area already commer- 
cially developed, as near as possible to 
the territory to be exploited. Lines 
of communication already established 
can be lengthened at small cost, but 
the advancement of transportation in- 
to new and unsubdued districts is a 

more serious matter, so the depot from 
which new operations are to be con* 
ducted is always carried as far as 
possible toward the territory to be 
developed. New people rise out of bar- 
barism. Contact with higher civili- 
zation creates in them new desires and 
energies, new values are put upon their 
products, services are exchanged with 
mutual advantage, and the world-unity 
is enlarged. Whenever new peoples 
have become large producers and con- 
sumers, there has been a change of 
commercial equilibrium and the eco- 
nomic focus has been readjusted. Had 
America not been discovered, the 
trade center would be still located 
somewhere on the Mediterranean. A 
new market draws the trade center 
in its direction, whatever that may be. 
The center has moved westward sim- 
ply because it was westward that un« 
developed continents were found. In- 
tercourse with hitherto closed coun* 
tries to the eastward tends to draw the 
center in that direction. When an Ori- 
ental nation abandons the hermit pol- 
icy, the trade of Eastern Europe is 
vastly stimulated. The conquests of 
Alexander the Great, opening up the 
hither Orient and Persia, caused the 
decline of Athens and Corinth, and 
made Antioch and Alexandria the cen- 
ters of exchange. The march of Em. 
pire was eastward at that time. The 
movement of trade centers is due to the 
magnetism of new markets. The pros- 
perity of Tyre was the creation of 
distant Spain, the discovery of which 
with its silver was to the Phoenicians 
what the discovery of South America 
with its mines was to the Spaniards 
in more modern times. The riches 
and resources of awakening France 
and Flanders and England drew tht* 
chief marts to Venice and Genoa. Un> 
developed Scandinavia and Russia 
poured their trade into Antwerp, and 
America was a magnet which drew the 
world emporium to London, from 

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whence the approaches to the Dew 
source of wealth could be best com* 
manded. The magnetism of new mar* 
kets is the most potent and constant 
cause of the migration of trade cen- 
ters. There are lesser causes, but we 
need not treat of them now. The pri- 
mary course of commercial expansion 
i9 a reaching out for new markets and 
sources of raw materials; this expan> 
sion has mainly tended westward, but 
trade would exercise its magnetic 
force in favor of the East should 
commercial opportunities at any time 
predominate in that direction. 

The new market exercises compul* 
sion over the world, it changes the 
map, sets up one people and pulls 
down another from their long suprem* 
acy. Not alone the balance and pro- 
portion of trade are changed, but all 
other values and relations. But, can 
we truly say that the new market ex- 
ercises compulsion over the world 
when a civilized nation employs all its 
forces, political and social, to subdue 
a new continent or bring some barbar* 
ous people under its control? To many 
people modern civilization seems the 
immoral intrusion of arbitrary power. 
There are two kinds of colonization, 
the one governmental, the other pri- 
vate and individual. In the first case 
the government establishes a claim on 
some undeveloped territory, sends out 
its army and its civil governors, sets 
up public machinery, invites merchants 
and colonists to follow, and endeavors 
to draw the natives into European 
ways. Instances are found in Ton. 
quin and German East Africa. 
In private colonization, on the oth- 
er hand, individuals see opportuni- 
ties of gain and livelihood, and of their 
own motion become settlers — conquer 
nature, develop latent resources, and 
at last demand the protection of their 
own government. Such are the world* 
encircling colonies of England. The 
safe guards of English prestige are 

thrown around self created industrial 
communities, whose strength and pros- 
perity are rooted in private initiative 
and investment. France and Germany 
appropriate derelict territory, send out 
a corps of officials, and hope that 
"trade will follow the flag." England's 
dag follows trade, and only conde- 
scends to wave when her sons have 
at their own individual risk, created 
something worth while waving over. 
In one case we have land grabbing and 
artificial colonization, and in the other 
the compulsive attraction which unex. 
ploited countries have always exercis- 
ed on congested ones. Any colonizing 
movements which has enlarged liveli. 
hood as its object can not be called 
either artificial, arbitrary or immoral. 
The need of daily bread is the world's 
motive force. As the older centers be- 
come congested and life increasingly 
difficult to sustain, any new land of 
ampler opportunity will exercise com- 
pulsion over the old. The compulsion 
of avoiding starvation at home is a less 
rhetorical way of putting it; in view of 
the fundamental human necessity of 
remaining alive, a new country where 
daily bread may be more readily had, 
exercises an attractive force no 1 ss 
powerful than compulsion. The move- 
ment which has drawn the trade cent- 
er westward with it has always been 
of this unartificial, compulsive nature. 
Governmental colonization is a flat 
failure in modern times. To reach out 
after larger opportunities of livelihood 
has always been the world's way of 
praying "Give us this day our dai* 
ly bread." In the abundance of 
our natural resources we have hitherto 
been unsympathetic with the European 
struggle for life. Europe must reach 
beyond its narrow borders or starve at 
home. But our first flush of plenty 
has passed away. Congestion is upon 
us. It is very difficult for a young man 
to get a start in life. Interest is so 
low that a widow's little patrimony is 

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insufficient to support her family, and 
we must change our censorious atti- 
tude towards those who go to the ends 
of the world for mere daily bread. 

The westward trend of trade centers 
has been an index of the general move- 
ment toward those parts of the earth 
where openings for investment and 
possibilities of livehood were, for the 
time being, most ample and it is likely 
that any area of investment or oppor- 
tunity suddenly thrown open will 
cause a change of commercial equili- 
brium and the establishment of new 

The most momentous of all contem- 
porary events is the coming of the 
Orient into the world-unity. The East 
has awakened from her immemorial 
sleep and aspires to take her place 
in the international economy. Her 
wants are multiplying, her energies 
awaking, and her trade is the greatest 
unappropriated asset of the commer- 
cial world. The importance of tho 
Chinese markets alone is shown by the 
scramble of armed nations now taking 
place. No one can forecast the total 
outcome of this stupendous movement, 
there is but one certainty, namely, that 
the Orient will be profoundly felt 
throughout our social fabric, and that 
there will be a shifting of the trade 
center in obedience to the Oriental 
gravitation. The future location of the 
t rade-center is the great controversy of 
nations. Current international hap- 
penings are intelligible only with ref- 
erence to this dispute. <r Where shall 
the trade-center shift to" is the debate 
of Europe, the action of England, Rus* 
sia and Germany is taken with refer- 
ence to it, and the United States have 
more at stake than is imagined. 

The national trait of believing that 
things must come our way leads some 
people to assume that the center, mov- 
ing always westward, can change only 
from London to New York and after a 
long interval, perhaps to San Fran- 

cisco, to remain there permanently. 
'•Westward the course of Empire takes 
its way" is not the statement of a 
law. Historical science, as well as cur- 
rent happenings, suggest the possibil- 
ity of a change of direction. There 
are potent forces attracting the center 
eastward, and its ultimate position is 
wholly undetermined. Russia, France, 
England, Italy and Germany strive for 
concessions and spheres of influence n 
China, most of them intending to shut 
out competitors from whatever terri- 
tory they can grasp. They hope to 
make sure of some commercial benefit 
by the forcible exclusion of rivals, but 
underneath their bickering is the con- 
viction that the most efficient and con- 
venient lines of transportation will 
give the final victory to the nation 
that commands them. The spoils of 
the Orient will fall to those controlling 
superior trade routes. 

Her position on the Atlantic gave 
England the advantage in the exploit a. 
tion of the new world, but to-day Eng- 
land "hears the East a-caliing" and 
her station in the northern ocean is 
comparatively unfavorable. Between 
her and the Oriental markets there are 
competitors quick to use their geo- 
graphical advantage. By maintaining 
water routes in all directions and es- 
pecially to the East, England strug- 
gles hard to retain her prestige. There 
is not an eastern sea whose waters are 
not plowed by her subsidized merchant 
marine, and the Suez Canal seems 
worth holding at the coat of respon- 
sibility for the whole of Egypt the 
chronic exasperation of France, simply 
because it is the turnstile between 
East and West. The commercial pres- 
tige of England on the sea is shown bv 
the yearly statistics of the Canal. Ves- 
sels under the British flag pay annual- 
ly ten million dollars in canal tolls, 
while the ships of all other nations 
combined pay only five million. Eng- 
land's continued prosperity depends 

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on maintaining the most efficient trade 
routes. London now acknowledges the 
rivalry of New York and as the United 
States becomes a creditor nation the 
rivalry will deepen, but for the pres- 
ent London fears an eastward far 
more than any westward migration of 
the center. Russia, Germany and 
France are striving to perfect land- 
routes to China. A vast system of rail- 
ways entering China from the west is 
already completed. The continental 
railway center has abandoned Brus- 
sels for Berlin and will go still farther 
eastward. The Trans-Siberian Rail- 
road adready touches the confines of 
China. The Trans-Caspian route will 
finally traverse central Asia, and the 
Euphrates-Persian Railroad will have 
its ultimate terminus in Southern 
China. Our own trans-continental sys. 
terns, the Northern, Central and South, 
em Pacific Railroads, are about to 
have their Russo-Asian counterparts. 
The idea that England can best be 
overcome by commercial rivalry in 
Asia is as old as Napoleon, it actuat- 
ed his Egyptian campaign and inspires 
to-day every continental statesman, 
There is in progress a great duel be- 
tween land transportation and sea-car. 
riage, with oriental supremacy for the 
prize. England strives to keep her 
primacy, and the continental nations 
are determined to reverse the accus- 
tomed march of Empire. There is no 
inherent reason why the magnetism of 
the oriental market should not draw 
the center eastward and southward to 
its old seat. The Russians covet Con- 
stantinople, not only as an outlet into 
the Mediterranean, but also because 
when at last Asia is covered with rail- 
roads, Constantinople will become once 
more the meeting place of the East 
and West. England approaches the 
orient by eastward reaching sea* 
routes, Russia does the same by land; 
one hopes to hold the trade-center 
where it is, the other strive to draw it 

eastward. There is an alternative ai- 
ready touched upon, but laid aside for 
the time, that suggested by Bishop 
Berkeley's line, and also by Sir John 
Seeley's prediction that a century later 
there are likely to be but two world- 
powers, Russia and the United States. 
The balance of trade lately inclining in 
our favor points to a change in our 
direction; as far as the commercial 
equilibrium of the Atlantic goes, we 
have every reason to be satisfied with 
cur prospects, and our sudden acquisi- 
tion of the Philippines gives us a rela- 
tion to the Orient and a station there 
likely to make us paramount in the 
Pacific system about to be developed. 
A few years ago we had in the East 
neither standing ground nor any re. 
sponsibility, to-day we are so involved 
that withdrawal is impossible. The 
value of the Philippines, considered 
apart from international problems, is 
much in doubt, but an independent 
commercial base on the edge of the 
Orient is likely to be of incalculable 
service. The paramount power in th«» 
Pacific seems thrust upon us, and if 
world centrality be any prophecy, the 
burdens of the future and its victories 
alike are ours. 

A secular migration of trade-cent- 
ers, the index of a general movement 
towards the scene of enlarged commer- 
cial activities, has been proved suffi- 
ciently. The magnetism of new mar- 
kets (an operative force to-day and 
furnishing perhaps the best explana- 
tion of contemporary international af- 
fairs) needs no further discussion. 

We are brought to ask: What are 
the conditions of the permanence cf 
trade-centers? Is there any combina- 
tion of circumstances which assures a 
stable economic primacy, or is it likely 
that the focus of prosperity is essen- 
tially migratory? These questions 
have been partially answered in the 
turns of our discussion, but it may be 
useful to make the replies explicit. 

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In tbe first place no country can con- 
tinue to be autonomous unless it can 
produce its own food and raw material 
failing to do so it is open to many 
vicissitudes. Carthage, Borne and 
Venice were dependent an the outside 
world for their supplies, narrowness of 
base was Holland's handicap, and mod* 
era England is a vast workshop where 
neither food nor raw material suffices 
for her needs. A constant outgo for 
the means of sustenance must tax any 

The next fundamental of supremacy 
is skill in manufactures. The ante-bel- 
lum Southern States were always 
heavily in debt because they 
could neither weave nor print 
their cotton. The wood of me- 
dieval England enriched Belgium 
where it was sent to be dyed and wov. 
en, more than it did the grower coun- 
try. The natural resources of Eng. 
land did not support a large prosperity 
until the expulsion from their native 
land of the Huguenots and Dutch 
Protestants supplied her with high in- 
dustrial skill. Ideal conditions pre- 
vail when the profits of the producer 
from the soil and of the skilled manip- 
ulator are kept at home and inter, 

The third desideratum is facility of 
distribution and exchange. A broad 
country, rich in natural resources, till- 
ed with industrious people, skilled in 
manufactures, will need outlets for its 
products and many avenues whereby 
to reach the markets of the world. 
Domestic consumption can not absorb 
the enormous result of modern ma- 
chine production, the command of for- 
eign markets is indispensable. 

A central situation, a half-way sta- 
tion on the main trade routes, has been 
shown to be an advantage, but central- 
ity loses much of its value unless there 
is also an ample merchant marine, or- 
ganized and owned by the people who 
wish to reach the foreign markets. In 

spite of being producer nor manufac- 
turer, Venice, the great common car- 
rier, ruled the world as, for the same 
reason, England does to-day. Eng- 
land buys food and raw material from 
us, but what we pay her back in ocean 
freights keeps the balance in her favor. 
An ample merchant marine, almost 
alone and by itself ensures prosperity. 
England's centrality is menaced, she 
is but a foodless workshop, but she 
"rules the waves," and consequently 
the markets, and when a rival success- 
fully disputes her maritime supremacy 
the beginnings of decay will be upon 
her, and Sir John Seeley's vision of 
but two world powers will be realized. 

Breadth of base, industrial skill and 
facilities for distribution are requisites 
for a continuous trade supremacy. Not 
often are they found together, any two 
of them suffice for prosperity and 
prominence, but if all three co-exist 
they are guarantees of no merely ephe- 
meral advantage. 

The questions raised have now been 
answered in barest outline. It would 
be easy to multiply historical illustra- 
tions, but to do so would tend to wear- 
iness. We could now profitably close 
our discussion, but we can not refrain 
from forecasting our national future 
by the formulas we have discovered. 
We are compelled to ask, "What like 
lihood is there that the course of Em- 
pire will still be westward? W r hat 
requisites of stability are ours where- 
with permanently to stay the trade- 
center, if it does abandon London ia 
favor of New York?" 

Our breadth of base and natural 
productiveness are unexampled. Can- 
ada and Siberia alone rival our extent 
of territory, but rigorous climates and 
insufficient population shut them out 
of competition. Pood and raw mater- 
ials are largely in excess of our imme- 
diate wants, and circumstances where- 
by we might become dependant are 
unimaginable. We are but beginning 

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to reach oar normal productivity. The 
century just ending has been one 
of preparation, of subduing nature 
and of ascertaining the extent 
of our resources. Hitherto we 
have depended upon borrowing 
capital, and have been a debtor 
nation, but now low rates of interest 
testify that home capital is anxiously 
seeking investment. The future fee- 
undity of our domain will utterly 
dwarf the output of the past. 

Our industrial capacity is likewise 
but just full-grown. The genius of our 
people is mechanical, Americans in- 
vent and manufacture, as the Greeks 
philosophized, by instinct. Since the 
Civil War we have been equipping our- 
selves with the tools of production 
and internal transportation, with roll, 
ing mills, foundries, factories, ship, 
yards and railroads. The era of ex 
peri mental manufacture is over, and 
for the first time we are in a position 
fully to work up and utilize the mater- 
ial so richly at command. With all 
modern appliances wielded by vast ag- 
gregation of capital, we are entering 
upon an industrial era of whose pro- 
ductivity our past output furnishes no 
criterion. In this there is a danger al- 
ready felt, and one that will increase 
in urgency. Already we manufacture 
one-third more than we can consume at 
home. This surplus will enlarge im- 
mensely, and unless we can find out- 
lets for it our very advantages will 
overwhelm us. Over production is a 
serious menace 

With regard to the third requisite, 
facilities of distribution and exchange, 
we are less fortunate. We occupy in- 
deed a central station, midway between 
Europe and the Orient, but China is 
sixteen thousand miles away around 
Cape Horn, and the carrying trade of 
the Pacific is in the hands of the Eng- 
lishman. Our centrality is merely geo- 
graphical, not commercial and practi- 
cal. Our merchant marine disappeared 

during the Civil War, and we have 
made no real effort to revive it With 
a coast line of five thousand miles on 
three oceans, we have no shipping; we 
are at a desperate disadvantage as to 
foreign markets. But fortunately 
these handicaps can be thrown off. 
These obstacles are not insurmount- 
able, and now that the guns of Dewey 
have awakened us from our pre-occupa- 
tion with internal development, and 
furnished us with a stake and stand- 
ing ground in the Orient, the nation 
will probably address itself to such 
remedial measures as may be required. 

The first remedial measure is the 
construction of a ship canal between 
the Atlantic and Pacific either at Pana- 
ma or Nicaragua. Such a canal would 
make our geographical centrality com. 
mercial and practical, and give us com- 
mand of what would become the main 
westward trade route of the world. 
When the Oregon hastened- from San 
Francisco to Santiago she had to steam 
eight thousand unnecessary miles. 'A 
waterway across the Isthmus would 
offset the Suez Canal and bring New 
York as near Hong Kong as London 
is. With our Philippine terminal we 
would have the best approaches to the 
eastern markets, and the oriental mag- 
netism would draw the trade center 
westward to our shores. The struggle 
of England and Russia would die down 
in the victory of another. Pacing three 
connected oceans, the Atlantic, the Pa- 
cific and the Carribean, we could not 
avoid becoming paramount. With the 
longest available coast line in the 
world, and with a genius for seafaring, 
we are not yet a maritime nation al- 
though our future hangs upon it. The 
first effect of the oriental magnetism 
is the present increased prosperity ot 
the Pacific States, and if the Isthmus 
were cut through, the Southern States, 
would also be revivified. The Paciflo 
and the Gulf States have hitherto en- 
joyed no sufficient market, and have 

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remained comparatively undeveloped. 
The present awakening in San Fran- 
cisco is but a suggestion of what 
awaits us if our national procedure be 
at all intelligent. The insoluble proU 
lem of the Solid South and of the rela- 
tion of the races, will be solved only 
by an industrial and agricultural reviv. 
al, keeping all too busy for politics or 
negro baiting. The Gulf and River 
States have never profited as they 
should by the proximity of the South* 
ern continent, now chiefly supplied 
from Europe. A maritime awakening 
will change all this, and the canal will 
make all parts of South America ac 
ceBsible alike. We shall one day have 
three sea-gates of like importance: 
New York, San Francisco and New Or- 
leans, but, until we have our own lines 
of communication running to the ends 
of the earth, we shall not enter upon 
the heritage that awaits us. 

Captain Mahan has so thoroughly 
proved the importance of sea power 
both warlike and civil, that we need 
not dwell long upon our remaining dis. 
advantage, the absence of a merchant 
marine. Without ships, neither breadth 
of base, mechanical nor centrality of 
position reach their highest avail. The 
ocean freights that a shipless power 
must pay are heavy fines of incapacity. 
New York goods bound for South 
America must be consigned to Liver- 
pool, and then there trans-shipped in 
English vessels which bring no return 
cargoes to New York. We are ready 
to protect infant industries, and to 

keep on protecting them after they 
are overgrown, but we have not fost- 
ered the agency by which alone pro- 
tected goods can be distributed. Our 
laws make both the building and work, 
ing of ships more expensive than is the 
case in any other country. England 
and the continental powers encourage 
shipbuilding by subsidies, bounties and 
mail contracts; we shall never have a 
commercial navy until it becomes pos- 
sible for the American shipbuilder and 
shipmaster to meet foreign competition 
on equal terms. We are willing to 
build a navy, but the chief function of 
a navy, the protection of commerce, it 
can not perform, for we have no com- 
merce. It is likely to be one of the 
best results of the Spanish War that 
the public mind is at last arousing to 
our needs. We can hope within the 
next few years to see our flag ome 
more upon the seas from which the 
Confederate cruisers banished it. Our 
merchant marine once restored and 
th Isthmian Canal completed, we 
shall enjoy facilities of distribution 
and exchange as pre-eminent as our 
natural resources and mechanical skill. 
The three requisites of permanent su- 
premacy will co-exist, and the course 
of Empire will still be westward, with 
little likelihood of removal beyond our 
borders, for upon this continent the 
East and West will have met, and a 
stable economic equilibrium will be at 
last attained. 

(From the Oneida Historical Society.) 

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Historical Information and How Obtained. 

A well-known writer says: "Print- 
ers should be instructed always to 
strike out that phrase, 'All history 
shows,' as an erratum, and to substi- 
tute 'I choose to take for granted.'" 
Without this instruction many print- 
ers, it is said, leave out not only that 
substitute, but any other that may 
render the sentence complete, and so 
it is often that the blank or the sub- 
stitute is equally unintelligible to 
the reader who is searching for an 
answer to a plain question of data; 
and "I choose to take for granted" can 
not be accepted instead. 

To illustrate: The inquirer, a 
young person, wants information 
concerning a great great grand 
father who fought in- the War 
of 1812-15. He or she has heard he 
was in the battle of River Raisin and 
was taken prisoner. The name of the 
officer is given, but some authentic in- 
formation is wanted as to the date of 
the terrible battle of River Raisin. 
"All history shows" may well be used 
here, for it does show it was one of 
the most brutal battles on the part of 
the British and their savage allies ever 
fought on any field, while on. the part 
of the Americans, it was one of the 
most courageously contested battles 
ever known on any American battle 
But this is mot the reply the inquir- 
er wants, and the person written to 
muBt be authentic. He or she will 
write: "The battle occurred on the 
22d of January, 1813, and the terrible 
massacre occurred on the 23d. The of- 
ficer mentioned was hp command. He 
was taken prisoner, and with others 

marched to Maiden." — History of 
the Late War by Paris M. Davis, 1829. 
An immediate response is received and 
the letter of inquirer runs thus: 

Secretary Kentucky State Historic 
cal Society: Thanks for your kind let- 
ter and information. Will you do me 
the great favor to send me, if you have 
it, the report of the committee to Con- 
gress on tbe subject of the battle of 
River Raisin. I desire to join the So- 
ciety of the Daughters of 1812, and 
need this paper to establish the facts 
I have stated, whrioh have been dis- 

Here we are compelled to rely upon 
history, and the logic of facts detailed 
must be accepted. A copy of the re- 
port to Congress is s*»art, and the in- 
quirer is answered and the ignorant 
doubters on the board of application 
are vanquished. This is official recogni- 
tion, and the young claimant has no 
more trouble in establishing her 
claims to a certificate of membership. 

All history does show the milk of 
human kindness has the same effect 
pretty much in every clime, as "one 
touch of Nature is said to make the 
whole world kin"; yet there are excep- 
tions even to this rule. The suspicious, 
unspeakable Turk and his soldiers 
showed themselves utterly devoid of 
this "touch of Nature" in tlheir merci- 
less exterminating war upon the Ar- 
menians. And yet there are those 
among tourists who write of them as 
though it was a coveted honor to 
touch their bloody hands in exchang- 
ing civilities amd introduction. How 
can they forget or ignore their atroci- 
ties? How? 

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"All history shows" diversity of 
opinion in and upon the nations of 
the earth amd upon the forms of gov- 
ernment for these nations, but it is not 
always fair, just or true in its de- 
ductions. Therefore we can not trust 
always to its delineations of charac- 
ters that have from time to time ruled 
on the thrones of nations, because 
these rulers, however brilliant, have 
been brutal at times and these facile 
writers of history 'have woven a veil 
of glittering softness over their crimes 
and tell us their faults are the faults 
of the age they lived in. And yet they 
lived in an age of Christian civil iza 
tion, so called. 

We search in vain for facts concern- 
ing them' that are not controverted 
by some historians, who frankly write: 
"Because they were wicked they must 
be excused; because they were bril- 
liant they must be canonized, and 
their brutalities and indecencies folded 
away in illusory raiment of rhetorical 
eloquence, and their memories embalm- 
ed in the gratitude of a people they 
enslaved and degraded, amd their dead 
forms preserved in costly marble." 

Right is right, and wrong is wrong, 
aiwi history, if it be history, must not 
represent right as wrong, nor wrong 
as right. Upon the questions involv- 
ing the politics of our country there 
must, in the nature of the subject, be 
a diversity of opinion, and a division 
of judgment as to the right of the 
party which should rule and reign. 
But as to the character of the public 
man of history there should be but 
one biography, and that should con- 
sist of tine acts of the man. "Deeds 
speak louder than words," and let not 
these be obscured if wicked, or magni- 
fied if good, by the historian. 

By this means the children of our 
schools amd colleges will be able to 
form a correct estimate of our public 
men who have lived to do good or to 

do evil in their time. We want ac- 
curacy in the facts stated, and we want 
language not employed to deceive, but 
to inform and to correct misleading 
impressions. The work of an histori- 
cal society is to collect histories of 
State and county first, and country at 
large as it follows. In this there 
should be care to exclude from the 
library those newspapers and books 
given over to the recitals of crime 
and flippant criticisms upon disgrace 
and outlawry. Since the Civil War, we 
are told, the trend of society has been 
to looseness in morals and religion and 
in law. While proclaiming to be as a 
nation and a people, the cream of 
Christian civilization, the heathen 
Chinee shames us by his profound 
reverence for his god and sacred 
things, and the bright Japanese, by 
his politeness and gentleness. If this 
is so, let our nation turn backward 
like Israel and repent. "Then shall 
ye return and discern between the 
righteous and the wicked; between 
him that serve th God and him that 
servetih him not." 

From the New York Observer we 
take this clipping in regard to histori- 
cal societies — their maintenance anad 
support, their enrichment and enlarge- 
ment where all may come and leave a 
token for good: 

Can it be that any one fails to see 
the necessity of such a society? Mod- 
ern history has greatly enlarged our 
conception of the materials which are 
necessary for thorough historical re- 
search. Biographies and memoirs and 
chronicles no longer fill the field, nor 
even hold the first ;)lace. The auto-bio- 
graphy, in which the portrait of the 
lion as painted by himself, and the 
ought-not-to biography, in which the 
too friendly photographer makes his 
subject assume a pleasant expression 
and then touches out all the wrinkles 

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in the negative, fail to supply those 
most interesting features of reality 
which are essential to a oonvincing 
picture of the past. We turn now-a- 
days to more candid and less conscious 
sources; a coin, an inscription, a char- 
ter, a, receipted bill, a will, the record 
of a baptism, a marriage, a f mineral, a 
bundle of old letters, a map, the min- 
ute book of some meeting long since 
adjourned' sine die, the roll of some 
congregation, all of whose members 
have long since been dismissed from 
the church Militant to the Church Tri- 
umpbant — these, and other like things 
belong to the most precious materials 
of history. But they are frail and per- 
ishable stuff; ftre devours them; the 
church mouse nibbles tfhem; thieves 
are not likely to steal them, but moth 
and rust are sure to consume them. 
The sexton puts them away safely in 
a place where they never can be found 
again. Churches dry up and blow 
away and all their heirlooms are scat- 
tered to tfhe four winds of earth. 

How much costly and 1 invaluable ma- 
terial has already vanished beyond re- 

call! Our motto should be: "Gather 
up the fragments that remain that 
nothing more be lost." A central de- 
pository for the safe-keeping of these 
treasures, surrounded by tine books 
and pamphlets which will throw light 
upon them a/nd make their meaning 
clear, is an absolute necessity. In 
such a place, guarded against the fire 
that consumes and the folly that for- 
gets, easily accessible to all who 'have 
an interest in them, these sacred, si- 
lent witnesses to the struggles and 
the sacrifices, the heroism and the 
fidelity of our fathers in the faith, may 
be assembled in security and kept in 
honor. From this Hall of Noble Mem 
ories, filled with 'the quiet and still 
air of delightful studies," as from a 
shrine of knowledge sainted by ser- 
vice, the voice of history may speak 
to us in clear and tranquil tones, re- 
counting the true glories of our race, 
our country and our church; and put- 
ting us in mind of the chastisements 
and rebukes, the deliverances of Al- 
mighty God, 

"Lest we forget, lest we forget." 



A Journalistic Anniversary. 

Journalism has grown to be such an 
immense interest that aM fact* regard 
ing its origin and development are be- 
ing sedulously looked up toy eager in- 
vestigator*. The honor of having pro- 
duced the first newspaper was for a 
long time claimed by Italy, France, 
Germany, England and Holland. It 
seems now to be established beyond a 
reasonable doubt that the first news- 
paper, that is, news bulletin, issued at 
regular intervals, was not The Observ- 
er, but a paper printed by Abraham 
Verhoeven, of Antwerp, Who in 1605, 
obtained from the Archduke and Duch- 
ess Albert and I sa belle the privilege 

of printing a regular news sheet. Ab- 
raham Verhoeven published his paper 
every eight or nine da ye, according to 
the supply of news he received in 
those times of slow travelling intelli- 
gence. In 1905 Antwerp, secure in this 
heritage of newspaper fame, intends to 
celebrate the three hundredth anniver- 
sary of journalism in an ap- 
propriate manner. It is thought 
that thousands will flock from 
all parts of Europe to take part 
in the celebration, and to admire the 
artistic pageants which will be pro- 
vided.— New York Exchange. 

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A Feb) Historic Homes and Places in the Capitol 

of the State. 

The Capitol, built 1828. 

The Governor's Mansion, built 1797. 

The Brown House, built 1796. 

The Lafon House, corner Wash. & 
Broadway, built 1798. 

The Sharpe House, Madison Square. 

The Todd House, Wapping street 

The Glen Willis, ext. Wilkinson st. 

The Harris House, cor. Ann & Clin* 
ton streets. 

The Dudley House, St. Glair street. 

The Greenup House, W. Broadway. 

The Capitol Hotel, Ann & Main 

The Merriwether House, Ann & 
Frankfort Corner Stone, 1786. 


The Cemetery. 
The State Monument. 
The Boone Monument. 
The Gen. Dick Johnson's Monument. 
Theodore O'Hara, (Poet's) Monu- 

H. T. Stanton, (Poet's) Monramemt. 

Gov. Wm. Goebel's Grave. 

In Bell Point addition, the Blaine 
House; in south Frankfort, the Hob* 
son House, built by Gov. Charles 
Morehead in 1833; the Hanna House, 
built in 1818, by John Hunt of Lexing. 
ton, Ky. 

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A History of the First Presbyterian Church of 

Frantfort, Ky., Etc. 

By W, A. AVrtlh 

This deeply interesting book men- 
tioned in our last report, from the His- 
torical Society, can not be too highly 
commended to the public as a most 
valuable history of the Presbyterian 
church at Frankfort, and the churches 
in Franklin county, "in connection 
with the Presbyterian church of Amer. 
ica." From its cover to its close, it 
is a most precious history of our peo. 
pie and God's people now with the 
'"majority on the other side." The 
thanks and the praise of Kentucky 
Presbyterians are due the author for 
this work so carefully compiled, and 
so beautifully written. It has saved to 
the world the valuable material of a 
truly historic church planted in the 
wilderness, like a grain of mustard 
seed, whose wide spreading branches, 
now give rest and shelter to the young 
of many generations. We are sure it 
wall be a highly prized accession to the 
library of the Presbyterian Historical 
Society of Philadelphia. It abounds 
in pictures, in bills and minutes of 

meetings, things that Dr. Van Dyke 
pointed out in his address before the 
semi-centennial celebration of the 
Presbyterian Historical Society of 
Philadelphia, as essentials most vain- 
able in such a work. 

Says an eminent writer on the suo- 
ject of the value of history: "This 
idea of preserving relics is not a mat- 
ter of sentiment, but of real value, 
for the history of religion is the most 
important of all history, knowledge of 
the history of the church is essential 
to church progress. It aids alike in 
details of administration and in plans 
for broad advance. Church history 
shows that the 18th century was the 
era of great awakening, the 19th cen- 
tury of great revivals; and now points 
to the 20th century as the time of 
great achievement in reaching the un- 
converted along the proved historic 
evangelical lines. The vital strength 
of Presbyterian churches has always 
come from evangelistic spirits." 

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Compliment to a Former Fran%fort Boy, Rev. William 

L. fifcEtoan, 2). 2>. 

It gives us sincere pleasure to place 
in this magazine the following tribute 
to the effective eloquence of our friend 
and once associate editor of that fam> 
ous little paper, "The Lyceum Chroni- 
cle." The first effort of this bright 
boy, then a student, was an oration 
before the Lyceum. His talent and 
handsome delivery so delighted the 
audience, they predicted for him the 
noble career, he has since demonstrat- 
ed he was born to follow and adorn. 
The occasion of the event, which he 
advocates is the theological seminary 
at Omaha, "the celebration of the 
opening of the new building" there. 
It was a notable occasion, with many 
distinguished speakers present, No- 
vember, 1902. 

"The crowning event of the evening 
was the address by the Rev William 
L. McEwan, D. D., of Pittsburg. He 
said that a theological seminary gave 
expression to the highest ideals of a 
community, and that this institution 
would do more to secure the lasting 
fame of Omaha than any of its other 
enterprises. The value of it to the 
city would be superior and more endur. 
ing that its industrial and commercial 

greatness. In illustration of this he 
referred to the fact that the commerce, 
industries and other activities of 0or> 
inth, Athens and Ephesus had long 
since been forgotten while the Chris- 
tian literature of apostolic times still 
abides and helps to prolong their fame. 
Dr. McEwan spoke of the sacredness 
of the minister's calling, and of the 
kind of preparation a theological sem- 
inary should furnish its students in the 
way of strengthening character, deep- 
ening piety and of furnishing the mind 
thoroughly for expounding God's word 
and for meeting the practical problem* 
of our times. He put in a strong plea 
for keeping unimpaired that system of 
doctrine by means of which God has 
made our church strong and useful, 
for maintaining our polity and the sim- 
plicity of Presbyterian worship. It wa» 
a powerful address and was 
listened to attentively from beginning 
to end. The Rev. Dr. A. B. Marshal"., 
of Des Moines, chairman of the Board 
of Directors, made a dedicatory prayer, 
and the Rev. 8. B. McCormick, D. D., 
LL. D., president of Coe College, pro- 
nounced the benediction." 

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Romance of Mary Ball— The LoVe Story of the Mother 

of Washington. 

{Woman's Horn* Companion,) 

Mary Ball, who afterwards became 
the mother of Washington, was born 
early in the eighteenth century, her 
parents having emigrated to thds coun- 
try from England only a few years pre- 
viously. Her girlhood was not mater- 
ially different from that of the average 
pioneer child in the wilderness, and 
spinning and the other arts which she 
learned were such as were acquired 
also by her playmates. The marriage 
of Miss Ball to Augustine Washington 
attracted not a little attention in the 
country-side for two reasons — the age 
of the bride and the fact that the 
gioom was a widower. In those days 
marriages were usually contracted 
when the girls were mere children, and 
a bride of twenty-four was naturally 
looked upon as an exception to custom. 
The engagement of Mary and Augus- 
tine was of short duration, and the 
spring wedding which followed was 
one of the events of the year in Vir- 
ginia social life. There was no bridal 
tour, but instead the young couple 
journeyed to the estate of the bride, 
groom, which enjoyed the distinction 

of being the largest plantation in 
Westmoreland county. It is only fair, 
of course, to presume that the bride 
was beautiful, but we have also the 
authority for it of an old letter, the 
writer of which designates her as the 
"corneliest maiden" she knows, and 
grows very enthusiastic in expressions 
of admiration for her flaxen hair, blue 
eyes and cheeks "like May blossoms." 
Nor was the love story of the Virginia 
maiden devoid of the always-desired 
tinge of romance, for tradition has it, 
that the dashing Augustine gained a 
realization of her charms as she nurs- 
ed him back to health after he had 
been seriously injured by the upset- 
ting of his carriage before the home 
of his future bride. The friendship 
inaugurated on that interesting occa- 
sion speedly ripened into mutual love. 
Bereaved of her husband when George 
was but eleven years of age, and with 
four younger children to be cared for, 
she discharged the responsibilities 
thus sadly devolved upon her with 
scrupulous fidelity and firmness. 

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The First School Taught in Kentucky. 

"Messrs. Editors: — I 'bare too great 
an appreciation of jour paper, and 
am too constant a reader of it to 
rest satisfied under an erroneous 
statement in its columns of an inter* 
esting fact in Kentucky history. In 
your issue of Feb. 15, on page 5, 
among the "General Items" is this: 

"The first school ever taught in 
Kentucky is said to have been taught 
in Lincoln county, by Bev. David 
Bice, and was known as Transylvania 

Rev. David Bice, best known as 
"Father Bice," did not visit Kentucky 
until the spring of 1783, and did not 
settle in Kentucky until October of 
that year. So says Collins' History 
of Kentucky. Vol. 1, pages 457, 460 
and 515. Of course, among the 
schools taught in Kentucky earlier 
than 1783 we must expect to find the 

It appears from the same volume, 
page 515, that the first school for 
children in what is now Kentucky, 
was taught at Harrodsburg in 1776, 
by Mrs. Wm. Cooms, a Boman Cath- 
olic lady. 

The second school, so far as is 
known, was that taught at Boones- 
borought, in the summer of 1779, by 
Joseph Doniphan, then 22 years old. 
One of his sons, Gen. Alex. W. Don* 
iphan, of Mexican War distinction, is 
still living in St. Louis, Mo. The 
late chancellor and ex-judge Joseph 
Doniphan, of Augusta, Ky., was his 

grand-son. His school averaged 17 
scholars, during that summer. He 
came to Kentucky in 1778; but in 
1780 returned to Stafford county, Va., 
and remained until 1792, when he re- 
moved to Kentucky and settled in 
Mason county. In 1787, while a jus- 
tice of the peace in Virginia, Gen. 
George Washington was several times 
a litigant before him suing for small 
sums, the highest being £31, or f 103. 
The docket which contained a record 
of these suits is still preserved by a 
grand-Bon, Wm D. Frazer, late of 

The third teacher in Kentucky, 
I infer from Collins' History. Vol. 2, 
page 183, was John McKinney, at 
Lexington, in 1780. He it was who 
had the celebrated adventure with a 
wild cat in 1783, in hds log cabin 
school-room, described in such graph- 
ic language in the "Sketches of Wes. 
tern adventure," written in 1833 by 
John A McClung afterwards a very 
prince among Presbyterian ministers, 
and published by a Presbyterian el- 
der, the late Judge Lewis Collins of 

Other interesting details can be 
found with regard to these and others 
of the teachers in Kentucky before 
1800; but this article is already full 
long, and may not be thought the 
most suitable for a religious weekly. 


Louisville, Feb. 21st, 1878. 
(From an old Louisville Newspaper.) 

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Miss Katberine Helm, the Frankfort 
artist, who has been in New York City 
for the past two years, painting, and 
who is the daughter of General Ben. 
llardin Helm, has been awarded the 
painting of the Jefferson Davis por- 
trait, for the Memorial Hall at New 
Orleans, La. It is to be finished in 
time for the reunion of the Confeder- 
ate Veterans, to be held in May at New 

This is a deserved compliment to 
Miss Helm, and one her friends every, 
where congratulate her upon. Por- 
trait painting is her specialty, and 

through this line of art, she has been 
signally honored in the South. 

The portrait of Governor Isaac 
Shelby in the Senate Chambers of Ken- 
tucky was painted by Edward C. Nock, 
and the State appropriated f 400 to him 
for it, March 1st, 1850. Henry Clay's 
portrait, full length, Andrew Jackson's 
portrait. In the House of Representa- 
tives, General George Washington's 
portrait, Daniel Boone's picture by Al- 
len, General Lafayette's portrait. 
These are all gems in oil painting. 

Treasurers of the State of Kentucky. 

1. John Logan, June 179t2 to July 1807, 15 years. 

2. David <Logan, 1807 to July 1808. 

3. John P. Thomas, 1808 to July 1818. 

4. Genl. Sam South, 1818 to July 1825. 

5. CoL James Davidson, 1S25 to 1849. 

6. Richard Wlntersmlth, appointed 1849 to 1851-1857. 

7. James Garrard, when he died, elected, 1857 to 1865. 

8. Mason Brown, appointed, 1865 to 1867. 

9. James W. Tate, elected, 1867 to 1888. 

10. Stephen Sharpe, appointed, 1888, resigned. 

11. Col. Henry Hale, appointed February 16, 1890 to 1891. 

11. Col. Henry Hale, elected August, 1891 to 1896. 

12. George W. Long (Rep.) 1896 to 1899. 

13. Hon. S. W. Hager, 1899 to 1903. 

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Department of Genealogy and History 

lo) This la a chapter of unuintl Interest, wrltton by ihm daughtor of that 
flno Jurist. Judco Jamoa. who In tho tlmo of groat lawyora, waa one of tho 
foromoat In Kontucfcy.-HEdltor tho Roglotor.) 

Edmonsons— James. 

Bp Mrs. Sarah Ellsn James Chssney. 

The surname and family of Ednion- 
stone is of Scottish origin and of very 
eminent antiquity. 

Since the reign of King David I, 
1124, the name has been recorded as 
among the land owners and nobility 
of Scotland. The lands of Riddle and 
Laudonia were granted by King David 
to a person of note, named Edmou« 
stone or Admundns, who was tho 
original ancestor of the family, and 
according to the custom the name of 
the lands was changed to Edinbourgh 
for the owner, and is so called to this 
daw. Nesbit's Scottish Heraldry, Vol. 

Sir John Edmonson was- employed 
by Robert II as commissioner and pie* 
nipotentiary in many treaties between 
Scotland and England. He married 
Isabel, widow of Douglass, and Coun- 
tess of Marrs, daughter of Robert II. 

The eldest son of this marriage 
was William and being a person of 
merit, together with his illustrious 
birth he made a fresh alliance with 
the royal family, marrying Lady Mary, 
Countess of Angus, daughter of Rob- 
ert HI. 

They fixed their residence in Stirl- 
ing county. After a time he relin- 
quished his estates' of Colloden and 
took the title of Duntreath, which his 
successors held for many generations. 

In 1513 the third William, Lord of 
Duntreath, fighting in behalf of James 
IV, fell on the field of Flodden. 

Sir James Edmonston filled many 
important offices in the reign of James 
VI. Archibald Edmonstone represent- 
ed the county of Stirling in the Parlia- 
ment which met at Edinbourgh, in 
1633, when Charles I presided in per- 
son. Archibald being a strict Presby- 
terian, strongly opposed all of that 
king's attempts to establish the Epis- 
copacy in Scotland. 

When the bill to give the right to 
name the mode of divine worship, to 
the king, was being voted for, Charles 
marked with his own pen those who 
voted against it. Lord of Duntreath 
being a zealous Presbyterian, strongly 
opposed and voted against this mea- 
sure, and he remained firm to his prin- 
ciples under all hardships and dis- 
couragements. His son was of the 
same belief and although he was mod- 
"rate and as conservative as posu 
sible his devotion to his church was 
crime enough, with those who had di- 
rection of affairs in Scotland. They 
wanted but the slightest occasion to 
harass and persecute him. 

At length a Presbyterian service 
was held on his estates, and when it 
came to his knowledge he did not re- 
port to the authorities, bis sympath- 

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ies being with the ministers. This si- 
lence was considered rebellion, where- 
upon he was thrown into prison for 
six months, and his estates confiscate 
ed, though he was finally released, as 
nothing worthy of death could be prov- 
ed against him. Shortly after this 
the Irish rebellion broke out. In 1688 
Lord Duntreath first raised an inde- 
pendent company of his tenants, and 
neighbors to defend his country from 
the invasion but later was given the 
command of Sir Robert Adair's regi 
ment. Owing to hardships it was nec- 
essary for him to undergo, he con- 
tracted an illness which resulted in 
his death. 

His last request was that his re- 
mains be taken to the ancient family 
burial place in Stratbblane church in 
Scotland, which was accordingly done. 
Among those leaving Scotland on ac- 
count of dissensions caused by differ- 
ences in religion, were Thomas Ed- 
monson and his wife, Martha Gamp- 
belle, according to tradition in one 
family, they were both of prominent 
families, he a younger son of a noble- 
man, and she a daughter of Duke of 
Argyle. They located in Pennsylva- 
nia, early in the eighteenth century, 
and together with other Scottish famil- 
ies, notably Montgomerys, Campbells, 
Buchanans and Kenedys formed an 
intelligent thriving community. There 
was established a Presbyterian church 
called the Abingdon church in 1695 
in the same county. After some years 
residence here, Thomas Edmonson re- 
moved with Mb family to Cecil county, 
Maryland, where their son William 
was born in 1724. 

When he reached manhood, he came 
to Augusta county, Va., and married 
Miss Nancv Montgomery; they settled 
on the Holston river in what is now 
Washington county, Va. In this new 
home the pioneers were largely of 
Scottish descent, with many families 
from north of Ireland, making a Pres- 

byterian community and a ministry of 
that belief was encouraged and sus- 
tained for many years, before it was 
possible to build a house of public 

I have heard my maternal grand- 
mother, Sarah Beattie Edmonson, 
who was a daughter of Captain Wil- 
liam Edmonson, say that the children 
'of her father's household were in- 
structed regularly, by a visiting min- 
ister, in the Shorter Catechism and, 
on the occasion of his visits, all of 
the colored servants were called in 
to hear his teaching. In those times 
there were few newspapers, and books 
were highly prized. Many of the cit- 
izens had enjoyed' advantages of a 
liberal education in their youth and 
were desirous of securing the same 
benefits for their children. 

A classical teacher was employed 
for years, who took pride in his pu- 
pils, and often conducted an evening 
class for those young men who wish- 
ed to pursue higher mathematics and 
surveying. Their esthetic taste, and 
appreciation of the fine arts, are at- 
tested by the fact that there still are 
preserved beautifully painted china, 
solid silver, pieces of silk and linen 
embrsidery of exquisite quality. 
Thomas Andrew and Robert Edmon- 
son, brothers of my great grandfath- 
er, located their homes near his, and 
many worthy families were welcomed 
to this fertile valley, among them 
Beatties, Gilmores, Logans, Dysarts, 
from North Ireland, at a later date 
their county was called Washington, 
and the county seat Abingdon. 

The homestead farm of Capt. Ed- 
monson was beautifully situated on 
the banks of the Holston river. 

The house, a two-story double log 
building with a wide hall running 
through the center, as my mother re- 
members it, when she visited there 
sixty years ago. The lawn descended 
to the river, several hundred yards 

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and was thickly set in natural growth 
of sugar-maples, oaks and other beau- 
tiful forest-trees. An adjoining farm 
was the home of his brother-in-law, 
William Montgomery, who, in later 
years was killed by Indians at Lo- 
gan's Fort, Lincoln County, Ky. An- 
other farm in this neighborhood was 
owned and cultivated by General 
Benjamin Logan, who married Annie 
Montgomery, and emigrated to Ken- 
tucky about 1779. 

The Shawnee Indians made fre- 
quent raids into this valley and the 
trusty rifle was never laid aside. 

A fort was necessary for the safe, 
ty of the women and children until af- 
ter the British were conquered. 

During one of these outbreaks a 
fever prevailed in the fort, and great 
suffering was endured. On the re- 
turn of the brave pioneers death had 
ended the illness of the wife of Lieu* 
tenant Edmonson, leaving several 
children, who were so unfortunate as 
to lose their remaining parent a short 
time later, in the battle of Kings 
Mountain. These children were ten- 
derly care for by their uncle, Captain 
William Edmonson. 

Upon the breaking out of hostilities 
between the Colonies and Great Brit- 
ain, the sympathies of the community 
of the Holston valley, was unanimous- 
ly for the Congress party. 

In the summer of 1780, the approach 
of the British under the command of 
Col. Ferguson to the border of North 
Carolina caused great apprehension, 
harassed as they were with Indian 

They were thoroughly aroused and 
in a time that seems incredibly short, 
they organized themselves under the 
command of Cleaveland, Campbell, and 

Armed with heavy rifles and mount- 
ed on swift horses, they were able 
to traverse the mountains of North 
Carolina with surprising success. 

William Edmonson commanded 
the first company in Col. Campbell's 
Virginia Bangers, his brother Bob- 
ert also was captain of a company in 
the same regiment. 

Two sons of my great grandfather, 
John and Samuel, enlisted in their 
father's company, and proceeded to 
the camp in North Carolina, where 
about 2,000 men assembled. Accord- 
ing to Draper, there were eight Ed- 
monsons in this compaign. 

Early in October, 1780, Cleaveland, 
Campbell and Shelby selected about a 
thousand men who were drilled to 
tight as infantTy when needed. 

Having no wagon train) to carry 
ammunition and provisions and being 
compelled to carry heavy rifles, some 
of their difficulties can be appreciated. 
I will quote from an account of the 
battle they so gloriously won, written 
by an officer of the British army, As- 
sistant Adjutant General Alexander 
Chesney. Essays in military Biogra- 
phy, by Charles Cornwallis Chesney, 
Colonel in the British army and Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel in the Royal Engineers. 
Page 323. 

"We proceed to Kings Mountain 
with the views of approaching Lord 
Cornwallis' army, and receiving sup- 
port from Charlottetown or from some 
of the detachments of his regulars. 

"By Colonel Ferguson's order, I sent 
expresses to the militia officers to join 
us here; but were attacked Oct. 7th, 
before any support , arrived, by 
fifteen hundred picked men from 
Gilbertstown on the Blue Moun- 
tain side, under the command of 
Cols. Cleaveland, Shelby and Camp- 
bell, all of whom were armed with ri- 
fles, and being well mounted, could 
move with the utmost celerity. 

"So rapid was the attack that 1 
was in the act of dismounting to re- 
port that all was quiet, when we heard 
their firing about half a mile distant. 

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1 immediately paraded the men, and 
posted the officers. 

''During this short interval, I re- 
ceived a wound, which however, did 
not prevent my doing my duty, and 
on going toward my horse, I found 
he had been killed. 

"Kings Mountain from its height 
would have enabled us to oppose a 
superior force with advantage, had it 
not been covered with wood, which 
sheltered the Americans, and enabled 
them to fight advantageously. 

"In fact, after driving in our pickets, 
they were enabled to advance in three 
divisions under separate leaders to the 
crest of the hill in perfect safety, un- 
til they took post, and opened an ir- 
regular, but destructive fire from be- 
hind cover. 

"Col. Cleaveland was first perceived 
and repulsed by a Charge made by Col. 
Ferguson's regulars; Col. Shelby came 
next, and he met a similar fate, being 
driven down the hill. Lastly, the 

afterwards, ours was also renewed 
under the supposition that they would 
give no quarter, and a dreadful havoc 
took place until the flag was sent out 
a second time, then the work of de- 
struction ceased. 

"The Americans surrounded us with 
double lines, and we grounded arms 
with the loss of one-third of our num- 
ber. I had been wounded by the 
first fire, but was so much occupied 
that 1 scarcely felt it until the action 
was over. 

"We passed the night on the spot 
where we surrendered, amid the dead 
and the groans of the dying who had 
neither surgical aid, nor water 10 
quench their thirst. Early next morn. 
\ng we marched at a rapid pace to- 
wards Gilbertstown between double 
lines of mounted Americans, the of- 
ficers in the rear were obliged to carry 
two muskets each, which was my case 
until Monday night when an ear of 
Indian corn was served to each. 1 
had the good fortune to escape one 

division under Col. Campbell, and hyW 

desire of Col. Ferguson, I presented TBWening when close to Moravian- 
a new front which opposed it with sue T town." 

cess. By this time the other Americans Kings Mountain is a far outlying 
who had been repulsed had regained spur of the Blue Mountain. The de- 

their former stations, and sheltered as 
they were, poured in a destructive 
fire. In this manner the engagement 
was maintained nearly an hour, the reb- 
els retreating, when there was a bay- 
onet charge and returning again as 
soon as the British had faced about to 
repel another of their parties. 

"Col. Ferguson was at last recog- 
nized by his gallantry, although, wear 
ing a hunting shirt, and fell, pierced 
by seven balls, at the moment he had 
killed the American Col. Williams, 
with his left hand, the right being 
useless. I had just relieved th3 
division a second time by Fergu- 
son's orders, when Capt. de Poyster 
succeeded to the command. He soon 
after sent out a flag of truce, but 
as the Americans renewed their fire 

feat and death of Col. Ferguson here 
crushed the royalist cause on the 
mountain borders of South Carolina 
entirely, and decided Cornwallis to re- 
tire from Charlottetown, and aban- 
don his inland operations in North 

By act of the Continental Congress, 
13th November, 1780, it was resolved: 

"That Congress entertain a high 
sense of the spirit action and mil- 
itary ability of Col. Campbell and the 
officers and privates of the militia un- 
der his command, displayed in the ac- 
tion of Oct. 7th, in which a complete 
victory was obtained over superio* 
numbers of the enemy advantageous- 
ly posted on Kings Mountain in North 
Carolina and that this resolution be 
published by the commanding officer 

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of the Southern army in general or* 

Capt. Robert Edmonson was killed 
while gallantly leading a charge on 
Ferguson's regulars, and young Sam- 
uel Edmonson, aged sixteen years, was 
mortally wounded, and almost every 
family in the valley mourned the death 
of some near relative. 

Margaret Edmonson, eldest daugh- 
ter of Captain William Edmonson, 
was married to John Montgomery, 
a younger brother of Mrs. Ben- 
jamin Logan, and a short time 
after accompanied her husband 
together with his father's fam. 
ily to Harrodsbnrg, Ky., remaining in 
the fort for some months; Fort Lo- 
gan not being safe at that time. 

In 1779, the Montgomery party con- 
sisting of several families removed 
to Lincoln county, where they occu- 
pied four new log cabins, built some 
distance from the fort. The newly 
married couple went to housekeeping 
in one of these cabins. Great grand- 
father had given his daughter a col- 
ored maid and everything progressed 
quietly for a few months. 

On the night of March 17th, the lit- 
tle settlement was surrounded by a 
band of Indians. Soon after daylight 
next morning, they made an attack on 
the pioneers, killing several, John 
Montgomery among others, and tak- 
ing Margaret, his young wife, and 
Mrs. Russell with her four children 
prisoners, after scalping the negro 
girl, they marched rapidly away 
through the forests. When not ob- 
served by their captors, Mrs. Russell 
and Margaret broke twigs, made im- 
pressions with their feet, and scat- 
tered bits of a handkerchief to mark 
their path. Word had been carried to 
Fort Logan by a brave young girl, 
Betsy Montgomery, and the rescue 
party commanded by Gen. Ben Logan 
lost no time in pursuing. The In- 
dians had camped near a spring on the 

first night and around the camp fire 
they displayed as trophies the scalps 
of their victims. 

Early next morning, Mrs. Russell 
and Margaret Edmonson were sent to 
the spring for water, when they heard 
the welcome sound of horsemen ad- 
vancing to their relief. 

The surprise to the Indians was 
complete, they fled at the charge of 
Logan's men, but being followed, 
swiftly by avengers, suffered heavy 
loss. One of Mrs. Russell's daugh. 
ters aged twelve years, was instant, 
ly killed by a blow from a tomahawk, 
in the hands of an Indian. Mrs. 
Montgomery found on her return to 
the fort, that her maid was recover- 
ing, and she lived to advanced age, 
but was always bald as a result of the 

John Edmonson eldest son of this 
family, was a non-commissioned offi- 
cer in his father's company in the 
various engagements during the Rev- 
olutionary War. Married his cousin, 
Margaret Montgomery, was for many 
years clerk of the court at Abingdon, 

In 1790, they came to Kentucky and 
settled on Boone Creek, and improved 
their farm, and for twenty-two years 
they enjoyed peace and prosperity. A 
son, Alexander, and two interesting 
daughters brightened their home, but 
there were distressing accounts from 
the Northwest, and at length the news 
of the atrocities committed by Indians 
as allies of the British, so wrought 
upon his brave and manly nature that 
he could enjoy his peaceful home no 
longer. Although about fifty years 
of age he rallied his friends and neigh- 
bors around him and formed a com. 

• They elected him captain of the 
first company of volunteer riflemen 
forming a part of the celebrated reg- 
iment commanded by Col. John. Al- 

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leu, who had married a near kins- 
woman of his. 

The military movements were vig- 
orous, drilling and moving to the 
scene of activity daring the summer, 
and fall months. Then ensued the 
hardships of a severe winter cam- 
paign, 181213. 

He fell in the disastrous battle of 
the River Raisin, January 22, 1813. 
A new county was formed by act of 
the Kentucky Legislature in 1825, and 
named in honor of this soldier of Colo- 
nial times, Edmonson County. 

At a later date, an act was passed 
inscribing his name on the State mon- 
ument with her heroic sons, who sac- 
rificed their lives in defense of their 

The family Bible of William Ed- 
monson printed 1756, is still careful- 
ly preserved in the family of his 
grandson, William Campbell Edmon- 
son. Robert, third son of Capt. Wil- 
liam, represented Augusta county, 
Va., and died at Richmond; and his 
bust in marble is at the capital. The 
descendants of their family are resi- 
dents of many of the Southern States. 
Thomas Edmonson was the maternal 
grandfather of John Bell, of Tennes- 
see, for many years United States 
Senator, and, in 1841, Secretary 
of War in General Harrison's 
Cabinet. In 1860 he was nominated by 
the American party for President of 
the United States. 

Gen. William Edmonson Jones, a 
graduate of West Point, in the class of 
fifty-one, was a noted soldier in the 
Civil War. His mother, Catherine E. 
Jones, was a daughter of Capt. Wil- 
liam Edmonson, and the dauntless 
courage, and soldierly devotion to a 
cause he believed just, was no doubt 
an inheritance from his grandfather, 
for whom he was named. He was a 
veteran of many hard fought strug- 
gles, and at last met his death on a 
battle field in 1863. Two great grand- 

sons, John Hall Morgan, and William 
Edmonson Morgan, were distinguished 

Capt. John Hall Morgan was grad* 
uated at the Kentucky Military Insti- 
tute, and immediately he was elected 
captain of a company of the 5th Mis- 
sissippi regiment. His was the color 
company. He was wounded at the 
battle of Belmont, and Shiloh, and sev- 
eral other engagements, and was kill- 
ed while rallying and charging his 
men at Stone River. His color bear- 
er having fallen, he seized- the flaij, 
thus making a target for the enemy. 
His body was pierced by thirteen balls. 

On the same day, his brother Wil- 
liam, was killed. I will quote from 
a letter published in the Memphis 
Evening Scimeter, "The History of a 

A letter from Gen. Boykin, of Wash- 
ington, D. C, was received inquiring 
for information concerning a Napo- 
leon gun now on the battlefield of 
Gettysburg, as an ornament inscribed 
as follows: W. E. Morgan, 13th 
Tenn. Regiment, Preston Smith's Bri- 
gade, Cheatham's Division, Panks' 

It was thought by General Boykins 
that this gun had been captured from 
the Confederates at Gettysburg, and 
the story of this inscription was da- 
sired, to which General Vaughn wrote 
in reply the following letter: 

"At the battle of Murfreesboro, or 
Stone River, Cheatam's division which 
was composed of four Tennessee bri- 
gades, captured from the Federals a 
battery of four beautiful Napoleon 

Each brigade was given a gun; on 
each gun was inscribed the name of its 
most gallant soldier who fell on that 

"At that time I was Colonel of tha 
13th Regiment, and William Edmon- 
son Morgan was Lieut. Colonel, in the 
first day's fight. I commanded the 

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brigade and Lieut. Col. Morgan the 
13th Tennessee Regiment. He was 
killed at the head of his regiment, 
when leading a desperate charge. A 
braver and more gallant officer never 
led men to battle. A patriot and a 
true type of Southern soldier. He 
was loved by all who knew him. His 
name was selected and inscribed on 
the gun." 

During the battle of Ohdckamauga, 
in an attack on our lines by Gen. 
Grant, at Missionary Ridge, this gun 
was recaptured by Gen. Grant's men, 
and it now stands as a silent sentinel, 
a proof of the heroism of both sides. 

The names of this family are found 
among the most heroic on the battle* 
field. The sons nave exhibited qual* 
ities that came to them, as their in 

In their warfare with the British 

and Indians, deeds of bravery and 
self-devotion, commands our admira- 

Hospitable and self-reliant their 
ambition was for intellectual advance- 
ment. They were among those who 
founded colleges, built churches and 
sustained good private schools in their 
community. The daughters were the 
devoted wives and mothers of many 
prominent families of the South, and 
were noted for their beauty and hos- 

This paper was written on Oct. 6, 
1896. and was read before the Socie- 
ty of Colonial Daughters of Frankfort, 
Ky., by Sarah E. James Chesney, a 
great grand daughter of Oapt. William 
Edmonson, of Virginia. 

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Bp his daughfr, Mrs. ElUabHh rati Togtor. 

A quaint paper written in 1764, U 
as follows: 

Faul, originally an inhabitant of the 
Hill, Faul, from whom a people dc 
acended, called Mac Faus, afterward 
called Mac Phall — then changed to 
Mc Fall, and now known in England 
by the name of Fall. They were a 
people very warlike; and, forming 
themselves into a clan, by constant bat- 
tles with their neighboring clans, gain* 
ed great power; and were some of the 
first that ushered in the Queen of 
Scots; on which account the Crown is 
placed at their feet, as an emblem of 
conquest and power. They were so 
mighty that the King of England de- 
clared war against them, and an edict 
was published to this effect — that they 
were destructive to his crown, and 
disturbers of his subjects' peace. 
Their fortified towns were besieged, 
and after a vigorous defense, they 
made the King submit to a treaty, 
which by treachery had like to have 
proved their ruin. For, the gates of 
the garrison being thrown open to re- 
ceive their pretended friends, the Eng- 
lish cavalry were ordered to rush in, 
and being followed by the infantry, 
a bloody slaughter ensued, till at 
length discomfiting the English, they 
retreated with great loss, and thus the 
Fans obtained the gate, and obliged 
the English to come to their own 
terms, after which they were pretty 
good neighbors. 

But when a rebellion first opened in 
Scotland, they were the people that 
had the chief hand therein, by which 
means many thousand lost their lives; 

since which, they have decreased with 
regard to power and numbers. For 
they would have the first handling 
of rebellions until the last, which 
they very prudently managed, and 
were a means of saving the lives of 
several, by advising their brethren, 
the Scotch, to make peace with the 
English; since which they are in much 
greater esteem, and are a capital peo- 
ple in sundry cities and towns in Scot- 

We have here an interesting history 
of the Isle of Jersey, published in 
1693, by Philip Falle, rector of St. 
Saviour's, in the island, Master of 
Arts of Oxford and Cambridge. But 
many of the clan appear to have con« 
eluded that abilities that had been de- 
voted to forays and wars, would be 
better employed in attention to com- 
merce; for an old paper mentioned 
"the great family of the Falls at Dun- 
bar, merchant princes in their time/' 
The Rev. James Fall (by descent th*» 
chief of his clan) was an eminent Bap- 
tist minister, at Watford in Hertford- 
shire, and one of his sermons has been 
preserved. He was so greatly be- 
loved by his congregation, that they 
laid him to rest underneath the pul- 
pit from which he had taught them for 
more than forty years. The date of 
his death is uncertain; but a letter 
addressed to him is dated in 1748. 
His son, James, married Miss Slater, 
and died young. You may have seen 
their portraits, taken in the costume 
in which they were presented at Court, 
soon after their marriage. Miss Sla- 
ter's mother came of a family which 

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had long been distinguished for learn* 
ing and piety; and two of whom had 
won honors on the sea — Admiral 
Toms, and his brother Captain Toms, 
who served for fifty years in the Roy- 
al Navy. Her brother, the Rev. Isaac 
Toms was a profound scholar, and 
able Congregationalist minister, hav- 
ing the care of one church for fifty- 
eight years — preaching until he was 
'iighty-three. Very high preferment 
was offered, and urged upon him, if 
he would conform to the Church of 
England, but he remained a dissenter. 

The eldest son of James Fall and 
Miss Slater, (also James) was a Col- 
onel in the British army, and his eld- 
est son was the late Rev. Philip 81a- 
ter Fall. 

Col. Fall had suffered in fortune, 
through a friend, and came, in 1817 to 
America, being influenced by his great 
uncle, Dr. Slater, who preceded him. 
His wife, the daughter of a clergyman 
of the Church of England, died within 
three months after their arrival in 
this country. Her son's diary, writ- 
ten at the time, speaks of her piety 
and charity, and "the charity that 
thinketh no evil ;" of her beauty, grace, 
and devotion to her husband and chil- 
dren. In three months more, her bro- 
ken-hearted husband (having pur- 
chased a good farm in Logan county, 
Ky., for his family) followed her; 
leaving eleven children, the eldest of 
whom, Philip, was eighteen years old. 

In writing upon a subject that is 
very near the heart, there is danger 
of saying more than good taste would 
warrant, but you may care to hear 
something of two long lives that, in a 
degree, influenced two generations. 
At twenty-two years of age, Mr. Fall 
was married to Miss Anne Apperson 
Bacon, to whom he was devoted dur- 
ing the remaining sixty-seven years 
of her life. Both had been born to 
fortune, both had been disappointed 
in their patrimony. But they had 

youth, and an earnest desire to be of 
use in the world; tastes and aims so 
congenial, that it is impossible to con- 
sider them separately. With his an- 
tecedents it was natural that Mr. Fall 
should be either a soldier or an am- 
bassador of the Prince of Peace; and 
perhaps he was both. Left an orphan, 
with heavy responsibility, there lay 
before him a warfare that required 
the faith and the courage of his fa- 
thers, unrecorded battles, such as the 
world sometimes offers. Before his 
marriage, he had been ordained a 
minister in the Baptist Church of 
Franklin county; within a few years, 
he undertook, in addition, a school in 
Louisville, which he ever remembered 
with sincere pleasure. Then he was 
called to the Baptist Church in Nash- 
ville, which understood his opinions of 
Mr. Campbell's views, as being in ac- 
cord with their own. The congrega- 
tion being small, he had leisure for 
teaching, in which he delighted, and 
resided there for seven years. His 
health suffering, he came in 1832 to a 
farm he had purchased near Frank- 
fort, and opened a school, bringing 
with him several of his Nashville pu- 
pils. The Christian Church, which 
then consisted of seven members, de- 
sired him to preach for it, which he 
did for about twenty years. 

Both he and Mrs. Fall were emi- 
nently fitted for having charge of 
young ladies, by sympathy with them, 
and by love of literary pursuits, and 
they were thus engaged for so long a 
period, that many children of those 
whom they had taught, were placed in 
their care. Other duties forbade 
Mrs. Fall any share in teaching, ex- 
cept in the art of reading aloud, in 
which she excelled, and which was 
then considered important. But their 
pupils owed much to her lofty tone of 
mind, her example of rare courage 
and self-command, her taste for the 
best authors, as well as her regard for 

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the domestic virtues. She remarked 
to a young heiress from Booth Caro- 
lina, "now before you leave school, 
you must cut and make a dress." Per* 
ceiving a shade of reluctance, she said 
kindly, "my dear, there iB no necessity 
now for your doing it, but you do not 
know what reverses you may meet." 
She made the dress and wore it. 
Many years after, she said to a circle 
of ladies in Mrs. Tubman's parlor in 
Augusta, "before the war, our in- 
come was fifteen thousand dollars, and 
we spent it. Since my husband's 
death we have had fifteen hundred, 
and have lived on it. But whatever 
I am as a practical woman, I owe (lay- 
ing her hand on Mrs. Fall's) to my 
mother here." In all Mr. Fall's la- 
bors, in the trials that must beset 
every path, she was his strength and 
comforter, her fortitude never failing. 
In instructing those for whose welfare 
they felt such anxiety, they did not 
claim to be infallible, or uniformly 
successful, but many noble women 
have borne testimony to their fidelity. 
We were never influenced to adopt 
the tenets of any one church, but were 
required to study the Bible, to memo- 
rize portions of it; were taught that 
we must continue the education of 
which only the foundation had been 
laid; were taught that for the use of 
any talent or any gift, we should be 
held accountable by our Maker. Mr. 
Fall's quick insight enabled him to de- 
termine promptly whether a pupil 
needed to be brightened by encour- 
agement, guided, appealed to in kind- 
ness, or controlled by the strong hand 
A gentleman wrote to him, "I have a 
daughter, my only child. Her mother 
is dead; her friends can not manage 
her, her teachers can not, nor can 1. 
Will you take her?" Being a brave 
man, he consented, and for some time, 
there was no evidence of ill temper. 
At length, hearkening to her perverse 
demon, she rebelled. But his firm- 

ness subdued and conquered her, and 
she became a good and useful woman 

His greatest work as a preacher was 
done in Nashville. Mr. Ferguson, bril- 
liant, eloquent and beloved, having be- 
come infected with spiritualism, the 
elders of the church requested him to 
resign. They then (in 1857) wrote to 
Mr. Fall, calling him to the vacant pul- 
pit, saying: "While we know it to be 
wrong to trust to an arm of flesh, we 
believe that, so far as human means 
go, you are the one person who can 
save the church." His efforts were 
greatly blessed; those who had clung 
to Ferguson returning one by one to 
their allegiance to the church. 

Wisdom and tact harmonized all 
parties, Mrs. Fall aiding him in this 
as in all else, winning the hearts of 
the old and young, making firm 
friends. The Civil War came on and 
they visited the sick, ministered to the 
needy prisoners, comforted the dying, 
all the more diligently because their 
own gallant boy had fallen at Fort 
Donelson. They were candid in ex- 
pressing their devotion to the South- 
ern cause, that had cost them so much, 
but were not molested as were many 
of the citizens of Nashville. This may 
have resulted from the fact that, 
when ordered to take the oath or go 
South, Mr. Fall said to the authori- 
ties: "If the oath I have taken (in or- 
der to become a voter) iB not sufficient, 
1 prefer to remain a British subject." 

He was the only prominent Protest- 
ant minister remaining dn the city 
whom Governor Johnson had not con- 
fined in the penitentiary, that being 
the political prison, so that upon him 
fell "the care of all the churches." 

When Dr. Quintard consulted him 
upon going as chaplain to the First 
Tennessee Regiment, Mr. Fall ended 
the conference, saying: "Well, you 
go and take care of the boys, and I'll 

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stay and take care of the women and 

It devolved upon him to visit their 
sick and sorrowing and to bury their 
dead, and, so sympathizing was he 
that, after the release and return of 
their own beloved pastors, (with whom 
he held the happiest relations) they 
continued to send for him in illness. 

When preaching, he seemed to for- 
get the turmoil of the times. After 
the battle at Stone river, all the 
churches were needed for use of the 
wounded. But a number of citizens 
who were Union men petitioned the 
General commanding, that his church 
might be restored to him as soon as 
possible, for they believed his teach- 
ing would do more to promote order 
than bayonets could do. (General Gar- 
field wrote him a letter at this time 
which is still in the family.) When, 
however, an order was issued to all 
ministers of the Gospel, ordering them 
to give thanks publicly on the follow- 
ing Sunday for the cruel death of 
General John Morgan, the renowned 
cavalry chief, he said, before going to 
church: "I'll render unto Caesar the 
things that are Caesar's, but no man 
shall dictate to me my course in the 

He was frequently consulted as to 
questions of finance or discipline in 
various congregations of the city, 
preaching occasionally with as much 
enjoyment as he had in being Rev. 
Dr. Blaney's "supply." (Sometimes to 
the pulpit of the First Presbyterian 
church of Frankfort.) 

At length, (finding the outer man 
failing in strength), the church contin- 
uing happy and prosperous, he left 
it in good hands and returned to his 
Kentucky home, being called to Nash- 
ville whenever he was needed there 

Of the love and reverence and great 

kindness that blessed the latter years 
of Mr. Fall's life, none need to be 
told, and words would fail me in the 
telling. Those to whom he was most 
dear can never forget how all Frank- 
fort honored him. (A quiet, pleasant 
home was bought and presented to him 
by loving citizens, where he spent the 
evening of his life, and from which his 
spirit took its flight to heaven, leav- 
ing his beautiful blessing upon the 
little capital that had so loved and 
honored and cared for him, in return 
for the blessing and distinction he 
had given it). 

After seven years of martyrdom, 
most heroically endured, Mrs. Fall 
had her release two years before 
his death. At the age of nine- 
ty-two, he was called to join her and 
thankfully obeyed the summons, and, 
his departure reminded one of the 
setting sun, shining clear and bright, 
declining gently until we could see his 
face no more. 

Of ten children, but two survive, 
Mrs. Edmund H. Taylor (whose chil- 
dren are Philip Fall, Sallie Jouett, 
married to Dr. James, and Edmund 
Haynes), and William Ware, whose 
children are Albert Bacon (Justice of 
the court of New Mexico), Philip Sla- 
ter, and Catharine, married to Horace 
Ropes. The children of Albert and 
Emma (Morgan) Fall, are John Mor> 
gan, Alexina and Caroline. 


Jan. 2, 1896. 


Mrs. Elizabeth Fall Taylor, the au» 
thor of this paper, (read before the 
Society of "Colonial Daughters," in 
1896), was one of the most cultured 
and accomplished ladies that ever 
adorned the society of Frankfort. She 
died in Atlanta, Ga., May 11th, 1899. 

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Governor James Garrard. 

In the county of Bourbon, Ky., near 
its county seat, Paris, may still be 
seen the quaint old fashioned home of 
Governor Garrard, who succeed- 
ed Governor Isaac Shelby in 1796, as 
Governor of Kentucky, and who, by 
successive election became his own 
successor in the Gubernatorial chair, 
filling two terms, from 1796 to 1804. 
He was born in Stafford county, Vir- 
ginia, January 14, 1749. He was a 
Revolutionary soldier, and member of 
the Virginia Legislature afterward, 
and it is said, "to him more than to 
any other individual were the people 
of that time indebted, for the passage 
of the act, conferring universal relig- 
ious liberty." He shared the perils 
and dangers of an early emigrant to 
Ky. He married in Virginia, Mies 
Elizabeth Montjoy, and brought her 
to Kentucky, "in a coach and four." 
The family portraits of this worthy 
pair, painted by Jouett, represent 
them as very handsome people. Gov- 
ernor Garrard was of Huguenot ances- 
try, and perhaps <to this stern and 
dauntless ancestry, he wae indebted 
for the superior wisdom and prudence 
which characterised him as a Chris- 
tian gentleman, and public official. In 
every act of his life, in private and 
in public life he seemed to set before 
himself, first, "the mark of the high 
calling" of a professed follower of 
Christ. Living up to this ideal, it is 
no wonder he won the confidence of 
the people as a model gentleman with 
few equals among the splendid soldier- 
ly men of his time. 

The county of Garrard was named 
for him, in honor of has distinguish* 
ed services for the State at its form- 

ing, and his ability in quieting many 
of the unpleasant embryo difficulties 
that might have resulted disastrous- 
ly to the young State, if allowed de- 
velopment in its beginning. He was 
the first Governor to occupy the pres- 
ent executive mansion, which was 
built in 1797. He dispensed, we have 
learned, a generous hospitality there, 
and inaugurated its time honored 
levees. WJien his last term of office 
expired in 1804, he retired to his own 
residence, Mount Lebanon in Bour- 
bon county. He was greatly belove4 
by his family and friends, and dis- 
charged every duty to family, neigh- 
bor and friend with beautiful courtesy 
and kindness. He died at his resi- 
dence, January 19th, 1822, in the sev- 
enty-fourth year of bis age. From 
the family Bible we have the follow- 
ing data of Governor James Garrard 
and his wife, Elisabeth Montjoy. 
James Garrard, born July 14, 1749, 
Elisabeth Montjoy, his wife, born 
May 2d 1751. Married Dec. 20, 1769. 

Children of Governor and Mrs. 
James Garrard: William, James,. 
John, Mary, John 2nd, Daniel, Elis- 
abeth Montjoy, Nancy, Ann Eleanor, 
Peggy, Maria, and Sarah. 


James Garrard and Nancy Lewis 
were married Oct 10th, 1793. 

John Edwards, Jr., and Mary Gar* 
rard married July 6th, 1794. 

John Garrard and Mary Shipp were 
married May 25th, 1805. 

Isham Talbott and Peggy Garrard 
married January 24th, 1804. 

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Daniel Garrard and Lacy Tomlin 
married February 20th, 1808. 

Thos. W. Hawkins and Ann Elean- 
or Garrard married March 20th, 1803. 

Jas. J. Brooks and Elizabeth Mont- 
joy Garrard married May 9th, 1810. 

Peter Dudley and Maria Garrard 
married Nov. 15th, 1815. 

William Garrard and Suaanah Pears 
married January 20th, 1818. 

On the following page is a picture 
of Mt. Lebanon, the historic old home 
of Governor Garrard, with appended 
sketch of it from a Paris newspaper 
published some years ago. 


Two miles from Paris, on a breeze- 
swept knoll commanding an extensive 
view of the surrounding country, and 
embowered in giant oaks, catalpas 
and other spreading "monarchs of the 
woods," stands an old stone mansion, 
the old home of Governor James Gar- 
rard, which bears the unique distinc- 
tion of having been built by a future 
Governor of Kentucky for the resi« 
dence of a man who became distin- 
guished as having been twice elected 
to the Chief Magistracy of the State. 
Governor Thos. Metcalfe, familiarly 
known as "Old Stone Hammer," was 
the builder, and Gov. Jas. Garrard the 
owner and occupant, in 1785. 

This famous old residence, a view of 
which is here presented, is a cool, 
comfortable, two-story stone struc- 
ture, with walls eighteen inches thick, 
and as solidly built as a fortress. 
With the exception of the gable and 
portico, it is unchanged since the days 
of its pioneer owner. At one corner 
springs an immense cherry tree, eight 
feet in circumference, with huge out- 
spreading branches. From this tree 
twenty bushels of cherries were gath- 
ered this season. A giant catalpa 
tree on the lawn gave the name to 
Talbot Broa.' famous runner, "Catal- 

pa," which made a mark in racing cir- 
cles some years ago. The interior is 
finished in hardwood, even to the raft- 
ers, is restful to the eye and is sugges- 
tive of comfort and ease. A wide 
lawn, dotted with shrubbery and 
trees, spreads out in front, over- 
looking a stretch of country as beau- 
tiful as the eye of man ever gazed up- 
on.' In the distance flows the waters 
of Stonor Creek. Within easy dis- 
tance is an old landmark — Coulthard's 
mill. In the middle distance, in a 
state of semi-ruin, stands the old 
stone residence, "Fairfield," former 
home of Gen. Jas. Garrard, second son 
of the old Governor. 

"Mt. Lebanon," as the old place was 
named by its owner, is now the home 
of Wm. Garrard Talbot and T. Hart 
Talbot, great grandsons of Gov. Gar- 
rard. The estate embraces 400 acres 
of beautiful woodland and pasture- 
land, and has been converted into a 
model stock farm. Here were bred the 
thoroughbreds Eberhardt, Ocean 
Wave, John Bright, Catalpa, Miss 
Hawkins, Leaflet, Lufra, Liera, Bright 
Light, Perkins, and many others well 
known to the turf. Within the his- 
toric old walls, Mr. Wm. Garrard Tal- 
bot and his charming wife, nee Miss 
Annie Thomas, are host and hostess, 
master and mistress and dispensers 
of true hospitality. 

This old homestead has a historic- 
al value aside from its connection 
with the home-life of Gov. Garrard. 
In it the first session of court in Bour- 
bon county was held, on Tuesday, 
May, 16, 1786, one hundred and thir- 
teen years ago. The first book of the 
court, in which is recorded the pro- 
ceedings of that august body, is still 
in existence in the County Clerk's of- 
fice. At this session John Edwards 
was appointed county clerk; Benj. 
Harrison (for whom Harrison county 
was named), sheriff ; and Jas. Garrard, 
then Justice of the Peace, was appoint- 

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ed countty surveyor. The appoint- 
ments were subsequently confirmed 
by the Government of the Colony of 
Virginia, of which Kentucky was a 
part. John Allen was admitted to the 
practice of law, being the first attor- 
ney to be admitted in the county. 
John Edwards, the clerk, was the first 
United States Senator from Kentucky 
upon its admission into the Union. 

Gov. Garrard was born in Stafford 
county, Va., on January 14, 1794. He 
served as Colonel in the State mili- 
tia of Stafford county during the Rev- 
olutionary War, and was afterwards 
elected to the Virginia Legislature, 
where he was a staunch supporter of 
the bill to establish universal relig- 
ious liberty. In 1783 he removed to 
this county, where, in 1785, he built 
"Mt. Lebanon." He at once became 
prominently identified with the 
public affairs of -the county. Short- 
ly after his settlement in this 
county, he was ordained to the 
Baptist ministry, having embraced 
that faith in Virginia, and was 
tor a time pastor of the Coop- 
er's Run church, in the immediate vi- 
cinity of his home. In 1792 he was a 
member of the convention which met 
in Danville to form a Constitution for 
the State, and was* several times rep- 
resentative in the Legislature. In 
1790 he was a member of the commit- 
tee to lay off what is now Paris, then 
called "Hopewell." Gov. Garrard 
moved that the name be changed to 
"Paris," and his motion was adopted. 
In 1796 he was elected Governor end 
was re-elected in 1800, the only in- 
stance in the history of the State 
where a Governor served two terms. 
Besides these, he filled other offices 
of trust and responsibility, with honor 
and credit to himself and to the peo- 
ple whom he represented. He was a 
man of great practical usefulness. 
His death occurred at "Mt. Lebanon'' 
on January 19, 1882, in his seventy- 

fourth year. He was sicerely mourned 
not only by the people of the county, 
but by those of the whole State. 

Gov. Garrard remains repose under 
a marble box tomb in a burial plot 
in the rear of the house. A neat stone 
wall encloses the grounds. By his side 
lie his wife and daughter. A monu- 
ment erected by the State of Ken- 
tucky at his grave bears witness to 
his worth in the following inscription, 
which covers all four sides* of the 
die: "THIS MARBLE consecrates 
the spot on which repose the mortal 
remains of COLONEL JAS. GAR- 
RARD, and records a brief memorial 
of his virtues and his worth. He was 
born in the county of Stafford in the 
Colony of Virginia on the 14th day of 
January, 1849; on attaining the ago 
of manhood, he participated with the 
patriots of the day in the dangers and 
privations incident to the glorious and 
successful contest which terminated 
in the independence and happiness of 
our country. ENDEARED to his 
family, his friends, and to society by 
the practice of the social virtues of 
Husband, Father, Friend and Neigh- 
bor; honored by his country by fre- 
quent calls to represent her dearest 
interests in her Legislative Councils; 
and finally by two elections to fill the 
chair of the Chief Magistracy of the 
State, a trust of the highest confi- 
dence and deepest interest to a free 
community of virtuous men profess- 
ing equal rights and governed by 
equal laws; a trust which for eight 
successive years he fulfilled with that 
energy, rigor, and impartiality which, 
tempered with Christian spirit of God- 
like mercy and charity for the faults 
of men, is best calculated to perpet- 
uate the inestimable blessing of Gov- 
ernment and happiness of man. An 
administration which received its 
best reward below, the approbation 
of an enlightened and grateful coun- 
try, by whose voice, expressed by a 

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resolution of General Assembly, in ants that the movement was aband- 

December, 1822, THIS MONUMENT oned, and in this quiet corner of the 

of departed worth and grateful sense place he so loved, his dust lies undis- 

of public service was erected and is turbed. 

inscribed." u Mt. Lebanon" is in a remarkable 

Several years ago an effort was state of preservation, and stands as 

made to have the remains moved to a monument of Kentucky's pioneer 

the State Cemetery at Frankfort, days, when men built wisely and well, 

where so many of the State's distin- and for the benefit of coming genera- 

guished dead lie, but it was so strenu- tions. 
ouely opposed by the living descend- 

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Governor Christopher Greenup. 

On a grassy bank of the Kentucky 
river, at the western end of Broad- 
way, Frankfort, on the south side of 
the trestle of the Louisville & Nash- 
ville Railroad, there is standing the 
old-fashioned mansion of Governor 
Greenup. (In his will, written in 
1817, and probated in May, 1818, he 
mentions this lot on Broadway). He 
was the third Governor of Kentucky, 
and succeeded Governor James Gar* 
rard, who served two terms. Govern* 
or Greenup was a Virginian and a 
Revolutionary soldier. lie brought 
to Kentucky not only his distinction 
as a brave and manly warrior in "the 
times that tried men's souls," but al- 
so bis experience in Indian warfare, 
and the management of this crafty 
foe who was still lurking in the cane 
and cedars about the hills of the lit- 
tle capital. In 1793, he was sworn 
in as an attoraey-at-law in the old 
Court for the District of Kentucky, 
and, in 1792, was one of the two men 
from Kentucky sent to Congress. In 
1797, his term having expired, he be- 
came Clerk of the Senate of the Leg* 
islature of Kentucky, and held this 
position until a short time before his 
election to the high office of Gov- 
ernor of Kentucky in 1804. History 
tells us that for four years he dis- 
charged the duties of his high office 
with honor and credit both to himself 
and the State over which he presid- 

It was during his administration 
that Aaron Burr was tried for "high 
misdemeanor in organizing from 
within the jurisdiction of the United 
States a military expedition against 
Mexico, a friendly power." Colonel 

Joseph Daviess, United States Attor- 
ney, "moves for process to compel 
Aaron Burr to attend and answer to 
the charge." Though guilty, the 
grand jury returned, "Not a true bill." 
Governor Greenup held himself aloof 
from these distressing difficulties, we 
are informed, and thus preserved the 
peace in the midst of sensation and 
excitement incident to Burr's arrest 
and trial, and Judge Sebastian's con- 
viction before the Legislature of Ken- 
tucky of receiving, while on the Su- 
preme Bench, a Spanish pension of 
|2,000 a year. Prompt, assiduous 
and faithful in the labors which 
claimed his own personal attention 
as Governor, he required the same of 
all who were under his immediate con- 
trol and influence. A circumstance 
occurred while he was in office which 
forcibly illustrates the character of 
Governor Greenup as a man of a high 
sense of justice. Before the resigna- 
tion of Judge Muter as one of the 
judges of the "Court of Appeals," 
it was known that, though a correct 
and honest man, he had become super- 
annuated. Owing to this fact, he was 
induced to resign his seat, with a 
promise that a pension should be al- 
lowed him during the remainder of his 
life, in consideration of his public 
services. The Legislature accordingly 
granted him a small pension and after- 
ward repealed the act. Governor 
Greenup, however, esteeming it an 
act of injustice to Judge Muter, and 
a breach of public faith, with a de- 
gree of decision and high moral cour- 
age worthy of himself and his fame, 
interposed his constitutional Deroga- 
tive and vetoed the bill. (Collins' 

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Hist, of Ky., 2d Vol., p. 304.) When 
he left the gubernatorial mansion in 
1808, he retired to the modest house 
on the bank of the river, referred to 
in the beginning of this chapter. Lit- 
tle is known of his wife, Mrs. Mary 
Catherine Greenup, who must have 
died some time previous to his death, 
as she is not mentioned in his will. 
Her kindred were the Peytons and 
Lucketts and Hunters, all coming 
from Virginia and settling in Ken- 
tucky, some of them in Frankfort, and 
their descendants are with us to-day. 
Mrs. Greenup's name is not mentioned 
in history in connection with her dis- 
tinguished husband, an omission from 
pioneer history very much to be re- 

Major Robert Gamble, of Tallahaa- 
see, Florida, a few years ago, wrote 
us: "We have several interesting 
mementoes of our Greenup ancestors, 
among them a ring given to my grand- 
mother Greenup by Mrs. President 
Washington, containing locks of hair 
from the heads of Mrs. Washington, 
Eleanor Custis, Major Henry Lewis 
and Lawrence Washington. A com- 
panion ring, with a lock of General 

Washington's hair, was lost or stolen 
during an alarm of fire." From this 
note, we see the high position of the 
Green ups> among their kindred and 
friends in Virginia. 

Governor Greenup was born in 
Virginia in 1750, and died at Blue 
Lick Springs (whence he had gone for 
his health) on April 27, 1818. He is 
buried in the State lot of the cemetery 
at Frankfort, Kentucky. In his will, 
he does not mention Ms wife. It is 
thought she died some years prior to 
his death. The names of his children 
'were: — 

1. Wilson P., 

2. Christopher, 

3. Nancy, who married John G. 

4. Susan, who married Craven P. 

5. Charlotte Greenup, 

6. L ucet ta P. Greenup. 

These are the only children named 
in the will of Governor Christopher 

Ex'ors. of the will of C. Greenup. 

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Design for Goebel Monument is Selected on Certain 


Work of Sculptor Marrtitti. of Now Yor*, is froforrod by Commit U*. 

The Goebel Monument Commission 
held a meeting April 8th, in the Ken- 
tucky State Historical rooms, and 
practically decided to accept a de- 
sign offered by Adams & Bon, of Lex- 
ington, representing the work of Mar. 
reitti, the famous New York sculp- 
tor, for a monument of the late Gov. 
Wm. Goebel. The commission de- 
sired a few changes from the design 
submitted, and appointed a committee 

consisting of Senator McCreary, Louis 
McQuown and Arthur Goebel to ac- 
cept the design if the changes are 

The following are the members of 
the commission: James B. McCreary, 
Louis McQuown, Gov. J. C. W. Beck- 
ham, David R. Murray, E. E. Hume, 
Mrs. C. C. McChord, Mrs. Ed. Fennell, 
Mrs. Chas. M. Lewis and Miss Sally 

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(This department is open to all sub- 

Can you give us» any information or 
Ruth Boone, who was born in North 
Carolina in 1769; was married to Plu- 
right Sisk in April, 1790, at Boones- 
boro? Who was her father and moth- 
er? Did they live at Boonesboro, Ky., 
also? — R. B. E. 

Can you give us any information of 
the Haggin family that once lived 
in Frankfort, Ky.? Were they re- 
lated to James Haggin, the million- 
aire of California? and, if so, will 
you tell us the name of the father of 
tbat family?— O. B. 

Can you tell us anything of the 
Dean family? I am searching for 
William Dean. It is a tradition in our 
family that my great grandfather, 
William Dean, was in the Revolution- 
ary War in Virginia and, after the 
close of the war, went to Kentucky 
and settled in Frankfort; was there in 
1800 with Philip Nolan.— Effle Dean. 

Can you tell us if Florence Crit- 
tenden, of Colorado, whose father 
built a hospital in New York to her 
memory, was a niece of John J. Crit- 
tenden of Kentucky?— Elsie Moore. 

Is there a family of high position 
and wealth living in Frankfort or in 
that vicinity by the name of Tisdale? 
It is said they moved from Virginia 
to Kentucky and settled in or near 
Prankfort about 1812. The father, 
who was Henry Tisdale, was in the 
Revolutionary War. Is there in 

your Society a list of Revolutionary 
soldiers, or in the land office? Could 
I get official proof of the service of 
Henry Tisdale in the Revolution?— 
W. Y. 

Ha*e you a picture of William 
Hickman in the historical gallery? 
and one of John, the chaplain 
in General Washington's command? 
They were the first two great Baptist 
preachers in Kentucky and are buried 
out on Elkhorn somewhere. — Uano 

Information is desired as to the an- 
cestry of Margaret McWilliains 
(called Peggy), born Feb. 28, 1781, and 
married Daniel Maupin, of Madison 
county, Ky., June 10, 1805. 

Can any one give information about 
Daniel Crews, who is mentioned in 
Collins' History of Kentucky as being 
a delegate to the Convention of Sep- 
tember, 1787, which met in Danville, 
Ky. Who were his parents, and who 
did he marry? H. D. S. 

Information is also desired of one 
Moses Phillips, a Revolutionary sol- 
dier He lived to an advanced age in 
Danville, Ky., and I presume died and 
was buried there. He had several 
sons; one, John, moved to Middle 
Tennessee. He had one daughter, 
Lucy. Information is also wanted 
about his wife or any of their des- 
cendants. From what State did he 
come, and when did he enlist in the 
Continental army. 

Regent D. A. R. of Kentucky. 

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List of Portraits, Pictures, Etc., in the Kentucky State 

Historical Society's Rooms. 

Portrait*— Governor® Letcher, Met- 
calfe, Powell Blackburn. 

Photographs— Madison, Crittenden, 

Pastel — Governor William Goebel. 

Paintings — Mazeppa (loaned); Czar 
and Czarina of Russia, 1864; three 
large paintings presented to Ken- 
tucky by patriotic citizens of Phila- 
delphia in 1892, in memory of her en- 
trance into the Union in 1792. Re- 
ceived in the old State House in Phil- 
adelphia, June, 1792. Painting of 
Henry Clay in Paris, taken after the 
Treaty of Ghent. 

Pictures of General James Wilkin- 
son, General James Taylor, of New- 
port. Ky.; General and Mrs. George 
Washington; Theodore O'Hara, poet; 
Henry T. Stanton, poet; Col. J. Stod- 
dard Johnston, General Peter Dud- 
ley, William T. Barry, Benjamin 
Franklin, Henry Clay (bust), William 
L. Crittenden. 

Portraits — Richard L. Collins, Si- 
mon Kenton. 

Pictures— Copy of Chester Hard- 
ing's portrait of Daniel Boone, copy 
of J. J. Audubon's portrait of Daniel 
Boone, Daniel Boone's stone house in 

Wator colors — Peeping thro* the 
Fence, A Kentucky Woodland, Beside 
the River, The Yule Log, The Ken- 
tucky Cardinal, The Empress Jose- 

"Cutting their Names on the Tree," 
painting in oil. Fine picture in India 
ink of Mr. W. W. Longmoor, Clork 
of the Court of Appeals, 1890. Two 
cases of shells; specimens of Ken- 

tucky ores in all parts of the State; 
bank bills of the first banks in Ken- 
tucky; old coins, Confederate money, 
diaries, old letters and maps, sheriffs 
book, Governor Shelby's roster of his 
officers in 1812. 

Portrait of Daniel Boone, painted 
by Miss Chesney, loaned by Mrs. Jen- 
nie C. Morton. 

Bust of Governor Beriah Magoffin; 
marble bust of Governor Conway; 
picture of Daniel Boone and the Indi- 
an Chief in battle; picture of Chapman 
Todd; Mrs. T. L. Jones, president of 
the Ladies' Branch of the Kentucky 
Historical Society when reorganized in 

Photograph of John G. Carlisle, (life 

Portrait of Christopher Graham, 
correspondent of Lord Byron. 

Portrait of William Lucky, Poet. 

Painting of the "Lost Cause." Loaned 
by Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. 

Picture of the Old Bridge over the 
Kentucky River, built in 1847. 

The pillars of this bridge, with the 
exception of one, were built by Gov- 
ernor Metcalfe, after his return from 
the War of 1812. When, in 1894, the 
present cantilever bridge was erected, 
these pillars could only be removed 
from the river by dynamite, such was 
the excellent masonry of the work. 
This picture of the old bridge was 
loaned by Lecompte, Gayle & Co., of 
Frankfort. Ky. 

Curios and Pictures in the Cabinet. 

A letter to James B. McCreary in 
1880, inclosing a Continental check for 
seven dollars in 1778, which was a por 

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tion of the wages due William Mer- 
iwether, a soldier of the Revolution, 
father of the undersigned. 

(This letter is framed.) 


This letter was found among the 
scattering of the Taylor soldiers 
in the Executive building. It would 
bring a fortune, if sold, in Boston or 
New York. It is perhaps the only 
such check for Continental money in 

Picture of Colonel Ambrose Dudley, 
Frankfort, Ky. 

Picture of Colonel R. T. Durrett, 
Louisville, Ky. 

Picture of Martha Waahington, old* 
fashioned water-color, witji pieces of 
her dresses worn during the last ad- 
ministration of General Washington, 
placed around the picture under glass. 

Mrs. Ellen Chinn Conway. Photo- 

Win. Hickman, the great pioneer 
Baptist preacher. 

The cedar bugle of Captain Robert 
Collins, used during the War of 1812- 
15. Loaned by Mrs. Mayhall. 

Mr. and Mrs. Doll, century-old dolls 
Curios given by Mrs. Winston. 

Solid silver water set. 

Daniel Boone's rifle and powder 
horn, used in 1769. 

A cast of Daniel Boone's skull, made 
when his remains were brought to 
Frankfort for interment in 1845. 

Tea caddy from Japan, 170 years 

Photograph of Bishop Smith. 
A gourd fiddle, made by an early 
settler, and used for many years, was 

presented to Mr. W. W. Longmoor, 
when elected Clerk of the Court of 
Appeals in 1890, and is loaned to the 
Society by Mrs. W. W. Longmoor. It 
is a curio of musical interest. 

China tea pot, coffee pot and jar 
of date Henry VIII, when the seal of 
the noble familes was ordered to be 
placed on all the china used by them. 
This is spoad china, and is given by 
Miss Sally Jackson. 

A butter dish used on Gov. Garrard 
table when he moved to the mansion 
in 1798, then a small plain brick house 
in a square of forest trees, donated to 
the State. Subject to recall by the 
heirs of the donors, under certain con- 
ditions named in the deed. 

Holland blue plate, nearly 300 years 
old, loaned by Mrs. George W. Lewis. 

Sevres plate from LaFontainebleau — 
1646— contributed by Mrs. Laura Tor- 
rence. Also a spoad plate from Lon- 
don by Mrs. Laura Torrence. 

Teacup and saucer of the first set 
of china brought over the mountains 
from Virginia by McBride in 1775. 
Loaned by Mrs. Martha Reid. 

RaTe cups and saucers from China, 
Japan, Paris, London and Vienna. 

Pewter charges, 200 years old. 

Spinnet, the first one brought into 

War implements — rifles, swords and 
pistols — and flags of the Civil and 
Spanish Wars. One flag of the War 
of 1812-15, a guidon, framed. 

Stones used on the track of the 
railroad from Frankfort to Lexington, 

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CapU Ed. Tarter Thompson. 

It is with deep regret that we record 
in this number of the Register the 
death of our friend and neighbor, Cap* 
tain Ed. Porter Thompson. He had 
long been known to the State as a 
gallant Confederate officer, as Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction, as 
State Librarian, as the author of that 
most valuable record of the Confeder- 
ates of Kentucky, "History of the Or- 
phan Brigade," and other books of a 
historical character, and as custodian 
of the State Buildings. It was while 
in the last office we came to know him 
best and to esteem him as one of the 
kindest, gentlest and most courteous 
officials the State has ever had. Be- 
ing a member of the Kentucky State 
Historical Society, he was ever ready 
to assist us in everything that per- 
tained to the welfare and success of 
the Society. As a department of the 
State, the rooms came under his care 
and he was always attentive and 
obliging. When the Register was 
founded, he promptly acceded to the 
request that he should be a contribu- 
tor to its pages, and prepared his first 
article, "The first railroad west of the 
Alleghenies," with illustrations, which 
appeared in the January number. 
This was to be followed by a second, 
but the kind hand, "with the pen of 
the ready writer," has been folded in 
the unbroken clasp of death, and the 
generous, prolific pen will no more 
send out its valuable intelligence to 
the world. Brave, energetic and faith* 
ful to his task as compiler of Confed- 

erate records, he was at his desk writ- 
ing and examining papers when strick- 
en ill. in his feverish sleep, he was 
at work trying to finish his task. Sud- 
denly his years of ill health and inces- 
sant labor closed in death and the 
rest that remaineth for the people of 
God was his. As public official, auth- 
or and soldier, he was laid away in our 
cemetery. In his honor, the flag on 
the Capitol was at half-mast, and the 
State offices were closed to allow all 
the public officials to pay respect to 
the remains of the wounded soldier, 
who, though gashed with Bhot and 
sabre, in the "Lost Cause," gallantly 
fought the battle of life to the last. 
He sleeps well where, now— 

"The muffled drum's sad roll has beat 

The soldier's last tattoo. 
No more on life's parade shall meet 

That brave and fallen few. 
Nor shall their glory be forgot, 

While fame her record keeps, 
Or honor points the hallowed spot, 

Where valor proudly sleeps." 

Captain Thompson was the son of 
Lewis M. Thompson, a Virginian, and 
was a descendant of William Jennings. 
He was born in Metcalfe county, Ky., 
May 6, 1834; died at his home on Shel- 
by street, Frankfort, Ky., March 3, 
1903. Married April 22, 1858, Miss 
Marcel la Thompson. Two children 
survive him — Louis Thompson and 
Miss Katherine Thompson. 

We append this beautiful tribute to 
him from the New Capitol: 

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No formal introduction is necessary. 
As soldier, lawyer, student, author, 
he has made history and written his- 

English, as well as American writ* 
ers, have pronounced the Orphan Bri- 
gade the grandest body of men known 
to the annals of war. When the old 
Commonwealth wanted her choice bri. 
gade marshalled on Fames Eternal 
Oampiug Ground in imperishable rec- 
ords, the master hand of Ed. Porter 
Thompson was assigned to the grate- 
ful duty. When, last winter, it was 
determined that the muster rolls of 
all Kentucky Confederates from what- 
ever State they may have enlisted, 
should be woven into a still more am- 
bitious volume, only one name was 
mentioned as capable of the herculean 
task; nobody else could compass it. 
His record is an open book. We know 
of his desperate wounds on several 
desperate fields; his imprisonment in 
a Northern cell; his exchange and re- 
turn, still unable to walk, perhaps the 
only soldier on either side who ever 
*ent into battle on crutches. His old 

comrades say that while no soldier 
ever more enjoyed "the rapture of the 
fight," he was touched to tears by 
agonies of the wounded, and with pris- 
oners was gentle as a woman, often 
in the very heat of battle thrusting 
aside the gun of some one of his sol- 
liers when it was leveled at an enemy 
who gave intimation of surrender, no- 
bly illustrating the poet's truth that 

The bravest are the tenderest 
The loving are the daring. 

Hon. Champ Clark, of Missouri, at 
the unveiling of the statues last win- 
ter of Benton and Blair, spoke from his 
seat in the House of Representatives, 
referring to Missouri and Kentucky 

"Ed. Porter Thompson," said he, 
"of the Orphan Brigade, a private sol- 
dier, hobbled into the battle of Mur- 
freesboro on crutches." But Captain 
Thompson was command!:;:; ' 
pany and rode horseback in order to 
lead his men, carrying his crutches to 
meet any emergency which might dis- 
mount him during his fight. 

Richard P. Stolt 

Died suddenly of heart failure at his 
residence in Lexington, Ky., Wednes- 
day, March 11, 1903. Mr. Stoll was 
one of Lexington's most successful 
lawyers and distinguished citizens. 
He joined the Kentucky State Histor- 
ical Society in January, 1897. He was 
born in Lexington, Ky., Jan. 21, 1851; 

was married to Miss Elvina Stoll, of 
Louisville, Ky., in 1875, who survives 
him. He was President of the Lex- 
iDgton City National Bank, to which 
position he was elected in 1883. He 
was highly esteemed as a business man 
and valued as a friend and citizen. 

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Report of Kentucky State Historical Society. 

I have the honor to submit the fol- 
lowing report of the in gatherings of 
out Society since October, 1902. 

Secretary Ky. State Hist. So. 

Newspapers — 

The Farmers Home Journal. 

The Constitutionalist. 

The Kentucky New Era. 

The New Capitol. 

The Shelby Record. 

The Henderson Gleaner. 
Magazines — 

The New England Historical and Ge- 
nealogical Register, Boston, Mass. 

The Year Book of the Pa, Society 
in New York City, New York. 

The West Virginia Historical Mag- 
azine, Charleston, \V. Va. 

Manual of Miscellaneous and Valu- 
able Works of Reference, Effingham 
Wilson. Royal Exchange, London, 

West Chester Pa. Daily Local News. 

Publication of Iowa Historical So- 
ciety. Messages and Proclamations 
of the Governors of Iowa, Secretary 
Iowa Historical Society. 

Wedge wood old blue historical 
plates. Jones, McDuffee & Stratton 
Co., Boston, Mass. 

Catalogue of Lionel Wafer'3 V >yage 
and description of Americana, London, 
1690. The Burrow Brothers, Clevc 
land, Ohio. 

Shakespeare's head, by Loseby Lane, 
Leicester, England. 

Concerning the Forefathers. Char- 
lotte Reeve Conover, Dayton, Ohio. 

Americana Catalog. Chicago, Ill- 

Inland Farmer, Louisville, Ky. 
January, 1903, Register of New Eng- . 

land Historical Society, Boston, Mass. 

Editor and Publisher, X-mas No., 
New York City. 

Farm Machinery — a handsome^ ad* 
vertising magazine, St. Louis, Mo. 

Prospectus of Charles Francis Ad- 
ams' new volume of interesting ad- 
dresses. Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 
Boston, Mass. 

January, 1903, No. New England 
Genealogical and Historical Maga- 
zine. Boston, Mass. 

Catalogue of rare old books. Ar- 
thur Reader, Orange S. Red Lion 
Square, London, England. 

"Pennsylvania's part in the winning 
of the West." By Horace Kephart, 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Addresses delivered before the Pa. 
Society in St. Louis, Mo, 1901. Con- 
tributed by E. D. Coe. 

Donations — 

A wooden box carved in Ireland 
more than a hundred years ago; also 
a cut-glass goblet, used by Dr. Pen- 
dleton, of Virginia, grand-nephew of 
President James Madison, and more 
than a century old. Contributed by 
Miss Eliza Overton. 

"The Story of the Century," (a 
pamphlet). John Wanamaker, Phila- 

Books (2 volumes) American His- 
torical Association. Smithsonian In* 
stitution, Washington, D. C. 

The Daily Bulletin, Bloomington, 
111., with notice of the "Register." 

Old bank bills. Wm. L. Alves, Hen- 
derson, Ky. 

New map of Kentucky. Mrs. Jen. 
nie C. Morton. 

Flags of the Fourth Kentucky Regi* 
ment. General David Murray. 

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Report from Kentucky State Historical Society since 


Newspapers — 

Farmers Home Journal. 

Hopkinsville New Era. 

The Constitutionalist. 

The Shelby Record. 
Pamphlets — 

The Lancaster Family. 

Nord Amerika, Leipzig. 

Bibliograffa Mexican® del Siglo, 

Views and Memoranda of Public 
Library, Dublin, Ireland. 
Publications from the University of 


A Misunderstood Passage in Eschy- 

Darwinism and Evolution. 

An investigation of the Vascular 
System of Bdellostoma Dombeyi. 

Observations on the Efferent Neu- 
rones in the Electric Lobes of Torpedo 

France — Her Influence and Aid in 
our Revolutionary Struggle. 

Reminiscences of the Founding of 
the University. 

Morphology of the Myxionoidei. 

April New England Historical and 

Genealogical Register. 

Supplement to the April -number. 

West Virginia Historical Magazine. 

Year Book of the Pa. Society in 
New York. 

BARR FERREE, Secretary, N. Y. 

(A bit of history that will be of ser- 
vice to some of our readers who are 
related to the heirs of the great Jen- 
nings Estate in England, of whieh so 
much has been written for many 

In an old Frankfort Commonwealth 
of 1854 we find the following pertinent 

"The Jennings Estate." 

It is a pretty well established fact 
that the much-talkedhof Jennings Es- 
tate can not be recovered by any one 
of the Jenndngs name. Old Mr. Jen- 
nings married Miss Corbin. He having 
no child, left his property to his wife. 
She died 1 intestate and 1 the property of 
40,000 pounds, or |200,000, passes to 
her relatives. The Crown of Great 
Britain advertised that the money was 
in readtfness for the American heirs 
to come forward and claim. The Cor- 
bins of Virginia were the rightful 
heirs of the Jennings Estate through 
the Balls of Fairfax, Virginia, the 
Jones family, of Washington, D. C, 
and the Gordons, of Alexandria, direct 
descendants of the Corbins. 

Again, after nearly fifty years of 
waiting we hear there is a revival of 
this claim in Great Britain and Vir- 
ginia. It is another proof of the nec- 
essity of the people of the United 
States to keep family records. Births, 
marriages and deaths play a conspicu- 
ous part in the claims of heirs to these 
enormous estates abroad. The pa- 
triotic societies of America are doing 
a noble work for its people in estab- 
lishing the direct lineage by legal 
proof of marriages, of the descendants, 
of foreign parentage, and so on down 
the ancestral line to the children of 
the present day. Hence, it may not 
be as difficult in 1903 to obtain the 
legal heirs of tfhe Jennings Estate in 
America as it was in 1854. 

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Proceedings at the 



JUNE 7. 1769-1361. 

[Prom Kentucky Y«oman Report.] 

(By special request the Register pub- 
lishes the following account of the 
proceedings of the Kentucky Histori- 
cal Society, dedicating the rooms set 
apart by the Legislature for their use 
in the State Qapitol, 1879-80. 

Of the number of distinguished 
Kentuckians who took part in the ex- 
ercises of that day, June 7, 1881, only 
Col. J. Stoddard Johnston and J ohm 
K. Proctor survive. Neither of these 
gentlemen are now in any way identi- 
fied with the society, and Mr. Proctor 
lives in Washington D. C.) 

The first meeting of the Kentucky 
Historical Society in its new apart- 
ments took place, as previously an- 
nounced, at 4 o'clock Tuesday evening. 
Governor Luke P. Blackburn, presi- 
dent of the Society, members of the 
executive committee, Mrs. Thos. L. 
Jones, president of the ladies' branch, 
members of the ladies' committee, 
members of the Society, and a number 
of interested friends were presetnjt. 

The meeting was called to order by 
Governor Blackburn, and opened with 
prayer by Dr. Jos. D. Pickett, after 
which the Governor said: 

"I bid you all welcome to these 
rooms. Their completion has been 
hastened that we might be able to 
commemorate the discovery of the 
'beautiful level of Kemtuckv' by their 
dedication upon this day. I am glad 
to see such an assembly of members, 

and of ladies and gentlemen who 
friends of this noble object, and I give 
you a hearty welcome." 

He then introduced Col. J. Stoddard 
Johnston, who said : 

Having been invited to be present 
on this occasion and to make some re- 
marks, I have deemed it but courtesy 
to comply, if only to evince the great 
interest I feel in the success of the 
Kentucky Historical Society. I con- 
gratulate all who are present, and all 
who, not being able to be here, yet 
watch with fervent interest every step 
made toward the establishment of 
such an institution as that which this 
day claims our attention and good will. 
It is not yet three years since the 
Kentucky Historical Society was or- 
ganized by a few persons who believed 
it was time to look to the permanent 
founding of a society having such ob- 
jects in view. Nearly fifty years ago a 
similar body was organized, but it 
proved to be short lived amd left but 
little record! of its existence. Our aim 
has been to avoid the danger which al- 
ways threatens such associations 
where mere zeal, however creditable, 
has proven inadequate t» their perpet- 
uation. We have endeavored to lay the 
foundation of our new Society deep 
and permanent, and to make it, as the 
history which it is intended to pre- 
serve and illustrate, part of the State 

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itself. It is this feature of the Ken- 
tucky Historical Society to which I 
wi«h especially to address myself, hi 
the nope that by briefly outlining its 
scope and organization, I may bring 
its object and intent to the compre- 
hension of every one, and enlist the 
cordial co-operation of every intelli- 
gent Kentuckian in the valuable work 
we have marked out for ourselves. 

It being the object and design of this 
Society, as declared by its founders, to 
collect and preserve all material which 
would illustrate the history of our 
Commonwealth from its earliest foun- 
dation, it soon became evident that 
in order to promote this collection two 
things were necessary: First, some 
permanent and secure place in which 
to store our collections. Second^ some 
guarantee that collections made, or 
contributions tendered, would not be 
liable to be scattered or destroyed 
whenever the aeaJ of the founders 
should slacken, or the iinterest which 
inspired the movement die away. The 
sources from which material is to be 
expected are from individuals who 
have jealously stored away old manu- 
scripts, maps, and pictures, and the 
State archives hid away in mouldy 
Chests or dusty pigeon-holes. Neither 
of these could be made available with- 
out some adequate guarantee that, if 
submitted to the care of the Society, 
they would be absolutely safe, and not 
liable to be scattered upon, the dissolu- 
tion of a mere voluntary organization. 
The disposition to perform the ob- 
jects contemplated by our Society is 
very general among all intelligent per- 
sons. Every one who appreciates his- 
tory, amd has any pride of State, is 
ready to aid in preserving the evi- 
dences win oh posterity should have, 
that the foundation of Kentucky as a 
civilized community was attended with 
events full of heroic adventure, and 
as rich in romance as they were in 

heroism. Tradition still holds much 
that is unwritten. This is to be reduced 
to record. Hundreds of families have 
valuable papers stored in garrets, such 
as letters which have passed between 
the early settlers and their friends 
and relatives in the older States. 
Scattered and liable to be destroyed 
by moth or fire they are lost and use- 
less, but if collected and collated, their 
value would be inestimable. In our 
courts are records and depositions 
which will yield collateral proof and 
furnish many a necessary link in the 
history of our early times. These, 
with the archives of the State, and the 
valuable contributions to history 
made by many industrious writers, 
make it reasonable to expect that we 
•hall be able to preserve to future gen- 
erations a faithful record of the cen- 
tury through which we have passed. 
But it is a work which mere private or 
personal endeavor can not compass. 
No one man nor association of individ- 
uads, whatever their zeal, could effect 
the object. Even were they the men 
who, to the education' and the com- 
mendable purpose should unite the for- 
tune, rare in a new State, to enable 
them to devote their time to the colla- 
tion and compilation of the necessary 
works, there would still be lacking 
that feature of guaranty of perma- 
nency and security essential to suc- 
cess. This we feel we have secured in 
having an incorporation by the Legis- 
lature, which gives continxious exist- 
ence to our body, regardlless of the 
duration of our own lives; in secur- 
ing from the State such safe and com- 
modious quarters for the preservation 
of our collections, and in that provis- 
ion of our charter which makes the 
State the custodian* and residuary 
legatee of all we may acquire, if from 
any cause we shall cease to have an 
During the two years and a half of 

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our existence we have made valuable 
progress. I confess that I have at 
times thought we were not exhibit- 
ing as much fruit as I had hoped, but 
when we reflect upom What we had to 
do and what we have done, I think 
all will take it as a valuable augury 
of the future. To succeed in our great- 
er work, which must be more than 1 col- 
lecting a few relics of Indian warfare, 
autographs, and pictures, the essential 
thing was to inspire confidence both m 
our design and our ability to execute 
it. Our presence here to-day attests 
that we have done this. By our an- 
nual meetings, addresses, and publica- 
tions we have made known to the peo- 
ple of Kentucky our object, and' the 
Legislature, interpreting the popular 
wisb, has provided us with these fur- 
nished apartments and the means of 
preserving in safety whatever is in- 
trusted to our keeping. Although time 
has mbt been sufficient to arrange for 
display the contributions which have 
already been made, it is sufficient to 
look around these walls to be convinc- 
ed that already the spirit of our 
endeavor is appreciated, and that 
many have thus early intrusted to our 
care valuable possessions andl heir- 
looms, wmch nothing hut the utmost 
confidence would have secured. When 
the record of our meeting to-day shall 
go forth, and it is known that we are 
prepared to receive and securely keep 
all things appropriate to such am in- 
stitution, I can not doubt but that we 
shall reap an abundant harvest of val- 
uable contributions. 

But with the acquisition of these 
rooms we have made only the first 
step toward our object. We have a 
place of custody with some private 
contributions and 1 the whole of the 
public archives at our command, or, 
strictly speaking in the language of 
our charter, such as the Governor may 
see fit to intrust to our keeping. It 

may be well to inquire what it is that 
we should address ourselves to now. 
I reply, first to the collection of the 
many valuable private collections of 
papers to which I have referred above 
as now in a perishable conditions This 
work, together with collections from 
other sources, will be doubtless prose- 
cuted with characteristic energy by 
our curator, but he should have the 
co-operation- of every one of us, and all 
who take an interest ini our purpose. 
Then we want as many contributions 
as we can get of pictures, portraits, 
and relics, both of Indians and pio- 
meers^ as can be had. 

For the custody and preservation of 
our effects we shall needl money to 
pay a competent person, and to this 
end we should invite mot only annual 
but life membership, as well as liberal 
donations and 'bequests from those 
able to contribute in this way. We do 
not wisb the Society to be a charge 
upon the State, and appeal to the men 
of education' and means to contribute 
liberally toward its support. 

But we shall have a still broader 
field for labor than the mere collec- 
tion and preservation of the material 
for history. It will not do to let so 
much that is valuable lie concealed and 
inert or liable to the corroding effect 
of time, against which no skill of 
structure can provide. The world is 
entitled to know much of what is con- 
tained in these musty records of the 
early history of Kentucky, and we 
should early begin the publication! of 
volumes assimilating to those mow in 
course of publication by the older 
States, beginning with the colotafial 
records. Now the daily press contains 
a current history of all important of- 
ficial action; but in the first half or 
two-thirds of our State's history it was 
not so, and much that is of great value 
as bearing upon the history of mot 
only Kentucky but the northwest, is 

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locked up in the executive journal*, 
the official correspondence, and the 
early laws and other papers intrust- 
ed to our keeping. These should be 
carefully collated, annotated, and pub- 
lished in permanent form, and will re- 
quire the services of a competent head 
and pea. 

When we therefore unite to the col- 
lection and preservation of all that is 
valuable as illustrating the warily his- 
tory of oiw people, the publication of 
what is most worthy of preservation, 
and with this include the collection of 
all that is most valuable for the un- 
derstanding of our current history, 
then will our work be fully organized, 
and up to the standard contemplated 
by its founders. That it shall realize 
this conception should 1 be the endeavor 
of us all, and that it will do so is my 
confident hope. 

At the close of Ool. Johnston's re- 
marks, the president called upon Ma- 
jor Henry T. Stanton, as a member of 
the executive committee, to report the 
contributions made to the society. 

Major Stanton said: 

It would be impossible to give any- 
thing like a detailed list of the contri- 
butions without the aid of the curator, 
who was utti/fortunately absent. The 
greater part of the property of the 
Society was in his hands, and without 
his presence it could not be described. 
There were a number of large boxes 
containing articles of great value al- 
ready in the building, but they had 1 
iw>t been opened and would not be un- 
til turned over to the librarian by the 
treasurer, Mr. John R. Proctor, who had 
them in custody. The executive com- 
mittee nadnot been able to fully furnish 
the rooms in time for this meeting, 
but he hoped it would accomplish that 
in a short time, and with the assist 
aaitee of the curator be able to give 
some definite idea of the property of 
the Society. Mrs. Bush, the librarian, 

would enter at once upon her duties, 
and that was a sufficient guarantee 
tlitat all the articles would be properly 
placed and properly cared for. 

The articles which were now dis- 
played in the rooms, were chiefly those 
comprised to the following lists: 

A List of Articles Donated to the Ladies' 
Branch of the Kentucky His- 
torical Society. 

No. 1. A quilt, the work of Miss 
Lucy Waller Barry, the first wife of 
the Honorable William T. Barry. The 
cotton was grown on her father's (Wal- 
ler Overton) farm, in Payette county. 
Mrs. Barry spun and wove the cloth, 
and designed am*t worked the embroid- 

No. 2. Embroideries by Mrs. Barry, 
Mrs. Whitney, and Miss Overton, sis- 

No. 3. Mittens knitted by Mrs. Oather- 
ine A. HSckey, formerly Mrs. W. T. 
Barry, nee Mason. 

No. 4. An old bead watch chain 
worn by Mrs. Catherine Mason Barry 
in 1829. 

No. 5. Piece of lace work made be- 
fore the Revolution. 

No. 6. Mrs. Washington's work, and 
pieces of her dresses. 

No. 7. Bird painting of pioneer days. 

No. 8. Flower painting of pioneer 

No. 9. A pair of very old frames, 
with silhouette likenesses of General 
Thomas Overton, of the Revolution, 
and of Mrs. Waller Overton. 

No. 10. Work in embroidery by Mrs. 
John J. Crittenden, nee Innis. 

No. 11. Patch-work, made over sev- 
enty years ago, by Mrs. Thomas Ar- 
nold, a pioneer, and a daughter of Gen- 
eral Jonathan Taylor. 

No. 12. Silhouette likeness of Gen. 
James Taylor, a pioneer, who was 
present at the organization of the 
State Government June 10, 1792. 

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No. 13. Likeness of the Hon. Wil- 
liam T. Barry — a photograph from an 
oil painting by Jouett. 

List of Articles of Modern Art. 

No. 1. Hand painting on silk, by 
Mrs. James Taylor, Nashville, Tenn. 

No. 2. Embroidery, by Miss Mary J. 
Taylor, Nashville, Tenn. 

No. 3. Book mark, by Mrs. J. J. 
Jones, Newport. 

No. 4. Painting, by Miss Mattie 
Sanders, Newport. 

No. 5. Bird painting, by Miss Nel- 
lie Abert, Newport. 

No. 6. Fruit painting, by Miss Jen- 
nie Abert, Newport. 

No. 7. Historical drawing of Daniel 
Boone in an encounter with the In- 
dians, by Ool. J. W. Abert, Newport. 

No. 8. Mats, by Miss Susan Barry 
Abert, Newport. 

No. 9. Painting in oil, by Miss Lizzie 
Jones, now Mrs. Brent Arnold', Cin- 

These were presented by Mrs. Thos. 
L. Jones, president of the ladies' 
branch, and it will be s*»en that 'they 
are of great interest and value to the 

Major Stanton them* referred to the 
original letter from Daniel Boone, pre- 
sented at the last meeting, and the life- 
size portrait of the venerable Dr. C. 
C. Graham, both of which were in his 
possesion, and would shortly be 
placed in the rooms. 

Mrs. Thos. L. Jones was then called 
upon to point out the several articles 
mentioned in the foregoing lists, and 
did so. 

As president of the ladies' branch, 
she made the following report: 

The ladies' branch of the Historical 
Society was organized tor the purpose 
of appointing the work best suited to 
feminine taste and abiKty. To men it 
properly appertains to judge the 
thoughts and 1 deeds of their fellow- 

men ; theirs be the task to compile the 
histories of statesmen. But to treat 
of woman, it needs the tender hand of 
her ownu sex— ours therefore, the task 
to celebrate the women of Kentucky. 

Since our meeting February twelfth, 
much thought has been given to the 
subject of our undertaking. Letters 
have 'been written to ladies of Ken- 
tucky in and out of the State, and an 
interest has been created for our 

Attention to the matter of corres- 
pondence can not be too highly esti- 
mated'; it is the most direct mode of 
enlisting friends for the Society. 

On account of t he want of money in 
the treasury, we have not called upon 
the executive committee for circulars 
to distribute in solicitation of mem- 
bers. We have been fortunate in col- 
lecting some souvenirs of the past; ar- 
ticles of value chiefly from their asso- 
ciation with the noble womemi who 
wrought them, and who long ago fold- 
ed their hands forever. 

The specimens of modern art so gen- 
erously donated are very interesting, 
amd the promise of richer things to 
come. Let us appreciate this effort, 
and take encouragement; it is a be- 
ginning and an earnest of the spirit 
which animates us. 

The Governor then introduced Hon. 
Joseph D. Pickett, chairman of the 
executive committee, who spoke as fol- 

Mr. President, Fellow-members of the 
Historical Society, Ladies and Gen- 

From her earliest record to the pres- 
ent time, Kentucky has been an inter- 
esting and instructive study to tihe 
man of science and the man of letters. 
So truthful is her natural and civil 
history, that our State may well en- 
gage our common admiration and in- 
spire our common love. History is in- 

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deed a "successive revelation of God," 
whether we regard the grand transi- 
tion periods recorded by the hand of 
Nature, or the grand heroic eras record- 
ed by the pen. of man. Then, with this 
solemn and sublime conviction in our 
minds, and with this important lesson 
in our hearts, let us with profound 
reverence and with supreme confidence 
consider, on this memorable anniver- 
sary, at the dedication of this hall, the 
purposes of Providence in the foun- 
dation and development of Kentucky. 
If it be possible, let us, in some meas- 
ure, define her character, determine 
her position in the relation of States 
and Empires, and indicate her duty 
and' her destiny iro the world's march 
toward a true Christian civilization. 

In imagination, let us transport our- 
selves to that pristine period when the 
foundations of Kentucky were laid in 
the deep, when God sai-d, "Be light, 
and light was!" Then the mighty bil- 
lows rolled) over the soil upon which 
we stand, before its generous bosom, 
fostered by a series of ages, arose from 
the waters to be prepared as a nursery 
of historic men and women, from the 
days of the pioneers to the living pres- 

Science, which is the logic of God, 
informs us in the language of geology, 
that the natural history of Kentucky 
is enshrined within her own bosom. 
We have only to seek the secret in 
order to discover it. We may behold 
it in the very face of yonder bold and 
rugged hill. The revelation will teach 
us what God has done, and what He 
in His providential wisdom directs us 
to do. Her natural medals, preserved 
for the age of man, for the era of 
civilization, inform us that there was 
a period when her fauna and her flora 
were gigantic; when the mighty mas- 
todon had his home here, and ini lordly 
ami undisturbed majesty roamed 
through mighty forests which furnish. 


ed him shelter, and fed upon the rich- 
est and rankest vegetation which fur- 
nished him food. Great natural forges 
hud fashioned the massive veins of 
iron and) coal which ennoble our moun- 
tains and enrich our hills, and, in the 
very language of Providence, generous- 
ly invite us to extend our hands and 
enrich and ennoble ourselves. This 
was the heroic period of the mineral 
age, and faithfully does it record its 
owtnt great achievements. Shall not 
the day soon come when Kentucky 
will be the mdstress of her own mineral 
resources, and realize that spirit of in- 
dejM^ndemce and enterprise which are 
the main pillars of sovereignity? Shall 
not our beloved State come up modest 
ly, yet majestically, to the just meas- 
ure of self-appreciation? Friends and 
fellow-citizens! Do we not hear from 
the summit of yon blue and distant 
mount a ins the voice of Providence — 
the signal voice calling upon the Low- 
landers to strike hands in solemn com- 
pact with the Highlanders to perform 
a work of common duty and develop- 
ment? The direction of Providence is 
clear and conclusive, and' let us inaug- 
urate t he second decade of our second 
century with a firm determination to 
give answer to our enterprise, and 
thus develop our own rich, natural re- 
sources, and make them subservient to 
the true and substantial interests of 
our county and State and the advanc- 
ing civilization of the age. Remember 
that it is the office of our Society not 
ottiily to record history, but to indicate 
the means and methods of making his- 

When this grand heroic age of Na- 
ture had performed its office and ac- 
complished its work in laying broad, 
deep, and enduring foundations for the 
empire of man, we look to legend, to 
tradition, and to history for his mani- 
festation. Reason, revelation, and 
science, all agree in referring the na- 

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tions of the earth to a common origin, 
and ethnology determines that the ab- 
original tribes of America had their 
origin in the Semitic tribes of Asia. 
The correspondence in language and 
religion, with physiological identity, 
exhibits this relationship. 

Legend informs as that several cen- 
turies after "the ddspersion of man- 
kind," great tribes contributed to the 
settling and peopling of America. Af- 
ter many and material changes in their 
rise and fall through ages, Kentucky 
became, not less than fifteen hundred 
years ago, the seat of a powerful em- 
pire, a homogenous confederacy of ab- 
original tribes that occupied the val- 
ley of the Ohio and cultivated the arts 
of peace. From their monuments they 
are known as mound- builders, and 
from the correspondence of their ar- 
chitecture and their implements with 
those of the Aztec and Inca, they are 
identified and determined to be of a 
common origin. Previously to the 
year 1824, not less than 148 towns and 
605 teocallis, or houses of the gods, in 
this State, were duly recorded and 
classified by Prof. Ratine sque. In 
many of them were found proofs of an 
advancing civilization, indicating some 
knowledge of geometry, astronomy, ar- 
chitecture, metals, and pictorial 
writing, and it has been* sup- 
posed that Kentucky, in the 
greatest prosperity of her ab- 
original empire, had a popula- 
tion of not less than half a million. 
The sun, moon and earth constituted 
the natural trinity of the people. Rest- 
ing on the fair and fertile itosom of 
the mother which they loved, and from 
which they drew their sustenance, they 
looked up in adoration to the deity 
thatigave them light by day and to the 
deity that afforded them light by night. 
The race of the Mound-builders, as 
their remains attest, had not the ca- 
pacity for a high order of civilization; 

but, stiH, they cultivated in large 
measure the arts of peace, the bene- 
ficent offspring of the genius of gen- 
uine progress. This great empire was 
finally over-run by ruder nations from 
the Northwest, ttoe Goths and Vandals 
of aboriginal America. The vanquish- 
ed nations were driven southward, and 
the savage hordes reigned supreme 
from the mountains to the Mississip- 
pi. .. . 

Centuries rolled by, an empire lay 
buried in this great valley of the Ohio, 
for the remains of its civilization had 
yielded to the savage conqueror, who, 
in turn, yielded to the sovereignty of 
Nature, who stood re- born in primeval 
beauty, majesty, and power. 

"States fail, arts fade, but Nature 
doth not die." 

We emerge from the dark legend- 
ary of Kentucky into the dawn of its 
positive arod authentic history. We 
shall not lift the veil and attempt to 
reveal the adventures of the earliest 
visitors to Kentucky: Col. Wood, in 
1654; Father Marquette, in 1672; 
Father Hennepin, in 1680; Tonti and 
La Salle, in 1683; Longueil, in 1739, 
and Walker in 1750 and 1760. Their 
visits were not in fact nor in effect suc- 
cessful explorations of the country. 
But John Findmy, of North Carolina, 
was the first true explorer amd pioneer 
of the wilderness of Kentucky. With 
a party of hunters from Nortjh Caro- 
lina, he crossed the mountains and ad- 
vanced' as far as our beautiful valley 
of Elkhora in 1767. The brave and 
adventurous pioneer looked upon this 
fair and goodly land in its re-born 
pride, in the bloom and beauty of sum- 
mer maidenhood, and on his return 
gave so glowing am account of the 
grandeur of the forests, the fertility 
of tJhe soil, the beauty of the scenery, 
the salubrity of the air and water, and 
the abundance of the game, that the 


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earnest heart of the heroic hunter of 
the Yadkin — Daniel Boone — was stir- 
red to its very depths. He who was 
destined to be the great "backwoods- 
man of Kentucky," and its first settler, 
heard and resolved. With John Find- 
lay as pilot, he went forth on the 1st 
of May, 1769, bound for the Land of 
Promise, the Canaan of the West, "the 
country of Kantuck-ee." The party, 
consisting of six hunters, young, bold 
and ardent, left their pleasant and 
peaceful homes for the perilous jour- 
ney into the wikterness, the haunt of 
the red man, the sworn and irreconcil- 
able foe of the white man. The master 
spirit was Boone, who gave directness 
and definiteness to the pioneer move- 
ment which settled Kentucky, and de- 
termined, under Providence, her snb- 
lime destiny. Boone, the representa- 
tive of a new .race, the civilizers of 
earth, led the van in a new march, in- 
augurated a new era which eventuated 
in the establishment of the present em- 
pire of civilization upon the ruins of 
that aboriginal empire that sleeps be- 
neath our teet. 

Through the pathless woods for full 
three hundred miles, passing three 
great mountain ranges, Boone and his 
brave band held their way, undaunted 
by danger, unvisited by disease. In his 
own language, and from his own "Nar- 
rative," he says: "We proceeded suc- 
cessfully, and after a long and fa- 
tiguing journey through a mountain 
wilderness, in a westward direction. 
On the seventh day of June, following, 
we found ourselves on Red River, 
where John Pindlay had formerly been 
trading with the Indian*, and from 
the top of an eminence, saw with 
pleasure, the beautiful level of Ken- 
tucky." It was then and there that 
Pindlay, who had some scriptural 
knowledge, and, therewith, a devo- 
tional spirit, exclaimed in rapture as 
he gazed upon the scene: "This wilder- 

ness bloasoins as the rose, and these 
desolate places are as the garden of 
God." "Aye," replied tne prosaic and 
practical Boone, "and who would re- 
main on the sterile pine hills of North 
Carolina, to hear the si- reaming of the 
jay, and now and then bring down a 
deer too lean to be eaten? This is the 
land of hunters, where man and beast 
will grow to their full size." But, 
still the heart of the hunter was full 
of sensibility, for he discourses in his 
narrative of the exceeding beauty of 
the newly-found land. It was in his 
eyes a "second Paradise." Spell-bound, 
he looked upon the bluegrass region 
of Kentucky, and his name was immor- 
tal. And ia camp, and cabin, and hall, 
as long as the heart of Kentucky shall 
beat true to her better nature, sthe will 
honor the name and cherish the fame 
of Daniel Boone. He was a child of 
nature, and delighted in the tamd he 
settled, the land that we have inherit- 
ed. In his own language, "I was happy 
in the midst of dangers and inconven- 
iences. ... No populous city, 
with all the varieties of commerce and 
stately structures, could afford so 
much pleasure to my mind as the beau- 
ties of nature I found here." Nature 
was his book, and he mastered the 
study. Hie was the first amd the last 
of the great pioneer settlers of the val- 
ley of the Ohio. He lived to see the 
land for which he had fought and bled 
arise in dignity and power, and assume 
her proud position as a sovereign State 
in our grarad Confederacy, and God 
grant that Kentucky may ever be a 
mighty temple, sacred to liberty, pro- 
tected by law. 

I shall not attempt to recount the 
blioody strifes of our pioneer history, 
nor can I dwell on the long list of his- 
toric names that adorn that illustrious 
period; hut permit me to say that his- 
tory, and consequently fame, has not 
yet done justice to the first great pio- 

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neer of Kentucky, the true "Columbus 
of the Woods." Our State owes John 
Findlay, as the pilot of Daniel Boone, 
a debt of gratitude, and 1 let us see, 
gentlemen and ladies of the Histori- 
cal Society, that a monument, a little 
west of Boone's, arise and record' hie 
memory. In bold 1 relief and on the 
solid rock, I should picture Findlay 
looking upon Boone, and pointing with 
steady hand to the West, and upon the 
face and form of Boone I would im- 
press a dauntless and deathless pur- 
]Kme — the spirit and power of invinci- 
ble and unavoidable destiny. This 
would tell the great story of Findlay's 
life, for all that we know of him is that 
he came to Kentucky in 1767 ; that he 
piloted Boone to Kentucky in 1769; 
that in the battle fought with the 
Cherokee Indians near the Great 
Island in Holston River, East Tennes- 
see, on July 20, 1776, he received a 
severe wound, disabling him to such 
extent that the court of Washington 
county, Virginia, recommended his 
case to the General Assembly of Vir- 
ginia. Here the curtain covers the fate 
of the pilot of Boone. Silence -and 
death close the scene. 

Om this memorable day, June 7, 1769, 
one 'hundred and twe've years ago, 
under the guidance of Findlay, the 
bold and hardy hunters stood upon a 
lofty cliff ohm Bed River, and looked 
upon "the beautiful level of Kentucky." 
In imagination we behold them now, 
a picturesque and prophetic group, for 
the pioneers are the prophets of ad- 
vancing civilization. Their view was 
prospective, ours retrospective. It is 
the province of the Kentucky Histor- 
ical Society to study the intervening 
years, to recover, and reclaim, and re- 
cord, in reliable form, the fugitive 
facts of our womjderful history, and 
transmit them to the rising and the 
coming generations. 

Important private records of our 

early times lie slumbering in our at- 
tics and our garrets. Mamy facts that 
could throw light on obscure points in 
our early history have never been pub- 
lished. It is the delegated duty of 
this Society, in the service of the 
State, to supply, as far as may be prac- 
ticable, the missing links w the chain 
of our earlier and of our later history. 
We must ever bear in mind that this 
is our peculiar province, and that in 
the exercise of it, we shall assuredly 
receive encouragement from the peo- 
ple and the General Assembly of the 

We need an Old Mortality, who, as 
a genius of history, snail go forth and 
visit the resting places of our mighty 
dead, clearing the moss from the old 
tombstones and bringing to life and 
light the fast vanishing records on the 
memories of our venerable men and 
women, the only living linkB between 
the present generation and the past 
generation of our Commonwealth. Our 
dead call upon us! We look beneath our 
feet, and the comely covering of our 
floor exclaims, wherever we oast our 
eyes, "Forget-me-not!" (The design on 
the carpet.) We look above, and 
through the dark blue of the ethereal 
depths, we seem to 'hear their voices 
calling upon us, "Cherisn our memor- 
ies!" Amd shall not this Society be 
responsive to the past? With what 
emotion we look upon the honored 
relics that grace our walls. How elo- 
quently they speak in their firm and 
gentle handicraft of the faithful ser- 
vice of loving pioneer mothers, lineal 
descendants of whom are before us 
now. As I look upon the spinning 
wheel, I am reminded of the heroic re- 
solve of the noble worn era of that early 
day, as happily expressed in the lan- 
guage of one of the executive com- 
mittee of the ladies' branch of this So- 
ciety: "We will prepare the warp 
and woof of the history of those wo- 

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men, who, at their wheels, spun out 
wool, and flax, and destroy for us and 


Wihat do these great material and 
moral advantages teach us, but that a 
great responsibility rests upon us; 
that it is our bounden duty to carry 
out fairhfuly and efficiently the indica- 
tions of Providence. Geographically 
and poHtically, the position of Ken- 
tucky is central, conservative, com- 
manding. Thus far she has establish- 
ed character and credit in every de- 
partment that expresses progress in 
the higher civilization of the age. The 
fame of her soldiers and statesmen, 
her scholars, her men of science, and 
her teachers, her authors and artists, 
her editors and publishers, her mer- 
chants and manufacturer, her me 
cbanicsand engineers, her farmers and 
her financiers, her river, railroad), and 
stock men, her lawyers, her judges, her 
physicians and surgeons, (her theolog- 
ians and divines, has given her a name 
and established her reputation amomig 
civilized nations. Truthfully, there- 
fore historically, lit may be said 
of our noble old Commonwealth: 

"Nttllum quod tetigit iwn omavit." 

What, then, is the great lesson that 
we should learn from our illustrious 
history? .With her soil and her cli- 
mate, her genius and her wealth, her 
learning amd her patriotism, her social, 
civil and military reputation, her geo- 
graphical!, commercial and political po- 
sition, with the prestige of her name 
and her fame, we can mot expect less 
of Kentucky than' that sne should, in 
the grand galaxy of our confederated 
States, assume the pre-eminent posi- 
tion of primus inter pares. Recogniz- 
ing, then, the great capacity of Ken- 
tucky in her physical, mental and mor- 
al power, we should employ every just 
and honorabe means in order to de- 
velop the gracious heritage for the 

honor of our State, the benefit of our 
race, and the glory of our Ood. 

And now, sir, in conic tosion, and in 
the name of the executive committee, 
and very tenderly and confidently im 
the name of the ladies' branch of this 
Society, I present to you, as Governor 
of this Oommanjwealth, and exofficrio, 
president of the Kentucky Historical 
Society, the keys of this hall. 

The president then arose, and, re- 
ceiving the keys, said: 

Bellow-members of the Kentucky His- 
torical Society, and Ladies and Geziv 

I accept the distinguished compli- 
ment of these keys at the hands of the 
chairman of the executive committee, 
with no ordinary pleasure. My heart 
is so fully enlisted in this noble work 
— my native pride as a Kentuokian so 
aroused by this grand purpose to res- 
cue from dust and oblivion the dis- 
tinctive features of the State's early 
history, that I have no words to ex- 
press the gratification which it gives 
me to find our enterprise so effective- 
ly begum ami' the progress thus far so 
admirably made. 

I assure you, ladies and gentlemen, 
that I have an abiding faith' in our ul- 
timate success. I know that we shall 
soon emerge from this embryo condi- 
tion, amd in a brief period 'become 
something more than the little hand- 
ful of zealous people that we are. In 
this early period of our existence, we 
ore like a plaint that just lifts its bead 
above the grasses of a wide prairie; 
but the sun is shining upon us, the 
dews artd the rains come, and we are 
gathering strength to rise above our 
8urrounddngs. A little time, and we 
will have attained a noble growth, and 
with flower and fruit will stand so as 
to be seen afar off. 

All of us are interested' in building 
up this Society. The memory of our 

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fathers and of our fathers* fathers is 
dear to us, and we have a right to be 
proud that, through their courage, 
their intelligence and their endurance, 
we have attained the heritage of these 
wooded hills and grassy pastures. 

I know that I shall soon see the day 
whemi the Legislature of Kentucky will 
begin more fully to realise the vahie 
of this Society, and take a more ac- 
tive interest in its progress. We will 
not always be confined to these rooms 
and limited appropriation which has 
been made to fit them for occupancy. 
Icq time we will ibave a noble structure. 
The Legislature will aid us, and 1 dona- 
tions will flow in from generous in- 

dividuals who, like ourselves, have an 
interest and a pride in the preserva- 
tion of Kewtucky history. 

And now, sir, having thus briefly ex- 
pressed myself, permit me to band 
you back the keys of these apart 
ments. I am satisfied they could not 
be confided to more Trustworthy 
hands. Take them, and with your as 
sociates guard well the treasures — for 
they are treasures greater than gold 
or diamonds — which are now, and will 
continue to be, deposited In these sa- 
cred apartments. 

After the benediction by Dr. Pickett, 
the meeting adjourned. 

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Kentucky State Historical Society. 



W. W. L0NGM0OR Second Vice-President 

MISS SALLIE JACKSON Third Vice-President 

MRS. JENNIE C. MORTON . . . . Secretary and Treasurer 


HON. J. C. W. BECKHAM, Governor. 
HON. LILLARD CARTER, Lieutenant Governor. 
HON. GUS. G. COULTER, Auditor. 
HON. C. B. HILL, Secretary of State. 
HON. S. W. HAGER, Treasurer. 


HON. J. C. W. BECKHAM, Governor. 
HON. C. B. HILL, Secretary of State. 
HON. GUS. O. COULTER, Auditor. 
HON. S. W. HAGER, Treasurer. 
HON. CLIFTON J. PRATT, Attorney-General 








DR. E. H. HUME, 

W. W. LONGMOOR, 2d. Alt Chm. 

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DR. W. H. AVBRILL Frankfort, Ky. 


MRS. ALEX. DUVALL Bowling Green, Ky. 


JUDGE H. C. HOWARD Paris. Ky. 

DR. H. C. SMITH Cynthiana, Ky. 

MR. ED. O. LEIGH Paducah, Ky. 

HON. GASTON M. ALVES Henderson, Ky. 



M. B. SWINFORD Cynthiana, Ky. 

UREY WOODSON Owensboro. Ky. 

M. W. NEAL, Editor Farmer's Home Journal Louisville, Ky. 

HUNTER WOOD, Editor New Era Hopklnsville. Ky. 

W. A HOLLAND, Editor Constitutionalist Eminence, Ky. 

GEORGE WBLLIS, Editor The Shelby Record Shelbyville, Ky. 

The duty of Curators is to collect historical 
relics and memorials of the men and women of 
Kentucky, who have made the State famous, and 
send them to the Kentucky State Historical Society. 




HON. S. W. HAGER Ashland 



HON. LOGAN C. MURRAY Louisville 


COL. R. T. DURRETT Louisville 

MRS. THOS. RODMAN, JR Mt Sterling 









General meeting of the Kentucky State Historical Society, June 7th, annual date of 
Daniel Boone's first view of the "beautiful level of Kentucky." 
After the close of the program, refreshments served. 


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1. Governor Chas. S. Scott, his history and portrait, and his message in 1809, to the 

General Assembly. By Miss Patty Barn ley, with supplemental pages by the 
editor of the Register 

2. Sketch of Governor George Mac] i son and of Governor Gabriel Slaughter. By Mrs. 

Jennie C. Morton, with portrait of Governor Slaughter 

3. The Blockade of Southern Cuba. By Commander Chapman Coleman Todd 

4. Lost Island — A tradition of a floating Island. Poem. By Mrs. Jennie C. Morton.. 

5. Theodore O'Hara, biographical sketch of bis life, with portrait from G. W. 

Ranck's book. His poems, also his famous address. By Jennie C. Morton 

6. Department of History and Genealogy 

7. J. A. Johnson and Arnold 

8. H. S. Hawkins and Strother 

/9. The Lee family, with pictures of "Glen Willis," the pioneer home of Willis At- 
well Lee, nephew of Hancock Lee. Founded In 1793 .— "Leewood" the home of 
General Henry Lee, of Mason County, Ky., with sketch of his life, by his grand- 
daughter, Miss Lucy C. Lee 

10. Paragraphs; Business Women's Club; Newspapers, etc 

11. A Kentucky Mountain Century Plant, Mrs. Phoebe Banks 

12. The meeting of the Kentucky State Historical Society, with reports of books, 

magazines, newspapers, donations, etc. By the Secretary 

13. A few letters and extracts from opinions of the press. The Battle of the Thames 

14. Inquiries answered 

15. Clippings of Historical Interest 

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Subscriptions mast be sent by check or money order. 
Alt communications for the Register should be addressed to 


Secretarp and Treasurer, Kentucky State Historical 
Society, Frankfort, Kentucky. 


Associate Editors. 


TO SUBSCRIBERS: If this copy of the Register is received. 

please respond. 

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V of 0 


Charles S. Scott, 

By hi* Great - Granddaughter, 

With Supplemental Extract* from History, 
by the Editor of the Register. 


U02-18I2. Fll ANKPOKT, Kv 

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Governor Charles S. Scott. 

Bjf Miss Patti* A, Harnley. 

Not having the family tree of the 
Scott family (now in possession of Mr. 
Anthony Dey, of New York), I can not 
trace the genealogy of Gen. Charles 
Scott, my mother's grandfather, bnt 
understand that it comes directly from 
the Dukes of Buccleugh. Our first 
record of Gov. Scott is as a boy of fif- 
teen serving as a volunteer at the bat- 
tle of Braddock's defeat. When the 
Revolutionary War broke out he raised 
the first company in Virginia and con- 
tinued in the war until its close, rising 
to the rank of major-general. He came 
to Kentucky in the latter part of the 
last century and settled in Woodford 
county on the Kentucky river. The 
country was still so wild at that time 
that one of his sons was killed by In- 
dians in sight of his house. 

In 1808 he was elected governor of 
Kentucky. His campaign speeches 
were peculiar in one respect, as they 
are said to have been principally ex- 
hortations to the public to vote for his 
opponent, Mr. John Allen, as he 
thought he would make a better gov- 
ernor. It ought to be mentioned 
that while he was governor he was 
challenged to fight a duel and refused. 
His adversary threatened to post him 
as a coward, but he calmly told him to 

post and be d d, that he would only 

post himself a liar. In the first year 
of his term he had a fall down the 

steps of the governor's house and 
broke his hip, making him a cripple 
for life and Col. Orlando Brown re- 
membered as a boy hearing him ad- 
dress some troops going to the front 
in the War of 1812, and seeing him 
turn and strike the steps savagely 
with his cane, saying, "but for you, I 
would be going with them." He 
seems to have been born a soldier and 
known but little of the arts of peace. 

General Scott's first wife was Fran- 
ces Sweeney, whose mother or grand- 
mother was Miss Howard, daughter of 
Frances Howard, of Gloucester county, 
Virginia. We have now some quaint 
old silver spoons, which belonged to 
that lady. Mrs. Scott was a famous 
housekeeper and her admirers said 
that she could get up a good dinner 
with buckeye chips. Their sons died 
early. One of them was in the Navy 
and at the bombardment of Tripoli. 
Their daughters have numerous de- 
scendants now living. Governor Scott 
married the second time, Mrs. Gist of 
Lexington, and died at Canewood, a 
place in Fayette county belonging to 
his wife. By his * second wife, Gov- 
ernor Scott had no children. The 
names of the children of the first wife 
are as follows: First, Martha Tabb 
Scott, who married .Judge George M. 
Bibb; second, Sarah, who married Jno. 
Postlewhaite; third, Ann, died un- 

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married; fourth, John Scott; fifth, 
Charles Scott, who was killed in sight 
of home in Woodford county, Ken- 
tucky, by the Indians in the latter part 
of 1790; sixth, Merrit Sweeney Scott, 
an officer in the United States Navy, 
who was with Commander Decatur at 
the bombardment of Tripoli. 

After the death of his second wife, 
he married Mrs. Dyer, a daughter of 
Colonel Henry Ashton, Marshal of the 
District of Columbia. By this mar- 
riage he had three daughters and a son. 
Only one daughter now survives, Mrs. 
Brum, of Baltimore. One daughter 
became a nun at the Convent of the 
Visitation, Georgetown, D. C, and is 
now buried in their cemetery. 

The General Assembly of Kentucky 
at the session of 1853-4 adopted reso- 
lutions directing the governor, Laza- 
rus W. Powell, to have the remains of 
General Charles Scott, and other dis- 
tinguished soldiers and' statesmen, re- 
interred in the State lot belonging to 
Kentucky in the Frankfort cemetery. 
Accordingly on the 8th of November, 
1864, with the distinguished honors 
provided by Kentucky for him, and the 
two other great men who had served 
her cause in the council and in the 
field and whose lives had contributed 
to her glory, were paid with pomp of 
war and impressive grandeur and 
General Charles Scott was laid to 
sleep in this mausoleum of the great, 
the Frankfort cemetery. 

We take the following from Colonel 
Thomas L. Crittenden's oration on 
that occasion, which confirms the 
statements in regard to the soldierly 
qualities of Governor Scott: 

"In 1755, side by side with Washing- 
ton, he fought in that disastrous bat- 
tle which resulted in the defeat and 
death of General Braddock. He raised 
the first company of volunteers south 
of James river that ever entered into 
actual service. He so distinguished 
himself that a county in Virginia was 
called for him as early as 1777. Soon 
after this — to put the very stamp and 
seal of genuine patriotism and all sol- 
dierly qualities upon him — Washing- 
ton himself appointed him to com- 
mand of a regiment in the continental 
line. Again and very soon we find 
him a brigadier-general at the battle 
of Monmouth and Charleston." 

Doubtless, it would be interesting to 
follow him step by step, through all his 
perilous life, the bold, blunt, strong- 
minded natural man, but I have not 
been able to find a biography of Gov- 
ernor Scott nor any detailed account 
of his life. 

Miss Burnley supplies this want 
partly in the foregoing pages, but here 
we will write, he was born in Cumber- 
land county, Virginia, in 1740. His 
parents were of fine families on both 
sides. (Virginia Magazine.) He was 
reared among the scenes and sounds 
that led up to the Revolution. A sol- 
dier at fifteen, an officer at eighteen 
and then a brigadier-general com- 
manding at Charleston. This promo- 
tion, evidenced the blood he came of, 
and was the result of unusual merit 
and good conduct. 

Ten years after the beginning of the 
War of 1776, we find him in Woodford 
county, Kentucky, in 1786. The In- 
dians had not surrendered, though the 
British army had, and the people of 
the then territory of Southwestern 

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Virginia (Kentucky) were exposed day- 
time and nighttime, to the tomahawk 
and bloody scalping knife of the sav- 

General Scott could not be quiet 
while there was a foe to his country 
to fight. He joined General St. Clair 
in 1791, and was at the awful defeat of 
this distinguished officer and helped to 
save a remnant of the men from the 
terrible slaughter there. He was 
with General Wilkinson on the Wa- 
bash capturing its towns and Indians 
and warriors. 

In 1794, he commanded a part of 
Wayne's Army at "Fallen Timber," 
where the Indians were defeated, 
many of them killed and the remainder 
"driven under the walls of the British 
Fort." After this splendid victory he 
returned to Kentucky. Crittenden 

"The first elements of an education 
were all that he acquired at school. 
But to a man of his stamp and mind, 
every incident in life is a lesson, every 
opportunity a teacher and every day 
brings some wisdom. In 1808, when 
most of his life was spent, after ardu- 
ous services and long years had wasted 
the vigor and strength of his manly 
form, while his patriotism and his vir- 
tues had been hardened by exposure, 
with his intellect still unimpaired, he 
stood before the highest earthly tri- 
bunal of the State. .And then the 
people of Kentucky pronounced him 
their chief executive. No stain was 
on his name. The old soldier with 
modesty unfeigned and real as his 
merit, thought the office of governor 
too high a place for his ability and too 
great a reward for his services." 

His competitor for the office was the 
accomplished and popular lawyer and 
orator, John Allen, who later on lost 
his life at River Raisin, And General 
Scott felt the sincere admiration and 
respect for his ability that the public 
had manifested, and he urged his peo- 
ple to vote for him — as the man best 
qualified to fill the distinguished posi- 
tion of governor of Kentucky. Yet he 
said, "that if they were foolish enough 
to elect him he would do his best for 
them." He was elected and was one 
of the best governors the State ever 

In 1812, he commissioned General 
Harrison as major-general, so to give 
him the command of the Kentucky 

He was not a speaker or a writer 
and yet no speaker has left on record 
more pungent aphorisms than he, and 
his few messages teem with well se- 
lected sentences of great common 
sense, eloquent patriotism and noble 
courage. For instance, he says in 
1809, in his message, "Our arms pur- 
chased our liberties and by our arms 
must they be defended. It is the or- 
der of nature and of fate." In 1810, he 
says, "As we have but little to hope, 
from the justice of either of the belli- 
gerent powers, Great Britain or 
France, we should most earnestly pre- 
pare ourselves to have as little to fear 
from their anger." Again, "prepared 
to do that justice which we ask, we 
should be prepared to enforce those 
rights which we claim." This is a 
good rule of life. 

In conclusion, we quote from Colonel 
Crittenden again: "What joy to see 
his loved country in her pride and 

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power remembering with grateful 
heart his services (in the Revolution, 
he a chief among the wondrous men, 
that purchased all our blessings by the 
hardships they endured and by the 
bravery with which they encountered 
every danger). He was a man to be 
remembered, and honored as she does 
here, his memory, and engraving with 
her mighty hand his name and fame 
upon a page of her own history, declar- 
ing to all the world, this was my brave 
true-hearted son; let all my children 
cherish his memory; let their deeds be 
like his. And this in truth Kentucky 
says to-day. I have heard' somewhere 
of an English captain who when his 
decks were all cleared for action, just 
as he went into battle said to his men: 
'Now, then, for victory or a tomb in 
Westminster Abbey?' Kentucky can 
make this hill the very resting place of 
honor and her free sons will make the 
battle-cry of life, 'victory or a tomb at 
the Capital.' 

"Since the world began, no people 
have ever risen to power or splendor 
who have not cherished and striven to 
perpetuate the memory of their great. 
Let Kentucky make this cemetery her 
temple of honor though she worships 
only God, and let her see that none 
approach its pure shrine but by the 
way of virtue, and she will never want 
for heroes in the day of battle nor 
statesmen in the council chamber. 
And then our free institutions which 
the old soldier now about to be inter- 
red, endured so much to establish and 
maintain, shall extend their blessings 
to a thousand generations. Our pos- 
terity shall gather here as we have 
done to-day, hundreds of years hence, 

to pay the last tribute to some mighty 
one, when every turf beneath their feet 
shall be a great man's sepulchre." 

General Scott died in 1820 at his 
home in Woodford county, age eighty. 
His remains interred in the Frank- 
fort cemetery, November 8, 1854. (Ed. 
the Register.) 


(From the original MSS.) 

Gentlemen of the Senate and House of 
Representatives : 

Amongst the various duties as- 
signed by the Constitution to the ex- 
ecutive of the State, none seems to 
claim more importance than that 
which associates him in your legisla- 
tive counsels, and it is ever with a pro- 
portionate degree of difference, I pro- 
ceed to the task. 

Whilst his part in the immediate 
acts of legislation is wisely very lim- 
ited, there appears to devolve on him 
a more extensive charge on the pres- 
ent occasion; for he is required to lay 
before you the state of the Common- 
wealth, together with those subjects 
which seem more immediately to call 
for your attention. 

It can not however but be expected, 
that in a communication of this kind, 
from a number of causes, many sub- 
jects deserving your notice will be 
omitted, and it rests with you, gentle- 
men, not only to supply those which 
may be omitted, but to decide upon 
those presented for your deliberation. 

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Gentlemen of the Senate and House of 

It was once since the last session of 
our General Assembly, fondly to be 
hoped that we should have been able 
at this period to hare felicitated our 
country and each other upon the ami- 
cable adjustment of our differences 
with Great Britain. The solemn as- 
surances of her minister resident, to 
the executive of the United States, 
which appeared to fix the basis of a 
friendly arrangement, by which the 
president was induced to suspend the 
operation of our nonintercourse that 
suffer the British ports to be filled 
with our productions, and permit our 
property to an immense amount to be 
set afloat on the ocean, have eventu- 
ated in a disavowal in the part of that 
Government and have afforded another 
striking instance that we can not look 
for safety in British faith. We seem to 
have also but a small prospect of the 
restoration of a friendly commercial 
intercourse with Prance. The obnox- 
ious decrees of both those powers 
seem to have reduced our commerce to 
little more than a name; and there is 
from our seaboard, scarcely a port, or 
high sea, in the world, where we are 
not liable to be captured or despoiled 
by the one or the other; unless we sub- 
mit to terms unworthy an independ 
ent nation. 

We seem, finally, to be reduced to 
the necessity of retreating within our- 
selves, from the injuries, and depreda 
tions of a warring world, untTI tne 
interest of the belligerents shall teach 
them to respect our maritime rights; 
or to commit ourselves on an element, 

where we are incapable of any effect- 
ual resistance — to be humiliated and 
controlled at their pleasure. One 
other alternative, only, presents itself; 
and, fortunately, though it has its ad- 
vocates, they are not numerous, that 
is, to plunge ourselves into the vortex 
of those bloody conflicts, which shake 
Europe to her center, and cling to the 
skirts of one or the other, of those two 
great powers, which for years have 
kept her in arms. When we do this, 
we bid a solemn adieu to Republican 
institution. We have on the other 
hand, to give up, only, the luxuries of 
other nations, for the sweets of inde- 
pendence and self-government. The 
people who could not do it, with the 
country and resources we possess, are 
unworthy the divine birth-right of 

Our brethren of the Eastern and At- 
lantic States, who are exposed to feel 
more severely the privation of com- 
merce, appear to have become con- 
vinced of the maxim, that one step of 
limitation prepares the way for an- 
other; and that it is better to submit, 
to what may prove only a temporary 
inconvenience, than to lasting dis- 
graceful impositions. For I rejoice to 
inform yon, that amid all the difficul- 
ties which surround the administra- 
tion of the general Government, its 
friends in several States have lately 
increased the former great majority. 
And surely, it can not but be distress 
ing to every friend of his country, to 
see an American citizen, become the 
apologist of any nation who violates 
our plainest rights. The state of ag- 
riculture and home manufactures ap- 
pears to be fast progressing in im- 

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provement throughout the Union, and 
it is pleasing to find that our State 
bids fair to hold no inconsiderable 
rank in the scale. In several States, 
legislative patronage in the establish- 
ment of agricultural and manufactur- 
ing societies has been afforded, and it 
were much to be desired, that institu- 
tions of a similar nature could take 
their rise here. These may be said to 
generate and cherish the life's blood of 
a free nation. Nature in her profuse 
munificence has given to us the mater- 
ials of our comfore and independence 
within ourselves; and invites us to use 
them. It is a consoling observation, 
that for the same time, perhaps, no 
country upon earth has exhibited, and 
still continues to do so, sueh an aston. 
ishing progress in improvements of al- 
most every description as this State. 
They are sure indications of our pros 
perity, and if the idle or extravagant 
complain of their lot, the most abund- 
ant evidence, nevertheless, exists, to 
show we ought to be happy. 

Hut, gentlemen, the unwary most 
frequently lose their treasure. It is 
scarcely in the nature of man to see 
the prosperity of his neighbour without 
some degree of envy — some attempt to 
share, and frequently, what is worse, 
to wrest from him his enjoyments. 

Appeals to justice and humanity are 
still more impotent with nations than 

A fatal spirit of indolence, in one re- 
spect, has seised upon us; and while 
basking in the sunshine we think not of 
the tempest. Our arms purchased our 
liberties, and by our arms must they 
be defended. It is the order of Nature 
and of Fate. It would, therefore, be 

well for ub, as we value our rights and 
our existence, occasionally to review 
their strength. We have people, but 
they are naked and untrained. We 
have yet to learn to make our citizens, 
soldiers, by giving them weapons and 
discipline, and haviug a sufficient por- 
tion of their strength actually dis- 
posable in a moment of emergency. 

It is much to be regretted, that our 
general Government, which has it 
more completely in its power, does not 
act more efficiently upon this primary 
national object. It has the means to 
command arms and power to establish 
discipline, the want of both of which I 
greatly fear will not soon be remedied 
on the present plan. 

To a great extent they appear at 
present to be the business of the 
States. It appears to me that there 
are several radical errors in the mili- 
tary establishment of our State. The 
adjutant-general should reside at the 
seat of Government; some more effect- 
ual means should be provided to com- 
pel the proper returns and to punish 
those officers who fail in mustering 
and disciplining their men, as well as 
to ensure the stated reviews. But 
above all, in times like the present, es- 
pecially, a competent number of mi- 
litia should be kept detached, organ- 
ized, armed and equipped, ready for 
service on any emergency. For it is a 
melancholy proof of our weakness, six 
months after the general Government 
made a demand for our quota of the 
late corps of militia, directed to be 
held in readiness at a moment's warn- 
ing, to find one-half of the returns not 
made, and of the number returned, not 
one-fifth armed or prepared for service. 



From the situation of our affairs it 
seems highly probable, that a requisi- 
tion of the militia will shortly again 
be made, and the State ought to have 
at least 10,000 stand of arms to supply 
deficiencies. These should be procured 
as early as possible. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and House of 

Our civil establishment seems also 
to demand your attention. In a Gov- 
ernment like ours the public weal 
alone, and not the interest of individu- 
als should be consulted in the creation 
of offices and annexing to them sala- 
ries. The latter should bear a just pro- 
portion to the importance of the ser- 
vices they are intended to recompense, 
and be adequate, in reason, to insure 
their performance in the most benefl 
cial manner to the public. It is in 
vain to expect important public offices 
will continue to be filled by able and 
upright men, if they are insufficiently 

It is a truth which all experience 
tends to demonstrate and of which the 
people will be convinced, that if they 
require to be served by able hands 
they must hold out a sufficient induce- 
ment. For in political, as well as jn 
common life, master workmen are not 
to be employed for journeymen's 
wages. And although men, who may 
deserve a better reward, may fill them 
for awhile, they will finally turn from 
them with disgust. This truth has 
been strongly evidenced by the 
many vacancies, which have lately 
happened, through resignation, in our 
Court of Appeals; one of the highest 


offices in our Government; of immedi- 
ate consequence to the properties and 
rights of our whole body of citizens, 
and to fill which, ought to be an ob- 
ject, with men of the first talents, and 
standing; and yet such has been the 
difficulty of procuring a fit person to 
accept of the office of a judge in that 
court, that I have, from a sense of 
duty been induced to leave it vacant, 
until the meeting of the Legislature, 
that they might have it more com- 
pletely in their power to remedy this 

Gentlemen of the House of Represen- 

The state of our revenue has long re- 
quired attention. The burthens of the 
people in the imposing of taxes is pecu- 
liarly confided to you. They should 
ever be as light as the exigencies of 
Government will permit; and too much 
regard can not be had to a faithful and 
judicious appropriation. But the exer- 
cise of this trust, like every other, has 
its extremes. No reasonable man in 
our country would refuse his mite, if 
he were convinced of obtaining an 
equivalent good. A firm and faithful 
adherence to this end, on the part of 
his representative will finally produce 
that conviction. For the people when 
properly informed are never wrong; 
though for the moment, they may, by 
the designing or ambitious, be preju- 
diced, or misled. That man, who In 
the discharge of his duty as a public 
servant, is faithful in what he views, 
as the solid interests of his constitu- 
ents; if he has the virtue of patience, 
may assure himself of their ultimate 

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approbation, and what is of infinite 
consequence, of the continued appro- 
bation of his own conscience. Against 
these, the momentary chidings of re- 
sponsibility weigh but as a feather. 

With a proper management of our 
resources, we are certainly able to sup- 
port, with credit and advantage to our 
State, the expenses of its Government, 
without distressing its citizens. A 
just and sound policy has ever dic- 
tated that the burthen of taxation 
should be made to bear as lightly as 
possible on the shoulders of the poor, 
by exempting articles of the first ne- 
cessity. The State has borrowed of 
the bank, since the 26th of January 
last, 119,796.50, and although this sum 
during the last month has been repaid 
it will, for the time of the loan, make a 
difference of upwards of 12 per cent, 
per annum at the lowest, against the 
State; because it is paying instead of 
receiving interest on the amount. 

The State funds, intended for capi- 
tal in the bank, if regularly vested, and 
left undiminished, will, no doubt, in 
the progress of a few years, furnish 
the means of effecting many valuable 
public objects, and it should require an 
extreme case to justify a resort to 
them for the ordinary expenses of Gov- 

Gentlemen of the Senate and House of 
Representatives : 

By a late communication from the 
Secretary of the United States, a com- 
mission is required to be appointed on 
the part of this State, by its executive, 
to act in conjunction with one appoint- 
ed by the president, in holding a treaty 
with the Chickasaw Indian nation, for 

the purpose of extinguishing their 
claim, to certain lands, in the South- 
western part of the State. I felt un- 
authorized to make such appointment, 
without an act of the Legislature to 
that effect. As I have reason to be- 
lieve, the commissioner on the part of 
the United States is waiting in readi- 
ness to proceed to the treaty which is 
extremely to be desired by this State, 
I trust you will, as early as convenient 
turn your deliberations to this sub- 

I have to regret, gentlemen, my ina- 
bility, from the unfortunate hurt I re- 
ceived last winter, to be present 
among you. Although deprived of this 
pleasure, I shall nevertheless be pre- 
pared, cordially, to co-operate with you 
in any measure for promoting the wel- 
fare of my fellow citizens. I am 
aware, however candid the disclosure 
I have made, or proper the measures, 
I have recommended, may appear to 
me, a difference of opinion may yet ex- 
ist. The habits of my life have unfit- 
ted me at all times, for disguise; but 
it would* be an abandonment of a duty 
I prefer to life itself to be guilty of 
it here. My aim has been, and still is, 
my country's happiness. I am liable 
to err in the means. The prospect of 
any earthly reward must soon close 
upon me, and I confide in the hope, 
that you, gentlemen, and my country- 
men with you, will do justice to the mo- 
tives by which they are dictated. 

I have the honor to be, gentlemen, 
with considerations of high respect, 

Your Most Obedient Servant, 


Dec. 5, 1809. 

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0 Of 0 

Governor George Madison. 

Elected August 16th; Died October 14th, 1816. 

Genealogical Chart of the Madison Family, prepared for 
the Register by a Great-Gran dson of Governor 
Madison. FranR P. Blair, Chicago, 111. 

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Governor George fliadison. 

He was born in Virginia about 1763. 
It seems, upon investigation of the 
genealogy of a number of our great 
men, that there is a diversity of dates 
and birthplaces, hence we deem it beBt 
to give the date, as far as we have 
read, that is most generally received 
as correct. 

In the historical notices of these 
men there is an omission so frequent 
that it must be remarked— the dates 
of their marriage and the names of 
their wives. Events so important in 
the life of a man, and especially any 
man who has achieved a national rep- 
utation for greatness, should certain- 
ly be noted. And yet, the wife and 
her name is the silent influence in 
the life of her distinguished husband, 
that is left in obscurity, often a blank, 
in our histories. 

Governor Madison's wife's name is 
not given in the leading histories of 
him, and" is nowhere found upon the 
monument to his memory, erected by 
the State in the Frankfort cemetery. 
But, as will be seen below, we have 
secured this important data from 
Mr. Prank P. Blair for the Register. 

The career of Governor Madison 
was one of distinction, from a boy- 
hood spent in the Revolutionary War 
as a soldier until the close of his life 
as Governor of Kentucky, October 14, 
1816. Having passed through the 
Revolutionary War, he came to Ken- 

tucky and took part in its civil af- 
fairs. He was appointed by Governor 
Isaac Shelby Auditor of the State in 
1796, which position he held for nearly 
twenty years. He was in the Indian 
wars and in the War of 1812-15. In 
the awful Battle of River Raisin he 
was wounded, and his health never 
recovered from the shock and suffer- 
ing from the wound. Notwithstand- 
ing his delicate health, however, the 
people of Kentucky overwhelmingly 
elected him Governor, in grateful ac- 
knowledgement of his devoted, self- 
sacrificing services to the State and to 
the country as a soldier and public 
officer. Only a few months he lived 
to enjoy his new honor. His death 
was deeply mourned. 

We find the following inscriptions 
on his monument in the cemetery: 

(Front) 'To the memory of George 
Madison, Fifth Governor of Kentucky, 
this monument is erected in compli- 
ance with a resolution of the Legis- 
lature of Kentucky, Jan. 16, 1874, 
which directed his remains to be re- 
moved from the old burial ground, 
northeast of the Capitol, to this cem- 

"He was a soldier of the Revolu- 
tionary War and of the various con- 
flicts with the Indian savages of the 
frontiers; particularly distinguished 
in the campaigns of Scott and Wil- 
kinson, and in the battles fought by 

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St. Glair and Adair, in both of which 
he was wounded." 

(Second side) "Madison — His mili- 
tary career was gloriously closed at 
the River Raisin, where his heroic res- 
olution saved the troops under his 
command from the general massacre, 
although resulting in captivity for 
himself in the British prisons of Que- 

"Alike distinguished in civil employ 
ment, he served the State with probi- 
ty and intelligence for nearly twenty 
years as Auditor of Public Accounts, 
and was finally elected, Aug. 16, 
1816, by the unanimous voice of the 
people of Kentucky to the highest of- 
fice within their gift. While in the 
public service, in the 53d year of his 
age, on the 14th of October, 1816, his 
private and public virtues, civil and 
military life, was crowned by a death 
hallowed by religion, receiving its con- 
solations for the good and the brave." 

In response to a letter to Mr. Frank 
P. Blair, a great grandson of Governor 
George Madison, requesting the gene- 
alogy of Governor Madison, the date 
of his marriage, the name of his wife, 
and the names of his children, I had 
the most courteous and kind reply and 
the inclosure of the following valua- 
ble chart of the Madison family, and 
the data, which has been in great re 
quest for so many years among the 
writers of historical families and dis- 
tinguished statesmen of Kentucky. 

Some years age, Mr. Blair sent us 
a photograph from a portrait of Gov. 
Madison, for the Kentucky Historical 
Society, which now hangs among the 
portraits of Kentucky Governors in 
the Historical rooms. We deeply re- 
gret his paper came too late for Gov- 
ernor Madison's picture to be included 
in this issue of the Register. How- 
ever it will be given later, among 
"Revolutionary Heroes." 

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Governor Gabriel Slaughter, 


Photograph from his Portrait. 

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Governor Gabriel Slaughter. 

He was the son of Austin Slaughter 
and Susan Fisher (his first wife), born 
in Culpeper county, Virginia, 1761. 
His mother, Susan Fisher, was of 
Caroline county, Virginia, and one of 
the American heirs to the great Ger- 
man fortune of many millions, known 
still as the Fisher estate. She was a 
woman of unusual intelligence and fine 
character. The Slaughters of Virginia 
are of an old and honorable family, 
and the progenitor of the family came 
to Virginia early in the seventeenth 
century. Gabriel Slaughter illustrat 
ed his good birth and blood by his 
life of illustrious services to his coun 
try, his church, his adopted State, and 
to the community in which he lived. 
He came to Kentucky when it was a 
territory of Virginia, and settled near 
Harrodsburg, afterwards in Mercer 
county. He returned to Virginia when 
of age, we learn, and married hie 
cousin and his mother's namesake, 
Susan Slaughter. 

He brought his bride to Kentucky 
and built his residence near Harrods 
burg, so long known as "Traveler's 
Rest." It is said it was a veritable 
haven of rest for the travelers, kin- 
dred and friends who came to Ken- 
tucky in those perilous times of In- 
dian surprises and savage butchery. 

After the death of his first wife, 
Governor Slaughter married Sally 

Hord, a daughter of John Hord, who 
was a staff oflScer in the Revolution 
and lieutenant of the 4th Continental 
Dragoons from January 20, 1777. (See 
Heitman's Register of Continental Of- 
ficers.) By this marriage he had three 
children — John Hord, of Mason coun 
ty, Ky.; Felix, and Annie (Mrs. Annie 
Slaughter Worthington). 

Governor Slaughter united with the 
Baptist church at an early age, and 
became one of its most prominent and 
useful members, and often presided as 
moderator of their large assemblies. 
He was a stern adherent to his faith, 
and the cause of right found ever in 
him a staunch friend and supporter. 

He was a senator in the Senate of 
Kentucky from 1801 to 1808; Lieuten- 
ant-Governor from 1808 to 1812, with 
Governor Isaac Shelby as Governor, 
second term. He distinguished him- 
self as an officer in the War of 1812; 
was colonel of a Kentucky regiment 
in the battle of New Orleans, Janu- 
ary 8, 1815. In Collins' History of 
Kentucky we find this incident, which 
illustrates his independence of char- 
acter and his confidence in his own 
judgment, whether or not in accord- 
ance with military rules: 

"On one occasion, while acting as 
president of a court martial, whose 
decision was not in accordance with 
the views of General Jackson, the 

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court were ordered to reverse their 
proceedings, but Colonel Slaughter 
declined to comply, saying he knew 
his duty and had performed it. Gen- 
eral Jackson entertained the highest 
respect for his character as a soldier 
and a patriot." 

On his return from the war, he was 
re-elected Lieutenant-Governor, with 
George Madison for Governor, in 
1816-20. In consequence of the death 
of Governor Madison on the 14th of 
October, 1816, following his election, 
Lieutenant-Governor Slaughter be- 
came Governor, and administered the 
government of the State for four 
years. There was much excitement 
at the time over his inauguration. He 
had appointed a man as Secretary of 
State very obnoxious to many people, 
because, as senator from Kentucky, 
he had opposed the war with Eng- 
land. The Secretary resigned, hoping 
by this concession to quiet the tur- 
bulent feeling, but in vain. Governor 
ISIaughter then tendered the position 
to Martin D. Hardin, who also de- 
clined it, and the independent, wise 
old man decided to administer the 
government alone and without a sec- 
retary, rather than submit to a vio- 
lation of the law, or of his own rights. 
He was a born leader, and despised 
espionage and the criticisms and carp- 
ings of men of inferior minds. In- 
deed, his history shows that he would 
not submit to their dictation masked 
behind (as it was) shrewd politicians 
and partisan shysters. Perhaps, at 
the battle of New Orleans, had he re- 
versed the decision of the court-mar- 
tial at General Jackson's command, 
the General could not have entertained 

such high regard for his fine charac- 
ter as a brave soldier and patriot. 
Adorned by his faith as a Christian, 
his character was as conspicuous as 
his intelligence and his courage. 

In 1820, when he retired from the 
executive chair, he returned to his 
home — "Traveler's Rest" — and gave 
his attention thereafter to the affairs 
of his county and the care of his large 
and beautiful estate. The blessing of 
God seems to rest upon his well-spent 
life. In public as well as private life 
we hear he was greatly beloved and 
respected, and the utmost confidence 
reposed in his high Christian integ 
rity and his generous sense of the 
claims of those less favored than him- 
self, upon his care and his fortune. 
The orphan nephew and niece found 
in him a generous foster father, and 
the unfortunate a pitying friend. His 
death at his home in Mercer county, 
September 19, 1830, was regarded as 
a public bereavement. 

The State erected a monument to 
his memory in his own private ceme- 
tery near his old home. It is now 
nearly seventy-three years since it was 
erected there, but as it is beyond the 
oversight of the State, it has not had 
the cleaning and care of the Govern 
ors' monument in the State lot of the 
cemetery at the capital, hence, as will 
be seen from the clipping below, taken 
from a home newspaper some years 
ago, the monument is leaning and 
otherwise in bad form, over the grave 
of Governor Gabriel Slaughter. The 
second clipping, "Death of Col. J. A. 
Fisher, at Danville, Ky.," some years 
ago, gives the connection between the 
Slaughters and the Fishers. J. C. M. 

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On the summit of a prominent hill, 
four miles from town on the Lexing- 
ton pike, to the left as you go towards 
Pleasant Hill, is a landmark which 
has endured for sixty-seven years. It 
is the last resting place of Gov. Ga- 
briel Slaughter, surrounded by a 
dressed-stone wall thirty feet square 
and four feet high. The enclosure 
contains ten other graves besides this 
and all within shows the inevitable 
effects of time. It is the home of the 
rabbit and the chipmunk, and the icon- 
oclastic hand is evident in the shifted 
and broken tablets erected in love to 
mark the resting-place of mortality. 
The monument, eight feet 'high, over 
Gov. Slaughter is an odd-looking de- 
sign in smoky marble, with base of 
Kentucky limestone. It is four-sided, 
three feet to the side, slopes slightly 
towards the top, with four columns 
at the corners. The entablature is 
surmounted by a hexagon cope-stone, 
rounded on top. The wearing of time 
has leaned the monument several de- 
grees, taken off the polish, and is 
steadily disintegrating the stone. On 
the slab to the south is this inscrip- 

Gabriel Slaughter, 

Former acting Governor of 

He departed this life Septem- 
ber 19, 1830, aged 64 years. 

The State erects this tomb to 
tell the inquirer in after times 
where repose the remains of a 
soldier and patriot. 

A monolith of native limestone 
marks the grave of Augustus Slaugh- 
ter and old-fashioned sarcophagi of 
sandstone rest over the remains of 
Susan Slaughter and Mary Buckner 


Death of Col. Jas. A. Fisher at Dan 

Danville, Ky., Feb. 23.— (Special.)— 
Col. James A. Fisher, the oldest na- 
tive-born citizen of Danville, died last 
night at 10 o'clock after a long illness, 
aged eighty-three years. He leaves 
a widow to whom he had been married 
more than sixty years, and the follow- 
ing children: George D. Fisher and 
James B. Fisher, of St. Louis, and Mrs. 
J. S. Gashwiler, of Pratt City, Kan. 
The late Mrs. N. H. Bell, of St. Louis, 
was also a daughter. His mother was 
the daughter of Gov. Slaughter. 

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" The 'Blockade of Southern Cuba. 

9b roqaost of a Historian, "Tho South*™ Woc%ado of Cuba " o)as Wrltton bp Commandor 
Chapman Coltman Todd, a notiVo of Frankfort, Kontocts. Coplod for tho 
Historioal Soclotp of Kontnekp, bp Horn Innos Todd, 1899. 

The formal blockade of the entire 
southern coast of the island of Cuba 
was never declared, but in the first 
proclamation issued by the president, 
dated: April 22, 1898, which declared 
those ports between Cardenas and 
Bahia Honda (both inclusive) in a 
state of blockade, only one port on 
the south coast was mentioned — that 
of Cienfuegos. The reason for select- 
ing this one port must be attributed 
to its military importance, due to its 
spacious landlocked harbor with deep- 
water approach capable of easy de- 
fense, which would afford a refuge for 
any Spanish fleet, and being in rail 
communication with Havana added 
much to its strategic importance. 
There, too, centered the southern lines 
of submarine cable communication 
with important Spanish points along 
the south coast of Cuba, as well as 
the outside world. 

Upon the arrival of the American 
fleet off Havana, the force was so dis- 
persed as to effectually blockade the 
ports included in the president's proc- 
lamation, the Marblehead, Nashville 
and Eagle being sent to Cienfuegos, 
and these being joined later by the 
revenue cutter Merril. 

The peculiar conditions of the war 
between the Spanish Government and 
the Cubans, as to military domination 
over certain districts and the semi- 
guerilla warfare adopted by the Cuban 
forces, made difficult inter-communi* 
cation between the separated Spanish 
forces. Along the south side of Cuba, 
especially, no land telegraph could be 
maintained. Hence resort was had to 
the submarine cable, supplemented by 
the heliographic system, while col 
umns of smoke were sometimes used 
as danger signals. 

The approach of the rainy season 
modified somewhat the importance of 
the heliograph, hence the magnified 
value of the submarine cable, and im- 
portance of destroying this very val- 
uable aid in the conduct of military 

Commander McCalla, commanding 
the Marblehead, and senior officer 
present, determined to make an effort 
to cut the cables, using the ships' 
boats in the absence of a regular fitted 
cable steamer. Owing to the great 
depth of water at this point of the 
coast, to grapple for the cables it was 
necessary to send the boats close in- 
shore in the vicinity of the cable 

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bouse. It could not be supposed that 
this cutting' of cables would be per- 
mitted without resistance on the part 
of the Spaniards, and therefore the 
small boats were sent in under the 
guns of the blockading vessels. 

The power necessary to lift a sub- 
marine cable, even in six fathoms of 
water (36 feet), is very considerable 
when the means that can be applied 
in a small boat is considered. But 
the needed power increases much more 
rapidly than that of the depth of wa- 
ter. The boats proceeded as near 
shore as was deemed prudent, and 
finally caught the cable in thirteen 
fathoms (78 ft.). Under a hot musk- 
etry fire from the shore, amid the roar 
and din of the ship's fire over their 
heads, the brave officers and men 
worked with coolness and with a will 
to accomplish their daring purpose. 
For an hour and a half the work went 
on until the cables that bad been 
caught, three in number, were severed 
and the boats returned to their ves- 
sels with the loss of two killed and 
three wounded, including Lieutenant 
Cameron Winslow, the senior officer 
in charge of the boats. 

Subsequent events proved that all 
the cables were not cut, but the won- 
der is that under such circumstances, 
any could be, with the means at hand. 
It was American daring that overcame 
the difficulties. 

The appearance of the Spanish bat- 
tle fleet in the vicinity of the Island of 
Martinique, and later on at the Island 
of Curacao, indicated that the vessels 
wouH head for either Santiago or 
Cienfuegos, or by a detour attempt to 
reach Havana. 

Any approach toward the southern 
coast of Cuba by this force, in the ab- 
sence of an equal one to meet it and 
give battle, would necessarily cause 
the force blockading Cienfuegos to 
withdraw, it being wholly inadequate. 
Hence the orders were issued to the 
senior officer off that port to abandon 
the blockade and retire to the north- 
ern coast or Key West. Compliance 
with the order raised the blockade of 
the port and the entire south coast 
became open to trade. 

Admiral Cervera's fleet approaching 
from Curacoa entered Cienfuegos har- 
bor. Upon Admiral Schley's squad- 
ron moving in that direction, the Span- 
ish admiral proceeded to Santiago de 
Cuba, before which place the Ameri- 
can Squadron appeared in a few days; 
and being reinforced quickly by Ad- 
miral Sampson with his Flagship New 
York and the battleship Oregon, the 
fate of Cervera's fleet was sealed. This 
accomplished, there remained no Span- 
ish vessels on the high seas or around 
the rest of Cuba, capable of any seri- 
ous offensive work. A few armed 
merchantmen, a swarm of small gun- 
boats (from 500 to 50 tons displace- 
ment), which later constituted 1 a kind 
of coast guard, was all that remained 
around the island of Cuba. And, too, 
these vessels were seeking or had 
sought refuge from the American 

The close blockade of the northern 
ports greatly affected the normal sup- 
ply of food and provisions of all kinds, 
usually received by the Spanish troops 
from Europe. So great was the dan- 
ger of capture apparently, foreign mer- 
chantmen would not actively engage 

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in attempts to run the northern block- 
ade. This caused much suffering 
among the troops and others in Cuba. 

The authorities by employing small 
vessels of light draft were able to 
bring into the southern ports consid- 
erable quantities of food from Mexico 
and adjacent Central American coun- 
tries. To cut off this the remaining 
source of supply President MeKinley 
issued a proclamation dated June 27, 
1898, placing under blockade all the 
Cuban coast between Cape Frances on 
the west and Cape Cruz on the east. 
With the fleet guarding Santiago and 
having seized Guantanamo as a naval 
base, all ports would be closed to the 
enemy's vessels or those wishing to 
bring in provisions. 

A glance at the map of Cuba shows 
a peculiar conformation of its south- 
ern coast. Beginning at the west- 
ward end or Cape San Antonio, the 
coast line runs nearly east and west 
for a distance of about forty miles 
with a bold coast without any outlying 
dangers to Cape Frances. Thence 
trends in a northwesterly direction to 
Batabano; thence east to Santa Cruz 
del Sud; southeast to Manzanillo, then 
south to Cape Cruz, thus forming a 
great bight or recess in the coast line 
drawn from Cape Frances to Cape 
Cruz. East of Cape Cruz to Cape 
Maysi the line is almost east and west 
very bold, rugged and free from outly- 
ing dangers. The great bight is dot- 
ted with keys and shallow banks, and 
as it has never been thoroughly sur- 
veyed, navigation of its waters is con- 
fined to vessels of light draft, except 
in the vicinity of Cienfuegos, and tnen 
only with pilots. 

Situated within this bight were the 
following places of importance, and 
held by the Spanish forces, beginning 
at the western end: Batabano, Cien- 
fuegos, Casilda (the seaport of Trini- 
dad), Tumas, Jncaro (the southern 
terminus of the eastern Trocha) Santa 
Cruz del Sud, and Manzanillo. 

The first two had rail communica- 
tion with Havana, the last named was 
very important military post in East- 
ern Cuba, with a strong garrison. All 
were difficult of approach, and capable 
of perfect defence. From a military 
point of view Cienfuegos and Manzan- 
illo were the most important. Along 
the coast separated by a few miles, es- 
pecially at the mouths of rivers, were 
block houses (circulars or square 
about thirty to forty feet in diameter), 
erected by the Spanish military au- 
thorities, and garrisoned by from 
twenty to fifty soldiers. 

The object of these fortifications for 
such they were, was to prevent the 
landing of provisions and arms for the 
Cubans, and as a means of communi- 
cation by heliograph. A line of simi- 
lar structures stretched across the 
island from north to south at the two 
main trochas, the Mariel-Batabano and 
Moron-Jucaro. They were built of 
adobe, with thick walls and a lookout 
or observatory cupola. They were 
capable of stout defence unless at- 
tacked by cannon. Here and there 
along the coast the Cubans retained 
control of small stretches of the coast 
line, where it was> difficult for the 
Spanish forces to operate; but these 
sections were comparatively small in 

Upon the outbreak of hostilities be- 

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tween the United States and Spain, 
there was concentration of Spanish 
forces, and consequent abandonment 
by them of some minor posts, which 
were promptly seized by the Cubans. 
Immediately upon the issuance of the 
president's proclamation, Admiral 
Sampson dispatched as many of his 
auxiliary vessels as could be spared 
to Manzanillo and Cienfuegos. Before 
this, under international usage, some 
of this fleet had been cruising in the 
vicinity of Cape Cruz to capture any 
Spanish vessels trading in the West 
Indies, and endeavoring to reach Man- 
zanillo, but with little success. At 
the same time these vessels left San- 
tiago, one or two auxiliaries were de- 
tached from the northern blockade 
and sent to guard the region of the 
Isle of Pines, south of Batabano. 
It was well known that several Span, 
ish gunboats and probably quite a 
number of merchant steamers were 
lying in or moving near Manzanillo. 
As the troops could not be moved 
along the south coast, except by wa- 
ter, owing to the swampy character 
of the land and probable attack from 
the Cubans, Manzanillo was a kind of 
distributing port, east and west. 

The steamer Purissima Concepcion 
had been particularly active in bring- 
ing provisions, etc., from Jamaica to 
the Spanish forces, and she was known 
to be somewhere near the city. On 
the 30th of June, the small auxiliary 
vessels, Hist, Hornet and Wampa- 
tuck, proceeded from Cape Cruz by 
the south pass to Manzanillo, distant 
about sixty miles. Through the helio- 
graph the authorities were notified as 
they proceeded. Upon arrival off 

Manzanillo, they entered the harbor 
by Southern channel. The force met 
much more resistance than was an- 
ticipated, by gunboats, shore batteries 
and infantry. After a sharp engage- 
ment of about half an hour, the Amer- 
ican vessels were compelled to retire, 
the Harnet in a disabled condition 
owing to her steam-pipe being cut by 
an enemy's shot. 

On the next day, July 1, 1898, two 
more auxiliary vessels, the Scorpion 
and Osceola, arrived in the vicinity of 
Manzanillo from Santiago, having 
passed through outlying keys by the 
Cantro-Reales channel to guard the 
northern entrance to the town. Lieu- 
tenant-Commander Marix of the Scor- 
pion had expected to find the three 
vessels engaged the previous day, but 
they had retired the same way they 
came, and were not encountered. 
Lieutenant-Commander Marix, in Scor- 
pion, accompanied by the Osceola, 
Lieutenant Purcell, entered the harbor 
by a new channel between the keys 
fronting the town, but were compelled 
to retire after a brisk engagement of 
half an hour. All the vessels in the 
engagements were converted auxili- 
aries, small in size, with only second- 
ary batteries, except the Scorpion, 
which carried five rapid-fire guns. Had 
the two forces been combined, as was 
intended, some success probably would 
have resulted. As it occurred, nothing 
was accomplished, and the Spanish 
much encouraged and made over-con- 
fident. The Hornet went to Guantan- 
amo for repairs and the other vessels 
resumed their blockading stations and 
effectively closed the port of Manzan- 
illo for entry or exit. 

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While the operations referred to 
were going on aronnd Manzanillo, the 
auxiliary oruisers, Yankee, Dixie, 
and Yankton, and gun bout Helena 
were closely blockading Oienfuegos 
and Casilda, the seaport of Trinidad. 
But, apart from shelling some block- 
houses along the coast between these 
two places, nothing of importance oc- 
curred. Upon the appearance of the 
converted cruiser, Yankee, off Oien- 
fuegos, the Spanish gunboat Gallicia 
came out and approached the former, 
mistaking her for a merchant steamer. 
The Yankee turned, as though to run 
away to draw the Spaniard far enough 
away from the entrance to the har- 
bor to insure her capture, but turned 
again too soon and fired, which caused 
the hasty retreat into the harbor of 
the Gallicia. The Yankee had practi- 
cally an untrained crew, and the es- 
cape of the Spaniards is to be attrib- 
uted to the poor gun-practice of the 
green crew, for the Gallicia was within 
range, and the Yankee carried a 5-inch 

The region of the Isle of Pines had 
been extensively used by the Spanish 
authorities to run in supplies from 
Mexico and adjacent Central Ameri- 
can ports to Batabano, thence by rail 
to Havana Province. The small auxil- 
iary cruiser, Eagle, Lieut. Souther- 
land, was very active in the vicinity, 
and soon caused at least a partial sus- 
pension of this traffic. But, alone, it 
was not possible to completely cut 
it off. From Jamaica small steamers 
were entering the many channels be- 
tween the keys, and reaching Jucaro, 
Santa Cruz and Tunas, but up to the 
middle of July the class of vessels 

employed were neither drafted for in- 
side work along the coast nor suffi- 
cient in number. However, on July 
8th, the Hist and Wampatuck entered 
through Cantre Roads channel, locat- 
ed and cut the submarine cable be- 
tween Santa Cruz and Manzanillo. 

The Wilmington had proceeded from 
Key West to Santiago as a convoying 
vessel for a detachment of the army. 
The troops were landed at Siboney, 
and the vessel then proceeded to 
Guantanamo for coal, returning to the 
vicinity of the flagship July 14th. 
Commander Todd was sent for by the 
Commander-in-Chief, directed to pro- 
ceed to Manzanillo and blockade that 
port and those to the westward of it. 
He was informed the Helena and Hist 
would follow within a day or two, and 
also the revenue cutter Manning, la- 
ter. At that time the Detroit and 
Yankton were blockading Cienfuegos; 
the Scorpion, Osceola, Hornet and 
Wampatuck in Manzanillo and Cape 
Cruz waters. In a general discussion 
of the situation, Commander Todd ex- 
pressed to Admiral Sampson his opin- 
ion that the most effective wny to stop 
the traffic of the enemy was to destroy 
his shipping wherever found, begin- 
ning with Manzanillo, and then pro- 
ceed to the westward to the other 
ports. While no written instructions 
were given as to the execution of the 
plan, a tacit approval was given to it, 
with verbal instructions not to engage 
land forts or batteries, nor expose the 
light vessels unnecessarily. 

The Wilmington reached Cap* 1 Cruz 
July 15th and communicated with the 
Wampatuck, blockading the entrance 
to Manzanillo, and from her it was 

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learned the Scorpion, Osceola and Hor- 
net were in the vicinity of Gnayabal, 
an anchorage twenty miles west of 
Manzanillo, and covering the northern 
channel of that port. The command- 
ing officer of the Wampatuck was in- 
structed, upon the arrival of the Hel- 
ena and Hist off Cape Cruz, to proceed 
with them and join the Wilmington 
at Cantre Roads channel. 

The Wilmington anchored inside 
Cantre Roads the evening of July 14th. 

On the 16th she proceeded off Santa 
Cruz, fifteen miles to the north to re- 
connoitre. Overhauling a fishing boat, 
the location of the cable west of the 
town was ascertained. Proceeding to 
that point the cable was grappled for, 
caught and cut. The vessel then re- 
turned to the anchorage at Cantre 
Roads, the Helena, Hist and Hornet 
being sighted in the offing as the an- 
chorage was approached near sun&et. 
The morning of the 17th the three 
vessels entered through the channel, 
and, in company with the Wilming- 
ton, shaped a course for Gnayabal, ar- 
riving there at 2 p. m., and where 
were found the Scorpion, Osceola and 
Hornet. The commanding officers of 
the several vessels were summoned on 
board the Wilmington. Prom sketches 
made by some, based upon previous 
observations, and upon the recollec- 
tion of others, a general sketch was 
made showing the location of the 
shipping, the size, number and arma- 
ment; also the location of the forts; 
aDd from the commandant of Guav 
abal (a Cuban) was learned the num- 
ber and size of the guns in these forts, 
together with the number of army 
field!-piece8 around the city. This 

completed, Commander Todd formu- 
lated his plan of action, explaining 
the details to the assembled officers. 
The vessels were ordered stripped for 
hot action, boats hoisted out and all 
preparations made before dark, the 
squadron to get under way at 3 o'clock 
the following morning. 

The approach to Manzanillo from 
the westward is through a narrow 
channel, twelve miles from the city, 
through which even the local vessels 
will not pass, except by daylight. 
Quay abal being distant twenty miles. 
In order to reach this narrow pass at 
daylight, 4:30, the squadron moved as 
ordered at 3 a. m., the 18th, reached 
the pass at 4:30 a. m., passed through 
and steamed at full speed for Man- 
zanillo. One object of the early start 
was to reach the destination as soon 
as possible, taking what benefit would 
accrue from surprise. 

The general character of Manzan- 
illo harbor is that of a crescent, with 
crown to the eastward, a long string 
of keys distant about one and one- 
half miles, fronting the anchorage, 
forming the western enclosing side. 
The channel between the wharves and 
keys is not very wide, but deep, and 
as the charts furnished' were not re- 
liable, great care had to be exercised 
in handling such vessels as the Wil- 
mington and Helena, owing to their 
length. Three large transports and 
the "Ponton" guardship were known 
to be at or near the northern entrance ; 
the gunboats were likely to be found 
strung out along the harbor front, 
close inshore. The estimate proved to 
be correct. 

Upon arrival of the force in front 



of the keys opposite the city, the in- 
structions were for the Wilmington 
and Helena to enter by the northern 
channel, their guns to be turned first 
on the transports and guardship, and 
the Scorpion, particularly, with her 
5-inch guns, to keep down any fire 
that might develop from anknown 
shore-batteries. The Hist, Hornet and 
Wampatuck were to enter by the 
southern channel, engage the gunboats 
found nearby and to prevent any es- 
caping. Deliberation of fire was in- 
sisted upon and care taken not to 
damage the city, the objective being 
the shipping of the enemy, not the 
town itself. 

As the squadron approached near 
enough to observe, large numbers of 
schooners were seen poling and pad- 
dling from the city front to, in and 
above the mouth of the Yara river, 
the north boundary of the town. As 
they were but small trading schoon- 
ers, no attention was paid to their 
movements. At 7:15 a. m., the squad- 
ron, in double column, with the Wil- 
mington and Helena leading, arrived 
off the middle of the keys fronting 
the city. Signal was made to "take 
stations,'' whereupon the Wilmington 
and Helena turned at half-speed to the 
northward, the Scorpion and Osceola 
kept on at slow speed, the Hist, Hor- 
net and Wampatuck proceeded at full 
speed to the southern entrance, these 
three having some two miles further 
to go to reach their stations. All ves- 
sels were directed to shell the keys 
as they closed in, to develop any 
masked guns located thereon, which 
was probable. The whistling and cut- 
ting through the light growth of the 

six-pounders' shells could be plainly 
heard as the vessels advanced. The 
result was, two parties who had been 
secreted among the trees, and, un- 
doubtedly, with light guns in place, 
were observed to hastily decamp and 
pull for the city. At 7:40 the vessels 
entered the harbor, and at 7:50 the 
Wilmington opened fire on the trans- 
ports, followed immediately by the 
other ships strictly as directed. The 
enemy returned the fire from the "Pon- 
ton" and six gunboats, and were 
joined in resisting by Fort Zaragoza 
and a circular fort back of the city, 
but the fire of the fort was ineffec- 
tive, as they were at too long a range 
at this time. In a half hour all three 
of the transports were burning. The 
Helena's gun-fire had, by signal, been 
divided between the "Ponton" and the 
Cuba-Espanola, observed to be lying 
a short distance from her. As soon 
as the transports were fairly burn- 
ing, the Wilmington joined her gun- 
fire with that of the Helena, and soon 
the Cuba-Espanola was riddled and 
the "Ponton" burning. The Helena's 
gun-fire was now turned to the small- 
er vessels, again at the Spanish gun- 
boats stretched along the shore. The 
fire from the middle and southern end 
of the line had begun to tell; one gun- 
boat had been sunk, another was burn- 
ing, the remaining three in sight were 
hugging the shore to escape the con- 
centrating, deadly fire. 

Gradually all the vessels closed in 
on them, and by 10:20 a, m. the re- 
maining three were driven ashore, 
abandoned, one burning, one sunk and 
the last partially submerged on the 
beach. As the vessels closed in on 

Digitized by Googl 



the enemy the batter redoubled its 
fire from the forts, and field guns 
that had been placed as near aa pos- 
sible to the water front, and by 10 a. 
m. our vessels were beginning to ob- 
serve the shell from their guns fall- 
ing close around them. A close watch, 
however, was kept to avoid going near 
anything having the appearance of a 
range buoy, flag or stake, which the 
Spaniards invariably used to regulate 
their range. 

The last remaining gunboat of the 
enemy being completely destroyed and 
ashore, the fire from the shore bat- 
teries becoming hotter, the object of 
the attack having been attained, the 
Wilmington signaled at 10:20 to re- 
tire, and the entire force returned by 
the ways they had entered, meeting 
outside the keys and anchoring for 
the day, wholly uninjured and with- 
out a casualty. The result of the op- 
eration was, complete destruction of 
the transports (by shell and fire) "Pur- 
issima Conception," "La Gloria," "Jose 
Garcia;" the "Ponton," the "Maria;" 
the gunboats "Guantanamo," "Cuba- 
Espanola," "Guardian," "Pare jo Pel- 
gado," "Estrella" and "Centinella." 

The revenue cutter Manning joined 
the squadron at 1 p. m. 

After receiving the verbal reports 
from the various commanding officers, 
Commander Todd prepared his report 
of the engagement and decided to 
send the Wampatuck to Santiago, 
carrying dispatches to Admiral Samp- 
son. The Hornet was directed to pro- 
ceed to Cape Cruz and maintain the 
blockade at that point. The most di- 
rect route for both of these vessels 
was by the south pass, a little north 

of the cape proper. But as the chan- 
nel was intricate, a pilot would be 
needed. The distance was ninety 
miles, and as daylight was required 
to pass so close to the enemy's coast, 
a delay was necessary until the next 
morning, in order to make an earlj 
start. The Hist, having a pilot, was 
directed to accompany the Wampa- 
tuck and Hornet, rejoining the force 
off Santa Cruz the forenoon of the 
20th. The vessels were distributed 
over night to guard the three en- 
trances — not that there were any ves- 
sels to come out, but to prevent any 
attempting to run in. 

In the forenoon of the 19th instant, 
the Hist, Hornet and Wampatuck 
having started south, the remaining 
vessels proceeded to Guyabal, and 
took on board boats, etc., that had 
been left there. On the following 
morning the Wilmington, Helena, 
Manning, Scorpion and Osceola got 
under way, heading for Santa Cruz del 
Sud, an important point twenty miles 
to the westward. Upon nearing the 
town, the Hist rejoined them, having 
entered by way of Cantro-Reales 
channel. There had been a force of 
350 Spanish troops stationed at this 
point, and considerable shipping was 
reported as making the place a head- 
quarters traveling east and west with 
supplies and troops. Not even a fish- 
ing boat was visible as the squadron 
approached, and the only sign of life 
was a party of some twenty soldiers 
hastily qnitting a blockhouse and dis- 
appearing back among the trees. A 
hospital, with the Red Cross flag fly- 
ing over it, showing wounded to be 
there, was observed near the center 

Digitized by Google 



of the place. The ships advanced in 
column, and using only six-pounders, 
circled twice in front of the wharves, 
the fire by signal being directed at 
the blockhouse on the right and the 
barracks on the left of the town. Ex- 
cept as gun-practice nothing was ac- 
complished by this demonstration, but 
temporary evacuation was evident, 
there being no return of our fire or sign 
of life anywhere, the garrison and ship- 
ping apparently having heard of the 
approach of the squadron force. The 
Scorpion and Osceola were ordered 
back to Quayabal. Proceeding at noon 
to the westward, winding its way 
through the multitude of keys, prog- 
ress was made toward Jucaro, the 
next important point, the squadron 
anchoring in Gitana pass near sunset. 

Jucaro is the southern terminus of 
the Noron-Jucaro trocha, the most im- 
portant one in Cuba. The termini 
were connected by rail, with block- 
houses every mile, the intervening 
spaces being filled by abattis of felled 
trees, barbed wire and earthworks. 
It was very formidable to the Cubans, 
who had only small arms. The garri- 
sons along the line were largely pro- 
visioned by rail from the southern 
terminus, Jucaro. The approach was 
very shoal, both from the east and 
west, being protected to the south- 
ward by a string of keys. The sub- 
marine cable was believed to be lo- 
cated in the western channel or en- 
trance. Upon the arrival of the 
squadron off the western entrance, 
the Wilmington proceeded 1 towards 
the town to reconnoitre; the others 
were directed to drag for the cable. 
The only thing visible in the way of 

shipping was a sunken schooner of 
about 40 tons. The distance of the 
Wilmington was about two miles from 
the wharves. Had there been any 
shipping at anchor, or moored at the 
wharves, it could have been destroyed. 
The only signs of fortification was a 
series of blockhouses surrounding the 
town. No ammunition was wasted on 
these blockhouses and there being no 
shipping to destroy, the Wilmington 
rejoined the other vessels, sent out her 
boats, and was fortunate enough to 
soon grapple the sought-for cable. 

It was raised by the Wilmington's 
launch, and the ends dragged away by 
the Hist. It was learned that after- 
noon the inhabitants except a few sol- 
diers had deserted the town fearing a 
bombardment, word having been re- 
ceived by heliograph signal from Mau- 
zanillo of the destruction at that 

The squadron proceeded west to- 
ward Tunas, forty miles distant, but 
anchored at sunset, having made only 
about half of the distance. At day- 
light, 22d, the squadron got under way 
and at seven arrived off Tunas, and 
except for a blinding rain squall, 
which set in when in front of the 
town, an attack would have been made 
at long range on some vessels observed 
in a lagoon one-half mile behind the 
town. The narrow difficult channel 
without any accurate chart of the har- 
bor, rendered this impossible. Hence, 
signal was made to proceed, and the 
whole force kept on to the supposed 
location of the cable between Tunas 
and Trinidad. This point was reach- 
ed by 10 a. m., and all boats put to 
work dragging. The Wilmington's 

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boat caught, lifted and cat the cable. 
This completed the cable cutting on 
the south side, leaving the Spanish 
authorities only the heliograph sys- 
tem to depend upon, and as the rainy 
season bad set in that was not of great 

The Manning was now sent to Oien- 
fuegos with mail and to communicate 
with Commodore Schley, who was 
supposed to be off that port on his 
flagship Brooklyn. Thence, she was 
to ret urn off Cape Cruz for blockade 
duty. Returning toward Tunas the 
Helena was anchored to the west- 
ward, the Wilmington and Hist, east 
of the town, distant about two and 
one-half miles. As the vessels re- 
turned off the town hundreds of peo- 
ple were seen to be camping out on 
the beach east of the anchorage, evi- 
dently anticipating a bombardment. 
The lack of a good chart, as the dan- 
ger of attempting to maneuver two 
vessels like the Helena and Wilming 
ton under the circumstances caused 
Commander Todd to forego the pro- 
posed- attack for the present. 

The Helena was directed to remain 
watching the port, while the Wilming- 
ton and Hist got underway after dark, 
and headed toward Jucaro. Ap- 
proaching the town, smoke was seen 
to the eastward. 

The Hist was sent ahead by a round- 
about pass to get behind it, while the 
Wilmington proceeded slowly and en- 
tered Jucaro anchorage to head off any 
attempt of escape, shonld the smoke 
turn out to be a steamer's smoke. 
The smoke disappeared after awhile 
and the two vessels wound their way 
through the keys toward Santa Cruz, 

anchoring at sunset. On the 24th, the 
Hist was Rent to Oantro-Reales, 
anchoring -for any instruction that 
might have been sent there, while 
the Wilmington appeared off San- 
ta Cruz and threw a few six- 
pounder shells into the blockhouse 
and barracks, they proceeded to Can- 
tro-Reales anchorage. 

Commander Todd had asked instruc- 
tions of the commander-in-chief wheth- 
er to make a further attack or demon 
stration against Manzanillo in con- 
junction with a military force; for reli- 
able information had been received 
that the Spaniards would offer but a 
feeble resistance. Such a movement 
would, of course, require a concent r a 
tion of the blockading force. Oantro- 
Reales' channel had been designated 
as the rendezvous, and the several ves- 
sels instructed to move promptly 
when word was received to proceed to 
that point. 

Instructions not being received as 
early as expected, Commander Todd 
was of the opinion the delay was due 
to awaiting the military force, and 
proceeded to concentrate the vessels, 
sending the Osceola to inform the He- 
lena to proceed to Cantro-Reales, 
while the Hist was sent on to Santia- 
go with dispatches to the commander- 
in-chief, with orders to return at once 
informing the vessels at Cape Cruz to 
come to the rendezvous. On the 27th 
of July orders were received by Com- 
mander Todd to proceed to Cienfuegoa 
with the Helena, Manning, Tankton, 
Hornet, and Wampatuck. The com- 
mander-in-chief being of the opinion 
the eastern end of the blockade, by 
reasons of recent operations, could 

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sufficiently be looked after by the 
Scorpion, Osceola, and Hist. Hie 
bearer of dispatches, the torpedo boat 
Dupont, met the Helena and Osceola 
returning to Oantro-Beales, informed 
Commander Swinburn of the change of 
orders and that vessel (Helena) turned 
back to Oienfuegos, on the 26th, where 
she was joined by the Wilmington on 
July 28th. The Yankton and Man- 
ning joined off Cienfuegos July 31st. 

The Bancroft and Maple had been 
added to the auxiliary Eagle in the 
vicinity of the Isle of Pines, but aside 
from the capture of Borne small 
schooners, nothing of importance oc- 
curred until July 24th, when the large 
Spanish steamer Santo Domingo was 
sighted by the Eagle, and when chased, 
ran for the entrance north of Cape 
Frances. The captain mistook the 
channel in his excitement, and the ves- 
sel grounded heavily, her crew aban- 
doning her. The Eagle boarded, set 
on fire and destroyed the Santo Do- 
mingo, which was heavily armed for a 

The three vessels above mentioned 
continued to closely blockade these 
waters, and as soon as the Yankton 
and Manning arrived off Cienfuegos, 
the Helena was sent over there to 

look after the end of the Cienfuegos, 
Batabano blockade, and gather such 
information as could be had, with the 
object of shortly proceeding up to 
Batabano and destroying the Spanish 
shipping from there. Nothing of in- 
terest occurred off Cienfuegos. Owing 
to a lack of coal within three hundred 
miles, some few days were occupied 
in filling the several vessels at Key 
West. This being done, Commander 
Todd arranged to attack Batabano 
with the >Wilmington, Helena, Hornet, 
Eagle, the last three being at the Isle 
of Pines, the Wilmington at Cienfue- 
gos. After dark of the 13th of Au- 
gst, the Wilmington was to have left 
for the Isle of Pines, there to be joined 
by the Helena, Hornet and Eagle, and 
the attack he made the following day. 
But at 10:30 a. in., a flag of truce from 
ashore brought a telegram from Com- 
modore Eemey at Key West inform- 
ing Commander Todd that a suspen- 
sion of hostilities had been proclaimed 
by the president. 

On the 15th of August, official no* 
tice was received that the blockade 
had been raised, thus closing all ef- 
forts in this line on the south coast of 

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Lost Island. 

Bp Mrs. Jtnnit C. Morton, 

"What seek ye to-day, 
As ye Bail far away? 
Do ye head for the East or the West?" 
"We sail for a spot 
By the rich world forgot, 
It Is called the fair haven of rest." 

So they floated out far, 

'Neath the glimmer of star. 
And the beams of a glorious moon; 

Over sea waves so calm, 

By the sky-reaching palm, 
By flowery Isles In sweet June. 

Where Islands, like clouds 
Seemed to float in white shrouds, 

And dissolved in the mist of the Bea. 
By lands that were fair, 
And by climes that were rare; 

But sorrow had marked every lea. 

So they sought out the grot, 

By the rich world forgot. 
Where mountains did toss back the sea. 

And they said, "Here is health, 

Here is pleasure and wealth, 
Here is rest for the weary, care free." 

So they praised the wild spot, 

By the rich world forgot. 
And they anchored their beautiful ships, 

Where the moonlight in drifts, 

Fell white o'er the cliffs, 
And the sea waves comes leeward In dips. 

No danger was there, 

In this paradise fair, 
Where mount, sea and land did combine, 

To give It a grace. 

That none other place, 
Could possess; it was simply divine. 

Ah. here, they could rest, 

Where earth at her best, 
Could give them a change from world-care. 

So they sailed round the spot 

In their beautiful yacht. 
And slept in its bowers so fair. 

With riches so great. 

Each had an estate, 
That shared, would have given release. 

To those weary for rest, 

Because bo distressed, 
By world-woes without a surcease. 

But these mariners gay, 

Were out seeking to-day, 
For rest from old pleasures world-known, 

Something new, life must give, 

Else they could not live. 
Where the sun on all others shone. 

Alike, as on them, 

They must steer or must stem 
For skies that were different somewhere. 

And the sea-cradled spot, 

With its sun-dappled grot. 
Was the place In the wide-world so rare. 

They recked not of storms, 
In the midst of such charms, 

The illusion was sweet to the soul. 
This isle had the gleams 
Of the emerald's beams, 

This gem of the sea was their goal. 

No heed to the clouds, 

And sea-waves in shrouds, 
Or storm that was rocking the isle. 

They danced and they sang, 

While the dread thunder rang, 
Nor heard they Its warning the while. 

Like foam-crested spray, 

Their yachts blew away. 
There was no arm or anchor to save. 

The sea with mad lash. 

Drove the waves to a dash 
O'er this Isle, but a flower-wreathed cave. 

From the ships passing by, 

May be seen the low sky, 
Where the Isle went down In the deep 

With its revellers gay, 

Who sailed far away, 
And who In its caverns now sleep. 

"What seek ye to-day, 
As ye sail far away? 
Do ye head for the East or the West?" 
"We sail for a spot. 
By the rich world forgot, 
It is called the fair haven of rest" 

Digitized by Google 


Fmom Qko W. IUnck's "Bivoi ac « r thr Dbao." 


of the 


Theodore, O'Hara, 

author of 

The Bivouac of the Dead. 

By Mrs. Jennie C. Morten. 



Theodore O'Hara. 

By Mrs. JtnnU C. Morton. 

Like the roll of a great golden- 
strung harp i» the poetry of O'Hara. 
Strong, deep, brave, pathetic and ten- 
der is the wonderful strain, stirring 
and thrilling, yet with requiem note 
so touching and enthralling in its 
pathos the whirling, busy world has 
paused to listen to its strange music, 
with glistening eyes and subdued 
heart. America, from ocean to ocean, 
has published his "Bivouac of the 
Dead," and couplets and quatrains 
from it adorn many of the most fa- 
mous monuments of our country and 

Theodore O'Hara was born in the 
cultured little town of Danville, Ky., 
February 11, 1820. His father, Kean 
O'Hara, was a distinguished teacher, 
who was born and reared in Ireland. 
He came to this country with his fa- 
ther and two brothers, Charles and 
James O'Hara, about the close of 
1798 — all of them refugees from per- 
secution. He settled in Kentucky and 
established himself as a teacher, first 
at Danville. Theodore's education 
was conducted by his father until he 
was ready to enter college. He was 
very bright and studious, it is said, 
and when quite young entered St. Jo- 
seph's College at Bardstown, Ky., and 
finished there with the highest hon- 

ors of his class. It is said even 
in his boyish compositions he 
evinced the poetic talent that la- 
ter on immortalized him. Though 
educated for a lawyer, the dullness 
of the legal profession repelled him, 
and he sought journalism as best 
suited to his temperament of romance, 
poetry and adventure. At an early 
age he came to Frankfort to live, 
where his father pursued his profes- 
sion as a teacher for years. Here the 
embryo poet found in nature food for 
his soaring, singing spirit. The beau- 
tiful hills, the flower-embroidered 
dales, the bold, barbaric cliffs, the 
wild, dashing river, all had voices and 
messages for him. And in this con- 
genial atmosphere he began to touch 
the heart-chords of that harp of Erin, 
which was to give to the world in 
tune and in time "The Bivouac of the 
Dead," one of the few grand military 
poems of the world, and the noblest 
martial elegy in any language. 

The paternal ancestors of Theodore 
O'Hara were among the Irish gentry 
and rebels. His maternal ancestors 
emigrated to Maryland with Lord Bal. 
timore, to escape the hardships im- 
posed upon them in their unhappy 
isle. From Ireland, Kean O'Hara 
brought little with him of estate, but 

Digitized by Google 



through his labors as a successful 
teacher he accumulated quite a large 
property in lots in Frankfort and land 
in the county of Franklin. He had 
a beautiful estate of several hundred 
acres a few miles northeast of the 
city, -where he spent the latter part 
of his life, and of which he writes 
very particularly in his will, which 
the writer has read, and she has seen 
the home-place also. He died Decem- 
ber 22, 1851, aged 83 years. It is in 
the picturesque region of the famous 
Elkhorn, and here, in this lovely agri- 
cultural district, a replica of the splen- 
did scenery of the Kentucky framing 
it, with wide sweeps of pasture land 
between the hills, Theodore O'Hara 
spent much of his early manhood, 
while engaged in business in the city. 
Though not rich, he was never sub- 
jected! to the grinding hardships, pov- 
erty and neglect of unfriended genius. 
His gifted' mind and convivial spirit 
were free to choose congenial voca- 
tions, and among the creme de la creme 
of the society of the Capital he select- 
ed his friends and associates. 

When a mere lad he had the unusu- 
al advantage and delight of a visit 
with his father abroad, and being the 
household idol for his genius and pro- 
ficiency, he was made "the star of 
many a goodly corapanie" in Ireland. 
He recited with thrilling effect the 
popular martial poems of the day, and 
was a born elocutionist as well as a 
born poet. His kindred in old Ireland 
were very proud of him. In Ken- 
tucky, the most talented and noted 
men of his day were his schoolmates, 
and companions afterwards. He was 
very handsome; in height not quite 

six feet, but slender, with the erect, 
military bearing that gave one the 
impression he was taller than his 
height. His hair was dark brown and 
curled slightly; his complexion, fair, 
with clear-cut features, and his face 
illumined with brilliant eyes of that 
rare quality that the color varies from 
deep, dark blue, in some lights or 
shades of expression, to darkest hazel 
or brown in others. He was very fas- 
cinating in conversation, magnetic and 
winning in manner. 

About 1840, we read, the Kentucky 
Yeoman, a Democratic newspaper, was 
founded in Frankfort. Some of the 
brightest editorials of that time he 
wrote for this staunch advocate of the 
rights of the people, and for a while 
was its editor. It must be borne in 
mind that he came of distinguished 
Irish parentage, and his blood was 
purpled with indignation against 
wrong and oppression suffered long 
by his ancestry in Ireland under the 
iron rule of Great Britain. Hence, 
like a match, his chivalric spirit ig- 
nited at the touch of wrong and in- 
justice, and his pen wrote in flame the 
scorn he felt for those who practiced 
the policy of either in governmental 
affairs. The Tocsin or Democratic 
Rally, of which he was editor in 1844, 
blazed' with his Scythian scorn and 
smiled between times with his humor- 
ous sarcasm and incisive Irish wit. 
He was sought by one journal after 
another, and given offices and honors 
where he would accept them. When 
the Mexican War came on, it found 
him writing in the Treasury Depart- 
ment in Washington. In 1846 he en- 
listed as a volunteer soldier in the 

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Mexican War, and, we read, was 
bre vetted a major for gallantry on the 
field of Obepultepec while serving up- 
on the staff of General Franklin 
Pierce, afterwards president of the 
United States. It may not be amiss 
to copy from Collins' History of Ken- 
tucky his subsequent career as a cav- 
alry officer of the United 1 States, which 
be resigned to enter the service of the 
great Tehauntepec Railroad Company 
and was sent to the City of Mexico 
to procure government aid in behalf 
of that enterprise. It was about this 
time — 1847 — when he wrote the "Biv- 
ouac of the Dead" for the occasion 
of the interment at Frankfort of the 
dead who fell in Mexico (now in the 
State military lot in the cemetery). 
He came to Frankfort to visit his 
family and friends. He visited tne 
graves of Daniel and Rebecca Boone, 
and there wrote much of his noble 
poem, "The Old Pioneer, Daniel 

He had been offered, while in Mex- 
ico a colonel's commission by Nar- 
cisso Lopez, in his Cuban expedition, 
and in the interim of his visit to 
Frankfort was considering the daring 
cause of the Cuban liberator. It ap- 
pealed to his romantic sentiment and 
chivalrous courage, and though en- 
treated not to accept it by sober, law- 
abiding and intelligent friends, he 
could not resist the charm of the dan- 
ger and the allurement of the bril- 
liant adventure. So he waved a fare- 
well to his friends, kissed his hand in 
adieu to his native hills — his home 
" 'Mid banks and braes of bonny Elk 
horn" — and rode away like the dash- 
ing cavalier of olden times, to keep 
his word with Lopez. 

(From Collins' History) : "Joining the 
first expedition, in 1851, he command- 
ed a regiment at the battle of Car- 
denas, where his troops pressed for- 
ward and captured the Governor's pal- 
ace, although their commander was 
severely wounded and compelled to re- 
turn to the United States. Before he 
had entirely recovered from the effect 
of his wounds, Lopez, his unfortunate 
companion in arms, had organized a 
second expedition, in which he was 
captured 1 and garroted." 

Before this disastrous news reached 
him, the following translated supple- 
ment to the Prensa, a Spanish news- 
paper published in Havana, was re- 
ceived : 

"Havana, Aug. 16, Saturday night, 
midnight. — Anxiety of the Govern- 
ment about the troops. No news from 
General Lopez. The latest accounts. 
The greatest anxiety is felt here by the 
Government, as no news has been re- 
ceived from General Enna of later 
date than the night before last. The 
steamer for one of the ferry boats 
has been sent down to see what the 
matter is, and one hour since an en- 
gine was sent express to Guanajay, 
the western terminus of our railroad, 
to bring news either good or bad. 
Nothing had been heard from the 
troops that left Pinar del Rio to at- 
tack Lopez, and it is feared they have 
gone over to him. His forces are 
momentarily increasing, while the 
fact that nothing being received here 
by land leads to the supposition that 
the country has all turned in his fa- 
vor. Should Lopez soon receive rein- 
forcements, with arms to distribute 
to the crowds that go to him, General 
Enna must either surrender or retreat 

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by sea. In either case, Lopez's march 
to Havana will be uninterrupted. 
Yon can imagine the hopes and fears 
that agitate the city. I send you the 
supplement to the Prensa, which is 
worth translating." 

Another bulletin: "The revolution 
goes gloriously on. In the East and 
the West the patriots are everywhere 
triumphant. The people join them in 
crowds, and the year 1851 will see the 
close of the Spanish rule in Ouba. 


It was such news as this that excit- 
ed Theodore O'Hara almost to frenzy. 
That he was wounded and unable to 
assist longer in this seemingly tri- 
umphant overthrow of oppression in 
Cuba was a source of deepest pain. 
He had borne his part gallantly in 
opening the ill-fated war, and he 
chafed under the restraint of his herp- 
less condition. He could not rush 
with troops just now as at Cardenas, 
and reinforce a broken column, or 
give inspiration by his splendid pres- 
ence and courage to a cause of doubt- 
ful justice. He knew the island, and 
had come to know somewhat the 
treachery and ferocity of the people 
the Lopez men were arrayed against. 
And, naturally, he was elated to read 
the deceptive news concerning his 
brave comrades (even then being led 
into ambush, betrayed and captured). 
He was unprepared, therefore, to hear 
the dreadful sequel of this Utopian 
war, and possibly recognize in his 
wounds a merciful providence that 
withdrew him from the fate of his 
friends and companions, many of 
them the flower of the yeomanry of 
Mississippi and Kentucky. 

Before us is a copy, from the New 
York Herald, of the "News from Cu- 
ba," which thrilled the world in the 
summer of 1851. We give the list of 
officers captured: 

"The following very interesting de- 
tails of the news from Cuba, an un- 
satisfactory summary of which we re- 
ceived by telegraph on Friday and 
Saturday last. The following are the 
names of most of the leading men 
who are supposed to have landed at 
Cubanos from the Pampero (and were 
shot): Gen. Narcisso Lopez, the lead- 
er of the expedition; Col. J. Pragay, 
late of the Hungarian army, second in 
command to General Lopez; Col. 
Crittenden, late of the United! States 
Army and nephew of the Attorney 
General of the United States (he has 
the immediate command of the artil- 
lery); Col. Dollman, of Georgia, who 
served through the Mexican War; 
Col. Chase; Maj. A. J. Kelly, who 
served in the Florida and Mexican 
wars, and was once a leading Whig 
editor in Louisiana; Capt. W. Scott 
Haynes, Capt. A. J. l>ailey, Capt. El- 
lis, of the Hungarian Army; Capt. 
Victor Kerr, of the Hungarian Army. 
The Pampero is commanded by Capt. 
Lewis, who directed the Creole so suc- 
cessfully in the Cardenas expedition." 

These were the brave companions 
of Theodore O'Hara, and it was with 
feelings of mingled grief, rage and 
mortification he read below: 

"Havana, Aug. 16, 4i/ 2 P- m. — The 
Frightful Execution of Fifty Ameri- 
cans in Havana. — Horrible Scenes.^ 
Insult to the American Flag. — Firing 
Into the Steamer Falcon." 

We forbear to copy the description 

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given of the inhumanity of this awful 
execution. Among the sacrifices to 
the Spanish butchers -was the hand- 
some Col. Wm. Crittenden, of whom 
so much has been written of late 
years, and whose last words are so 
often quoted: "A Kentucklan kneels 
to none but God," in reply to the com 
mand to kneel and be shot with the 
other victims at Castle Atares. 

"Ah! tyrants, forge thy chains at will, 

Nay, gall this flesh of mine, 
Yet thought is free, unfettered still, 

And will not yield to thine. 
Take, take the life that Heaven gave 

And let my heart s blood stain thy sod, 
But know ye not, Kentucky's brave 

Will kneel to none but God." 

Crittenden and O'Hara were friends, 
and the fate of his friend saddened 
his life afterward. He was ever on 
the side of the unfortunate and ill- 
fated. He joined the Walker Expe- 
dition to Central America. This 
turned out disastrously for him, and he 
returned to Alabama, his adopted 
State. Later on, he came to Kentucky 
and his admiring friends hoped to 
keep him in his native State. Again 
he was connected with the Frankfort, 
Ky., Yeoman as editor. About this 
time — 1853-55 — we read in the ante- 
bellum newspapers, the two dominant 
political parties, Democrats and 
Whigs, had become bitter in their 
discussions of the issues, and the most 
intense partisanship was felt on both 
sides resultant from the trend of pub- 
lic opinion, North and South. Theo- 
dore O'Hara, it is said, became the 
Democratic candidate for the Legis- 
lature, and Hon. Charles S. Morehead 
the Whig candidate. As each man 
was the popular idol of his party. 

their names commanded a crowded as 
semblage wherever they were an- 
nounced to speak during the cam- 
paign, whether in hall or woodland. 
Each created the wildest enthusiasm, 
and at every well-rounded period in 
debate, the very air was rent with 
thunderous applause, and each occa- 
sion was an ovation to both speakers. 
But the scholarly poet and soldier, 
O'Hara, though he charmed "never so 
wisely" bis audiences with his cap- 
tivating oratory, his melting elo- 
quence and his electrical, brilliant 
wit, he was no match in political hust- 
ings for the suave, talented, experi- 
enced master of the art of politics. 
Charles S. Morehead; and, though 
O'Hara came nearer than any other 
man could have done at the time to 
a Democratic victory, he was defeated 
by a small Whig vote. Morehead was 
elected to the Legislature, and at the 
following State election was the suc- 
cessful candidate for Governor of Ken- 
tucky in the new Whig party's name, 
the "Know-Nothings." We give this 
incident to illustrate the commanding 
type of men with whom O'Hara as- 
sociated as his peers. 

In one of the old Commonwealths of 
1853, we read that Theodore O'Hara 
resigned his position as editor of the 
Kentucky Yeoman, and William Tan- 
ner became the editor and proprietor 
of the paper in this year (1853). His 
love of the beautiful led him to wan- 
der around the Frankfort hills and 
out among the flowery, cedar-crowned 
cliffs of Elkhorn, and here, among the 
solitudes of Natnre, prodigal of lux- 
uriance in fauna, be caught inspira- 
tion from "still, small voices" coming 

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from the tripping, silvery wavelets of 
the Elkhorn, and the whispering 
leaves and branches bending over it 
in gunshine and shadow. An adorer 
of Nature at all times, his moments 
of sweetest happiness were when 
kneeling at her shrines. He had the 
habit of effacing himself. He wonld 
go East, or West, or South, and return 
home with the birds and the flowers 
in the springtime. 

When the Civil War came (1861), 
he enlisted in the cause of the South. 
He followed its varying fortunes till 
the South surrendered under the ap- 
ple trees at Appomatox, 1866. Be 
was a colonel in the Confederate army 
and was beside General Albert Sid- 
ney Johnston at Shiloh when he was 
mortally wounded, and he received 
his dying general in his arms and bore 
him off the field. 

After the close of this war, he re- 
turned to Kentucky for a short visit 
to his brothers and sisters and the 
friends of his youth. His eventful 
career had saddened him. By nature 
an optimist and enthusiast, a devoted 
lover of the beautiful, a warm-heart- 
ed, faithful friend and a magnanimous 
foe, he could not pass through such 
vicissitudes without feeling the deep 
sadness of life. The faded fabrics of 
beautiful dreams hung like withered 
leaves in the halls of his memory; 
broken hopes, like stalks on a field 
of brown stubble, stretched behind 
him, and though his ambition in many 
proud things had been gratified and 
crowned, he wore his laurel wreath 
of fame much as if it were a thing too 
green and gay for his sad brow to 

He was proudly loved by his fam- 
ily, and* right royally was be enter- 
tained by his friends in his last stay 
in Frankfort. Though he had never 
married, nor ever seemed more than 
friend to the many fair girls who 
were flattered by his chivalric atten- 
tions, he was always a welcome guest 
in their homes. They sang the songs 
he loved and wore the green ribbons 
and the shamrock for his sake. 

He returned South to Georgia to 
live, and there, in his adopted home, 
he died of a fever incident somewhat 
to wounds received in the Civil War. 
His lamented death occurred on the 
7th of June, 1867. 

In 1873, the Legislature of Ken- 
tucky, on the 24th of April, by reso- 
lution approved, designated Col. The- 
odore O'Hara as "the immortal poet 
and soldier of the Mexican War," and 
directed the Governor to have his re- 
mains brought to Kentucky and de- 
posited in the State military lot in 
the cemetery at Frankfort, and his 
grave marked with an appropriate 

This was all Kentucky had to give 
him— the melancholy reward of a 
grave and a monument — when his no- 
ble poem had given her name to the 
wide world. 

Prom the Tri-Weekly Yeoman, of 
Frankfort, July 7, 1874, we have the 
following notice: 

"The remains of Col. Theodore 
O'Hara will arrive this morning on 
the 9:15 train fom Louisville, accom- 
panied by Gen. Thos. H. Taylor, who 
was commissioned by the Governor 
to bring his remains from Georgia, in 
accordance with a resolution of the 

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General Assembly. There will be no 
formality or ceremony, and the coffin 
will be taken direct to the cemetery 
and deposited in the State vault. The 
interment of General Fry and Adju- 
tant Cardwell was also ordered (by 
the Legislature), and all three inter- 
ments will take place together with 
appropriate ceremonies." 

"On the 15th of September (follow- 
ing the 7th of July), being the day 
set apart by Governor Leslie for the 
re-interment of the remains of Gov- 
ernors Greenup and Madison, Col. The- 
odore O'Hara, Gen. Fry, Major Mason 
and Adj. Cardwell, in accordance with 
the joint resolution heretofore passed 
by the Kentucky Legislature, at an 
early hour that morning the streets 
began to be thronged with large 
crowds of people composed of both 
sexes, and all ages, from all parts of 
the State, who were drawn together 
by a patriotic desire to do honor to 
the cherished memory of Kentucky's 
noble dead." When the order of the 
procession formed to go to the ceme- 
tery, the soldiers of the Mexican 
War followed the hearses, and num- 
bered about thirty, from different 
parts of the State. The three regi- 
mental standards of the old Second, 
Third and Fourth Kentucky Infantry, 
were borne by these veterans and 
seemed to inspire them with some of 
the martial ardor of 1846-47. The 
standards of the Third and Fourth 
were in tolerable preservation, but 
that of the Second, the regiment com- 
manded by Clay, McKee and Fry, was 
only the bullet-torn and riddled rem- 
nant of what it was on the morning 


of Bucna Vista's terrific but glorious 

"Next to these Mexican War vet- 
erans in the procession were James 
and Charles O'Hara, Mrs. Price and 
Mrs. Hardie, the brothers and sisters 
of Theodore O'Hara." 

At tlie cemetery there was a beau- 
tiful pavilion, decorated with cedar 
and vines, beneath the great trees, 
where the speakers and distinguished 
persons were assembled after the in- 
terment of the bodies, and last of the 
burial of the poet. The very sky above 
seemed to mourn with the relatives, 
friends and great assemblage there. 
Dark clouds gathered and hovered 
over the spot where his casket was 
lowered in the grave, and a low thun- 
der was heard, mingling with the sol- 
emn dirge, the boom of the minute 
gun and the "sad roll of the muffled 
drum." His grave was heaped with 
beautiful flowers, and the companies 
of the State Guard fired the farewell 
volleys of musketry, and the grand 
and solemn obsequies were ended. 
There he lay, buried under the shadow 
of the great monument of the State 
to its heroic dead that he had immor- 
talized, and now added distinction to 
the celebrated circle. 

"Where Glory guards with solemn round 
The bivouac of the dead." 

After the burial of the dead, and 
before the imposing ceremonies could 
be completed, at the pavilion, a terri- 
ble rain fell and compelled the audi- 
ence to leave the cemetery. The fu- 
neral orations were delivered in the 
evening, in the city hall, by Colonel 
Jacob, of Louisville, and General Wm. 

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Preston, of Lexington. Their elegant 
tributes on this occasion, are given at 
length in the newspapers of that day, 
and are too long for our article here. 
Major Henry T. Stanton (the poet), 
had been selected to close the cere- 
monies of the day by reading the 
"Bivouac of the Dead." He prefaced 
the reading of the poem with the fol- 
lowing effective remarks: 

"No reader can utter the spirit ex- 
isting in the lines of the dead hero, 
of whose life and service the distin- 
guished gentleman (Preston) has so 
fitly spoken. The friends of Theodore 
O'Hara may bring tears to his grave, 
his associates may bring living flow- 
ers, and Kentucky may mark it with 

a white stone, but ere long the sod 
will be dry, the flowers withered and 
the monument crumbled. Not so the 
tribute he bore to his comrades. Long- 
er than the season of flowers, longer 
than monuments bear their inscrip- 
tions, will live the poet-soldier's re- 
quiem over the ashes of his fallen 
comrades. The heart of the poet burst 
with the heroism of the soldier, and 
in giving utterance to his song, he be- 
came at once the builder of his own 
monument and the author of his own 

The reading of the "Bivouac of the 
Dead," which follows here, closed the 
eventful day. 

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The 'Bivouac of the Dead. 

Bj> Theodore O' tiara. 

The muffled drums sad roll bas beat 

The soldier's last tattoo; 
No more on life's parade shall meet 

That brave and (alien few; 
On Fame's eternal camping ground 

Their silent tents are spread. 
And Glory guards, with solemn round, 

The bivouac of the dead. 

No rumor of the foe's advance, 

Now swells upon the wind; 
No troubled thought at midnight haunts 

Of loved ones left behind; 
No vision of the morrow's strife, 

The warrior's dream alarms; 
No braying horn nor screaming fife 

At dawn shall call to arms. 

Their shivered swords are red with rust, 

Their plumed heads are bowed, 
Their haughty banner, trailed in dust, 

Is now their martial shroud — 
And plenteous funeral tears have washed 

The red stains from each brow, 
And the proud forms, in battle gashed. 

Are free from anguish now. 

The neighing troop, the flashing blade. 

The bugle's stirring blast, 
The charge, the dreadful cannonade, 

The din and shout are past — • 
Nor war's wild note, nor glory's peal, 

Shall thrill with fierce delight 
Those breasts that never more may feel 

The rapture of the fight. 

Like the fierce northern hurricane 

That sweeps his great plateau, 
Flushed with the triumph yet to gain, 

Came down the serried foe — 
Who heard the thunder of the fray 

Break o'er the field beneath, 
Knew well the watchword of that day, 

Was victory or death. 

Full many a mother's breath 

O'er Angustura's plain. 
And long the pitying sky has wept 

Above its mouldered slain; 
The raven's scream or eagle's flight, 

Or shepherd's pensive lay, 
Alone now wake each solemn height. 

That frowned o'er that dread fray. 

Sons of the dark and bloody ground, 

Ye must not slumber there. 
Where stranger steps and tongue resound 

Along the heedless air; 
Your own proud land's heroic soil 

Should be your fitter grave; 
She claims from war its richest spoil— 

The ashes of her brave. 

Thus neath their parent turf they rest, 

Far from the gory field, 
Borne to a Spartan mother's breast 

On many a bloody shield. 
The sunshine of their native sky 

Smiles sadly on them here, 
And kindred eyes and hearts watch by 

The hero's sepulchre. 

Rest on, embalmed and sainted dead. 

Dear as the blood ye gave; 
No impious footsteps here shall tread 

The herbage of your grave; 
Nor shall your glory be forgot 

While Fame her record keeps. 
Or Honor points the hallowed spot 

Where Valor proudly sleeps. 

Yon marble minstrel's voiceful stone, 

In deathless song shall tell. 
When many a vanished year bath flown, 

The story how ye fell; 
Nor wreck, nor change, nor winter's blight. 

Nor time's remorseless doom. 
Can dim one ray of holy light 

That gilds your glorious tomb. 

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The Old Pioneer. 

The first appearance in print of this 
beautiful poem, is in the Kentucky 
Yeoman for December, 1850. Beneath 
the caption is written by the author, 
"Written at the grave of Daniel 
Boone in the Frankfort Cemetery." 

The New Orleans Delta of the same 
date of its publication (1850), has the 
following announcement: "Col. Theo- 
dore O'Hara and other filibusters of 
the recent Cuban expedition are in the 
city, awaiting their trial for an al- 
leged violation of the neutrality act 
of Congress. 

Col. O'Hara had evidently sent the 
poem to the Yeoman from New Or- 
leans pending his trial. After his ac- 
quittal he returned to Frankfort and 
some time was spent while he recov- 
ered his strength and health impaired 
by his wounds in the battle of Carde- 

It was Tom Marshall, in his exquis- 
ite eulogy upon Jouett, the painter, 
who said, "No one envies- the praises of 
the dead." If envy could be stirred to 
madness by the praises of the dead, 
surely Daniel Boone, the pioneer, and 
Theodore O'Hara, the poet, have in- 
voked its fury. And they did not es- 
cape its malice in life, nor the keen 
sorrow of many inexplicable misrepre- 
sentations, but as we know now, were 
strangely indifferent to its power. 
Being themselves superior to the feel- 
ing, they perhaps could not under- 
stand it. 

O'Hara loved this sylvan song of 
the "Old Pioneer." It did not need 

nor did it have the revision and cor- 
rections of the "Bivouac of the Dead.'' 
It was a monody of a world-renowned 
man, in the primeval forests of his 
native State, leading the singular Rob- 
inson Crusoe life of banishment to the 
worship and enjoyment of nature, 
amid difficulties and dangers, and 
strange perils by night and by day no 
other man known to real life had ever 

"And gave her pilgrim's sons a home. 
No monarch's step profanes, 

Free as the chainless winds that roam 
Upon its boundless plains." 

This dirge for "The Knight Errant 
of the Wood," is not so widely known, 
for the reason that it relates to Dan- 
iel Boone and Kentucky alone, and 
hallows that beautiful and sacrtd spot 
in the Frankfort cemetery 

"Where erst, alone of all his race. 
He knelt to Nature's God." 

It is in this sense provincial, relating 
to events and scenes that Kentucki- 
ans more than any other people in the 
world, can appreciate and enjoy. 
Hence, in Kentucky it is beloved and 
known by those who feel one throb of 
patriotism or State pride. By all 
lovers of beautiful poetry it is and 
will always be admired. 

Read it. Since it was written, how 
ever, a monumental shaft, sculptured 
with scenes from his life 

"Was raised above him here. 

Carved with bis deathless name — 
Though an empire is his sepulchre. 
His epitaph is Fame." 



Bj> Theodore O'Hara. 

A dirge for the brave old pioneer! 

Knight-errant of the wood! 
Calmly beneath the green aod here, 

He rests from field and flood; 
The war-whoop and the panther's screams 

No more his soul shall rouse, 
For well the aged hunter dreams 

Beside his good old spouse. 

A dirge for the brave old pioneer! 

Hushed now his rifle's peal — 
The dews of many a vanish'd year 

Are on his rusted steel; 
His born and pouch He mouldering 

Upon the cabin door — 
The eik rests by the salted spring, 

Nor flees the fierce wild boar. 

A dirge for the brave old pioneer! 

Old Druid of the West! 
His offering was the fleet wild deer; 

His shrine the mountain's crest. 
Within his wildwood temple's space, 

An empire's towers nod, 
Where erst, alone of all his race, 

He knelt to Nature's God. 

A dirge for the brave old pioneer! 

Columbus of the land! 
Who guided Freedom's proud career 

Beyond the conquered strand; 
And gave her pilgrims' sons a home 

No monarch's step profanes, 
Free as the chain less winds that roam 

Upon Its boundless plains. 

A dirge for the brave old pioneer! 

The muffled drum resound! 
A warrior is slumb'ring here 

Beneath his battle ground. 
For not alone with beast of prey 

The bloody strife he waged, 
Foremost where'er the deadly fray 

Of savage combat raged. 

A dirge for the brave old pioneer! 

A dirge for his dear old spouse! 
For her who blest his forest cheer, 

And kept his birchen house, 
Now soundly by her chieftain may 

The brave old dame sleep on, 
The red man's step is far away, 

The wolf's dread howl Is gone. 

A dirge for the brave old pioneer! 

His pilgrimage is done; 
He hunts no more the grizzly bear, 

About the setting sun. 
Weary at last of chase and life 

He laid him here to rest, 
Nor recks he now what sport or strife 

Would tempt him further West. 

A dirge for the brave old pioneer! 

The patriarch of his tribe! 
He sleeps, no pompous pile marks where, 

No lines his deeds describe; 
They raised no stone above him here, 

Nor carved his deathless name— 
An empire is his sepulchre, 

His epitaph is Fame. 

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Theodore O'Hara as an Orator. 

Though his name is inseparably 
connected with the "Bivouac of the 
Decid," it is not the only thing he 
wrote worth preserving in poetry or 
prose as an orator. 

We feel that this biographical 
sketch of the great poet, O'Hara, 
would be incomplete, if we did not in- 
clude in it extracts at least from that 
rare and finished eulogy upon W. T. 
Barry, on the occasion of tin. inter- 
ment, in the Frankfort cemetery, of 
his remains. The General Assembly 
of Kentucky, at the session of 18r>.t-4, 
adopted resolutions directing the Gov- 
ernor to cause the remains of General 
and Governor Charles Scott, Major 
William T. Barry and Captain Bland 
Ballard and wife, to be interred in the 
lot belonging to the State in the ceme- 
tery at Frankfort. The three fore- 
most speakers were solicited to de- 
liver each an address upon this occa- 
sion. Col. O'Hara for Wm. Y. Barry; 
Col. Thos. L. Crittenden for General 
Scott, and Col. Marshall for Bland 
Ballard and his wife. 

We have elsewhere written of 
O'Hara's oratory, but few speeches or 
addresses have been preserved of his 
work, in this line, and yet the few 
read like splendid passages of blank 
verse, restrained from musical 
rhythm, by the proprieties of the 

In opening his address on this occa- 
sion O'Hara says, modestly: 

'To me has been assigned the flat- 
tering part in these ceremonies of re- 
citing the customary funeral memento 
of the illustrious personage I have 
named (Wm. T. Barry), and well may 
I approach with a tremulous and al- 
most appalling diffidence a theme 
which this grand pageant and these 
imposing rites themselves announce as 
one of most exacting import. The oc- 
casion which has brought us hither to- 
day in its connection with the subject 
which it is my particular task to treat 
is one of an unusual and most exalted 
interest. We come not with hearts 
freshly rent by this bereavement and 
eyes wet with the recent overflow of 
grief, to perform the last sad office to 
a loved 1 and revered fellow-citizen, 
whose death has just desolated our 
Imsoms and dissolved our manhood in 
sorrow. No tears are here invoked; 
no wail of mourning mars the lofty 
grandeur of these rites. The tribute 
we are here to pay is that which a 
people's cool sense of gratitude and 
justice, purified by time and separa- 
tion from the bias of regret or the 
partiality of personal attachment, dis- 
passionately renders to exalted merit 
and appreciated public service." 

Only such a poet could have finished 

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that period with this jewel of poetic 
thought that follows: 

"It is the tribute which the imperi- 
al power of genius, undethroned by 
death, unweakened by the lapse of 
years and unsubdued by the captivity 
of a grave beyond the sea, has exacted 
from the still devoted subjects of its 
living sway." 

We have nothing finer in the Eng- 
lish language in portrayal on this pe- 
culiar subject, a funeral oration, than 
the following definition: Like an 
eagle, he rises higher and higher into 
space, claiming the clouds as his stair- 
way, until he stands with the stars 
and shakes from his wings the daz- 
zling dew-gems of the ethereal world. 

Listen — "It is the tribute which an 
immortal eloquence, mingling its un- 
dying echoes in eternal harmony with 
her joyous anthem of freedom and 
peace and happiness, has won from 
the land which it charmed with mel- 
ody and fertilized with fame. It is 
the tribute which a burning patriot- 
ism that glowed like the flaming sword 
of the angel before the portal of this 
Eden of liberty has extorted from the 
grateful memory of the country, which 
now gathers these sacred ashes to her 
bosom with a rite so devout and so 
becoming. We are here to execute 
upon these remains, as it were, that 
consecrating judgment of ancient 
Egypt* which, upon a severe trial of 
her greatest worthies after death, and 
a cold scrutiny of their whole lives, 
admitted only those of spotless fame 
and of the loftiest worth to the sub- 
lime repose of her everlasting pyra- 
mids. ... I will best perform my 
office in now recalling to your minds 

the events of that life which forms 
one of the proudest chapters of our 
country's! history: William Taylor 
Barry was born in Lunenberg county, 
Virginia, on the 15th day of Febru- 
ary, 1784. It is enough to say of his 
ancestry that his father was a soldier 
of the Revolution, who served with 
honor through that great struggle. 
Sprung from loins which the sword 
of Independence girded, and ushered 
into life while the shout that pro- 
claimed the triumph of liberty was 
reverberating through his birthland, 
it may be said that no fairer omens 
could have set their seal upon his in- 
fancy and marked him for the high 
destiny which he vindicated." 

He then, in the same moving, poetic 
speech, tells of Barry's prowess of 
mind and soul, of his education and 
graduation from college, his entrance 
upon the practice of law, his emin 
ence in the profession, his high posi- 
tions, his brilliant political career, and 
how he at last vindicated his title to 
the first rank of statesmen and ora- 
tors. He says: 

"The nation was then in the abyss 
of that gloomy crisis, when, yet in 
her infancy and slow to resentment, 
from conscious weakness, she was 
groaning under the ruthless load of 
those insults and outrages by which 
Great Britain finally goaded her into 
the War of 1812, when pusillanimous 
counsels fettered the arm of ven- 
geance, when sectional selfishness and 
the bigotry of party opposed a relent- 
less obstacle to that indignant senti- 
ment that burned to redress the na- 
tional honor. In that critical junc- 
ture, so well calculated to 'try the 

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souls of men,' no lips more burningly 
than the bold and ardent Barry's 
poured forth from the halls of Con- 
gress the fiery stream of patriotism; 
no voice more zealously or effectively 
than his assisted to kindle that spirit 
which, in the bloody lessons of Ghal- 
mette and the Thames, taught proud 
Britain 'the might that slumbers in 
a free man's arm.' " 

When he had reviewed his whole 
life and service, and told how he died 
in a foreign land, and was now laid 
in the shrine of Kentucky's departed 
greatness in the Frankfort cemetery, 
he concluded in this touching prose 

"Here, beneath the sunshine of the 
land he loved, and amid the scenes 
which he consecrated with his genius, 
he will sleep well. Let the autumn's 
wind harp on the dropping leaves her 
softest requiem over him; let the 
winter's purest snows rest spotless on 
his grave; let Spring entwine her 
brightest garland for his tomb, and 
Summer gild it with her mildest sun- 
shine. Here let the marble minstrel 
rise to sing to the future generations 
of the Commonwealth the inspiring 
lay of his high genius and his lofty 
deeds. Here let the patriot repair 
when doubts and dangers may encom- 
pass him and he would learn the path 
of duty and of safety: an oracle will in- 
habit these sacred graves, whose re- 
sponses will replenish him with wis- 

dom and point him the way to virtu- 
ous renown. Let the ingenious youth 
who pants for the glories of the forum 
and 'the applause of listening senates' 
come hither to tune his soul by those 
immortal echoes that will forever 
breathe about this spot and make its 
silence vocal with eloquence; and here, 
too, let the soldier of liberty come 
when the insolent invader may profane 
the sanctuary of freedom — here by thig 
holy altar may he fitly devote to the 
infernal gods the enemies of this coun- 
try and of liberty. We will now leave 
our departed patriot to his sleep of 
glory." * 
"And so we will leave O'Hara, and 
write beneath the epitaph he has writ- 
ten for the "majestic solitude of his 
grand repose," "His body returns to 
its Mother Earth, his spirit dwells in 
the Elysian domain of God, and his 
deeds are written on the roll of fame." 

"Nor shall your glory be forgot. 
While Fame her record keeps, 

Or Honor points the hallowed spot. 
Where Valor proudly sleeps." 

The sword of Col. Theodore O'Hara, 
used in the Mexican War, is in the 
Kentucky State Historical Society's 
rooms, at the capitol, and a picture of 
him, which was presented to the soci- 
ety by Governor Luke P. Blackburn 
when he left the Executive mansion. 
The poet had presented the picture to 
him many years before. 

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Johnson and Arnold Families. 

This paper was read before the 
meeting of the State Historical Soci- 
ety, June 6th, by Hon. L. F. Johnson, 
its author. He is a member-elect to 
the next General Assembly of Ken- 
tucky, and shows himself to be a wor- 
thy scion of his illustrious Revolution- 
ary ancestors. Among his distinguish 
ed kindred are Stephen A. Douglass, 
candidate for president of the United 
States in 1860, and Judge George Rob- 
ertson, famous jurist of Kentucky, and 
Col. Anthony Crockett, of fine Rev- 
olutionary record. It should be a mat- 
ter of honest pride with Kentuekians 
to hold in their families, as their her- 
itage, the land grants of their fore- 
fathers in the Revolution. No earthly 
king can offer an American a badge of 
honor that equals in distinction the 
blood-bought ctrtificate of his ances- 
tor's service in the Revolution of 1776. 

[Ed. The Register. 

Frankfort, Ky., June 20, 1903.— Mrs. 
Jennie C. Morton, Frankfort, Ky.— 

Dear Madam: In response to your re- 
quest, I will state that my father, 
William P. Johnson, was the oldest 
son of William and Sarah (Arnold) 
Johnson. Sarah Arnold was the 
daughter of Stephen and Martha (Mc- 
Bride) Arnold, and Stephen Arnold 
was the oldest son of James Arnold 
by his first wife. 

My mother, Mary (Cardwell) John- 
son was the youngest daughter of 
John and Margaret (Arnold) Cardwell. 
Margaret Arnold was the youngest 
daughter of James Arnold by his sec- 
ond wife. 

My father and mother were second 
cousins. My mother inherited, and 
still owns, a part of the land in Frank- 
lin county, Ky., granted to James Ar- 
nold for services rendered in the Revo- 
lutionary War, and my father's onlj 
sister, Mrs. J. M. Minor, owns and 
lives upon a part of the same tract of 
land also, inherited in the same way. 


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The descendants of the Kentucky 
pioneers are proud of their ancestors, 
and though, in some instances, they 
have disregarded the heritage receiv- 
ed from them, the most degenerate 
son of these noble sires will speak 
boastingly of the fighting record of his 
grandfather, and though devoid of the 
noble traits which gave prominence 
to his family name, he is constantly 
boasting of the proud political and 
social position of his great-grandpar- 
ents. To be proud of a good name is 
some evidence of goodness — he who is 
totally bad can not appreciate any- 
thing that is good. 

The Kentucky pioneers were a hardy 
and brave people, and in many in- 
stances, were very prolific; a large 
per cent, of the present population of 
the State are descended from pioneers 
and Revolutionary soldiers who came 
to Kentucky prior to the year 1800. 

The historian has given us much 
concerning the life and adventures of 
these early settlers, but there have 
been many thrilling and pathetic in- 
stances in their lives which have not 
been recorded, but which have been 
handed down from father to son as a 
part of the family history. The inter- 
marriages, the adventures, the heroic 
lives and tragic deaths of these hardy 
sons of the Kentucky forests, that con- 
stant state of warfare with the savage 
beasts and yet more savage men, 
which has given to our State the name 
of "The Bark and Bloody Ground," 
have, in many instances, been left un- 

recorded, and have been handed down 
to us only by tradition. 

It is tradition, in part, which enables 
us to give a few reminiscences of the 
life and family of James Arnold, 
whose ancestors first settled in Rhode 
Island, and one of whom was appoint 
ed governor of that colony In its early 
history. He was reared in the colony 
of Virginia, and in which place he 
married a Miss Robertson in the year 
1756. His wife had several brothers 
and sisters whose descendants have 
become prominent in the history of 
Kentucky. One of her brothers was 
the father of ex-Chief Justice George 
Robertson, and one of her sisters mar- 
ried Col. Anthony Crockett, a Revo- 
lutionary soldier and a soldier of 1812. 
Col. Crockett is very highly spoken 
of by Col. Bennett H. Young in his 
"Battle of the Thames." Another one 
of her sisters was the great grand- 
mother of Mrs. W. O. Bradley. 

James Arnold and his oldest son, 
Stephen, were both Revolutionary sol- 
diers; they were with Governor Shel- 
by at Kings Mountain, and with Gen. 
Marion iu the Carolinas. Both of 
them had grants of land in Kentucky 
for services rendered in the Revolu- 
tion, and some of their descendants 
to this day own and live upon land in 
this county, thus granted. They, fa- 
ther and son, came to Kentucky about 
the year 1784. A short time there- 
after James Arnold's wife died, and 
he afterwards married a Miss Berris- 
ford, and to whom was borne a large 

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family of children, from whom have 
sprung the families of the Card-wells, 
Dickersons, Chapmans and Shirlies, of 
Kentucky, and the Arnolds, of Indi- 
ana, Illinois, Missouri, California and 
other States in the Northwest, as 

Stephen Arnold married Martha 
Lapslie MoBride, daughter of Col. 
William McBride, who was killed at 
the battle of Blue Lick Springs, on 
Monday, August 19, 1782, and whose 
name is inscribed on the State monu- 
ment at Frankfort, Ky. Harlan and 
McBride were the leaders of the van, 
and were the first of that brave and 
dauntless band of Kentuckians to fall 
in that desperate, but hopeless, battle, 
a full account of which is given in 
Marshall's History of Kentucky; also 
in Collins' History. From this mar- 
riage have sprung tho Arnolds of Ken- 
tucky, the Jetts, Minors, Johnsons, 
Redmonds, Graveses and other fami- 
lies. Many incidents have been told of 
James Arnold's pioneer life, one of 
which is, that he and a friend were 
out hunting near where Blakemore's 
distillery now stands, when they were 
surprised by a party of Indians. His 
companion was captured, but Arnold 
killed two of them and made his es- 
cape. Three of his enemies pursued 
him, and, in attempting to reload his 
rifle, the rod caught on a bush and 
was knocked out of his hand. His pur- 
suers were so close upon him that he 
did not have time to recover it. After 
fleeing for some distance, he found 
that they were gaining on him; his 
moccasins had become so muddy and 
heavy that his progress was impeded; 
he took his hunting-knife and cut the 

striugs and made the rest of his run — 
a distance of about three miles — bare- 
footed. Arnold did not know, until 
his friend made his escape from the 
Indians some time after, that the 
same bullet had killed the two Indians. 

We will give only one other in- 
stance, which was a bloodless, we 
might say a French, duel between 
James Arnold and a man by the name 
of Mack Sutton. Sutton sent the chal- 
lenge; Arnold accepted and named the 
conditions, which were, that the weap- 
ons should be rifles ; the time, on a day 
named, between sunrise and sunset; 
the place, a heavy woodland of some 
ten or twelve acres. Both of the par- 
ties were familiar with the woods; 
there was a large, hollow tree, which 
stood near the center of the woods, 
and, as Arnold expected, Sutton went 
out very early in the morning and con- 
cealed himself in this hollow tree; 
Arnold came up on the reverse side 
and held him there until after sun- 
set, and then gave him permission to 
come out, and ever after that the two 
were good friends. 

Stephen Arnold was sheriff of 
Franklin county in 1801. Berrisford 
Arnold, the oldest son of James by 
his second wife, was with Gen. Win- 
chester at the battle of the River 
Raisin, and shared the fate of many 
other brave Kentuckians on that fatal 
and dreadful day. The tragic events 
of that terrible disaster are graphi- 
cally told by Col. Young in his work 
above referred to. 

John Cardwell, who married the 
youngest daughter of James Arnold, 
was a soldier in the War of 1812; he 
lived nearly a century, and he gave 

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to bis family and friends 1 detailed ac- 
counts of many stirring events which 
took place during those troublous 
times. His brother, George O&rdwell, 
was 6 feet 2 inches tall and weighed 
200 pounds, and was a magnificent 
specimen of physical manhood ; he was 
with Richard M. Johnson at the battle 
of the Thames, and claimed that he 
fired the shot which killed the noted 
Tecumseh. He called the attention 
of a fellow soldier to the fact that he 
wa» going to shoot at the chief, who 
had been so vehemently urging his 
men on to the fight, and when the shot 
was fired 1 , the chieftain fell and was 
hastily carried away by his followers. 

There has never been a war, and 
scarcely has there been a battle in or 
for the United States wherein James 
Arnold or some of his descendants 
have not participated; some of them 
have held positions of honor and trust 
in different States of the Union; John 
Arnold represented Franklin county 
in the Kentucky Legislature in the 
year 1813. Stephen Arnold Douglass, 
of Illinois, was the leader in the lower 
bouse of Congress in 1845; was in the 
United States Senate, and came near 
being president in 1856, and was nom- 
inee for president of one branch of the 
Democratic party in 1860. But the 
battlefield has been the place where 
many of the Arnold descendants 
thought the call of their country de- 
manded their presence. Some of them 
were with Gen. Taylor at Monterey 

and Buena Vista, and with Gen. Scott 
at the surrender of the Mexican capi- 
tal; and many of them were engaged 
on each side in that civil conflict in 
1861-65, which brought a thrill of hor- 
ror to the civilized world. This was, 
indeed, a fratricidal war, where the 
descendants of James Arnold engaged 
in deadly conflict. At the battle of 
Chickamauga three of them were des- 
perately wounded, and one was killed 
on the Confederate side, and at least 
one was killed on the Federal side. 
In other battles of that civil conflict 
several of them were wounded, and 
some were killed or died in prison. 
One of them was with Gen. Shafter at 
Santiago, and one with Gen. Lawton 
the day on which the brave leader gave 
his life to maintain the honor of his 
country. In memory of the dead who 
sprang from the loins of James Ar- 
nold, we repeat the lines of John K. 
Ingram : 

"Some on the shores of distant lands 

Their weary hearts have laid, 
And by the stranger's heedless hands 

Their lonely graves were made. 
But though their clay be far away 

Beyond the Atlantic's foam 
In true men like you men, 

Their spirit's still at home. 

'The dust of some is 'Kentucky' earth 

Among their own they rest. 
And the same land that gave them birth, 

Has caught them to her breast. 
And we will pray that from their clay, 

Pull many a race may start 
Of true men, like you, men, 

To act as brave a part." 


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The Strother Family. 

Some claim that the family was of 
Scotch origin, and that it had the pre- 
fix "Mac." 

Judge C. W. Strother, of Giles coun- 
ty, Va., says Gen. Dick Taylor told 
him he had visited the old burial 
ground of the family in the Isle of 
Thanet, the county of Kent, England, 
and there had seen the name in its 
various transitions from its original 
form, "Straathor," to its present or- 
thography. He saw these tombstones 
over a thousand years old. The fam- 
ily belonged to the priesthood 1 in the 
worship of the Saxon god "Thor," 
from whom our Thursday is named; 
hence, also, the Straa thor. Chancer 
mentions the name in "Canterbury 
Tales," showing its existence in its 
present form in the fourteenth cen- 

There were Strothers in Ireland, 
who went there with William III in 
his war with James II, and were re 
warded with lands and estates'. Some 
say the race is of Scandinavian ori- 
gin, as in the only European coun- 
tries in which it exists to day, and in 
which it is spelled as we do, is in 
Sweden and Denmark, and they sup- 
pose it was planted in Northumber- 
land by the Danish vikings in the 
eighth, ninth and tenth centuries. 
Others think it came in the Norman in- 
vasion with William the Conqueroi 
in the eleventh century. The name 
there appears on the land books with 

the French prefixes, "De," "Del." From 
the records it appears that the Stro- 
thers figured as great landed gentry 
during the thirteenth, fourteenth and 
fifteenth centuries, holding many high 
offices and baronial titles from the 
crown of England. 

A few years ago, several of the 
American branch of the family spent 
some time in England, and while there 
met a family of Anstrothers, and by 
them were induced to believe that 
was the original name, and that the 
family on coming to America dropped 
the first two letters. 

The records of offices and estates 
held by them in those early days are 
too numerous to mention in this pa- 
per. One, Alen del Strother, died in 
1381, leaving to his children ten ex- 
tensive and rich manors. William del 
Strother married Jean del Walling- 
ton, and their son, William, lived at 
Castle Strother, in Glendale, North- 
umberland, in 1426. William del 
Strother, five hundred years ago, was 
entered in the register of that place 
as "a good borderer and a trew man." 
Twenty generations after, we find his 
descendants in Virginia taking an ac- 
tive part in the Revolutionary War. 

One descendant says, that in the 
Revolution of 1776 our ancestry, in 
their war against British supremacy 
and British institutions, rid them- 
selves of much that was superannu- 
ated, useless and oppressive, but they 

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also cast overboard some dignified and 
respectable hobbies which we have 
cause to regret. One was respect for 
ancestry and family tradition. Ma- 
taulay says, "A people which take no 
pride in the noble achievement of re- 
mote ancestry will never achieve any- 
thing worthy to be remembered by re- 
mote descendants." 

The coat of arms is registered in 
the College of Heraldry, in London, but 
it was valued highly and carefully 
preserved in the Manor House, below 
Fredericksburg, Va. The house was 
accidentally burned over a hundred 
years ago. The crest of the coat of 
arms is a greyhound, the shield red, 
across it a silver bend on which are 
three blue eagles. The first of the 
name we find in Virginia was William 
Strother, who dried in 1702. He was 
said to have been one of the body 
guards of King William. He was in 
Virginia prior to 1673, before William 
and Mary reigned. He lived on the 
Rappahannock, and devised his lands 
to his wife, Dorothy, for life. His 
sons were William, James, Jeremiah, 
Robert, Benjamin and Joseph. 

There are many public records ot 
the Strother family intermarried with 
the Lewis, Randolph, Marshall, Har- 
vie, Hawkins, Preston, Taylor, James, 
Riair and Jones families, and really 
too many others of prominence to 
mention, so I will confine myself to 
a few of the descendants of William, 
James, Francis and Jeremiah. 

William Strother and his wife, Mar- 
garet Watts, were blessed with thir- 
teen daughters. The oldest married 
Thomas Lewis, son of the brave pio- 
neer Irishman, John Lewis, and his 

wife, who was descended from the 
Laird of Loch Lynn. Three of their 
sons were officers in the Revolutionary 
army, and a daughter was the mother 
of Gov. Gilmer, of Georgia Agatha 
Strother married John Madison, a 
cousin of the president. She was the 
mother of Bishop Madison; and a son, 
General Thomas Madison, married 
Susanna, the sister of Patrick Henry. 
Margaret Strother married, first, 
George Morton, who soon after was 
accidentally killed, leaving her a large 
fortune. She then married the talent- 
ed Welshman, Gabriel Jones, who 
was afterwards known as the "Valley 
lawyer." He was a relative and exec- 
utor of Lord Fairfax, and was the 
most distinguished lawyer of new Vir- 
ginia. She lived to be ninety-eight 
years old, and was much beloved. A 
great granddaughter, writing of her, 
says there are two portraits of her in 
the family. At middle age they repre 
sent her as a noble-looking woman, and 
must have been, in youth, extremely 
handsome. She must have had a hard 
time with her irascible nusband, the 
severity of whose temper has passed 
into a proverb. A granddaughter 
married Charles, the son of Col. Thom- 
as Marshall and MaTy Randolph Keith. 
A daughter married Col. John Harvie, 
and their daughter, Gabrella, was 
noted for her beauty, grace and ac- 
complishments. She was spoken of 
for many years as the "Fair Gabrella." 
One of her daughters, a noted belle, 
married a son of the celebrated Dr. 
Chapman, of Philadelphia, a grand- 
daughter married a Mr. Podesta, for 
many years secretary of the Spanish 
legation at Washington. 

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There were many prominent men of 
the Strother, Jones and Harvie de- 
scent, influential in both State and 
National affairs ; also some in the Con- 
federate service. One was secretary to 
President Jefferson Davis, another In- 
spector General of Northern Vir- 
ginia on the staff of Gen. Jo- 
seph E. Johnston. General Jaque- 
lin B. Harvie served with distinction 
with Decatur in the Tripolitan war, 
and married Mary, the only daughter 
Of Chief Justice Marshall. James 
Strother married Margaret French. 
He died! in 1761. Their son, French 
Strother, died in 1800, after having 
been for thirty years consecutively in 
the House of Burgesses, Convention 
of 1788, which adopted the Constitu. 
tion of the United States. He belong- 
ed to the House of Delegates and 
State Senate; held many important 
offices, and his descendants intermar- 
ried with prominent families, and 
many were officers in the Confederate 
army. His seventh child, George 
French Strother, married, first, a 
daughter of Gen. James Williams. 
Their grandson, Judge Philip W. 
Strother, was senator from Giles coun- 
ty, Virginia, and has done much to 
keep a clear record of the Strother 
ancestry. George F. Strother's second 
wife was Theodosia Hunt, of Lexing- 
ton, Ky. Their gifted and accom- 
plished daughter, Sarah, married the 
wealthy Baron de Fahnarburg. He 
left his immense estate to his wife, 
and) she willed it to her Strother kin, 
but I believe it is yet held by the 
courts. David Hunter Strother, known 
in the world of letters as "Porte Cray- 
on," was the son of John, and grand- 

son of Anthony Strother. He entered 
the U. S. Army, July 6, 1861; colonel 
of 3d Virginia cavalry and Brevet 
General; was Adjutant General in Vir- 
ginia 1865-66; was consul to Mexico 
1879-85. His daughter married John 
B. Walker, of Colorado. On a visit 
to England, he went to the College of 
Heraldry and sketched the Strother 
coat of arms; around the shield he 
beautifully draped the American flag, 
he said, to distinguish the American 
branch of the family. 

Francis, the nephew of Jeremiah, 
was of St. Mark's Parish, and died in 
1752. He married Susan Dabney, who 
was a daughter of John Dabney and 
an English lady, Sarah Jennings. She 
should have inherited a large fortune, 
coming to her from England, but has 
not yet succeeded in obtaining it. 
Among their descendants are many 
prominent people, Hon. John S. Pen- 
dleton, Gen. Edmund Pendleton 
Gaines, Gen. William Preston and 
Henrietta, the wife of Gen. Albert 
Sidney Johnston. 

William Strother, son of Francis, 
of St. Marks, married Mrs. Sarah Pan 
nill (nee Bailey). Her will, proven 
1774, shows her to be a woman of in- 
tellect, strength and decision of char 
acter. Their children were William 
Dabney, Frances, Gerard Banks, Sa- 
rah and Susanna. William Dabney 
died' in the army during the Revolu- 
tion. He was considered quite a good 
poet. The descendants of Frances 
Banks became prominent residents of 
the Carol inas. Sarah married Col. 
Richard Taylor, and was the mother 
of General President Zachary Taylor, 
hia daughter, Sarah, was the first 

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wife of President Jefferson Davis. His 
son, Richard, was Lieutenant-Gen- 
eral in the Confederate army, and was 
the author of Destruction and Recon- 
struction," one of the very finest books 
of the late war. The funeral of Mrs. 
Sarah Taylor was preached by our late 
beloved Philip S. Fall. Susanna, the 
second daughter of William and Sa- 
rah Strother, married, first, Captain 
Moses Hawkins, who was killed at 
Germantown in the Revolutionary 
War. He left four children — Sarah 
Hawkins, who married James Thornv 
ton; William Strother Hawkins, who 
married Katherine Keith; Lucy Haw- 
kins, who married William George, 
who was killed in the War of 1812, 
and Moses Hawkins, who married Sa- 
rah Oaatleman. 

Susanna Strother married, second, 
Thomas Coleman, who was also an 
officer in the Revolutionary army, and 
the guardian of her Hawkins children. 
They had five children — Nancy Cole 
man, married Joseph George, who was 
killed) in the War of 1812; Strother 
and Ambrose Coleman diied single and 
John was killed in the Indian War. 
Susan, the youngest, married Lewis 
Sublett, whose great grandfather was 
one of the Huguenot refugees to Vir- 
ginia in 1700. He was also in the 
War of 1812. Susanna Strother Haw- 
kins Coleman was remembered by her 
grandchildren as very fair and beau- 
tiful, even in old age. Many of her 
descendants were in the Mexican and 
Civil Wars; others are successful busi- 

ness men in the South and West. A 
great granddaughter, Mrs. Lucy Thorn- 
ton Key (the wife of Bishop Key, of 
Texas), is president of one of the larg- 
est and most flourishing institutions 
of learning in the Southwest. The old- 
est son, William Strother Hawkins, 
married' Katherine Keith, the youngest 
daughter of Lieutenant Ishain Keith, 
of the Revolutionary Army. They had 
twelve children, only two now living — 
William Strother Hawkins, of Wood 
ford county, and Katherine Keith 
Radley, of Oklahoma. The oldest son 
(my father), Isham Keith Hawkins, 
died four years ago, in his eighty- 
eighth year. 

General David Hunter Strother 
says: "As a race, there is uniformity 
in their leading traits of character. 
They were men and women of great 
self-reliance and integrity; unostenta- 
tious, without social ambition, as if the 
sturdy, personal independence dis- 
dained the support of social prestige, 
and their own self-respect and sense 
of right being a guide to their opinions 
and actions; they took no heed to the 
blame or approval around them; such 
men, immovable in polities, rarely ever 
mentioned in the newspapers, seldom 
grow rich, but are highly esteemed, 
and their true worth recognized by 
their ■eighbors. 

Read by Annie Hawkins Miles be- 
fore the Historical Society of Colonial 
Daughters, Frankfort, Ky., February 
6, 1896. 

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The Keiths. 

Bjr Mrs Annie H. MiUs. 

Among the earliest settlers of Vir- 
ginia was William Randolph, who, by 
grant, purchase and marriage, ac- 
quired on the James river a domain 
extensive enough to be subdivided into 
the family estates of Tuctoahoe, Dun- 
geness, Chatsworth, Wilton, Varina, 
Curls, Bremo and Turkey Island. He 
married Mary Isham, daughter of Hen- 
ry and Katherine Isham, of Bermuda 

Of the Isham and Randolph fami- 
lies, Mrs. Pryor thus writes, in her 
paper on the ancestry of General Lee — 
Prank Leslie's, February, 1896: 

"By Henry Lee's marriage with 
Mary Bland, very distinguished fami- 
lies 1 are included in the ancestry of 
General Lee. Mary Bland was the 
daughter of Richard Bland. Richard 
Bland's mother was Elizabeth Ran- 
dolph, daughter of William Randolph 
of Turkey Island, and Mary Isham, 
his wife. William Randolph was bur- 
gess and king's councilman, a man 
of great wealth and influence, and 
progenitor of the Randolph family, of 
Thomas Jefferson and Chief Justice 
Marshall. He descended, says Ran 
dall, from the Earls Murray— nay, 
from royalty itself. Mary Isham came 
from a long and noble line In England 
—through the De Vere, Greene and 
Dayton families, including several 
chief justices, the Earls of Ox- 
ford and Lords of Adington Bar- 


on; and back to the Dukes of 
Normandy (Longue Epee and Sans- 
peur, Hugh Capet, of France), 
and the Saxon kings. England has 
known no grander family than that of 
De Vere. Hard pressed in one of the 
battles of the Crusade, a De Vere saw 
in a vision a star fall from heaven and 
alight upon his shield 1 . Ever after 
they bore a lone star only, and never 
was its lustre dimmed!" 

Some of their descendants might, 
were it not for the predominance of 
reductio ad absurdum evidence, tempt 
one to believe "the source of genius is 
in ancestry, the blood of descent, the 
prophecy of destiny." Robert E. Lee, 
Thomas Jefferson, Chief Justice Mar- 
shall and Jack Randorph, of Roanoke, 
are only the greatest among many dis- 
tinguished' names. Bishop Meade, vol. 
1, pages 138-139. 

Thomas Randolph, son of William 
and Mary Isham, married a Miss 
Fleming, descendant of Pocahontas. 
Their daughter, Mary Isham Randolph, 
was the wife of "Parson" Jamos 

We have, from patriotic and chrono- 
logical motives, given precedence to 
the Randolphs and Ishams, as they 
were the first settled in America, The 
Herald's College, however, ranks few 
the equals of the Keiths. 

The Keiths of Scotland claim descent 
from the German tribe of Chattie or 

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Catti, who defied' the Senate, foiled 
the second Caesar and, disdaining to 
submit to the overpowering force of 
Germanicus, escaped first to Holland, 
and, later, by chance and tempest, 
were driven to Scotland. This claim 
— legend, certainly; possibly fable — 
has never been waived by the family, 
and, in the sixteenth century, George, 
fifth Earl Marischal, was received by 
the Landgrove of Hesse, chief of the 
tribe of Chattie, as a kinsman. It was 
this George who founded the Marischal 
College of Aberdeen, where, more than 
a century later, our ancestor, "Parson" 
James Keith, was educated with his 
two cousins, George Keith, tenth and 
last Earl Marischal, and James Fran- 
cis Edward Keith, Marischal of Prus- 
sia, and, according to Macaulay, the 
only man Frederick the Great ever 
really loved. 

But, to return from fable and di- 
gression to history, as registered in 
the English edition of the Encyclo- 
pedia Brittanica, "The family of Keith, 
one of the most ancient in Europe." 
In 1010 the Scots gained a complete 
victory over the Danes at Oamustown, 
in Angus. King Malcolm II, as a re- 
ward for the signal bravery of a cer- 
tain young nobleman, who pursued 
and killed Camus, the Danish general, 
bestowed upon him several lands, par- 
ticularly the barony of Keith, in East 
Lothian, from which his posterity as- 
sumed their surname. The king also 
appointed him hereditary great Maris- 
chal of Scotland, which high office con- 
tinued in his family till the year 1715, 
when the last earl engaged in the re- 
bellion and forfeited his estates and 
honors, and thus ended the family of 

Marischal, after serving their country 
in a distinguished capacity above 700 
years. The coat of arms of the Keiths' 
three pallet quileg on a chief and with 
the words "Veritas vincit," commem- 
orate this triumph. In the latter 
half of the fourteenth century, Sir 
William Keith married Margaret Fra- 
zier, grandchild of Alexander Frazier, 
and Mary, sister of Robert Bruce, 
their grandson by James II of Scot- 
land, was created Earl Marischal, 1457. 
The third Earl Marischal married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander, first 
Earl of Huntly, and from Alexander 
their fourth son was descended Bishop 
Robert Keith and his nephew, "Par- 
son" James Keith. "The Scotch Na- 
tion," by William Anderson, vol. 2, 
pages 586-593; vol. 3, page 104. "Bu- 
chane Historical and Authentic Ac- 
count of the Ancient and Noble Family 
of Keith." Vindication of Mr. Robert 
Keith and his young grand-nephew, 
Alexander Keith, to the honours of 
a lineal descent from the noble house 
of the Earl Merischal." This last book 
contradicts Mr. Tom Green's assertion 
that it is impossible to trace the re- 
lationship between "Parson" James 
Keith and the Earl Marischal, as does 
also a letter from Mr. Isham Keith, 
of Warrenton, Va., a brother of Judge 
James Keith, presiding judge of Court 
of Appeals of that State, which I shall 
read at the close of this paper. 

James Keith, compromised by the 
intrigues which followed the rebellion 
of 1715, took refuge in Virginia and 
married, as we have said, Mary Isham 
Randolph. Among their eight chil- 
dren was Isham, a lientenant in the 
Revolutionary army, who married 

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Charlotte Ashmore. Their daughter, 
Katherine Keith, married William 
Strother Hawkins; their oldest eon, 
iBham Keith Hawkins, was my fa- 
ther. Mary Keith married Col. Thom- 
as Marshell and was the mother of 

Chief Justice Marshall; Elizabeth 
Keith married Edward Ford, and was 
the mother of the late William Ed- 
ward Ashmore, of Versailles, Wood- 
ford county. 

History of the Lee Family. 

By Mrs. Marp Willis Woodson. 

The record of the Lees, my 
mother's paternal side, as far as I 
have been able to obtain it, from old 
letters, deeds, and more especially, 
orally, from the many talks I had 
with some old cousins of my grand- 
father; they were, Mrs. Sallie Davis 
(nee Lee), Mrs. Nancy Lee (nee Lee), 
and) Messrs, Hancock, John and Willis 
Lee. Many hours have I spent en- 
tranced, listening to accounts of 
their lives in their Virginia home; 
and I grieved as though I had lost 
a friend when they told me of the 
burning of the homestead and loss 
of the old family Bible that contained 
the marriages, births and deaths of 
generations long passed away. 

The old cousins spoke of the hero 
of the family, and dwelt upon his ex- 
ploits, which had descended from fa- 
ther to son, and, no doubt, gathered 
as they came down through long ages 
to colossean proportions. 

Launcelot Lee, of Loudres, France, 
They spake of him as the founder of 

the family. He was a trusted officer 
of William the Conqueror when he 
went on that wonderful free-booting 
expedition to England. After the 
battle of Hastings, he was rewarded 
for his services with an estate in Es 
sex. From that time, the name of 
Lee became famous and had honor- 
able mention in the annals of Eng- 

Then there was Lionel Lee, who 
fought with Coeur de Lion in Pales- 
tine, and for his bravery and gallan- 
try was made Earl of Litchfield. The 
next Lee of importance that we hear 
of was Richard Lee, presumably a son 
of Launcelot, and two other Lees, 
whose Christian names I have not 
been able to find; but they all so (lis 
tinguished! themselves that their ban- 
ners are suspended in St. George's 
Chapel, in Windsor, with the Lee coat 
of arms and the family motto, "Non 
incantus futuri." 

Then, coming down to the Charleses, 
we find Lees in Shropshire, all de- 

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scendants of Launcelot, and all 
gtaunch Loyalists and Cavaliers. 

When the English civil war was 
ended, Richard Lee, a descendant of 
Launcelot, came to the new world. 
Bishop Meade, in his "Old Families of 
Virginia," writes of him very compli- 
mentarily: "He was," says the Bish- 
op, "a man of good statare, comely 
visage, enterprising genius, sound 
head, vigorous spirit and most gener- 
ous nature." With this gentleman 
the families of the Lees originated. 
His children were Henry, John Fran- 
cis, Richard, William, Thomas, Han 
cock, Betsy, Anne, Elizabeth and 
Charles. Henry, the son of his fifth 
son, Henry, was the father of the 
celebrated "Light Horse Harry." 

In the county of Northumberland 
and parish of Great Wycomico, and 
within sight of Chesapeake Bay, is an 
estate and mansion, called "Ditchley." 
It was built by Hancock Lee, the 
seventh son of Richard Lee, who lived 
and died there in 1729. He was mar- 
ried twice; first, to a Miss Kendall; 
second, to Mary Elizabeth Allerton, 
by each of whom he had children, 
some of the descendants' are still liv- 
ing in the neighborhood, but most of 
them followed the course of empire 
and came West. Both of his wives 
are buried at Ditchley. His last 
wife's father married a daughter of 
Elder Brewster, who came over in the 
Mayflower; consequently Mary Eliza- 
beth was the granddaughter of the 
elder. The tombstones of both wives 
are still seen there, or were just be- 
fore our Civil War. 

In 1711, Hancock Lee presented the 
parish of Wycomico a silver commun- 

ion cup in honor of the family. The 
parish was called Lee parish, after- 
ward changed to Wycomico; but, after 
the downfall of the old parish, the 
communion service was placed in the 
hands of the bishop of the diocese for 
preservation, and if ever the old 
church was restored, it was to be re- 
turned to the parish. They are still 
using it, in Millwood, Clarke county, 

There was a manuscript in the fam- 
ily, but it was lost by a branch of the 
Lees who moved to Missouri many 
years ago. The box contained many 
valuable and interesting papers, and 
relics. I will give one extract that 
I remember: "The manuscript is in 
the handwriting of William Lee, and 
dated September, 1773 or 1775. The 
writer was one of the six sons of 
Thomas Lee, most of whom were ac- 
tive in the Revolutionary War; and I 
believe that Arthur and William Lee, 
who remained in England, were just 
as effective in their efforts to bring 
about the independence of the States 
as Richard, Henry and Francis Light- 
foot were in America." 

William Lee was the author of the 
sketch from which I quote. He filled 
the offices of sheriff and alderman in 
London, afterwards commercial agent 
for Congress in Europe: also commis- 
sioner at the courts of Berlin and 
Vienna. He married a Miss Ludwell, 
and left five children— William, Por- 
tia, Cornelia, Ludwell and Richard 
Lee. He was born in Shropshire, and 
his picture is now at Cotton, neaT 
Bridge worth, the old seat of Launce- 
lot Lee. 

"Some time in the reign of CharleB I, 

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Richard Lee went over to the colony 
of Virginia as secretary to the king's 
privy council. During his sojourn in 
Virginia he was so pleased' with the 
country that he made large invest- 
ments and settlements with the in- 
dentured persons and servants he had 
brought over with him. After some 
years, he returned to England and 
gave all the lands he had taken up 
to those people he had settled on 
them, some of whose descendants are 
still living there and possess consid- 
erable estates. 

"After staying some years in Eng- 
land, he returned with a still larger 
number of adventurers. 

"During the English War, Sir Wil- 
liam Berkeley, who was Governor of 
Virginia, and Richard Lee, both being 
Loyalists, kept the colony to its al- 
legiance, so, after the war, Cromwell 
was obliged to send ships of war and 
soldiers to reduce the colony. He was 
not able to do it, but a treaty was 
made with the Commonwealth of Eng- 
land wherein Virginia was styled an 
independent dominion. 

"When Charles II was at Breda, 
Richard Lee went over from Virginia 
to see him, to find out if he would 
protect the colony if they returned to 
their allegiance, but finding he could 
do nothing, he returned to Virginia 
and remained quiet until the death of 
Cromwell, when he and Sir William 
Berkeley proclaimed Charles II King of 
Great Britain, Prance and Virginia." 

This is as much of this sketch as I 
think will be interesting, or that bears 
upon that line of the Lee family that 
I am pursuing. 

Then there was another document, 

in which mention is made of Henry 
and Thomas Lee, of Stratford, grand- 
sons of Richard Lee. Richard Lee, 
the son of Henry Lee, was 'Squire of 
Lee Hall. A numerous posterity de- 
scended from this branch of the fam- 
ily, many of whom, for a long series 
of years, were clerks in the county of 
Essex. It is a long list of John® and 
Hancocks that succeed each other; 
they seemed to drop naturally into 
the office, one after the other. 

In looking over everything I can 
find, in history, biography, records 
and sketches, I have not discovered 
any man that did more for his coun- 
try and State by actions, advice and 
correspondence, to prepare the people 
for independence than Richard Lee, of 
Cobb*. He was a great advocate for 
private education, as being best cal- 
culated for impressing the minds of 
the young with principles of religion, 
virtue and. morality. In his early 
youth he made a study of the evi- 
dences of Christianity, and all through 
his long, busy life avowed his belief 
in its divine origin, and was always 
opposed to union of church and State, 
but he believed that every man should 
be made to contribute to the support 
of the Christian religion. He left 
many descendants, and all of whom I 
ever heard were exemplary Christian 

In this sketch of the family there 
is mention of a loss by fire sustained 
by Thomas Lee, of Stratford, and of 
a present made to him by Queen Car- 
oline, which enabled him to build an 
other house, which I think is still 
standing, and is noted for its thick 
walls and the substantial manner in 

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which it is built. Some writer, in de- 
scribing it, said it contained one hun- 
dred rooms, and the stables contained 
one hundred stalls for horses, and it 
was no unusual thing to see every 
room occupied with guests and every 
staJl with horses; but the larger part 
of each must have fallen to decay, 
for the last I heard of the place there 
were only twenty rooms in the house, 
and the stables quite equal to the 
fallen state of the place. The name 
of this place is Stratford House, West- 

The place called "Cobbs," where Col. 
Richard Lee, the ancestor of our 
branch of the family, lived, was near 
Ditchley, but has been removed in the 
last years to make way for another, 
it having stood nearly 200 years. 

There is a very curious cemetery 
mentioned in this sketch, built by Gen. 
Henry Lee, at Pope's Creek church. 
It consisted of several alcoves for the 
different branches of the family, and 
instead of an arch over each one, there 
is a brick house twenty feet square 
covering them. There is a floor in it, 
and in the center a large trap door, 
through which a descent was made 
to the apartment below. Some years 
ago I heard of a party of the descend- 
ants visiting there; they went down, 
but nothing was seen but the bones 
of the deceased, which were scattered 
all over the floor. They were told that 
after a long, rainy season the bones 
were seen floating on the water which 
rose in the vault. The whole place was 
in a dilapidated condition. 

Westmoreland was once called the 
Athens of Virginia, and it is sad in 
contemplating the havoc that time 

has made on the mansions, churches 
and cemeteries, and to find how very 
few of the descendants of the old 
families, those grand old people that 
are living in the old homes, so many 
of the churches are entirely gone. I 
have heard but one of the eight 
churches is left. Wyeomieo, alone, 
in all that part of the country sur- 
vives. But new ones have taken their 
places, more up to progressive times, 
and we hope the glory of old West- 
moreland . has not yet departed alto- 

In the church of St. Alrans, Here- 
fordshire, Eng., there is a notable 
font of solid brass, wherein the chil- 
dren of tfhe kings of Scotland were 
wont to be baptized, which font Rich- 
ard Lee brought, among spoils taken 
in the Scottish wars, and gave to the 
church. It bears the following in- 
scription, in Latin: <r When Leith, a 
town of good account in Scotland, and 
Edenboro, the principal city of that 
nation, were on fire, Richard Lee, 
Knight, saved me out of the flames 
and brought me into England. In 
gratitude to him for his kindness, I, 
who heretofore served only at the 
baptism of the children of kings, do 
now most willingly offer the same ser- 
vice even to the meanest of the Eng- 
lish nation; Lee, the Conqueror, hath 
so commanded. Adieu. A. D. 1545; 
in the 36th year of Henry VIII." 

The College of Arms, England, has 
the same coat of arms of Col. Richard 
Lee, Secretary of State in Virginia, 
A. D., 1655, who descended from the 
Lees of Shropshire, that is engraved 
over the door of Cobbs, Col. Lee's man- 
sion on the Chesapeake Bay, in Vir- 

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ginia. And Queens College, of Ox- 
ford, also has a silver pint cup, pre- 
sented to the college by John Lee, 
the son of Col. Richard Lee, which 
has the same coat of arms engraved 
on it, with a long inscription in Latin, 
telling that the donor, John Lee, was 
born in Wycomico, Virginia, America. 

A very old residence of the Lees is 
still standing near Lee's Hall, in York 
county. In Stafford there is still an- 
other estate, called "Mount Pleasant," 
not very far from Cobbs. There are 
any number of estates settled by the 
Lees, but the most of which have 
passed into other hands. There were 
Lee's Hall, Lee's Hill, Lee's Grove, 
Lee's Croft and High Lee. 

I think these sketches of the Lee 
family are as much as will be inter- 
esting to our children, and will trace 
the descent directly down to our 

Col. Richard Lee was married in 
England. I do not know who the lady 
was. HiB son, Hancock Lee, married 1 
first, Mary Kendall; second, Sarah 
Elizabeth Allerton, whose father 
came over in the Mayflower and mar- 
ried Elder Brewster's daughter. His 
son, Henry Lee, married a Miss Lud- 
well. His son, Hancock, married Mary 
Willis, daughter of Col. Henry Willis, 
and Mildred Washington, daughter of 
John Washington, of Willis Hall, near 
Fredericksburg. His son, John, mar- 
ried, first, Letitia Atwell, of Culpep- 
er county, Virginia; second, Eliza- 
beth Bell, of Kentucky. His eldest 
son, Willis, married Mary McAffee. 
His second son, John, married his own 
cousin, Nancy Lee; his third son, Louis, 
maried Miss Sarah Temple. 

John Lee, by his first marriage, had 
only one son, Willis. He was the only 
child of his mother, she dying at his 
birth. By his second marriage he had 
two sons and five daughters. I have 
mentioned the marriage of the two 
sons, John and Lewis. The daughters 
were: Sarah, who married John J. 
Crittenden; Elizabeth, who married! 
Dr. Williamson; Mary, who married 
Dr. Price; Lucinda, who married Mr. 
Call; Matilda, who married Mr. Sam- 
uel Wallace. 

My grandfather, Willis Atwell Lee, 
was born in Culpeper county, Vir- 
ginia, March 29, 1775; was raised and 
educated by his uncle, Hancock Lee; 
came to Kentucky to take a position 
in Judge Thomas Todd's office, at the 
age of twenty, in 1793. My grand- 
father must have been a very fine 
specimen of manhood, although he 
died young (only 49), he had received 
many flattering evidences of confi 
dence and favor from his fellow-citi- 
zens, having been clerk of the county 
and general court, and clerk of the 
Senate of Kentucky, all of which he 
held at the time of his death, October 
6, 1824. I have always heard him 
spoken of as an honorable, high-mind- 
ed, educated gentleman of the old 
school, so polite and courteous to all, 
high and low alike. His hospitality 
was unbounded, his house always 
open to friends and acquaintances, 
ever ready to oblige a friend with 
name and money, many times to his 
own detriment. He was a very home- 
ly man, being very badly marked with 
smallpox, which he had when only six 
weeks old. I have heard he was a 
very fine conversationalist and very 

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genial, always drew a crowd around 
him in all gatherings. He was also a 
very fine musician. I have heard gen- 
tlemen say that "Major Lee could 
bring more out of a fiddle than any 
man living." He was literary in his 
tastes; I have now the nucleus of a 
library he was collecting as he could 
. spare the money. Books were expen- 
sive in those days, and he was not in 
affluent circumstances bv any means. 
He was also a devoted Mason. 

When his uncle, Hancock Lee, sur- 
veyed Leestown for the capital of the 
State, he laid off one acre of ground 
and gave it to my grandfather. The 
deed, which we still have, reads thus: 

"For the love and affection I bear 
my nephew, Willis At well Lee, and 
in consideration of one shilling, I give 
him this land on which to build him a 

He did build himself a double log 
cabin on that acre, and called the 
place "Glen Willis," and from all ac- 
counts, more genuine pleasure and un- 
alloyed happiness was enjoyed within 
the walls of that log cabin than in 
many a more imposing residence. It 
was very plainly furnished; a rag car- 
pet on the best room; the other rooms, 
with their ash floors scoured with 
sand until they looked nice enough to 
eat upon. The splint-bottom chairs, 
also scoured white as could be, nice 
pewter plates, bowls and cups, polish- 
ed bright as silver. They were heir- 
looms, remnants of which I have seen 
when quite a small child. 

My grandmother also had a com- 
plete set of dark blues tone china. My 
grandfather afterwards purchased one 

hundred acres of land surrounding his 

"one acre." 

After my grandparents settled at 
Glen Willis, the picturesque beauty 
of the surrounding country induced 
others to purchase and build them- 
selves homes. Col. Richard Taylor, 
who, on account of lameness, was 
called "Hopping Dick," built a nice 
brick residence near a very fine spring 
and called his place "Belle Font." Mr. 
Richard Taylor, a half-brother of the 
Colonel, aJso purchased and built him- 
self quite a large brick house on the 
Lill overlooking the rher, and called 
that "Stony Point." Mr. Taylor, on 
account of a very dark complexion, 
was called "Black Dick;'' and another 
Mr. Taylor — I do not know that I ever 
heard his Christian name, but we chil- 
dren were taught to cill him "Uncle 
Commodore" — built a small, one-story 
stone house near the river, and called 
it "Riverside." It is now owned by 
the distillery company. Then, I do 
not remember of ever seeing a white 
lady on the place, and suppose he 
must have been a widower at that 
time. He had many servants, all 
settled around him in little log cabins. 

Mr. Harrison Blanton also built a 
nice brick residence, and called it 
"Beechwood," from some five or six 
beautiful beech trees that grew in the 
flat iu front of the house. 

All these families being congenial, 
they spent many jovial, happy hours 

After the marriage of my grand- 
parents, they lived a short time in 
town, but, as soon as the "cabin" was 
built, moved in. Their two children 
were born there. Their son, Thomas 

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Todd, named for my grandfather's 
life-long friend, Judge Thomas Todd, 
died when he was six years old. When 
the daughter, Letitia, was grown, the 
new house was built; it was a story 
and a half high; four rooms and a 
wide hall on the first floor, and three 
rooms' on the second floor. The sur- 
roundings were picturesque and beau- 
tiful; the lawn filled with locust and 
elm trees, two sinks in it, which mo- 
ther told us were dimiples; one was 
particularly attractive; it was about 
twenty feet on the right side of the 
gate as you entered; in the middle 
was a very large elm tree, over which 
a wild grapevine clambered, sending 
forth its delightful odor in the spring 
and literally covering the tree with 
its large, purple clusters in the 
fall. The lawn was well sod- 
ded, and in the spring, when it was 
dotted with blue violets, it was truly 
a sylvan spot; at least we thought 
so, and often we were allowed to eat 
our suppers there, which we dignified 
with the name of "parties." 

The plateau on which the house was 
situated* bordered on the river. There 
were two terraces, formed by the an- 
nual overflow of the river, the garden 
on the right of the house as you ap- 
proached the front, was also bordered 
by these terraces, the upper one en- 

tirely carpeted by moss. Two im- 
mense beech trees, fifty or sixty feet 
apart, the limbs meeting and hipping, 
formed a dense shade, and which af- 
forded us a wealth of beechnuts year 
by year. 

The new house was furnished beau- 
tifully. The paper on the parlor was 
a wonderful production of art. It rep- 
resented a jungle in India, in which 
giraffes, leopards, lions, camels and 
turbaned black men on elephants fig- 
ured indiscriminately among palms 
and ferns and any other kinds of trop- 
ical growth. It was my show place, 
into which I always introduced my 
young company, and I so enjoyed their 
looks of wonder and admiration. My 
mother was married there, and there 
six of her children were born — five 
girls and one boy. My grandfather 
was taken sick with typhus fever, then 
<prevalent in the community, and died 
October 6, 1824, aged 49 years. We 
continued to live at Glen Willis for 
some years after his death, when we 
moved to Frankfort in November, 

The old cousins of my grandfather, 
of whom mention is made in the be- 
ginning of this sketch, are all buried 
in the cemetery, having been moved 
from private burial grounds as soon 
as it was prepared for occupation. 

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History of the Lee Family, of Kentucky— Continued. 

General Henry Lee. 

Bp his Granddaughter, Lucp C. Lee, of MapsVitle. Kp. 
With Suppltmtnt bp f*» Editor of Th* Rigisfr. 

This old homestead, built by Gen. 
Lee in 1795, is still standing, and in 
possession of his descendants. In 
making repairs some years ago, some 
alterations were made in it; original- 
ly there was a colonial portico in 
front, but it was replaced by a veran- 
da, and the windows opened to the 
floor. It is finished in walnut, and 
the floors are of hard wood, polished. 
The wood-work, however, has been 
painted. The hall and stairway are 
quite handsome, with a wainscoting 
of walnut. It is in fairly good repair, 
but is now occupied by tenants, the 
owners living in Maysville. 


General Henry Lee, of Mason coun- 
1y, Kentucky, was a son of Stephen 
Lee, who was born in Prince Wiliam 
county, Virginia, He was descended 
from Col. Richard Lee, who came to 
America in 1641 (Hayden's Virginia 

Stephen Lee was married three 
times. His first wife supposed to be 

a Miss McGruder. By her he had four 
daughters; if there were any sons, I 
do not know. The names of the 
daughters were, viz.: Lucy, who mar- 
ried Bridwell, April 9, 1755, in 

Overwharton Parish, Va.; Priscilla, 
who married William Botts, of Staf- 
ford county, Va., November 9, 1769; 

Nancy, who married Lovejoy, and 

Ann, who remained single. His sec- 
ond wife left no children. His third 
wife was a widow, Mrs. Anne Dunn 
(nee Murphy). His children by her 
were, first, Lewis Lightfoot Lee, born 
June 2, 1751; second, Stephen Lee, 
born December 17, 1752; third, Ed- 
ward, born January 18, 1755; fourth, 
> Henry, bom April 2, 1757 (General 
Henry Lee); fifth, Peter Lee, born 
February 14, 1759; sixth, Leanna Lee, 
born December 2, 1760, married John 
Lashbrooke; seventh, Jennie, born 
September 1, 1763, married Burgess 
Mason; eighth, Lydia, born April 30, 
1766, married Francis Remey; ninth, 
Deborah, born October 29, 1771, mar- 
ried Jacob Penney Remey. 
Stephen Lee came to Kentucky in 

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pioneer times; lived and died' in Mason 
county in the year 1791. He is buried 
in the family burying ground of Gen- 
eral Henry Lee. The inscription on 
his tombstone reads: "In memory of 
Mr. Stephen Lee, who departed this 
life June — , 1791; aged — ," the figures 
obliterated by time. His wife is buried 
there also. Her inscription reads 
thus: "In memory of Anne Lee, wife 
of Stephen Lee, who departed this 
life the 6th day of May, 1806, aged 83 
years." General Henry Lee, fourth 
son of Stephen and Anne Lee above, 
in a written statement says, "I came 
to Kentucky and located where I now 
live (Mason county) in February or 
March, 1785." Upon being asked 
what family of Lees in Virginia he 
belonged to, he replied, "I am a Lee 
of the Lees. My grandfather was the 
third Richard Lee" [(grandson of Col. 
Richard Lee, who came to Virginia in 
1641) Virginia Genealogies, page 12]. 
Says the author: "The head of that 
distinguished family was a Round- 
head, and allied himself with the 
Oromwellian party. It is shown on 
page 97, that his son, Hancock Lee, 
married the daughter of Isaac Aller- 
ton, the Pilgrim emigrant of the May- 
flower, whose wife was the daughter 
of the Pilgrim leader, Elder William 
Brewster. But a remarkable evidence 
of the common origin of the New 
England and Virginia emigrants ap- 
pears in the similarity of the names." 

The third Richard Lee, who mar- 
ried Martha Silk, lived in London. His 
daughter, Lettice (Letitia) Lee, mar- 
ried Col. James Ball, of "Bewdley," 
Lancaster county, Va., who was a 
granddaughter of Richard and Let- 

tice Corbin Lee." (Virginia Genealo- 
gies, page 93.) There were letters in 
General Henry Lee's family from Gen- 
eral "Lighrhorse Harry Lee," address- 
ing him as "My dear cousin." He was 
also cousin to Willis Lee, of Frank- 
fort, nephew of Hancock Lee, who 
founded Leestown, below Frankfort. 

General Lee was appointed a cap- 
tain of militia of the county of Bour- 
bon, by Patrick Henry, in 1786; Sur- 
veyor of Mason County, in 1789, with 
a certificate from William and Mary 
College. He was commissioned Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel of the State Militia 
by Governor Isaac Shelby, in 1792; 
received the appointment of Brigadier- 
General of the State Militia from Gov- 
ernor James Garrard, in 1798; was one 
of the founders of the towns of Wash- 
ington and Maysville, in Kentucky, 
and was president of the Branch 
Bank of Kentucky. He was also a 
member of the Virginia Legislature 
from the District of Kentucky, and 
also a member of the convention 
which adopted the Federal Constitu- 
tion. He served in the convention at 
Danville, which met in 1787, and was 
one of the (now famous) commission- 
ers who located the permanent seat 
of government at Frankfort, Ky. 
(Collins' History of Kentucky, vols. 1 
and 2.) He did this, though kinship 
with Willis Atwell Lee might have 
swayed his judgment in favor of Lees- 
town, owned then by him. 

We find in Virginia Calendar State 
Papers, page 516, vol. 4: "General 
Henry Lee, 1788, gives certificate to 
Wm. Peak that he enlisted in his com- 
mand, 1776, as Quartermaster's Ser- 
geant. Resigned in 1779, and in 1781 

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joined Col. Lee's corps in South Caro- 

The Kentucky Henry Lee must not 
be confused with his cousin, General 
Henry Lee, "Light Horse Harry," of 
famous memory, nor Governor Henry 
Lee. The Kentucky Henry Lee is ad- 
dressed' as such in these State papers. 
He was sought in Kentucky. Many 
thousands of acres of land were sur- 
veyed to him as Treasury warrants, 
but there is a tract of seven thousand 
acres set apart to him for military 
services in the Continental Line. 
These tracts were in the counties of 
Jefferson, Lincoln, Bourbon and Ma- 
son. "Leewood," the homeplace, a pic- 
ture of which we give with this arti- 
cle, is situated on one of these large 
land grants, still in possession of the 

In Collins' History of Kentucky, 
vol. 1, pages 261 and 262, the follow- 
ing paragraphs are found: "Hostili- 
ties had ceased with Great Britain, 
but hatred and resentment blazed as 
fiercely between the people of the two 
nations as if the war was still raging. 
The retention of the posts kept alive 
Indian hostility against Kentucky, 
while the Eastern States enjoyed pro- 
found peace." "Repeated efforts were 
made by General Henry Lee, of Vir- 
ginia, to obtain a continental force of 
seven hundred, or even three hundred, 
men, to protect the Western frontier, 
but the frantic jealousy of the central 
power cherished by the sovereign 
States, at a time when that central 
power grovelled in the most helpless 
imbecility, peremptorily forbade even 
this small force to be embodied, lest 

it might lead to the overthrow of 
State rights." 

Kentucky was then a territory of 
Virginia, without printing press or 
post-office, and' the people were help- 
less. It was about this time Gen. Lee 
was a delegate from Bourbon county, 
and later on, in Virginia Calendar Pa- 
pers, we read: "Col. Henry Lee was 
recommended for sheriff of Mason 
county." He is variously styled, in 
the early papers of record, Henry Lee, 
Henry Lee, Esq., Captain Henry Lee, 
Colonel Henry Lee and General Henry 
Lee, which last title was conferred by 
Governor James Garrard. The auto- 
graphs of our first four Governors are 
signed to his various land grants — 
Isaac Shelby, James Garrard, Chris- 
topher Greenup and Gabriel Slaughter 
— and the military warrant for ser- 
vices in the Revolution is signed by 
Gov. Henry Lee of Virginia, 1791. It 
is directed to Lt. Col. Richard Henry 
Lee, his heirs and assigns forever, and 
to Henry Lee, his heirs and assigns 

General Lee married, December 10, 
1795, the widow of Arthur Fox. of Ma- 
son county, — Mary Young Fox. She 
was the daughter of Colonel Richard 
Young, of Woodford county, Ky., an 
officer in the Revolution, whose wife 
was Mary Moore. They came from 
Fredericksburg, Virginia. 

Col. Young was one of the founders 
of the town of Versailles, county seat 
of Woodford. He had a number of 
land warrants for services in the Rev- 

General Lee had a number of war- 
rants also, and there are indentures, 
deeds, surveys, letters and various 

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other papers in possession of his de- 
scendants, to corroborate every state- 
ment herein made by me, beside the 
quotations from Virginia Calendar 
Papers and Collins' History of Ken- 
to cky. 

General Lee, by his marriage to 
Mary Young Fox, had ten children, 
viz.: Alfred, the oldest, thrown from 
a horse and died from the injury re- 
ceived; Charlotte, who married Chris- 
tian Shultz; Julianna, died young; 
Richard Henry, who first married 
Eliza Luke, niece of John J. Critten- 
den, second, Eliza Armstrong; Lu- 
cretia and Letitia were twins; Lucre- 
tia died unmarried; Letitia married 
David McChord; third son of Henry 
and Mary Lee, Charles Lewis, died 
unmarried; Jane, married Robert L. 
Nelson; Susanna, married twice, first 
to John Anderson, second, Thomas 
Mannen; Edward P., married twice, 
first, Margaret Goddard, jfcond, Jane 
Wood; he was born the 9th of Janu- 
ary, 1810; married Jane Taylor Wood, 
March 19, 1840. She was the daughter 
of Charles Wood and Achsah Taylor, 
born in Washington, Kentucky, March 
21, 1817. 

The children of Edward P. Lee and 
Jane Wood Lee were as follows: 
Mary Achsah, Charles Henry (named* 
for grandparents), Fannie, Maria, 
Corson, John Graham, Lucy Coleman 
(writer of this sketch) and Edward 
Stanley. Edward P. Lee died Octo- 
ber 21, 1860. Jane Wood Lee, his wife, 
died at the old' home, built by General 
Henry Lee in 1795, Lee wood. There, 
five generations of Lees have lived, 
and six generations are buried in the 
family burying ground. 


It is needless to introduce here the 
many notices made of General Henry 
Lee. He came of that distinguished 
ancestry that has accomplished so 
much for the benefit of our country; 
and in every position of honor or trust 
General Henry Lee distinguished him- 
self as a man worthy of the confidence 
and affection of the people. When 
he came to Kentucky, he established 
the station that bears his name — Lee 
Station — 1785, nearly a hundred and 
twenty years ago. He was the friend 
and companion of Daniel Boone and 
of the sturdy pioneers and soldiers of 
his time. Educated, talented and com- 
manding, he impressed his associates, 
whether in peace or war, with his 
superiority. In the House of Dele- 
gates, November 19, 1794, we read the 
resolution relating to the request made 
by the President, U. S. A., then regard- 
ed as the wisest, purest and most ex 
alted of mortals, George Washing- 
ton, that Henry Lee, Esq., would take 
command of the army raised for the 
purpose of suppressing the insurrec- 
tion in the western counties of Penn- 
sylvania, and of the time when the 
said Henry Lee notified the president 
of his acceptance thereof." Virginia 
Calendar State Papers, vol. 7, page 

He was the trusted officer in war. 
Though very young when he entered 
the Army of the Revolution, he at 
once rose to distinction as an officer, 
and when Washington looked over 
Kentucky for an officer to command 
an army in the Indian Wars, 1794-98, 
he requested General Henry Lee to 

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take the responsible position. Fame 
can not go farther than this compli- 
ment. It decorates his memory with 
a star that grows hrighter as the coun- 
try he fought for enlarges and widens 
toward the setting sun. He has en- 
riched Kentucky by his many valor- 
ous deeds, and added another decora- 
tion to that ancient escutcheon of 
Lee, already heavy with its weight of 

glorious names. He died at Leewood, 
October 24, 1845, in the eighty-ninth 
year of his age. He left to his pos- 
terity not only his famous name, stain- 
less and honored above all things, but 
also the inheritance of a large for- 
tune, amassed by his services for the 
public and his great sagacity as a 
business man. — (Ed. The Register.) 

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Says William Elliott Griffis, his- 
torian: "Let os mark with boulder, 
tablet or memorial in art the route 
of Sullivan's army in New York." If 
so, there, should we not mark the 
camps, and marches, and stations of 
our "Pathfinders in the Revolution." 
Bhould we not, in grateful memory 
of their services, their courage and al- 
most superhuman endurance of dan- 
gers and difficulties in settling Ken- 
tucky, erect tablets, and inscribe pol- 
ished granite, bronze or boulder with 
suitable inscriptions as memorials of 
our grateful appreciation of those pio- 
neer soldiers of the Revolution? They 
were indeed the breastworks of Vir- 
ginia and Pennsylvania during the 
Revolution. Had they not borne the 
fire and the burden of Indian and 
British fury during that war on their 
borders, a different result to that war 
might have been reached. They open- 
ed the way for civilization and closed 
the pathway of Indian carnage. Let 
us honor their memories and mark the 
places of their conflicts, as we have 
done those of other immortal heroes 

The State Historical Society has 
done much toward! awakening interest 
in this State's history. It was founded 
in 1839-40, and began the collection of 
books, maps, newspapers, MSS. and 
portraits to preserve the memories of 

the colonists and pioneers. In Frank- 
fort is the only centennial corner- 
stone, marking the beginning of the 
city, to be found in the West or South. 
It was placed on the spot of the 
Colonial stone (left by Surveyor Han- 
cock Taylor in 1773), at the centennial 
of this city, in 1886, by Mr. Mike Buck- 
ley, who afterwards presented the 
stone to Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. When 
she saw the inscriptions upon it, she 
had it restored to the historic spot, 
erected upon a handsome pedestal, 
where it could be seen at a distance. 
Under the auspices of the Society of 
Colonial Daughters, the reinstate- 
ment was celebrated by a grand oc- 
casion on the 6th of October, 1899. 
When the stone was unveiled; on Ann 
street, in the presence of many thou- 
sand people. Its history was recited 
then and published. For some time 
afterward it was the shrine at which 
visitors to the capital repaired, to 
read the inscriptions and vow more 
interest in future in their own capital 
and State's history. The beautiful 
cemetery, crowned by the towering 
military monument to the soldiers of 
the wars of 1812 and 1847, gives im- 
mortality to the "Bivouac of the 
Dead," at its feet, whose names are en- 
graved upon its marble bands. In ev- 
ery direction around this sacred spot 
may be seen monuments to statesmen 

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and soldiers. It is consecrated 
ground, and more than any other or 
all other places in the State, relate 
and illustrate the reverence of our 
people for their great men and their 
remarkable histories. But there is 
much more to be done toward preserv- 
ing the history of Kentucky. Let ev- 
ery county have a historical society, 
and thus gather up and keep records 
of the people, the towns and villages, 
their churches and schools. It is a 
bond of interest with people that 
makes a common cause, this search 
for the deeds of our valorous fore- 
fathers in the Revolution. It is com- 
paratively easy to find the records of 
the soldiers of 1812. But, as time 
banishes the past, year by year, people 
grow careless of the old-fashioned 
records, think them of no value, and 
forget, yea forget, that in the "sweet 

bye and* bye" there will be those, very 
dear to them, who would prize the 
yellow records they throw away above 
the largest fortune they could leave 
them. Because money can not create 
the valid marriage certificate, the offi- 
cial proof of service in the army of 
the Revolution, nor the deed of valor 
or daring that makes the coldest 
heart thrill with admiration for an 
ancestor or ancestress of 1776. So we 
say to all who have these records, if 
they can not themselves take care of 
them, and have not a county histori- 
cal society to deposit them in, send 
them to the State Historical Society, 
where they will be preserved in a 
fire-proof building for their children 
or children's children and the benefit 
of the State also, that has provided 
historical rooms for this purpose. 

J. C. M. 

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Just a Word About the Lost Cause. 

The silent victory of the Lost Cause 
— lost, though jet living in the warm 
hearts of the Southland — still dis- 
turbs the North. It would be amus- 
ing if it were not so pathetic and 
touching, — the absolute indifference 
of the Confederate Daughters of the 
South to the difference of opinion 
that exists in regard to the Tightness 
or the wrongness of the Southern 
cause in the Civil War, 1861-65. They 
read the old' Bible, and the sublime 
loyalty of the Rechabite women is 
their guide; the soldiers and sailors 
and patriotic citizens of their lovely 
land, who fought and died, or fought 
and accepted the conditions of that 
surrender at Appomattox, are their 
heroes. They honor fearlessly the 
memories of the dead statesmen 
and military captain© of the South. 
With deft fingers they embroider ban- 
ners to unveil at their monuments, 
and, with a self-sacrifice and self-for- 
getfulness unparalleled in the world, 
continue to the disabled warriors and 
helpless families their generous annu- 
ities, from their own purses, largely. 
For more than thirty years have they 
laid upon the graves of their heroes 
these lovely flowers of tender remem- 
brance. They lost their young, noble 
lives to defend the sweetest land on 
earth from degradation, and they ap- 
preciate the costly sacrifice. They do 

not discuss the questions at issue 
about the cause they died In, because 
women think a cause that is just and 
right is always worth defending. 
Success does not make a wrong cause 
right; if so, the world would be a mon- 
umental aceldlama to the honor of 
traitors, cut-throats and villains of 
high degree. Nor do they pause in 
their tender ministrations by bedsides 
or by graves to torture their minds 
with the great mystery of the power 
of evil to overthrow what is good, 
what is pure, what is noble and what 
is of honest repute. The sick are be- 
fore them to be healed, the poor to be 
clothed and comforted, and the dead 
to be remembered with green graves, 
the ministry of fragrant flowers and 
the honor of speechful monuments. 
In sacred memory of the sublime sac- 
rifice — like the women at the cross of 
Calvary and at the tomb of the cruci- 
fied Lord' — the Confederate Daughters 
come with their tears and their trib- 
utes every year to show forth their 
loving gratitude, both to the living and 
the dead heroes of the "Lost Cause." 
Lost to laurel-crowned Victory, and 
yet not to precious memory, that has 
the aura of feeling, of magic thought 
in which to enrich and crown its he- 
roes. Their loyalty to their heroes, 
like the favor of God, is priceless. No 
reward of earthly splendor can corn- 

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pensate such faithfulness; the cele- 
bration of no victory on earth — no 
matter how magnificent its martial 
glory or gorgeous its wreaths and 
jeweled crowns, or dazzling its com- 
binations of the be-glittered powers 
and 1 splendors of the world — can com- 
pare with their yearly floral celebra- 
tions for more than thirty years, to 
the honor of the immortal heroes of 
the Bouth. 
They have given their cause an un- 

fortunate name — the "Lost Cause." 
It was not lost because its defenders 
were outnumbered, any more than 
Stephen was 1 lost because he was 
stoned to death. The principle in- 
volved in a just cause, like the divine 
spirit of truth, is immortal, and, 
crushed to earth, will rise again and 
glow in the heavens, covering its de- 
fenders on earth with the glory of 
triumph. J. C. M. 

'Bryan's Viettis of Immortality. 

The February National Magazine re- 
prints from a new book, "The Proofs 
of Life After Death," this expression 
of the views- of William Jennings 
Bryan, on immortality: 

"I shall not believe that this life is 
extinguished. If the Father deigns to 
touch with divine power the cold and 
pulseless heart of the buried acorn, 
and make it to burst forth from its 
prison walls, will he leave neglected 
in the earth the soul of a man, who 
was made in the image of his Crea- 
tor? If He stoops to give to the rose- 
bush, whose withered blossoms float 
upon the breeze, the sweet assurance 
of another springtime, will He with- 
hold the words of hope from the sons 
of men when the frosts of winter 

come? If matter, mute and inani- 
mate, though changed by the forces 
of Nature into a multitude of forms, 
can never die, will the imperial spirit 
of man suffer annihilation after it has 
paid a brief visit, like a royal guest, to 
this tenement of clay? 

"Rather let us believe that He, who 
in His apparent prodigality wastes 
not the raindrop, the blade of grass, 
or the evening's sighing zephyr, but 
makes them all to carry out His plans, 
has given immortality to the mortal." 

A steadfast aim in the midst of ad- 
versity—a determination backed by 
industry and perseverance — will event- 
ually land us at the goal of our am- 

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Information is desired of Gen. 
Thos. Posey, who was born in Fairfax, 
Va,, July, 1750. Mother's maiden 
name is supposed to have been Lloyd. 
He was seven years in the Revolu- 
tionary War. Desire to know the year 
he settled in Kentucky, where his 
lands were located and where the 
Posey homestead was located in Hen- 
derson county— in short, all the infor 
mat ion possible to obtain concerning 

his life, private and public, that will 
be of interest in a biography. F. A. F. 

Information is desired of William 
Rowan, the father of the Hon. John 
Rowan, of Kentucky. R. R. G. 

Information is desired of Henry 
Timberlake, who was in the Senate 
of Kentucky in 1814. Was he a son 
of Joseph Timberlake, the Revolu- 
tionary soldder? H. H. 

Inquiries Answered. 

Elsie Moore, answered. — The Crit- 
tendens of Kentucky are not aware 
of any relationship to the Crittendons 
of Colorado. They spell the names 

O. B., answered.— James Haggin, 
the millionaire you refer to, is the 
son of Terah Haggin, who once lived 
in this city. His mother was a Turk- 
ish lady of rare accomplishments and 
culture. Both parents dead. 

W. Y., answered. — No family of high 
position by the name you mention lives 
in the city of Frankfort. 

Gano Hickman, answered. — We have 
a small picture of the Rev. Wm. 
Hickman in our Historical Society, 
but we have no picture of the Rev. 
John Gano. 

Regent, D. A. R., of Kentucky, an- 
swered. — In the roster of Revolution- 
ary soldiers of Kentucky we have only 

the name of Joseph Crews. David 
Crews, delegate to the convention in 
Danville, Ky., 1787, had a ferry across 
Jack's creek, in Fayette county, Ken- 
tucky, in 1785. Andrew Crews, sup- 
posed to be his son, represented Mad- 
ison county in the General Assembly 
of Kentucky, in 1833. 

Effle Dean.— John Dean was a Rev- 
olutionary soldier from Pennsylvania, 
and settled in Kentucky at the close 
of the war. A William Dean is found 
on the list of soldiers in the War of 
1812. Address Miss Amanda Dean, 
Glendeane, Breckinridge county, Ky. 
She has written the history of the 
Dean family of that part of the State, 
and- it will be published at some time 
in The Register. Subscribers to the 
magazine will have the advantage of 
possessing this valuable historical 
and genealogical paper of the Dean 

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A Woman's 20th Century Enterprise in Louisville. 

The Business Woman's Clnb, of 
Louisville, when founded, January, 
1899, was the inspiration of that ad- 
mirable leader of women, Mrs. James 
Buchanan. The outcome of this most 
useful and progressive club is an ele- 
gant building on Fourth street, where 
the Christian work of helping women 
to help themselves will go on, ever 
widening in its influence, and en- 
nobling and elevating the women who 
take advantage of the untold bene- 
fits of such an institution. Louisville 
is to be congratulated upon having a 
philanthropist of such broad intelli- 
gence, and one who could suggest and 
form plans of such practical applica- 
tion to daily life as Mrs. Buchanan. 
It is now affiliated) with the Inter- 
national Board of the U. C. and 8. W. 
C. H., of United States and Canada. 
Incorporated March, 1901, with Mrs. 
James Buchanan, as member of the 
International Board, and State Di- 
rector for Kentucky. Below we re- 
publish the object of this brav* ex- 
periment of women, The Woman's 
Business Club, which has grown in 
four years to be such a formidable as- 
sociation. It now owns its buildings, 
on which $12,000 has been paid, only 
$2,000 more of debt. It has nearly 
2,000 cloth-bound books in the library, 
with beautiful glass cases and furnish- 

ings of all kinds, suitable to its de- 
mand for comfort and convenience. 
Here is the object: 


This club is an organization formed 
for women and girls to secure, by co- 
operation, means of self-improvement, 
opportunities for social intercourse, 
and the development of higher and 
noibler aims. 

The home idea is the central ideal 
of club life — a place of quiet rest or 
fun and companionship; of happy 
times after the work of the day is 
over, or instruction in branches of 
knowledge that enables the members 
to secure positions, fitting them to be 
self-supporting, and a place where pal- 
atable luncheons can be enjoyed at 
reasonable prices. 

The club is not a charity by any 
means. The members pay for what 
they receive, but by co-operation they 
get the advantages at cost price. 

The club is non-sectarian, and is 
governed by the members for the 
members. Every member has a right 
to vote and serve on committees. 

Real friendship between all mem- 
bers is essential to success. 

Luncheons and suppers are served 
every day, except Sunday, a U carte, 
at most reasonable prices. 



Gentlemen not admitted to the 

Ladies visiting in the city will be 
most welcome to the hospitality of the 
Home and to the lunch room. 

The Employment bureau is open to 
all members of the club. Situations 
obtained for members without extra 
charge, and for colored servants for 
25 cents. Employers pay 50 cents for 
services in this department, good' for 
three months. 

The Exchange department is open 
to members for the sale of their handi- 
work, after being passed upon by the 
Examining committee. Pee of 10 per 
cent, charged for sales. All kinds of 
fancy work, plain sewing, knitting and 
articles of wearing apparel on sale; 
with cakes, preserves, pickles, jelly 
and bread of many kinds. 

A library of over 800 volumes is 
open to members, who can take the 
books home to read. 

A Comfort committee will look after 
the sick or those in distress, and 
have an emergency room ready for 
those in need of the service of the 

A Devotional committee arranges 
song and praise meetings for Sabbath 
afternoons and several days in the 
week at the noon hour. 

A Boarding Place committee has 
registered suitable boarding places 
for strangers coming to the city. 

An Entertainment committee pro- 

vides pleasurable evenings for mem- 
bers and friends. 

A House committee looks after the 
furnishings and cleanliness of the 
Home, lets and collects rents on 
rooms in the building, makes con- 
tracts for fuel, engages the janitress 
and beautifies and keeps the house in 
as systematic and thorough a manner 
as a private home. 

A Hospitality committee looks af- 
ter new members and assists the En- 
tertainment committee to make happy 

The Junior Department is for mem- 
bers under fourteen years, and ar- 
ranges classes and entertainments for 

The Finance, Membership, Press and 
International Board are other com- 
mittees which assist in perfecting the 

The elub now has a very large mem- 

The club extends a cordial invitation 
to every woman and girl of good 
moral character, no matter what her 
position in life may be, to become a 
member, and help, by her counsel and 
efforts, to widen the influence and use- 
fulness of the Woman's Christian 
Association. Every woman who can 
give some of her time to assist on the 
various committees is urged to do so. 

The club is self-supporting, there- 
fore the membership dues pay run- 
ning expenses. $5.00 membership 

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The 'Battle of the Thames. 

This admirable history came to us 
too late for notice in the May number 
of The Register, but it will never be 
too late to commend to readers every- 
where this treasure in American his- 
torical literature. Its correctness, at- 
tested by authorities unquestioned, 
its polished English, its eloquent peri- 
ods, its patriotic loyalty and enthusi- 
asm, throwing the charm of the writ- 
er's gifted pen around data and dry 
facts, render it, as a history, more in- 

teresting than works of fiction by any 
author however famous or fascinating 
his or her style. 

Ool. Bennett H. Young, the Ken- 
tucky Macaulay, as a historian has 
laid the State under obligation to 
him for his contributions to its his- 
tory, especially to its war record in 
the fine history of the "Battle of Blue 
Licks," and his last, most noble pro- 
duction, "The Battle of the Thames." 

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Report of the Meeting of the Kentucky State Historical 
Society, 6th of June, 1903, at the 
Historical Rooms. 

The annual meeting of this society 
to-day (Saturday) was, as usual, a vcy 
enjoyable one to the audience. As the 
7th of June this year came on the 
Sabbath, it was necessary to hold the 
meeting on Saturday, and, notwith- 
standing a thunderstorm at the hour 
of meeting, there was a goodly num- 
ber of the members and invited per- 
sons present. The program, as pub- 
lished, was executed. 

The president of the Society, Gov- 
ernor J. C. W. Beckham, presided in 
the chair. 

Rev. J. McCluskey Blaney, of the 
First Presbyterian church, offered an 
impressive prayer, fervently beseech- 
ing the blessing of Qod upon the Com- 
monwealth, the Governor of the State 
and its people, and upon the Society, 
which stood for the interest of the 
State in collecting the history relating 
to its people, and the endeavor to 
keep alive the memory of the sainted 
and illustrious dead, through whose 
patriotism and services we had a her- 
itage of land and renown well worth 
preserving and perpetuating forever. 

The president then opened the 
meeting with a bright and pertinent 
speech, complimenting the members 
upon what they had accomplished for 

the Society, and especially those to 
whom the Society and the State of 
Kentucky owed a debt of gratitude for 
that unceasing care over the interests 
of the Society and that intelligent per- 
sistence in securing for it the aid 
from the State necessary to promote 
its interests and wider influence in 
America. His beautiful tribute to the 
Secretary modesty forbids reciting 
here, but under the weight of her new 
responsibilities she bows her acknowl- 
edgment for his compliment, and 
gratefully accepted from him her new 
and unusual title — Honorable. She 
read the report herein published. 

Hon. L. F. Johnson read the history 
and genealogy of the Arnold family. 
The Kentucky ancestor was a dis- 
tinguished soldier in the Revolution, 
and has been represented by his de- 
scendants in every war in the United 
States since. Mr. Johnson is himself 
a worthy descendant of this famous 

Mrs. Annie Hawkins Miles followed 
Mr. Johnson with a paper upon "The 
Strothers." Interest has been re- 
vived in this ancient family of Eng- 
land and Virginia, and later, Ken- 
tucky, by the opening of the suit in 
England for the estate of more than 

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140,000,000 belonging to American 
heirs. Under King Edward, Lord 
Howe, an English heir, has recently 
been recognised as a legatee in the 
London courts. This decision revives 
the claims of the American heirs. We 
sincerely hope, after hearing Mrs. 
Miles' very interesting and valuable 
chapter, "The Strothers," that she, as 
a descendant, may win her share of 
this long contested estate. 

We regret that Mr. W. W. Long- 
moor did not write his address. It 
contained many beautiful and im- 
pressive ideas and excellent sugges- 
tions in regard to the service of news- 
papers as photographers of current 

history. As an extempore speaker, 
the vice-president of this Society has 
few equals. 

The dosing exercise was the paper 
of the secretary, taken from her ar- 
ticle for the Register, "Biographical 
8ketch of Theodore O'Hara." The 
paper was entitled "Theodore O'Hara 
as an Orator." After its reading, the 
Society adjourned, and the refresh- 
ments promoted the social character 
of the Society. Flowers and fruits, 
ices and cakes, with friendly greet- 
ings and bright conversation, as usual, 
concluded the annual meeting of the 
7th of June. 

Report from Kentucky State Historical Society by the 


I have the honor to submit the fol- 
lowing report from the Kentucky 
State Historical Society, since May 1, 

Newspaper s — Farmers' Home Jour- 
nal, Hopkinsville New Era, Shelby 
Record, Eminence Constitutionalist. 

Magazines — University Bulletin, 
Nog. 1, 2, 3, 7 and 14, University, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. Catalogue of second- 
hand books and manuscripts!, London, 
Eng., 1 Soho Square, Oxford street. 
Southern Historical Papers, R A. 
Brock, Richmond, Va. 

Newspapers— Farmers' Home Jour- 
nal, The Western New Era, The Con- 
stitutionalist, The Shelby Record, The 
Mt. Sterling Advocate. 

Magazines and Pamphlets — Mis- 
souri historical collection, St. Louis, 
Mo. New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register, Boston, Mass. 
West Virginia Historical Magazine, 
Charleston, W. Va. Southern Histori- 
cal Magazine, Richmond, Va. Short 
catalogue of second-hand books, near 
Tottenham, Court Road, London, Eng. 
Pamphlet, History of St. Mark's Par- 
ish, by Raleigh Travers Green, Cul- 
peper, Va. The Shakspeare's Head 
Catalog of Books and Manuscripts, 
Murrays, Limited, 23 and 25, Loseby 
Lane, Leicester, England. Catalogue 
of "A Contemporary Bibliography of 
English Literature in the Reigns of 
Charles II, James II, William and 

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Mary, and Anne," from 73 Shepherd's 
Bush road, London, Eng. Report of 
the President of Yale College. Re 
port of the Executive Committee ot 
New York Historical Society, 8. H. 
Carney, Jr., Recording Secretary. Ad- 

dress of Wm. R. Huntington, D. D., 
commemorative of Eugene Augustus 
Hoffman, president of the New Yo«-k 
Historical Society, who died June 17, 
1902; with compliments of the secre- 
tary, S. H. Carney, Jr., M. D. 

Donations to the Historical Rooms. 

An Indian arrow head, Sam Ida son. 
A sley, used by weavers in old-fashion- 
ed looms, W. F. Reading. A Confed- 
erate bill of flOO, with bust of Jfrs. 
Jpff Davis in the center; of date Feb- 
ruary, 1864, Mrs. John B. Poynts, 
Maysville, Ky. A check on the Bank 
of England for £1,000, W. T. A Ives. 
Henderson, Ky. A number of other 
bank bills, by same. An engraving, 
framed, of Gov. J. C. W. Beckham, 
Ed O'Leigh. Railroad map of Ken- 
tucky (Fetter's), Miss Lillia Towles, 
Frankfort, Ky. "Les Combat tan Is 
Francais de la Guerre Amerieaine. 
1778-1783;" gent to the Kentucky State 
Historical Society by Secretary of 
State, Washington, D. C. 

We call attention to the handsome 
gift from the Secretary of State, 
Washington, D. C, to the Kentucky 
State Historical Society, of the rare 
and valuable book, "Les Combat tants 

Francais de la Guerre Amerieaine, 

This book contains authentic docu- 
ments of the service and the names of 
the soldiers of France who were in 
General - Lafayette's command during 
the Revolution in America. Sons of 
the American Revolution and Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution, who 
have been in search of the names of 
their ancestors who were Frenchmen 
in the army under French officers, or 
as officers with General LaFayette 
during the Revolution, will And the 
names of such ancestors on the rosters 
in this book in our Society. A small 
fee will be charged for searching the 
list for the respective names, not being 
alphabetically arranged it is tedious 
work searching for the name indicat- 
ed. The lists are very long, and com- 
prise a complete roster of officers and 
soldiers from France. 

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Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, Editor of The 

Dear Madam: Can yon inform me 
as to who was the first president of 
the Kentucky Historical Society? I 
learn it was regularly organized in 
1838-39. I am 

Very respectfully, 


Boston, Mass. 

Reply. — The first president of this 
Society was Hon. John Rowan, the 
distinguished jurist of Kentucky. He 
was elected president of the first 
meeting of members to form a State 
historical society in Frankfort, in 
1838. In the Legislature of 1839-40, 
we note its claims were urged, and the 
newspapers of the State were direct- 
ed to send copies to its library. 

Again we urge upon Kentuckians the 
advantage offered by the Register and 

membership in the Kentucky State 
Historical Society to establish their 
birth. Says a distinguished writer: 
"Even under a democracy some value 
continues to attach itself to heredity, 
and to bear a name which a community 
has become accustomed, by long use, 
to hold* in honor, is always to a young 
man (and we add, a young woman,too) 
just so much starting capital. It en- 
ables (them) to take, at abound, those 
lower rungs on the ladder of success, 
which the less highly privileged must 
laboriously climb." They have no diffi- 
culty about recognition in society 
when their ancestors have secured 
this for them' by their services, and 
they have supplemented it by the pub- 
lic register of their names and the 
record of the names of their father 
and mother and grandfather and 
grandmother and the dates of their 
marriages, also their own, if married, 
on the historical register of their 

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A feb) Opinions of the Press and Letters of Distinguished 
Writers of The Register Since its 
First Appearance. 


The first issue of Mrs. Jennie C. 
Morton's Register, published under 
the auspices 1 of the Kentucky Histori- 
cal Society, will be hailed by every 
Kentnckian especially, with pride and 
pleasure rarely afforded by any publi- 
cation. The initial article, "A New 
Light on Daniel Boone's Ancestry," 
will enlist readers throughout the 
South and West. The photo of the 
great pioneer is taken from an oil 
painting by Chester Harding, the 
property of Col. Durrett, of Louis- 
ville. "The First Railroad in Ken- 
tucky," by Capt. Ed Porter Thomp- 
son; the address of Hon. John A. 
Steele before the Society; Gen. Ben 
Logan's Letter to Shelby — and "The 
Dudleys," by Mrs. Mary Dudley Al- 
dridge, which embraces thrilling 
stories, also of the Garrard and Tal- 
bott families, of whom she is a direct 
descendant, make it hazardous to take 
hold of the volume unless you have 
time to read- it all before laying it 
aside. We regret the Register came 
to our hands too late for other than 
this brief notice.— The Capitol. 

The May number of "The Register" 
of the Kentucky Historical Society is 
out and in the hands of all the histor- 
ical associations' and societies in 
America. It is a credit to its brilliant 
editor, Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, and the 
learned gentlemen associated with her 
as assistants. In the language of J. 
McClusky Blaney, "it is a valuable 
number, containing much most inter- 
esting information." Such a publica- 
tion must make for itself a place 
among the foremost of its kind.— Shel- 
by Record. 

Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, of Frank- 
fort, is the guest of Mrs. Judith Mar- 
shall. Mrs. Morton is secretary and 
treasurer of the Kentucky State His- 
torical Society, which has its head- 
quarters at Frankfort. This society 
was organized in 1839-40, and led a 
precarious existence until 1878, when 
it was reorganized. During Gov. 
Buckner's administration, owing to a 
depletion of its members from death 
and removals, the stated meetings 
were suspended, and only in 1896 was 
it firmly established, since which time 
the annual meetings have taken place 

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on June 7th. The Register of the 
Kentucky State Historical Society is 
the magazine which is the expression 
of the society's work, and of this mag- 
azine Mrs. Morton is the editor. — 

[From the Louisville Times.] 

"The Register" is the magazine of 
the Kentucky State Historical Soci- 
ety which is one of the oldest and 
most widely known in America, and 
deserves the patronage of every fam- 
ily in Kentucky. The magazine is ed- 
ited by Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, the 
distinguished Southern writer and 
poetess, who is so well known that 
she requires no introduction to Ken- 
tuckians. Her associate editors are 
two of the best-known men in the 
State, Gen. Fayette Hewitt, a distin- 
guished Confederate officer, and Capt. 
C. C. Calhoun. These gentlemen lend 
their services to the editor, and both 
have fine facilities for information 
from their positions of inffuence at 
the capital, and in Washington City, 
where Capt. Calhoun may be detained 
some years in his legal 'business, per- 
taining to soldiers' claims and data 
of a historical character. The pros* 
pectus of this magazine tells its ob- 
ject and is republished here, as fol- 


The Register, Kentucky State His- 
torical Society, has no policy to shape 
its course save that which looks to 
the success of a purely historical jour- 
nal. The reports of the ingatherings 

of the Society and its meetings; the 
truth concerning the people and places 
and things written of will be given. 
Records, diaries, letters, biographies, 
manuscripts, and whatever pertains to 
the history of the State, valuable to 
its people and others consulting its 
pages for information, from time to 
time will be published in Its columns. 

The patriotic societies, viz.: Sons of 
the American Revolution, Daughters 
of the American Revolution, the Col- 
onial Dames of America, Daughters of 
1812, and Daughters of the Confeder- 
acy will find the Register of interest 
and value to them in searching for 
official proof of the services of their 
Kentucky ancestors in any of the 

Modern progress and modern meth- 
ods of entertaining the reading pub- 
lic in literature has demanded changes 
in every readable direction, save in 
an historical magazine. The demand 
it supplies remains the same in style 
and facts so long as genealogy and the 
history of people and places are in- 
quired for. 

It is the intelligence bureau of pa- 
triotic and historical societies every- 
where. Any subscriber may write an 
inquiry for information desired, along 
the lines indicated, and will receive 
a reply. 

We want solicitors for subscrip- 
tions to the Register, and persons de- 
siring to act as such should write to 
us at once. Address Mrs. Jennie C. 
Morton, Editor, Secretary and Treas- 
urer Kentucky State Historical Soci- 
ety, 124 Shelby street, Frankfort, Ky. 
Price of the Register, one year, in ad- 
vance, $1. 

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Frankfort, May 18, 1903. 
My dear Mrs. Morton: Please accept 
sincerest thanks for a copy of the May 
issue of the Register. It is a valua- 
ble number, containing much most in- 
teresting information. Such a pub- 
lication must make for iteelf a place 
among the foremost of its' kind. I 
congratulate you most heartily. 
Most sincerely, 

Frankfort, Ky., June 27, 1903. 
Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, Frankfort, Ky. 

Dear Madam: We had no correct 
idea of the work accomplished and be- 
ing accomplished by the Kentucky 
State Historical Society, and its illim- 
itable scope, until enlightened by 
copies of the Register of the Ken- 
tucky State Historical Society. What 
an educator; what lessons taught for 
emnlation; what a light and guide for 
future generations of Kentnckians! 
State histories, usually, are painfully 
colorless and brief. What a vast field 
the Register will cover! It will sure- 
ly add to many facts a local coloring 
and sentiment that will be an enrich- 
ment to the history of the Common- 
wealth. What is history, or life, with- 
out sentiment? Surely, something 
not worth remembering. Pride is a 
wonderful virtue when allied to stren- 
uous and goodly deeds, performed by 
those hardy and heroic pioneers who 
have gone before. People living with- 
in the broad confines of our Common- 
wealth to-day (even if not direct de- 
scendants of the hallowed ones), are 
pioneers in the sense that all are aid- 
ing in making history for this, our 
beloved State, Kentucky. 

How much, then, it behooves each 
and every one to become well versed 
in knowledge of the virtues and qual- 
ities of those brave and venturesome 
souls who made here for us a home! 
We, by emulation, should keep the 
blood and spirit flowing, even beyond 
the bounds of self and narrowness. 
Such examples keep us steadfast in a 
good cause, even when the enemy and 
the odds against us seem as towering, 
immovable mountains. Surely we of 
to-day can never, here, have the trials 
and) struggles endured by the handful 
of brave hearts who first blazed the 
way and made for us a charmed civil- 
ization on our own "Dark and Bloody 

Much honor— aye, veneration — is 
due those generous and far-seeing 
ones, who, in wisdom, planned and 
founded the Kentucky Historical So- 
ciety, and also to those gifted and hon- 
ored ones who have carried on its 
work from year to year; and more es- 
pecially can this be said of those now 
engaged in the noble and generous 
work of compiling and editing the 
Register of the Kentucky State His- 
torical Society, a journal of excellence 
in all its attributes. There is not one 
family in this famed and broad Com- 
monwealth, nor near or far-removed 
descendant of a Kentuckian, who 
should be without the Register of the 
Kentucky State Historical Society. 
Its quarterly visits will not only 
bring to each something good from 
out the past, but will be to all an 
ever-living (benediction. Believe me, 

Yours very respectfully, 

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[Letter from Hon. B. A. Brock, Bich- 
mond, Va.] 

Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, Secretary and 
Treaaarer Kentucky State Histor- 
ical Society. 

Dear Madam : I shall thank you for 
the compliment of a copy of the Beg- 
ister of Kentucky State Historical So- 
ciety for May. A valuable and inciting 
number it is, with useful historical in- 
formation and inspiring suggestions. 
An examination of what you are prov- 
idently gathering impresses me. Such 
precious memorials must constrain 
reverence for the past, and your 
founders and worthies of both wars. 
Kentucky, it is rightly urged, was the 
redounding daughter of old Virginia. 
Her fertile soil has been a provident 
resource; her beneficent environs a 
blessed asylum. Her whole history 
has been inspiring. 

I beg to remain, with my very best 

Faithfully yours, 


Sec. and Treas. Southern Historical 

Louisville, Ky.. June 3, 1903. 

Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, Frankfort, 
Ky. : In looking over my pile of pam- 
phlets this morning, I found the first 
number of the "Begister of the Ken- 
tucky State Historical Society," which 
you were kind enough to send to me, 
and which had been misplaced. The 
table of contents presents a series of 
unusually interesting articles, as does 
that of the second number, which you 

were also kind enough to give me. 
I am going to read them, and will 
then tell you what I think of them. 
The first impression of the magazine 
I have is, that it is ably edited, and 
will be a credit, not only to the His- 
torical Society, but to the State. It 
is my pleasure to 'become a subscriber 
for the magazine, not only for its 
merit, but for the encouragement of 
the worthy enterprise. I therefore 
enclose to you one dollar (f 1) to pay 
my subscription for one year. 

I am afraid that I shall not be able 
to attend the meeting at Frankfort; 
another engagement here for the same 
day will keep me at home. I hope 
that we shall have the pleasure of 
often seeing you at the meetings of 
the Filson Club. We enjoyed your 
presence at the last meeting, and hope 
to enjoy it many more times. 


Henderson, Ky., June 11th. 

My Dear Mrs. Morton: The "Begis- 
ter" has come, and I do like it so very 
much. You ought to be proud of the 
commendation you receive. I be- 
lieve it will do a great and good work 
in Kentucky in arousing the interest 
of the people in its records and land- 
marks and make them preserve them 
all, both public and private. 

Wishing you all success in your 
noble work, I am 

Cordially yours, 
HAM, Begent of Kentucky Soci- 
ety of the D. A. B. 

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State of Alabama. Department of 
Archives and History. 

Montgomery, July 30, 1903. 
My Dear Madam: I beg to extend 
congratulations on the very healthy 
revival of interest in historical work 
in your State. The material you have 
published in the "Register" is in the 
highest degree valuable and interest 
ing. I hope you may continue the 
good work without interruption, and 
I hope that the intelligent people of 
Kentucky will support it. Will send 
you the publications of the Historical 
Society, as well as 1 the publications of 
this department, if desired. 
Very respectfully, 
THOMAS M. OWEN, Director. 

Paris, Ky., March 4, 1903. 

Dear Mrs. Morton: At a meeting of 
our Ohapter last Saturday, it was de- 
cided to subscribe for the "Register," 
(magazine of the Kentucky State His 
torical Society). The sample copy is 
very interesting, especially your arti- 
cle upoD Daniel Boone. 

You can send the Register to Miss 
Emma P. Scott, Regent of the Jemima 
Johnson Chapter, D. A. R., Paris, Ky. 
Very truly yours, 


Secretary D. A. R. 

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Historical Notes Worth Preserving. 


Belio of Present From Charles V of 
Spain in Louisville Safety Vanlt. 
— Handed Down from William 
Short, Diplomat. — Left by Mrs. J. 
R. Butler. 

Among the personal effects of Mrs. 
J. Russell Butler, who died recently, 
is a diamond breastpin, which pos- 
sesses an interesting historical value. 
It is a portion of the frame of a minia- 
ture of Charles V of Spain, which 
was presented by that monarch to 
William Short, of Philadelphia, a 
notedi American diplomat during the 
early days of the republic. Mrs. But- 
ler was a great-niece of the diplomat, 
and there are also a number of other 
of his descendants in this city. Sev- 
eral of them also have jewelry made 
of parts* of the frame of the historic 
miniature. The miniature itself, which 
is set in diamonds, wa» until recently 
owned by one of the heirs living in 
this city — Mrs. John P. Henry, who 
is now in North Carolina. It is val- 
ued highly by the owners, as are also 
the pieces of jewelry made from the 
diamond-set frame. The breastpin 
left by Mrs. Butler will be given to 
one of her granddaughters, and is now 
in a safety vault pending the determi- 
nation of heirship. 

William 8. Short had a long and 

honorable career as a diplomat in the 
service of this Government. Under 
Washington he was the secretary of 
this country's legation in France, and 
later he went as Minister to Spain. 
It was there that the friendship be- 
tween himself and Charles V grew. 
On the eve of his departure from Mad- 
rid, the King made him a present of 
a miniature of himself set in dia- 
monds and surrounded by a frame of 
handsome design also ornamented 
with diamonds. The diplomat's two 
heirs, upon his death, were his two 
nephews, G. W. Short and John Cleves 
Short. Upon the death of the latter, 
who was> the elder, the miniature went 
to his younger brother, who was the 
grandfather of Mrs. J. Russell Butler. 
Six children were left by him. He 
gave the miniature itself to Mrs. W. 
Allen Richardson, mother of Mrs. 
John F. Henry, the present owner. 
The diamond frame was then divided 
into five pieces and made into jewelry 
for the other five children, namely, 
Mrs. J. Russell Butler, Mrs. Joseph 
Kinkead, mother of R. C. Kinkead; 
Miss Alice Short, who made her home 
with her sister, Mrs. J. Russell But- 
ler; Mrs. T. G. Richardson, of New 
Orleans, and William Short, father 
of William Short, of this city. The 
families of all these still have the 
jewelry made from the frame. 

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The diplomat, William 8. Short, 
when in the French legation, was in 
Paris during the time of the French 
Revolution and the rise of Napoleon. 
He developed a warm friendship with 
Joseph Bonaparte, brother of the Em- 
peror, who was made King of Spain. 
However, with the decline of Napo- 
leon's fortunes, Joseph was forced to 
fly from Spain, and finally came to this 
country. While here, Mr. Short saw 
a great deal of him, and when he final- 
ly returned to Europe he made him a 
present of several trinkets and orna- 
ments, which were from the Emperor's 
household effects. These are still in 
the family. Mr. Short served for sev- 
eral years as Minister to The Hague. 


At Home of Mrs Elizabeth Porter 
In Grayson County. 

Leitchfield, Ky., May 29. — A reunion 
of the Porter family was held one and 
a quarter miles south of Yeaman, in 
this county, at the residence of Mrs. 
Elizabeth Porter, widow of Frank Por- 
ter. There were fully 150 persons 
present, representing four genera- 
tions, from Grayson, Breckinridge, 
Ohio and other counties. 

Mrs. Porter is one of the most re- 
markable old women in Grayson coun- 
ty. She is seventy years old, has just 
completed a number of pieces of drawn 
linen embroiderv, hand-woven blank- 
ets, and counterpanes that are marvels 
of excellence. 

Mrs. Porter has twenty-three grand- 
children living. She reared thirteen 
children and was one of a family of 
thirteen children. 


Danville, Ky., January 1. — A reunion 
of the Eastland family was held at 
the home of Mrs. Evelyn Eastland, 
near Danville. Among those present 
were: Judge Thomas Eastland, of Se- 
attle, Wash.; Hon. R. W. Eastland, of 
Frankfort; Mr. Leland Eastland* of 
Brownsville, Tenn.; Mr. A. G. East- 
land, of Louisville, and Mrs. W. G. 
Metcalfe, of Lexington. 


London, May 30. — In 1882 a picture, 
entitled "The Holy Family," was lent 
to the Bristol Young Men's Associa- 
tion, and the owner, a lady (Mrs. Mor- 
gan), was willing to accept £10 for it. 
The offer was not accepted. Mrs. 
Morgan bequeathed the picture at her 
death to a Liverpool gentleman, and 
the head of the Marlborough Picture 
Gallery, has now estimated its value 
at about £10,000. The picture is the 
work of Pietro Cortona. 


President Roosevelt did well to pro- 
test against placing signs upon those 
gigantic trees which are the most 
wonderful products of California.- 
And the people of Santa Cruz did well 
to heed his protest and remove air 
these disfigurements from the grove 
of huge redwoods near that town. 

The sequoia gigantea, or "big tree," 
proper, and the sequoia sempervirens, 
or "redwood," are the sole survivors 
of a great tree family. They grow 
naturally in California, and nowhere 

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else on earth. Besides being the old- 
est, they are the largest living things, 
though the eucalyptus of Australia 
sometimes rivals them in height. But 
the eucalyptus is a much more rapid 
grower, and the age of a specimen is 
much less than that of a sequoia of 
equal height. 

Although the precise age of the big 
trees of California must remain un- 
known, the indications are that some 
of those still growing were first 
sprouted from the soil when Moses led 
the Israelites out of bondage in Egypt. 
When Jesus was born at Bethlehem 
they were in all the vigor of lusty 
youth. When Columbus pushed out 
into the unknown they were some- 
where near their present size. How 
long they will live, if man will but pro- 
tect them against himself, none can 
tell. They seem impregnable to the 
insect and animal foes of other trees. 
They have nothing to fear but tem- 
pests of such extraordinary fury as 
rarely visit their homes, and man. 

With all the dignity of an age in 
which solar years are but days, and 
centuries are as years to the human 
race, they conjoin a splendid and im- 
pressive beauty. For these reasons 
they should be preserved and kept un- 
mttrred. They are not only the old- 
est, but also among the most wonder 
ful of living things. Their character 
and their dignity demand respect. — 
Chicago Inter Ocean. 


[From the Mt. Sterling Advocate.] 

After the height of the electric 
vstorm, which did great damage over 

Central Kentucky early Wednesday 
morning, July 15, 1903, Assistant Su- 
perintendent Nichols, of the Lexington 
cemetery, saw the headless statue of 
Henry Clay surmounting the pedestal, 
where, during the past forty-two 
years it had stood, the pride of Ken- 
tucky and the Mecca of all visitors to 

At some time during the storm of 
the night, the head had been riven 
from the statue and hurled to the 
ground one hundred and thirty-two 
feet below. The nose was broken, as 
was one ear, and the lips were 
abrased. Small pieces of stone were 
chipped from the jaw and head. The 
head was broken squarely off. In the 
back part of the neck was an old frac- 
ture of considerable length and depth. 

The statue is made of three sec- 
tions. The first section includes all 
that portion from the feet to the hips; 
the second section, from the hips to 
about the bust line, and the third sec- 
tion included the shoulders and head. 
Connecting the three sections are iron 
rods within, to render the joints more 
secure. The third section joining the 
trunk at the shoulders appears to be 
riven. With the aid of a glass, how- 
ever, it is seen that the section has 
been inclined backward, and would 
probably have fallen had it not been 
for the iron rod. 

In falling, the head struck the fret- 
work just above which the statue 
stands, and broke from it small frag- 
ments. It struck the coping of the 
mausoleum, breaking considerable 
fragments from that. 

To what the wrecking of the statue 
was due is undetermined. The first 

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theory advanced was that the light- 
ning had struck it. Another is that 
an earthquake shook the monument, 
causing the upper section to be loosed 
as it now is and the head to be broken 
off. The head of the statue weighs 
350 pounds, and is two and a half feet 

The effect of erosion was plainly 
visible on the statue. On the face 
were several abrasions. The hair was 
worn almost smooth. The head is 
quite pondrous, while the neck is frail 
and insufficient for the support of the 
great weight. 

The superintendent of the cemetery 
does not believe the head and features 
could be replaced with any degree of 
satisfaction. He believes that an en- 
tirely new statue should be made. 

The entire shaft and base are badly 
in need of repair and of some measure 
which would protect them from the 
erosion to which they are rapidly giv- 
ing way. 


The monument cost in the neighbor- 
hood of |55,000. The expense was 

borne by private subscription and by 
an appropriation by the Legislature. 
The corner-stone was laid on July 4, 
1857. The monument is built of Ken- 
tucky magnesian limestone and is of 
Corinthian architecture, consisting of 
stereobate, pedestal, base, shaft, cap- 
ital and statue. The statue is twelve 
and one-half feet in height, the base 
of the statue being one hundred and 
twenty feet from the ground. 

Henry Clay died in Washington on 
June 2, 1852, and the funeral, in Lex- 
ington, was held July 10 of the same 
year, when the body was placed in a 
public vault. It was later interred 
beside the remains of Henry Clay's 
mother, but m 1857 was placed in a 
marble sarcophagus in the mausoleum 
there ready to receive it. Later, in 
1864. the body of Mr. Clay's wife, Lu- 
cretia Clay, was placed in the mauso- 
leum in a marble sarcophagus at the 
foot of his. 

The statue was carved by John 
Hailey, a Frankfort, Ky., monument 
builder, and the monument was finally 
completed about 1861. 

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